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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Oeo F. Moioers y, Otetmbtr WO irTHBRIDOl IttMID B Sel mg wafer to the United States (Excerpts from n speech by lire editor of The Herald, given nt the U.S. National Water Re- sources Association annual con- vention, Las rpHE FLQ kidnapping and murder is Just an irieidcnt. The French fact in Quebec will change the whole nature of Can- ada, but we will cope with that in our stride. The American fact on the other hand, we seem un- able to take in our stride. You are an obsession with us. Noth- ing motivates our politics more. We are madly suspicious of you, and the fault is more ours than yours. Our prime minister, who is a very sensible man, tried to ex- plain it to an American audi- ence once. He said that living next to you is like sleeping next to an elephant. No matter how even tempered the beast, ev- ery grunt and twitch scares the daylights out of one Our problem is that we want the benefits of your capital with- out paying for them. Our stan- dard of living, not quite as high as yours, is clue in large part to your investment in Canada. But capital injection means ownership, and the great de- bate in Canadian politics is whether we have already sold our country to you. ft is a fact that American purchase of Ca- nadian companies and resources is going ahead rapidly Let me tell you of an hour- long TV program on our ma- jor network on October 20. It's title: "Canadian Water For Some of you here were interviewed on it. What was said by your people will not be new to you, but I thought you should know what a third of Canada's TV viewers saw and heard The general impression left by the program, I feel after dis- cussing it with many Cana- dians, was that you don't need our water and we would be do- ing you a favor by saying right now that you will never get it. Now let me supplement that TV broadcast with a few other notes. A Canadian was quoted in the above mentioned broadcast as saying the P.R.I.M.E. study in Alberta might indicate the va- lue of tying in with export plans. Our -premier was challenged on this. He said just recently, "Anyone who suggests we are thinking of export of water is just trying to play politics." Yet I can report to you that he is a sensible and pragmatic man and believes in study. The position of British Colum- bia is reiterated almost weekly. It. is this, "We don't know how much we have, or how much wo .nay need, so we cannot think of export." Most Canadians, I suspect, are opposed to any discussion of water export at this time. Their resistance is emotional. They are hung up on it. But emotion, not reason, writes the lu'story of man, including Amer- icans. You have your hang-ups loo. Let me remind you that one of our greatest Canadian prime ministers, Wilfred Laiirier, ne- gotiated a far reaching recip- rocity treaty with the United States, in 1911, and since it would have brought the two countries much closer together aad radically changed Canada's future, he rightly felt he should have the explicit support of the Canadian people. So he called a National election, and that treaty with, the United States was the issue. But Canadians remembered that less than ten years earlier the United States had slipped crooked dice into the Alaska boundary game, and they re- membered a few more grie- vances, and they defeated the government, and there was no treaty. I have no right to tell you how to run your affairs, but if you want to do business witli Canada you will have to assist Canada in getting over her hang-up and I have not only a right but a duty to tell you how you might do that. Firstly, get to know us. Secondly, get to know us. Lastly, get to know us. Most of you, in this room, do know us. Most Americans do not. Most Americans are abys- mally ignorant, about the ele- mentary facts of Canada. They are taught almost nothing ia Die schools, and read almost nothing in the press. (It takes a kidnapping for us to get into your Most Ameri- cans don't know what makes us tick, what our problems and prospects are. They don't know because they don't care. They don't even know why they should bother to know. They can afford not to know or care if they don't expect our under- standing or want to do business with us. But they may want to do water business with us. They will find us easier to deal with if they really know us. Dies the reverse apply? Not nearly so much. We are in your gravitational field now. We'are smothered by your TV and your magazines. We followed your recent election with more inter- est than many of you. (Remem- ber the Your com- panies own most of our re- sources and most of our indus- tries. We are being relentlessly sucked into the American vor- tex, and we are frightened for our national life, and still most Americans hardly know we ex- ist. That's what is hard to take. That's why we are neurotic. If we can't get your attention by being sensible, we'll get it by tin-owing a tantrum, which is what we are doing right now. Now let me try to do what more Canadians should do, and that is talk sensibly and objec- tively about water export. I will not discuss any specific plans for moving Canadian water south. That has been done well and often by Canadian authorities such as Or. Arleigh Laycock of the University of Alberta who is now president of the American Water Resources Association which had its an- nual conference in this city re- cently. Without passing judgment, I would report that Dr. Laycock feels massive single system transfers will not be economi- cally or politically practical, for either country. I will quote from the paper he gave to the annual Nevada Water Confer- ence at Carson City. This is not the last word on the subject, but the latest from a Canadian authority who appreciates your problem and our opportunity. "Sequential, phased, develop- ment of Western transfers might be initiated by the nego- tiation of sales option agree- ments between Canada and the United States after due con- sultation with the provincial and state governments involved. Canada might declare a small part of its supply possibly two per cent this is about four times the flow of the Col- orado River to be available for sale and the United States might purchase options oil spe- cific volumes at specific points on the border. Actual diversion of most of tills water might not SANTA'S FAVORITES ACME TV and HITACHI All Transistorized AC-DC 12" TV SETS Solid Slats UHF and VHP Uit In Yoim Car Boat Trailer Offics Etc. YOURS FOR ONLY or Per Month Also Avdlloble in 7" and 9" Modelt m About Our lifetime Picture Tube Warranty ACME TELEVISION LTD. 535 13th ST. N. AND COLLEGE MALL be needed for twenty lo fifty years. "In the United Stales the agreement would facilitate the plaiming and development of nu- merous diversions, and Ihe min- ing of ground water, in antici- pation that replacement sup- plies would later be available. Significant volumes of water that are surplus to present de- mands in the Columbia, Mis- souri and oiher basins mighl be diverted lo water-short areas because reservations for future development would not be de- pendent upon only local sup- plies. "In the drier areas, if extra supplies are available, or are in prospect of becoming avail- able, many of the litigation and speculation costs now develop- ing might be avoided. Integrat- ed water supply networks might he developed from Can- ada southward with guaranteed base flow from Canada and more efficient development of local supplies en route. Other alternative supplies eg. from desalination or weather modifi- cation might be phased into these networks when feasible. They would not be in competi- tion with the great surpluses of Canadian water which are pro- posed for the initial phases of the schemes. "Actual deliveries of Cana- dian water could be relatively small but option fees could pro- vide revenues lo Canada for re- search and development pur- poses. These fees could be mod- erately low for Die initial plan- ning period and higher when specific developments become directly dependent; upon Cana- dian replacement supplies. The political advantages of replace- ment supply options over arbi- trary allocations, mining ground water without assured future supplies and water rights hoard- ing with attendant litigation costs will be apparent." Where are we now? Nothing is being done in either country toward even a study of the problem. I understand you are not even studying the diversion of water from your wet North- west lo your dry Southwest. It has been pointed out that the United States has never made an official approach to Canada to study the export of water, so why should Canada give it a second thought? On the other hand it may be fortunate that your government has not made a formal ap- proach, for if Canadians can get so hysterical about what Senator Moss says about the subject, what would they do if your president said it? Let me read what Dr. Lay- cock told the Western Stales Water Council four months ago. If you believe that there Is a useful potential in the im- port of Canadian water, or in option agreements leading to such import, there are several tilings you might do. "a) You might indicate this belief to the State Department, UK National Water Commission and other agencies that might directly and indirectly inform the Canadian government of it.. 'b) Your discussions might fo- cus more upon the shorter term, bridging phases of the subject such as tho possible values of option agreements, and you might indicate whether or not such agreements would be of in- terest lo you have you any offers that might stimulate us lo look into the question more thoroughly? "c) You might promote stu- dies of the opportunities and hazards inherent in such agree- ments how might they ba framed lo provide mulually beneficial development for all areas concerned? "d) Some further indication of your interest in such studies in the United States would be helpful e.g. the promotion of them hi water resources re- search centers in each state. Your endorsation of such stu- dies will carry weight in deci- sions concerning which will be approved for funding using ex- isting sources. "e) Finally, you might seek to have the terms of reference for the moratorium clarified so that some or all water import studies are not included at present inhibitions are assum- ed to be present and few fed- eral agencies will become in- volved. "There are many problems lo be discussed and negotiated but let us do both openly and with good will I don't entirely agree with Dr. Laycock. Any open initiative from your side of the border would be subject to misrepre- sentation in Canada, given the present Canadian attitude. It would be better if the initiative- came from Canada, by Cana- dians, in Canada's selfish inter- est. If we can calm our hysteria, in which process you can be helpful in ways already men- tioned, in time Canadians may say to each other, "We may have more water than we need, and perhaps we can make a dollar out of the surplus. Let us see if the Americans will buy it, and if they are interested, we will stick them for every cent we can get, just as they have always done with everything they have ever sold us. Per- haps we can even get them to finance some studies to deter- mine if we really have a sur- plus. But it is our water, and any export will be our deci- sion." Only when Canadians say that to each other will ac- tion of any kind. That time will come. Canadians, on balance, are as mature and reasonable as Americans, and reason will eventually replace hysteria. This process of our .return to reason you can facilitate but you cannot hurry. In summary, I submit that if Canadian water ever moves in quantity to the United States it will be under Hie following con- ditions and circumstances: 1. It will be on essentially Canadian initiative; 2. It will be in Canada's best interests; 3. It will be expensive, far too expensive at the destina- tion, for instance, for irriga- tion Prison reform urged By Don Oakley, STATE penal systems are not doing the job they are supposed to do. They are, in the words of Pennsylvania's Republican Governor R a y- mond P. Shafer, "nothing more than retaliation to satisfy society's indignation at those who offend it." Warden Maurice Sigler of Ne- braska Penal and Correctional Complex recently told a report- er: "Maybe 10 per cent of these men are dangerous; the rest could safely be sent home today." Governor Sliafer reminded his fellow governors, meeting in Missouri recently, that "the price we pay for this revenge- fulness is recidivism." Recidi- vism is a fancy word for the fact that more than half the men who have been in prison are back in prison within three years. "There must be revolution- ary changes- in our thinking and our Shafer charged the governors. "We must stop acting as though repression, legislative fulmination and long crime problem." He urged sev- eral specific programs: Purge penal codes of ir- rationally punitive sentences. Remove from the catcgoiy of criminal law such offenses against public order as drunk- enness, vagrancy and gam- bling. fA federal commission has reported that almost half of all arrests are on cliarges of. drunkenness, disorderly con- duct, vagrancy, gambling and minor sexual deviations. One longtime prison resident in Ne- braska puts the situation well: "A lot of us arc just serving time because the world don't know what else to do with The objective of corrections NFA service should not be punishment and deterrence but reintegration of the offender into society. Parole should not be con- sidered'a grace period but a step in the process of reinte- gration. Most states should establish a centralized authority for cor- rections, including probation and parole. United States Supreme Court Justice Warren E. Burger earlier this year called for an overhaul of the federal system of corrections and more re- cently said that America's court system must also be re- vised in order to remove the logjam that has caused accused criminals to be held in jails for long periods or released on bail for equally long periods. This either overloads prisons or frees potentially dangerous men without doing anything about the problems that drove them into the hands of the law in the first place. The American public is more concerned than ever about law and order, yet the crime rats is up 148 per cent in the last 10 years. It is time Americans de- mand, and be willing to pay for, better rehabilitation pro- grams men once they go to prison and better laws and court systems to reduce the number'of men who don't be- long in prison. So They Say I Hunk on the whole most church people would be uncom- fortable about selling the gospel on a TV commercial. Rt. Rev. Albert 'itillow, Bishop o( Hertford crisis a mirage? From Hie Ottawa Citizen BOUIIASSA and Justice Min- ister Choquette of Quebec liavc added to (lie confusion surrounding their "appre- hended insurrection" and the proclamation of the War Measures Act. They Have rejected a statement In the Commons on Oct. 16 by Regional Economic Expansion Minister Marchand that the FLQ had members. They say the figure should be around 100 active mem- bers. Maybe it shouldn't even be that. Of the 453 arrests under the WMA, 51 are still held, and another two have been con- victed. Was tins the apprehended insurrec- tion? Was it for this that the Public Order Bill, with its sharp restriction of civil lib- erties, was introduced? Mr. Choqueltc (Iocs say that what v.ilh student sit-ins, withdrawals from classes and "agitating" literature Uiero wero "solid indications that an uprising, U not in the immediate offing, was a definite possibility." Maybe as many as sym- pathizers would have marched with tba FLQ, he indicated. Surely the police, with the weapons at hand Montreal's anti-demonstration law, the anti-explosive law that permits search without warrant, and the Criminal Code could have contained such a movement. The long-drawn fight by the opposition parties against some provisions the Pub- lic Order Bill (aptiy named Son of War Measures) increasingly appears to have been justified. The Pope and population From the New York Times pOPE PAUL continued to oppose the weight of scientific evidence and growing concern within his own church the other day when Ire strongly reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's traditional ban on all forms of birth control except the unreliable rhythm method. The pontiff's opposition to attempts lo check population growth was particularly unpersuasiv.3 in the forum in which he chose to speak out once more on this issue the 25th anniversary meeting of the United Nations B'ood and Agriculture Or- ganization. Most scientists engaged in the efforts of FAO and others to feed an under- nourished world are convinced that the war on hunger cannot be won unless mea- sures to spur food production are com- bined with vigorous steps to curb the popu- lation explosion. The need to "tame the monster of popu- lation growth" was emphasized In a letter to the meeting from Dr. Norman E. Bor- laug, the American agronomist who won this year's Nobel Peace Prize for ids work In developing higK-yield grains. Dr. Bor- laug has declared: "If the world's popula- tion continues to increase at the sama rate, we will destroy the species....... Although Uiis warning, which has been voiced by many food experts and derr.og raphers in recent years, apparently has not yet moved the Vatican, it has stirred increasing concern elsewhere. A bill de- signed to make birth-control services avail- able to all American women passed tha Senate without a dissenting voice last July. A somewhat modified version recent- ly sailed through the House. This landmark measure will not Imposo birth control on individuals who still op- pose it on grounds of conscience or faith. But it will place the United States in tha forefront of an effort to improve contra- ceptive techniques and encourage family planning so that population growth can be curbed. This effort must be pressed on a worldwide basis if mankind is to avert disaster. Religion and Eastern Europe From the Christian Monitor ALTHOUGH their fundamental differ- us a particularly Important example, at> erences remain, communism and tempts to cripple the church and wean peo- ple away from it kept the population In Roman Catholicism in Eastern Europe have been on easier terms for some time now. Nor is there any present indication of a return to the 'great and open bitterness which marked the years of the late IMO's and the 1950's. While this relationship has its periods of progression and retrogres- sion, there is a kind1 of wearied acceptance of each other which prevents clashes and confrontations such as used to occur. This does not mean that either tie Marx- ists or the Roman Catholic clergy have changed their minds about what they be- lieve Is a fundamental incompatibility be- tween their respective beliefs. But it does mean that the passage of a quarter-century since communism came to power in so many Eastern European countries has con- vinced both sides that it is presently pos- sible to coexist practically, if not happily. Accommodations have come from both sides. Under Pope Paul VI the Vatican has made a special effort to wind down the bitterness of the church's anti-Communist crusade. On their side, Communist officials gradually reached the conclusion that the cost of spectacular anti-Catholic crusades ivere counterproductive. If we take Poland continued' sullen turmoil. Warsaw eventu- ally realized that national religious senti- ment was too strong to be encountered bead-on. Suble antrreh'gtous propaganda and ef- forts continue. Obstruction is still put in the way of any religious effort and this applies as much to tha Protestant churches as it does to the Catholic. Programs still designed to keep children busy at other things during church hours. But even these efforts do not always seem to ba conducted with the same vigor as formerly. As an example of the changing scene, we now have the re-establishment of diplo- matic relations between Yugoslavia and the Vatican. This ends an 18-year rift caused when Belgrade and the Vatican dif- fered over whether the late Cardinal Aloj- zije was a war criminal. In welcoming tha new Yugoslav ambassador, the Pope said that there was a division between temporal and spiritual authority. And it is significant that the ambassador did not contradict this. Here is one more area and occasion when major powers are learning that all- out confrontation does not pay. Which iace do you prefer? From the Financial Post INFORMATION Canada has advertised the fact that it will open centres in all major Canadian regions so that people can find out more about how the government works. Pick up one of the centre's phones, the theory goes, and get the real lowdown. This is all very commendable. Any gov- ernment that goes out of its way to tell its story to the people and invite questions from the people can't have much to hide. But the questioners are all outside the government machine. There is obviously little to fear from them. They are not like, say, the auditor general whose job for 365 days of the year is to examine, from inside, how government spends Its money. He is the man who not only can ask em- barrassing questions but has most of power necessary to find the answers and report them. The result: A new bill lo limit the audi- tor-general's role and perhaps save the government some of the annual embar- rassment he usually manages to dispense. The government giveth; the government taketh away. Perhaps the public should insist that phone in each Information Canada Centre ought to tie in directly with the auditor- general's office. Quebec and Canada By Clande Ryan, Montreal Le Devoir qillE DEBATE on the future of Quebec and Canada is proceeding toward a decisive stage where each of the partners, after long and skilful feinting, will finally have to put all their cards on tire table. In view of this decisive stage, it is more necessary than ever for both sides to be capable of a very great moral stature, of authentic generosity, of unconditional ac- ceptance of the reality of the other, of pro- found and foremost care lor liberty, of that magnanimous and efficacious virtus that English-speaking people call "statesman- ship." Then again, the closer the day of reckon- ing approaches, the more one sees among certain English-speaking people the spec- tre of a deaf terror, determined refusal, which after long being contained, seems finally to want to reveal that their su- preme trump card, the only one perhaps in which they believe, is force. All shook up By Dong Walker Margaret Luckhurst recently wrote a fea- ture consisting of a number of pre-Christ- mas letters in which she deliberately in- troduced some typing errors. We.have such a thing about typographi- cal errors at The Herald that it was all Margaret and i could do lo get her stufJ printed with' the flavor she wanted. I even went down on Saturday morning to insist again tiiat the goofs were intentional. Proof that this was upsetting to the com- posing room was the presence of the edi- torial pages in reverse order on that day. Follows, we promise not to try that again. ;