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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE U1MBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, December 3, 1970 Tim Truynor Hospital action required Ucane (.iuiullock was wise in liis decision to bring bo- fore a meeting of the Commons esti- mates committee, the situation at the Blood Indian Hospital in Cardston. The hospital, operated by the fed- eral government for members of the Blood Indian tribe, has been the cen- tre of controversy recently over the death of a 15-month-oid boy. When it was obvious thai the in- fant needed immediate medical at- tention, the parents took him to the hospital only to be met with one ob- stacle Because it was time (he hospital was locked, which caused delay. The child was eventually examined and treated, but the parents were advised that he was not seriously ill. Within a short time however, he was dead. What happen- ed? E. J. Scott, the administrator of the Cardston Municipal Hosp i t a 1, across the street from the Blood In- dian Hospital, outlined by letter to Air. Gundlock the difficulties the In- dian hospital operated under from lack of adequate X-ray equipment, The empty prison The American Secretary of De- fence, Jtelvin R. Laird is undergoing heavy criticism by the Senate For- eign Relations Committee over the abortive raid on a POW compound at Son Tay in North Vietnam. A commando force was dropped by helicopter close to the compound where some U.S. prisoners were known to be confined in the hope that they could be rescued. It was a failure. "The North Vietnamese, it seems, had got wind of the attempt and removed the prisoners before it took place. Mr. Laird claims that the raid was worth it all anyway be- cause "what we have done here is show all of these prisoners in North Vietnam that America does care." One can only hope that these men who are reported to be living in close to intolerable conditions, know that the attempted rescue did take place and that they received some comfort from the knowledge that Americans still care about them, if they are in any doubt. It is also pos- sible to sympathize with U.S. defence authorities who have grown weary of Hanoi's indifference to their pleas for the establishment of at least a modicum of communication with these men, whose condition has been a source of concern, not only to their own families, but to thousands of compassionate people around the world. But the raid was unsuccessful in its main purpose, whether because of poor intelligence on the part of the Americans, whether because of Han- oi's good fortune or superior sleuth- ing, no one seems to know. Now the secretary of defence must take the large part of the blame for an opera- tion that failed so miserably. But there are questions being asked in Hanoi loo. The very fact that the raiders penetrated the city's de- fences with such apparent ease must have been a shock to the North Viet- namese military authorities. The net result is that these defences will be strengthened, the chances of another and more successful raid lessened, and the lot of the prisoners likely to be even worse than it was before. Showed the way Recently the Canadian Welfare Council officially became the Cana- dian Council on Social Development. In making this change the 50-year- old council received the approval of the federal government which itself still retains a ministry of health and WELFARE. The Alberta government showed the way in this matter. It sought to move from a limiting to a leavening approach through the adoption of a new name. Now that lead appears to "be gaining a following. There is really nothing wrong with the word "welfare" but it has un- fortunately acquired a stigma. In the minds of many people it means the maintaining of a depressing state in living rather than assistance to a better condition. That in itself mili- tated against much of the positive orientation of those concerned about human well-being. Actually, the concept of ''social development" is an improvement on "welfare" even when the latter is freed of all negative connotations. It permits or rather, the welfare of people to be consid- ered through a more positive and widened approach. The council is to be congratulated for taking on itself a new name and the Alberta government is honored that its good judgment has been rec- ognized by this action. Hotels in Lethbridge Lethbridge suffers badly through a shortage of good modern hotel rooms, of the kind that the two proposed hotel developments would supply. It is good to see that between the city and the developer, most of the reasonable objections to the hotel on Mayor Magrath Drive are being met. Specific complaints by the nearby residents deserve to be answered, and most of them are being answer- ed. Basic total opposition to the pro- ject in any form cannot be acceded to, however, because the hotel is needed. It would also be good to see simi- lar action on the project on the Hull Block site, where a hotel is even more urgently needed. The fear of change by Louis Burke rpEACHERS are the complete paradox. They prepare young people for evolu- tion, and indeed, revolution, but most of them are terribly afraid of change itself. They" prepare others for new worlds, yet these teachers! declaring that the public won't understand the new methods and approaches needed in today's educational process. They fear .a little bit of. static. Amazing creatures, they cling grimly to the old ones, every year digging deeper and deeper ruts. If everything else fails, they have a last ditch to fall back on the student and Change seems to terrify them. Often, his good. Teachers turn sanctimonious, they refuse to accept new ways even for stating that they have an obligation to the trial and they offer all kinds of silly ex- student and that some of the new ways cnses when it comes to trial within the will jeopardize his chances of getting into classroom. They will even put tile blame university, and so, the rut goes on getting on the janitor if they have to. saying that deeper and deeper, they don't wish to mess up their class- To avoid updating themselves, some rooms too much for fear of offending some teachers will try everything and anything caretaker. the professional readiness, the politi- But to resist change, they v.ill always Cal climate, the social awareness, the start, with Urn superintendent. It is true, of course, that some .such men were dicta- torial, but that i.s in the past. Teachers will start their excuses with Ihe idea of bcinj; firevl if thoy try things new, and they will end by explaining Hint the law is on flic side of (he and he will force them to conform. Surely, they know what happened to the rule of the .supernHendont m-'r yc.-irs. Ifr? is no "ti Then, fo convince tlu'insolvc.s or Ilir in- terested parly, they will lay the blame sijiKircly on .'liioiiliier.s partint.s, psychological danger, the theological con- sequences, tile physical environment, the janitorial reaction syndrome and the beat goes on. Kxctiscs by the bushel or the bil- lioti- Foar is a major faclor in a teacher's life. As a group, there isn't a more gifted, talented, conscientious one anywhere. Hut tear, and especially fear of changing their v.'fiys and methods, riddles their vety lo rnrnplrio the paradox all groat revolutionaries, the world, over, wore teachers of one kind or another. Grange, creatures those teachers arc. Hickel's ousting dictated by policy ill trained operating room staff, and a poor physical plant. He sug- gested the federal government either supply funds for a wing to Cardston hospital to replace the Indian one, or provide a yearly grant to the mu- nicipal hospital to pay for losses in- curred from treating Indian patients. It is to be hoped that the govern- ment will act immediately on either of these suggestions. In the mean- lime, it would be justified for the ad- ministrators of Ihe Blood Indian Hos- pital to read a lesson to their staff on their responsibilities. They might also review the necessity and wis- dom of locking the hospital doors after hours. This has become a ques- tionable but popular procedure in many institutions including small hos- pitals and senior citizens nurs ing homes. If this practice is for the con- venience of the staff, then surely measures should be taken to increase the staff. Most institutions could well afford a night doorman to stand guard during the night so that those both in and out of the building might receive the services they require. WASHINGTON: There is a certain appropriateness about the firing of Interior Sec- retary Walter llickel in the im- mediate aftermath of the U.S. air-rescue mission and bombing strikes in North Vietnam. The two developments are not, of course, directly linked. But the beginning of the end for Mr. Hickcl was his intervention in the controversy following last spring's strike into a strike which was a direct forerunner of the latest moves against North Vietnam. Mr. Hiekel's story is a curi- ous and fascinating self- made millionaire who was ini- tially regarded as an enemy by conservationists, ho came to be seen as a champion of en- vironmental cleanup and the most independent ally of liberal causes within the Nixon cabi- net.. (This image was undoubt- edly blurred in Canada, wht're he was associated witli the con- troversial talk of continental resource pooling and with the problem of Great Lakes pollu- tion, problems which have of late prompted Canadian mini- sters to complain the sluggishness of U.S. 'pollu- tion abatement efforts.) The act which set him apart from the rest of the cabinet and alienated Mr. Nixon was the drawing up of a letter sug- gesting that the president was out of touch with the nation's youth many of whom were at that time expressing outrage at the strike into Cambodia. Be- fore the letter reached the While House, it had leaked to the press, and was taken as evidence of a serious split with- in the cabinet as to the advis- ability of the Cambodian ex- cursion. Mi-. llickel continued out of step, especially when the president and Vice President Agncw launched harsh attacks on youthful dissidents during the recent election campaign. Whatever else may be said about him, the Hickcl letter could not be regarded by the president as anything but a severe blow at a critical point in the evolution of the most vital and delicate of admini- stration policies a scaling- down of American involvement in Indochina. Many observers were surprised that the presi- dent did not oust Mr. Hickel sooner. The sensitivity of the llickel intervention cannot be o v e.r- staled. ft flew directly in the face of the president's slow and painful effort to refurbish the concept, seriously undermined by the convulsions of the John- son years, of a presidency firm- ly enough based to undertake and sustain strong action de- spite challenges by internal dis- sidents. By his appeal to "the great silent majority" to sup- port a withdrawal tied to the bolstering of South Vietnamese forces, the president had put himself in position' to under- take an action the strike into Cambodia which would serve notice on the world, and Hanoi in particular, that presidential authority had been substantially rehabilitated. In the event, what the world witnessed was not only furious reaction in Congress and uproar on cam- puses, but also public airing of a cabinet minister's doubts about the course of administra- tion policy. In succeeding months, Ilia president has completed the Cambodian operation in reason- ably good order, has held off numerous efforts to force a re- vision of his basic Vietnam pol- icy, and has had moderate suc- cess with his election cam- paign efforts to broaden the basis of support for this Viet- nam policy in Congress, and especially the Senate. Hickel or no, the president has pushed doggedly ahead. The firing of the maverick secretary could stand as a symbol of this. As for the raids on North Viet- nam, they are part and parcel of the continuing evolution. The raids and their after- math add lip to a deliberate hardening of the administrations posture to counterbalance Ilia reduction of U.S. combat strength in the South. With Hanoi facing increasing tempta- tion to exploit the situation, the U.S. has underscored its readi- ness to cast aside restraints on direct strikes against the North restraints which the U.S. considers to be based on "un- derstandings" that Hanoi will refrain from thrusts across the demilitarized 'zone, rocket at- tacks on South Vietnamese cities, and attacks on unarmed U.S. aircraft on reconnaissance missions over the North. Aside from their stated purposes, the attempts to extricate the Amer- ican prisoners of war have shown American ability to move a force through North Vietnamese air defences to tile heart of the country. Proponents of a quick end to the war immediately recognize the implicit administration readiness to risk the Paris peace negotiations, which are based on the Viet- namese understandings. This was the basic concern as ad- ministration critics, led by Sen- ator William Fullfright, confront- ed administration spokesmen, notably Defence Secretary Mel- vin Laird. Significantly, the ad- ministration had it out with critics on nation-wide television, and was clearly seen not to give ground. With the critics pulling their punches, so as not to seem unsympathetic to the prisoner of war rescue efforts, the ad- ministration was able to emerge in reasonable shape. There was relatively little basis for satisfaction in Hanoi, and that matters a good deal to Mr. Nixon. (Herald Washington Bureau) Boris Ridel France's arms industry continues to expand pARIS Record arms sales this year have made France, nest lo the United States, the biggest exporter oE military equipment in the West- ern world. Uninhibited by the political ideology of their customers, the French have heen able to achieve a six-fold increase in their arms sales during the first half of 1970 over the same period of last year. Without making any distinctions, the French government has been willing to supply both the new left-wing rulers Libya and reactionary regimes in South Africa and Greece. As against million of foreign orders during the first six months of 1969, France reached a record total of million this year. To boost arms exports is an essential element of French de- fence policy. Only by finding foreign customers for French military equipment can the gov- ernment ensure the survival of a national arms industry. France's own requirements are too limited to keep an industry going which employs workers. Since it is one of the principles of Gaullist policy that France's armed forces should rely virtually exclusively on material manufactured on home soil, the government must seek foreign buyers to prop up an otherwise doomed arms indus- try. The first steps into this direc- tion were taken by General de Gaulle when he returned to power in J958. It seemed self- evident to him that to conduct an independent foreign policy. Franco had to become mifilaniv self-sufficient. In I860, over hall of the country's defence equip- ment was still of United Slates origin. Today, thanks to the in- tensive expansion of miiilru-y research and development', France occupies a leading place on the world's arms market. French technicians boast. in the West only the U.S. ran rival them now with the most sophisticated weapons, includ- ing aircraft ami missiles. No longer, as in the past, do only poor and under-developed coun- tries turn lo France for their military equipment. I'rospcrnu.s and industrialized nations, such as Australia and Switzerland, place their orders here. It is above all the Mystere and Mirage jets produced by the Dassault company that have established France as a major arms exporter. No fewer than Dassault planes have been sold to foreign buyers during the past 12 years. The en- forces of 14 nations are flying these French aircraft. Today, with greatly enhanced prestige derived from the Is- raeli performance with Mirages during the Six-Day war, Das- sault has orders for addi- tional aircraft. Tins year alone new contracts writh Argentina, Brazil, Libya, Pakistan and Spain have brought orders for Lucid., logical I was particularly pleased to read the recent article by Mr. Peter Hunt in answer to Mr. J. W. Fishbournc's appallingly confused and irresponsible no- tions of an "improved" educa- tional system. As Mr. Hunt so lucidly pointed but, Mr. F i s h- bourne's proposals would end in no education system at all and no education. It would be wise for Mr. Fishbourne to read Mr. Hunt's articles when ever they appear, if only for the pur- pose of receiving an object les- son in logic and clarity. The calm, ordered, clear presenta- tions of Mr. Hunt's columns would be an asset to any news- paper in Canada. (Miss) KATHLEEN M. MCMILLAN. Lethbridge. Expendable There are two kinds of people, 07 per cent of us Canadians could do well without. One is the FI.Q and (lie other are the English speaking bigots such as call in to the local "phone in" show. Koch group. Hie FLQ and Iho bigots, arc filled with hate and Hie rest of us have to suffer for their hate. Homebody defined hot. line shows once as "the ignorant talking to (he misinformed." Kivc minutes of listening to it any morning, will confirm t.ho accuracy of this observation. W. J. CKANNKY, M.D. LcthbridBo 200 more Mil-ages. At the present rate, the French reckon to earn mil- lion from aircraft sales during the next five years, virtually the same amount as during the past 10 years. Only a year ago French depu- ties were voicing alarm that the embargo on the sale of arms to fsrael would cause ir- reparable harm to the French defence industry. For nearly a decade Israel had been one of France's chief clients, account- ing for about 17 per cent of French arms exports. By win- ning new customers, such as Argentina and Libya, this year the French government has more than compensated for the loss of Israeli contracts. In a new major coup M. Michel Debre, ib.e defence minister, has just signed a million contract to supply West Ger- many with 20 high-speed patrol craft equipped with the new French Exocet sea-to-sea mis- sile. Indentical ships have al- ready been purchased by Greece and Malaysia, while Peru has placed an order for the Exocet missile system. In all these deals the French have made it their policy to ig- n o r e political implications, While the Americans were still withholding arms from the col- onels in Greece, the French gov- ernment was actively establish- ing a foothold on the Greek market. "We are being fre- quently solicited for Debre 'remarked recently, "he- cause, unlike other nations, we do not impose any political conditions." the French govern- ment has been greatly embar- rassed by African protests against French arms sales lo South Africa. Anxious lo safe- guard French influence in Af- rica, President Georges Pompi- dou last month assured Presi- dent Kenneth Kaunda of Zam- bia that France wpuld cease to supply the South Africans with arms which could be used for iinli insurrectional purposes. Pompidou was said to have in- dicated that particularly Ihe s al e s of helicopters and ar- mored cars would be cut off. Emerging from the Elysce Palace, Kaunda presented Pom- pidou's undertaking as a great political triumph. In fact, Ihe French president gave away nothing. South African require- ments for helicopters are fully met, and as for armored cars, they are being manufactured under French licence in South Africa. Nothing indicates that the French government is planning a reversal of its policy towards South Africa. Between 1960-68, France sold million worth of military equipment to South Africa, ranging from aircraft to rockets. Next to the United States and Israel, South Africa was France's most important customer during this period. What tantalizes the French is the knowledge that South Af- rica is planning to modernize her air force and navy. Experts here estimate that France could earn more than million during the coming five jjears if the South Africans continue to rely on French equipment. In a recent address to French staff officers, Debre urged them to favor equipment that would also interest foreign clients. Today arms have become a major component of French ex- Looking THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Sarah Jackson, sen- tenced to hang at Fort Saskat- chewan jail Dec. 21, will prob- ably have her sentence com- muted to life imprisonment. No woman has been hanged in Canada since 1899. 19.10 A proposal for the migration of between and members of the Doukhobor religous sect from Canada to Mexico has been placed before the secretary of agriculture in Mexico. 1910 All vacancies on city port trade: 15 per cent of all products exported by the French engineering industry are arms. Occasionally the French Left 'protests against arms sales to reactionary regimes, but the fact that Greece, Portugal and South Africa are among France's main customers has never become a national issue. Even the Communists, appar- ently fearing the loss of votes among arms workers, have been half-hearted with their protests. Hughes de 1'Estoile, head of the international department at the armament office, is confi- dent that French arms sales in 1970 will total about mil- lion, twice the 1969 amount. With orders still rolling in his estimate seems over-modest. In these circumstances it also seems ironical when Debre as- serts that France has accom- plished more for peace in the world than oilier countries which criticize her policies. (Written for The Herald and the Observer, London) backward council and the public and separate schools were filled by acclamation. 1930 While residents of the Crowsnest Pass basked in a warm Chinook Dec. 2, Leth- bridge and district people donned mufflers and mitts as temperatures dropped lo 25 de- grees below zero. Canada has admitted immigrants since World War 11. A 16-year-old Danish girl was the immigrant to arrive. The num- ber is unsurpassed since the early years of the century. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-J954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 A-'embor of The Canadian Press ,ihd the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Associaiion ami Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edifcr Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Rdilorlal Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;