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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 16 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, December 2, 1974 Moscow's chief gynaecologist claims There's two abortions for each birth in Soviet Union By HEDRICK SMITH New York Times Service MOSCOW Liliya Karp is a computer programmer with a two year old son. This month she had her second abortion in two years at one of Moscow's best equipped maternity hospitals. "I want more children but she ex- plained with a shy smile. "I had my first abortion because my son was still young, only a year. Now my husband, who is a professor, is hoping to go to America on an exchange. We think it will be hard to take care of two children there. So I decided to have a second abortion The operation was quick and easy, she said But still she felt that two abortions were enough. "After this, I think I will prefer to use the she said. "I cannot use the pill because my liver reacts." Her case, doctors said, was fairly typical for an educated urban woman in her mid- or late 20's in the Soviet Union where abortion has been legal since 1955, costs nothing for a working woman and only five rubles (16.67) for a nonworking woman, and where the overwhelming majority of families want only one child "For each birth, we figure two said Dr Yuri M. Bloshansky, the chief gynaecologist of Moscow. "We have almost the same statistics as New York about abortions in 1973. Well, that includes both abortions and miscarriages. But abor- tions are about 85 per cent, or just as in New York There were almost abortions per- formed in New York City m 1973. A total of were performed on city residents; the others involved non residents. As Bloshansky and others explained, Soviet gynaecologists frown on abortion as a method of birth control for medical reasons and also because the state wants to increase the birth rate to develop a larger work force. "We do not consider abortion a good method of birth said the tall, silverhaired doctor. "We prefer other methods the pill, the loop, diaphragms, condoms, rhythm. But if a woman wants an abortion during her first three months of pregnancy, that is her choice. After that, she can have an abortion only for medical reasons." Despite the availability of free abortions for working women, illegal abortions are still a problem here. Eleven women died from il- legal abortions or self administered abor- tions in Moscow last year, Bolshansky said, and two others had unexpected fatal reac- tions to anesthesia or medicines used in legal abortions in government hospitals. Sometimes, Bloshansky said, women resort to do it yourself abortions to keep their husbands from learning about their pregnan- cies. Other Russians said privately that sometimes unwed mothers, even young teen- agers, from socially or politically prominent families resort to abortions done privately by doctors and pay steep fees to keep the news quiet. Although doctors say the risks are greater with a private abortion ,than in a state hospital, some people think conditions can be better if they can get a good physician to do it privately. This could hardly be the case in Maternity Home No. 26, the bright, well equipped hospital used by Mrs. Karp, often shown to foreigners, and run by a personable Georgian physician, Dr. Georgy G. Tszrtsvadze. "We do very few abortions he said. "Perhaps two or three a day. We don't like abortions. We prefer births." In that hospital, the women get a quick, light anesthesia and are kept reasonably private for their operation, which is done by the vacuum suction method. Mrs. Karp said she stayed in the hospital for two days. For working women, that time is not counted as sick leave. They lose pay for the days off. Some women complain that in other gynaecological hospitals where most abor- tions are done, conditions are less sanitary and less pleasant. "It is like an assembly line, very crowded, and you hear the others being said one young woman. "I found it a very uncomfor- table experience." Several others shared this opinion. Nonetheless, repeated abortions are fairly common among Soviet women, and Soviet doctors say they do not feel there is any set limit on the numbejr one woman can endure, so long as she is in good general health' and does not have them at an interval of less than six months. -The Herald Family The Homemaker Simple recipes for tasty snacks By MARILYN C. TATEM District Home Economist Christmas is approaching very quickly Rising food prices have even hit the snack food market. This year why not try making your own nuts and bolts or peanut brittle Nuts and bolts IVz c bite sized shredded wheat cereal 1 c bite sized shredded rice cereal IVz c. unsweetened circles eg. Cheenos 1 c salted peanuts 1 c pretzel sticks c. oil Vz tsp celery salt Vz tsp garlic salt Vz tsp onion salt 1 tbsp Worcestershire Sauce Combine cereals, peanuts, and pretzels in large pan Sprinkle oil over cereal mixture, then add seasonings and mix well Bake one hour at 250 degrees, stirring occasionally Store in air-tight container six to eight weeks at room temperature Makes six cups Peanut brittle 2 cups sugar cup baking peanuts Roll peanuts between two sheets of brown paper until quite fine Butter a cookie sheet. Put the sugar in a heavy frying pan and stir constantly until it melts. Quickly stir in nuts and remove from heat. Pour onto prepared cookie sheet and spread in a thin sheet Mark in one-inch squares Eastern children 'growing up' on diet of crime Over-the-counter drugs draw team's attention EDMONTON (CP) of pain killing and other legal drugs is a growing and major problem, says Doreen Zinyk, president of the Alberta Phar- maceutical Association 1 f January Clearance in December! ACRYLIC PILE 100% 60" prints and plains NYLON CIRE 60" ideal for SKI jacxets and warm-up etc...... WOOL FLANNEL 85% wool, 15% acrylic DENIM Prints and plains, 45" GINGHAM 65% SKI PANTING 50% viscose, 38% nylon, 37% lyray 299 399 399 199 YD. I 179 YD. I 299 "I have known people to take as many as 30 222s a Mrs. Zinyk said in an interview. "They've zapped right out. When they realize you've caught on they start sending their children to buy the pills. These are people you build up friendships with in a suburban store." Canada allowed more non presceiption drugs to be sold over the counter than did any other country. It was time for a committee to be drawn from the whole medical team to take a look at the problems caused by over the counter drugs and to try to come up with some solutions. Mrs. Zinyk said drugs that contain codeine, such as 222s and Benylin Cough Syrup, are a particular source of concern for pharmacists because many people don't realize they can get addicted to them. la the United States, drugs containing codeine were not freely available. In Canada, they were openly displayed until last July 1 DOESN'T SUIT HIM PORT ELIZABETH, South Africa (AP) A 300-pound Port Elizabeth man was ac- quitted on charges of failing to attend army camp after prov- ing the defence force could not find a uniform large enough to fit him Unbounded passion Dennis Carlson and his wife, Patti, have a 600- foot long plant growing in their house in the Minneapolis suburb of Blain. Mr. Carlson, a University of Minnesota senior majoring in plant breeding, has been treating the plant with a plant growth hormone and playing a high frequency sound record to it. A normal passion plant grows to a height, or length, of 16 to 20 inches. His three-and- a-half-year-old plant drinks more than one and a half quarts of water a day. WINNIPEG (CP) Hun- dreds of children in the tough- est part of Winnipeg are grow- ing up on a steady diet of crime. Workers for the Children's Aid Society in the north- central part of the city tell of kindergarten-aged children who set fires, of seven-year- olds assaulting foster parents and of young girls turning to prostitution to finance glue- sniffing. "It's a matter of said Richard Panson of the society's protection branch. "Getting into trouble isn't frowned on Getting caught is the crime." Mr Panson and his co-work- ers are aware of the many factors that lead to juvenile delinquency Parents overwhelmed with their own problems, lack ol family life at home or the difficulties fac- ing rural or native people in adjusting to urban living. At the same time, however, they feel the present rehabilitation system for juveniles is less than ade- quate. "It's a game to these said social worker Heather Martin. "The police pick them up and they go to the Youth Centre. The next day they get a lecture from a juvenile court judge and a ride home from a social worker who Suburban homemaker president of major firm PLUS MANY OTHER UNADVERTISED SPECIALS! Exclusive dealer in Lethbridge for FAHHY'S I SEWING MACHINES FABRIC FACTORY __ i LETHBRIDGE LTD.----r---------------------------- The Largest Selection m Lethbndg'e 1239 Jnd AvenueS. (Old John Deer. Bld84 Phone" 329-3355 Monday thru m to p.m. Friday a.m. to p m not leaving a steamy mirror after your shower. YM U S Off (0 1974 br Ui AAOtlfi EDMONTON (CP) Mar- garet Zeidler says her job as president of W R. Zeidler Ltd., a multi-million-dollar corporation which this year marks its 40th anniversary in business in Western Canada, is to "give direction." Mrs Zeidler became presi- dent of the forest products company following the death of her husband in December, 1973. She said in an interview it's a complicated business, but she doesn't feel it's her job to know every facet of the oper- ation, which now involves ve- neer plants and sawmills at McBnde, B C and Slave Lake, Alta., and plywood, millwork and aluminum manufacturing plants in Ed- monton. "There are top-notch people in charge of the various divi- sions and I have no intention of making my managers' business mine My job is to give the firm a sense of direc- tion and to ensure the policies established by my husband are continued Included in the policies is the philosophy that business "can't be bought but must be earned" through top-quality work and consistently good service and that the welfare of the firm's 500-odd employees is always a main concern of management. "This is a family Mrs. Zeidler said, "and there's always been a special feeling among the people working here When my hus band died, there was some fear the company would be sold, but employees now have the assurance the company will go on as it has and I will back them 100 per cent." Mrs. Zeidler said it's impor- tant that the boss be acces- sible at all times "My door is always open to those who work here, but I don't try to solve the prob- lems myself. I make sure they're channelled to the proper person." The step from a suburban homemaker to head of a firm deeply rooted in the tradition- ally male world of forestry, manufacturing and construc- tion was not as great as some might think Mrs. Zeidler was always in- volved in the business to some extent "I stayed in the background but I was always there, and over the years I learned a great deal about the business and the people involved." For several years she man- aged a family karra Lodge at Jasper, Alta "I did all the buying, hiring and training and I proved to myself that I could run it well and at a profit." The lodge was eventually sold Mrs. Zeidler still believes the best place for a woman with young children is at home, although this doesn't necessarily imply a wife should lack interest in the business world. "Most women simply don't have the stamina to run a home and cope with a career. However, when children are grown, the opportunities for women in the business world are excellent. "Everything is out there for you and you can reach out and take it if you're willing to work and listen and be con- structive." The handsome grandmother of two said she's the type who likes to dress well and who doesn't particularly like out- door activities "which leave my hair mussed." "I make no attempt to get involved in a lot of small de- tails in the daily routine of the business. gives them the same lecture. "I know of kids who've gotten into trouble just so they could be in the Youth Centre for the weekend dance." Jim Pacey said delinquents in their mid-teens laugh at the courts, and he said the courts have to make good some of their threats to frequent of- fenders and concentrate preventive measures on the very young who are new to a life of crime Last year, city police appre- hended juveniles and about half of this number were detained for further ac- tion Some have their cases dismissed in juvenile court, some are referred to the Children's Aid Society and some are fined or ordered to make restitution. A small number of young of- fenders are raised to adult court or sent to training schools About 14 per cent of the youngsters apprehended by police go on probation. Despite the concerns ex- pressed by Children's Aid Society workers, Lloyd Dewalt, director of probation services at the Manitoba Youth Centre in Winnipeg, said the juvenile court and rehabilitation system m the province is working rea- sonably well Community calendar The Social Credit Women's Auxiliary will be holding the annual Christmas luncheon and regular monthly meeting at 12.30 p.m. Wednesday in Room 1 of the civic centre. All members and invited guests welcome The Ladies of the Pem- mican Club will meet at 12.30 p m Tuursday for a potluck lunch in the clubrooms, 9th Street and 5 Ave S. Meat provided. Women are asked to bring a bingo prize. Note change of date for this occa- sion only The 18th annual Chrysanthemum Show and Tea of the Dr. F. H. Mewburn QBE Chapter, IODE, will be held from 2 to p.m. Wednesday at the greenhouses, 7th Avenue and 20th St. N. Sponsors are Frache Bros Ltd. Mrs. E. V. Lancaster will be convener The members of St Mary's ACW will hold the regular monthly meeting at 2 p.m. Tuesday at the home of Mrs Ralph Burgess. Women are reminded to bring their United Thankoffering. Mrs. H P Cook will be hostess. The Women of the Moose, No 328, will meet at 6.30 p.m. Tuesday at the Majorette Restaurant for a Christmas party. Meeting and gift ex- change will follow at the Moose Hall Hostesses will be Doreen Michalowsky and Carol Anne Johnsrude t The Lethbridge Chapter of the Sweet Adelines meets every Wednesday from 8 to p.m. in the church basement, 420 12th St. S. Women interested in singing four-part harmony and good fellowship are invited to attend A.N. A.F. Club Unit 34 PUBLIC BINGO EVERY TUESDAY It 8 P.M. NEW ANAF HALL InvlUd-QuWU in