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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, December 2, 1974 THE LETHBRIDCiE HERALD 15 I Christmas tree harvest S 1 near ing completion Wildlife expert contends: Poisoning coyotes 6not necessary' By NANCY MILES Special Correspondent CRANBROOK The annul Christmas tree harvest, which starts with buying contracts in July, is now in its final week in the East Kootenay. By Dec. 1 all rail shipments are out to wholesalers all the way to Mexico, Houston, Laredo, San Antonio, Edmon- ton, Saskatoon, Yorkton and Lloydminister. About bales of one to eight trees, valued at about will be exported from Kootenay area if the harvest is equal to last year. Last year more than bales went to the U.S. and Central America. Major operators are J. Hofert Ltd. of Olympia, Wash., whose manager here is Bill Walker; Wilkes and Kahn Sales Ltd. of Vancouver, whose manager is Albert Holmes of Fort Steele; and Kirk Christmas Trees of Portland, whose operations are mostly in the Windermere Valley. The. trees are mostly fir, grown under drought con- ditions which toughens them into holding their needles firmly through cutting, yar- ding, baling, tagging and ship- South In short Elks party set Dec. 22 BLAIRMORE (CNP Bureau) The Blairmore Elks Lodge and Order of the Royal Purple will host a joint Christmas party in the Blairmore Elks Hall Sunday, Dec. 22, for members' children. The event will begin at 2 p.m. Arrangements have been made for a visit from Santa. Restaurant opens in December CLARESHOLM (HNS) This town's newest restaurant The Black Forest, will open early in December at the north end of the shopping centre. It will be operated by Alfred Fuegl, former head chef at the Yellowknife Inn at Yellowknife, N.W.T. His wife Theresa will help manage the coffee shop, dining room and service station. Teachers reach agreement A tentative agreement has been reached between negotiators for the Castlegar School District and its teachers, the district's superintendent of schools said Wednesday. Details could not be released, Tom Elwood said in a telephone interview from Castlegar, 365 miles west of Lethbridge in the West Kootenays. The agreement will now go to the Castlegar school board and the teachers' association for ratification. Closing dates revised for games TABER (HNS) A revised schedule of school closing dates to accommodate the February Canada Winter Games has been announced by the Taber school division. All schools north of the Oldman River and the Chamberlain School at Grassy Lake will be in operation during the entire period. Easter holidays will be Good Friday and all of the following week. The- Taber town schools, Barnwell and Kinniburgh will be closed for four days Feb. 18 to 21 inclusive. Easter holidays will be limited to Good Friday and Easter Monday. All schools will close for the year on June 20, 1975. The new closing dates were adopted when it was learned that the W. R. Myers High School building will be used only four days for table tennis. Previously it had been announced that all schools would close from Feb. 11 to 21 inclusive to the disfavor of a majority of teachers and parents. The new dates are now "educationally defensible" and best serve the needs of the students, officials said. Motor boat ban proposed CRANBROOK (Special) A request that motor boats be banned on Horseshoe and Norbury lakes has been supported by the Regional District of East Kootenay. The Cranbrook Rod and Gun Club has been supported by the RDEK in its request to the provincial government for the ban. "There will be no fish says Mayor Vern Uphill of Fernie. "The evidence is there. The whole thing is polluted." RDEK wants rail property CRANBROOK (Special) The Regional District of East Kootenay has asked Marathon Realty to sell the unused CP Rail right-of-way between this city and Wardner to the RDEK for The RDEK wants to develop the rriiway bed as a hiking and recreational trail. Marathon Realty is the land management division of the CPR. Filtering contract is awarded CLARESHOLM (Staff) Town council has awarded a 070 contract to Eimco Envirotech for the supply and installation of a solids contact unit and automatic filters for the Town of Claresholm. The town's consulting engineers, Underwood, McLellan and Associates recommended that council proceed with the work to upgrade its water system. Not enough applications received BLAIRMORE (CNP Bureau) The Crowsnest Con- solidated School Division received more than 20 applications for the position of superintendent of schools but will advertise the position again. Trustees decided there was not enough response to the first ad from people with "senior administrative experience." Merv Kowalchuk of Lethbridge is acting superintendent in the interim. Camping fees set CLARESHOLM (HNS) Town council has approved a mo- tion to increase the Centennial Park fees. Daily rates are: travel trailer, fifth wheel, motor home, truck and camper, with power and without power. Tent, tent trailer, van, truck canopy and car top camper, with power and without power. ping. The cut starts right after the first sharp fall frost and ends in mid November. The tree harvest is second only to beef as ranchers' ma- jor cash crop. A system of crown land Christmas tree licences has been developed over the past 20 years, operating under BCFS inspec- tion as miniature sustained yield units. Year round cultivation of pruning, thinning and fertiliz- ing is a condition of licence continuation. Ranchers have found on their own treed land this is common sense. Two hundred and sixty four crown land permits were in operation in 1973, down nearly 100 from 1964. They cover acres of scrub bushland on shale and gravel base. Around three quarters of the harvest comes from contracts, ranch and permit operators. The rest come mostly from extensive plan- tations of the big operators on land that produces nothing else. When Christmas tree harvesting was finally judged as a legitimate minor forest operation it began to fill an appropriate niche in area economics. The annual return has exceeded more than million, scattered in the economic areas that need it most at that time of year. Yard work occupies casual labor, up to 200 people, earn- ing the extras that make the holiday special. Kootenay CP freight agent Walter Laurie of Nelson reports 108 boxcars now loading at Windermere, Wasa, Radium and Cranbrook to waft the scent of snowy woods on the Big Day through homes all over North America. Each carload averages about pieces. The harvest has been slowly dropping over the past few years, but few believe it relates to plastic trees. It appears to be a spinoff of the inflation in wages and high employment. The work is outdoors in all weather, and rugged. Both initiative and self reliance, not the outstanding features of this economic age, are re- quired to stay in business. Some cases involved children TABER (HNS) Juveniles figured in two of the eight Criminal Code cases handled in provincial judge's court here during October. Six girls were involved in two separate thefts o'f motor vehicles, one being arrested in each of the thefts. These cases were taken to juvenile court for hearing. The other Criminal Code cases included theft of goods valued over impaired driving, and assaulting a peace officer. There were 28 Criminal Code cases in September. The 28 convictions under the Highway Traffic Act included one hit and run offence, three of careless driving which cost three local youths heavy fines, and the usual number of stunting and speeding offences. Various infractions of the Liquor Control Act drew con- victions for 33 people, while an additional 21 were housed in police cells for overnight recuperation from intox- ication, without charge. Of the 23 motor vehicle ac- cidents investigated during the month, 10 were of a minor nature with damages 'of less than Two persons receiv- ed minor injuries in traffic ac- cidents. Taber reported its first school pedestrian accident in several years when a six year old pupil darted between two school buses into the side of a passing pickup truck and suffered a broken leg. The accident has prompted the installation of traffic lights at the intersections near the public and high schools. Three local merchants were convicted and fined for infrac- tion of the town's early clos- ing bylaw. School teachers reported the theft of money from the schools. This matter is still outstanding. By D'ARCY RICKARD Herald District Editor WATERTON Andy Russell of Waterton says all necessary killing of coyotes or other predators can be ac- complished by means other than the use of poison baits. Pmcher Creek and Cardston municipal districts plan to put 1080 baits into the fields soon. "They will go out as soon as we are sure they will stay in a frozen said one of- ficial. "If they are frozen, coyotes will just get a few bites. There is no use in feeding them five pounds because such a small quantity is needed to kill a coyote." Long a fighter against the use of 1080, a vicious poison in- jected into a carcass or chunks of meat and placed where the coyote can find it, Mr. Russell says the wolf is now a prime target in Alberta. Noting that about 100 wolves have been removed from Northern Alberta agricultural areas during each of the last two winters, mostly by strychnine poisoning, Mr. Russell says it's time those in charge develop other methods of handling the problem. "Today's society places as high a value on prairie dogs, eagles, coyotes and wolves as does the grazing lessee on public lands or the owners of a ranch on his flocks of says Mr. Russell. But David Neave of the fish and wildlife division at Ed- monton says, "I don't think there is a wolf south of High River." He says the wolf is becom- ing a problem in the northern areas of the province. An extensive poisoning program in the 1950s, directed against rabies, almost eliminated the wolf in Alber- ta. "It has taken the wolf 20 years to come back." says Mr. Neave. "Now it is again in high numbers." He says strychnine is used to kill this animal. Compound 1080, used to kill coyotes, and strychnine, used to kill wolves and coyotes, both come under a 1972 ban in the U.S. "There was a very violent reaction to all poisons in the says Mr. Neave. Compound 1080 is especially lethal to the canine family. One pound will treat pounds of meat so that just two ounces of meat will kill a wolf, coyote or dog. Says Mr. Russell: "It is a cruel poison that attacks the nervous system and does not decompose in oait or poisoned carcasses. This means that anything killed by 1080 is a potential bait." It is somewhat selective when used properly since a coyote need eat only 1 4 ounces of properly treated meat to receive an LD50 a scientific term used to .in- dicate the amount of poison necessary to kill one half the animals eat'ng it By contrast, a golden eagle would need to eat 12 ounces, a bear four to eight pounds, and a human three to eight pounds. Strychnine poisoned animals are more likely to become potential bait. It is a cruel poison that causes violent, longlasting symp toms. Nevertheless, it is as easy to obtain as cough syrup since drug stores carry it and purchasers simply sign the poison register. This could change when the Alberta government assesses the public input into Environ- ment Conservation Authority bearings now being held throughout the province. Meanwhile, fish and wilflife people will probably poison another 100 wolves this winter in the Peace River area. Wolf damage to livestock is reported as far south as west of Olds. "The wolf does go after says Mr. Neave. "But there are various techni- ques in farm management to keep the wolf away from the door. Farmers should bring their sheep in at night and keep them near the buildings in safe quarters." He says if lithium clorate is used to treat mutton baits, a wolf or coyote can become very sick and develop a strong aversion to mutton. There is continuing pressure for predator control.' Some conservationists say this is based on questionable claims of livestock loss. Mr. Russell says this is es- calating into a confrontation with ranchers and farmers in one corner, and sportsmen, naturalists and other citizens concerned about wildlife in the other. Mr Russell says that farmers who are really concerned about predator dsmagev should also be interested in learning how to trap. Written statements from farmers who learned how to handle their own problems show that they have reduced their damage losses by an average of 80 per cent. This is being done in Missouri, a state which has had some type of predator control since 1825. It involves government 'personnel teaching farmers how to locate good trapping sites and make sets, with the program aimed primarily at coyotes, foxes and bobcats. It has prov- ed spectacularly successful, says Mr. Russell. Do we need to use poison to control predators? Andy Russell says no. He says that in the U.S. from June, 1972, to June, 1973, the first year that poison was banned, Federal agents reported that they had killed more coyotes through intensified trapping and hunting from helicopters and airplanes than they did when poison was legal. Washington State, for in- stance, stopped using 1080 several years before the Federal ban because of "ex- treme pressure by en- vironmentalists concerned about secondary poisoning of non target species." How, then, does Washington control predators? Officials encourage sport hunting and trapping to keep the overall population under control. Mr. Russell notes that in the last three years sport hunters in Washington have taken 000 coyotes, bobcats and more than rac- coons. But whether sport hunting would work in B.C. is questionable in view of a statement by Henry Blazowski, secretary manager of the B.C. Cattlemen's Association, last summer. He said: "Most ranchers are conservationists and don't allow hunting on their ranches." Says Mr. Russell: "These same ranchers expect predator control when something goes wrong." He says he continues to be adamantly opposed to all use of predator control poisons in the wild. 6Gal couldn't run town' former mayor, 80 By CAROL NEUFELD Herald Correspondent Anne Davis, former mayor of the village of Coaldale, says she thinks it would be difficult for a woman to be rrayur of the town now. Not of the woman's lilibera- tion movement, she says women have different ideas than men as to what needs to be done and when these ideas are defeated, the women would feel frustrated. She said "Women are stubborn and we need to be or we wouldn't get things Anne Davis, former Coaldale reeve marks her 80th birthday on Sunday. Eyes sparkling and enthusiasm dressing her in a garb of self confidence and love, Mrs. Davies breaches the years without the signs of her years showing. She was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1894. At H she came to the Lethbridge dis- trict and took a job in the music department of the Hudson Bay Company. In 1916 she was married to Scott Davis and they lived in Commerce, High River, Lethbridge, and finally settled on a farm ten miles southwest of Coaldale. The produce was berries and these were sold in Lethbx-idge under the name, Sunalta farms. In 1934 they moved into Coaldale and Mr. Davis worked at Imperial Oil. 'ihey then went into their own business, Arctic oil in its present location on main street. Mrs. Davis helped with the business as gas pump attendant and bookkeeper un- til the garage closed in 1973. She also owned and operated a ladies' and children's clothing store for eight years. Mrs. Davis has been active in social credit; women's in- stitute; Pythian sisters, which she helped organize; Women's Missionary Society of the United Church and is present- ly serving as the mil time organist; and is involved in the present senior citizens drop-in center. In the years before it was a town, Mrs. Davis served as reeve of the village of Coaldale. Mr. Davis also serv- ed as mayor and in 1952, her son served as mayor. It was under her sons's auniinistration that the water and sewer services were provided by the town. To keep herself busy during the past years she has taken up china painting, oil painting and continues with her piano. CONSERVATIONIST ANDY RUSSELL SCORES USE OF 1080 Government study underway on Oldman River water FORT MACLEOD (Special) The Alberta government has started a two-part study into assessing and meeting the future water use re- quirements in the Oldman River basin. Water use in the basin is steadily increasing, in part due to increased irrigation, and peak demands could even- tually be reaching the current supply capacity of the basin. The study has two main aspects. The first is an inven- tory of current and estimated water usage including irrigation, industrial, municipal and recreational Coal mine pending BLAIRMORE (CNP Bureau) Consolidation Coal Company Ltd. is awaiting approval from its parent com- pany. Continental Oil, to proceed with plans to mine thermal .coal at Grassy Moun- tain, 10 miles north of here on property owned by Scurry Rainbow. Mayor Ernie Fantin, in a telephone conversation with Don DelBosco of Consolida- tion Coal, learned this week the test coal samples taken from Grassy Mountain and shipped to Ontario last summer have proved favorable. The mining firm is now waiting for financial approval from Continental Oil to proceed with plans for mining the thermal coal. Meanwhile, a spur line into Scurry Rainbow property, formerly West Canadian Collieries, at west Blairmore is being upgraded so that eight 100-ton trucks, purchased by the coal firm, can be brought into the mine yards. These will be used to haul coal from the mine. Earlier this spring the Town of Blairmore opposed use of a rail spur near the telephone office here when the company moved test coal cars through town. Council has no objection to use of the west spur line. Councillors said dust problems could thus be eliminated from town. uses, and water quality con- siderations. The second aspect of the study involves determining how to meet these re- quirements. An investigation is being made into two possi- ble sites where further storage could be created in the basin and a survey of the remainder of the basin will be made to identify any other possible storage sites. The two known possibilities are The Gap site, on the Oldman River about 35 miles northwest of Pincher Creek, and the Three Rivers site, about five miles north of Pincher Creek. The area included in the water use inventory contains the entire Oldman River basin upstream of the confluence with the Bow River. Below the confluence, where the rivers become the South Saskatchewan, the study will extend along river to the Alberta Saskatchewan border. The Oldman River contains sufficient water to meet pre- Sparwood team wins title SPAR WOOD (HNS) The Sparwood Secondary School Senior Boys Volleyball team Saturday won the East Kootenay championship. This will be the second year in a row that they have represented the East Kootenays in the Provincial Championship competitions. The Provincial finals will be held in Victoria on December 5, 8, and 7 Sparwood was the Host School for the East Kootenay championship this year with teams from Fernie, Cranbrook, Creston, Invermere and Golden par- ticipating. Members of the Sparwood team are Wayne Chesley, Captain, Jim Lowe, Mario Berdusco, John Katrichak, Mike Urso, Bob Fontana, Brian Berdusco, Jay Thom- son, Barry Taylor, Norman Johnson, Doug Speager, and Rolando Morales. sent day average needs but oc- casional seasonal shortages can occur. Additional storage reservoirs would make it possible to increase flows at time of high demand, mostly in the summer. Any decision to proceed with the implementation of flow augmentation works would be followed by detailed engineering investigations and an assessment of the economic, sociological and en- vironmental aspects of the proposal. Picture yourself as wesreRH second quarter millionaire BUY YOUR TICKETS AT ALL ALBERTA TREASURY BRANCHES THE WESTERN CANADA LOTTERY More than m total prizes! 1908 lucky people will win1 Ticket sales close January 15th, 1975 Preliminary Draw January 31st. 1975 ;