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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta _ THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, December 2, 1970 Fear in the Kremlin (2) Affirmations and denials continue to flood the news. Did Nikita Khrusn- chev really write those memoirs for Life magazine, or is it all a hoax, on imperialist plot? The Soviet press has issued an angry denial by Khrushchev himself, who says he had nothing to do with them. Life magazine claims that they are authentic, and backs up its statement by remarking that even Edward Cranshaw, a top western authority on Russian affairs, has given them his blessing. But some of those who have read the memoirs prior to pub- lication have found loopholes. One of those in a position to know first hand, is Stalin's daughter, who de- fected, and is now living in the U.S. She says that several of the episodes referred to in the memoirs in which she is mentioned, are not true. Life magazine continues to ma i n t a i n staunchly that the memoirs are authentic "beyond any doubt." Ac- cusations and counter accusations are being hurled from both sides, but there has as yet been no convincing evidence one way or the other. According to advance publicity, the memoirs tell of the horror of the Stalin years, and quote Khrushchev as saying that "we have no choice but to rehabilitate all of Stalin's victims." Many biographers and historians have written about the ruthless tyrant who built the Soviet colossus at such appalling cost in human degradation, torture and kill- ing It is doubtful if Khrushchev him- self could add more than some de- tails to fill in the ugly picture. But, authentic or not, the account is going to be read by millions outside Russia. Perhaps it sounds like a tempest in an outsized teapot, but consider- ing its side effects in the Soviet Union, it could be much more than that. The Soviets will make capital out of Khrushchev's public denial and the insistence of the western press on publishing what they maintain is a false document. They will use it as a weapon against all those who are fighting Soviet bureaucracy and and this could very well hurt the. cause of the men like Rostropovich, Solzhenitzyn and all the others who are supported in the world outside Russia in their fight for freedom. This is the most powerful reason that Life magazine should come out with the truth about where it ob- tained the manuscript and why it is convinced beyond a shadow of a doubt that Nikita Khrushchev is the author. Battle without a quarrel The battle against cancer is a fight without a quarrel, a battle in which every human being in the world is directly involved. It is en- couraging to know that Russian sci- entists may now join the United States, and presumably other coun- tries of the world too, to share and co-ordinate research efforts. Last summer a New Jersey congressman wrote to Premier Kosygin urging U.S. Russian co-operation in a ten-year program to seek a cure for cancer. Premier Kosygin's reply has just been published. He says that "in such a noble area as the fight against cancer and other diseases, it makes more sense to proceed by uniting the efforts of various coun- tries rather than by rousing rivalry among them. The Soviet Union, on its part, is ready to further expand co-operation- with the United States in this and other areas of medicine." There is no doubt that there is al- ready a certain amount of mutual exchange of vital information on cancer research among those coun- tries of the world already engaged on intensive laboratory programs. But more concerted efforts are needed by everyone involved if this world-wide war is to be won. The problems of such a project, are enormously complicated, but the will and the dedication of all those engaged in it whether they be black, white, yellow, Communists or demo- cratic, can and should be, pooled to find the elusive answers. Who invaded Guinea? In the absence of the report of the UN Security Council's mission to Conakry to discover the truth about the alleged invasion by Portu- guese forces, one can only speculate on the reasons for the uproar. One of the strange things about the epi- sode is that President Toure is reported to have requested the as- sistance of UN troops, which he ought to know, do not exist. It would seem very unlikely that the govern- ment of Portugal, which already has its problem with its African col- onies, would he likely to compound them by sending in its warships ill a full-scale attempt at takeover. The truth is probably that oppon- ents of the Toure regime, supported by mercenaries, who had taken ref- uge in neighboring Portuguese Gui- nea, made an effort to remove the president by military means. They probably hoped for support among the people, many of whom are un- happy for various reasons, the chief one of which is lack of economic progress in the struggling former French colony which achieved its independence only twelve years ago. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON "I've got it! I've got Sam Craftsman yelled as he rushed into the office of Darryl Kleigfoot, the head of Metro-Mogul studios. "What have you Kleigfoot said, slightly annoyed. "An "idea for a new cowboy picture. It's the greatest thing since "How the West Was Won.' "All right, but give it to me fast." "I was reading a history book the other night and discovered that President Ruther- ford B. Hayes was very disturbed because a bunch of Apache Indians were holding several American soldiers as prisoners. So he ordered bis secretary of war, Alexander Ramsey, to get a rescue operation under way." said Kleigfoot. "Can't you just see it as a film, Chief? We get John Wayne to play the colonel of the United States cavalry and Frank Sinatra as his cocky first sergeant." "The secretary of war, played by Ron- ald Reagan, calls in Wayne and Sinatra and tells them he wants to organize an expedition to go into Apache country and rescue the American prisoners. He tells them that unimpeachable intelligenco sources indicate that the Apaches arc hold- ing the men at Little Red Creek and the President says they can have anything they want as long as they get the men re- leased." "Wayne and Sinatra go back to Fort Frontier and, with the aid of captured maps, build an entire replica of the Indian village of Little Red Creek." "Then, with a hand-picked crew of cav- alryn'.cn, they the attack on Littio Red Creek. For three months they jjo over every detail." "Come one. come on, get on with said angrily. "All right. The secretary of war reports to President Hayes Uvil everything is in order and so President Hayes writes him a note and says 'Proceed as planned.'" Wayne is notified and he orders all his men to mount. They ride off into Apacha country." the studio head said. "The plan is to attack at night so the Apaches will be surprised. So they wait until midnight, and then, firing all their guns, they ride into the sleeping village of Little Red Creek." "It should make a good fight Kleigfoot said. "Wrong, Craftsman says. "There's no one in the village. The soldiers go from one tepee to anolner and find they're all empty." "Oh, my said Kleigfoot. "Apparently the intelligence was wrong or else the Apaches were tipped off and moved out." "So what Kleigfoot said. "The: cavalrymen ride back to Washing- ton, B.C., where the secretary of war calls a press conference and introduces Wayne and Sinatra to the "The secretary of war calls it sr.e of the most successful operations against the Apaches in military history. It was not only pulled off with precision, but did not produce one single casualty. The only way they could have improved on it was if Ihey had found the prisoners." "President Rutherford B. Hayes sends his personal congratulations to Wayne and tells his press secretary to announce that this should be a lesson to the Apaches once and for all." "We end the film with the secretary of war awarding Wayne a medal and Sinatra gelling the girl." "I don't know, Sam. There's something wrong with the story. Don't you think tho public will be let down a little at the end, when the cavahy finds nobody Craftsman said, "I don't see why." (Toronto Telegram Snfvica) Willuim Millinship White House war policies unpredictable WASHINGTON As ho al- ternately otters peace pro- posals and threatens North Vietnam on his zig-zag course out pf the war, President Rich- ard Nixon for a time silences his critics at home and then in- flames them. His offer of a ceasefire last September was widely supported. The recent airstrikes against North Viet- nam combined with a dar- ing attempt to resuce U.S. pris- oners of war has once again Set his Congressional critics bristling with alarm and sus- picion. There has been nothing to compare with the outburst of indignation that greeted the American incursions into Cam- bodia in the spring, but it is a measure of the profound unpop- ularity of the war that not even the commando raid on the Son- tay prison camp could unite the country. It had all the ele- ments of courage, careful prep- aration, skill and audacity that would automatically have boosted moral and patriotism during the Second World War. Hollywood would almost cer- tainly have made a film about the incident. Instead there have been ironic remarks, about "the John Wayne touch." The fact that the raid dill not free a single prisoner has not, of course, helped the Adminis- tration. If the President had been able to pluck only a hand- ful of men from the clutches of the North Vietnamese and brought them home hi lime for Thanksgiving the psychological impact would have been con- siderable. Criticism in such cir- cumstances would have been difficult. Success might even have covered complaints about the air strikes against targets in North Vietnam. Instead, as Senator Hugh Scott, the Republican leader in the Senate put it, "All the doves John Culver, ex-Marine cap- tain, who fully approved of the Sontay raid, accused the gov- ernment of publicizing it for political purposes. To judge from statements made by Mr. Laird and other government spokesmen, the original plan had been to re- lease information about the raid only if it succeeded. It was assumed that the North Vietnamese would be in no hur- ry to advertise the fact that U.S. commandos had been able to penetrate their defences. Ac- immediately fluttered their cording to Mr. Laird, Washing- wings and took a nose-dive at the President." Senator George McGovern, a possible candidate for the Dem- ocratic Presidential nomination in 1972, is planning another attempt to pass legislation to bring aE U.S. forces out o! Vietnam. He saW: "I am in- creasingly convinced that the "Administration has no plan for ending the war There is the growing possibility that both sides are now preparing a new series of blows and coun- ter-blows." But suspicions were not con- fined to well-known doves in Congress. When Defence Secre- tary Melvin Laird, appeared before the House of Repre- sentatives Foreign Affairs Committee, Representative ton was forced to "go public1 on the raid hi order to answer North Vietnamese accusations that U.S. aircraft had hit tar- gets close to Hanoi. The publicity was accom- panied by tough talk about fur- ther attempts to release pris- oners-of-war, and it was clear that the Administration had de- cided to squeeze the maximum advantage from the failure, and to put a brave face on tilings. No one could deny the out- standing bravery of the men who volunteered for an ex- tremely perilous operation, but the raid has come in for sting- ing criticism: it was based on poor intelligence, courageous men had risked their lives needlessly; even if the raid had succeeded the prisoners-ot-war still in North Vietnamese hands would inevitably suffer from even closer surveillance (the raid would, like the air attacks, jeopardize the chances of a ne- gotiated Senator Muskie described the raids as "a valiant exercise in futility." But there is more to this kind of criticism than objec- tions to a specific decision. Be- hind it lies the more genera! bafflement about President Nixon's long-term intentions in Vietnam. Senator William Ful- bright, Chairman of the Sen- ate's Foreign Relations Com- mittee, put Iris finger on this when he said: "I'm more puz- zled now than before over what really this Administration is going to do." In justifying the Sontay raid Mr. Laird spoke at length about the conditions in North Viet- namese prisoner of war camps. He said that he had re- ceived reports earlier this month that six U.S. prisoners had died in North Vietnam, and reports of other deaths since then. The American peace organi- zation which obtained this in- formation from Hanoi, how- ever, challenged the way Mr. Laird had used it. The-group said there was no evidence that the captured American airmen "Oh, just a fake cheque for you from 'Life' Forests not depleted Letter to the editor by Don Oakley Careful, Mr. Editor! have done such good job of alert- ing the public to the problems of pollution and misuse of na- tural resources that they have found themselves under the scrutiny of conservationists. Some are alarmed by the fact that vast forests are wiped out to produce the nearly 10 million tons of newsprint this country consumes each year. Others say that castoff news- papers are a waste and a strain on disposal facilities. The Newsprint Information Council, composed of a group of Canadian newsprint mills, has checked into the allega- tions( Canada supplies about two-thirds of all newsprint used in the United Slates.) The committee confirms that it takes about 17 trees to make one ton of newsprint. But be- cause forests are run on a sus- tained-yield basis, the annual harvest, plus all losses to fire, insects and disease, i s less than half the annual growth. Cited were the forests of the Tribune Co., owner of a string of newspapers, including two of the largest in the world. These forests have just marked a half-century of turning out in- creasingly larger harvests ot wood for the Chicago Tribune, New York Daily News and others. They currently produce about tons of newsprint annually and could continue at this rate or better in perpetuity. "Like says Ihc com- mittee's publication, Newsprint Facts, "trees for newsprint are a renewable crop, although with a much fm'AVth cycle. "Culling down 17 trees mere- ly makes room for 2? other trees to grow. Frequently they are better, straighler, fatter trees, more economically har- vested." As for disposing of yester- day's newspaper, the Midwest Research Institute in Kansas City, Mo., puts the average newspaper content of household garbage at about 6.6 per cent. Saiu'tation officials consider newspaper one of the less troublesome elements of their job. But shouldn't old newspapers be recycled and used again to conserve woodlands resources? In fact, some 2.3 million tons of old newspapers are being re- cycled annually. They arc made into cartons, wallboard and oilier products. "Recycling is an excellent idea where it makes economic says Newsprint Facts. However, collection plans which are set up before there is a market for reclaimed paper can result in waste of tax- payers' money and the time and effort of conscientious citi- zens. One such drive in San Fran- cisco produced so much paper thai the bottom dropped out of the wastepapcr market. It cost the city of Madison, Wis., about to collect tons of bundled newspapers in the first year of a special program. It's quile likely that someday virtually all used paper will be recycled as belter methods of reclaiming it are developed and as demand for newsprint and ol her paper products increases. In the meanliir.c. il's good to know that we ore in no danger of printing ourselves out o[ for- I hope the Herald misquoted its editor on statements made at a Water Resources Meeting in Las Vegas, or that he does not play those games: he'll lose Ills shirt. At the same time I agree with the U.S. Interior flept. man, Ellis Armstrong. the U.S. wants Canadian water, they have to convinct us it is a good idea. It is strictly up to them. No one should go around say- ing we are just emotional over the water question that ws are highly suspicious, or that our problem is wanting the ben- efit of U.S. capital without pay- ing for it. If we take that alti- tude, we'll get. our ears trimmed off. We arc here to build Canada. If the U.S., or anyone else, wants our water, or any other re- source, our first duty is to de- termine how far that can be utilized right here. If possible, let whoever needs our resources come to Canada ana become Canadian. No one has any right 'Crazy Capers' to pick some other place to livo and expect us to make their choice comfortable. It is their problem. When any other course of action is taken, it must be a better deal than bringing them here. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. Editor's Note: See the next page for extracts from the speech in question. had died because of h a r s h camp conditions. Moreover, the most recent list of dead, con- taining 11 names, had been communicated to tiie State De- partment several days after the Sontay raid took place. There has been similar con- fusion over the reasons for the air strikes, ostensibly ordered against anti-aircraft gun- and- missile sites in North Vietnam after the shooting down of a U.S. reconnaissance aircraft. For it is clear that the 250 air- craft which carried out the raids also struck at supply dumps in' North Vietnam. In- deed, General Westmoreland, ex-U.S. commander in Viet- nam, now Army Chief of Staff, indicated at a Press conference that the air strikes were aim- ed mainly at stockpiles built up in North Vietnam close to the Laotian border. The Secretary of State, Mr. William Rogers, has since the air strikes patiently insisted that they did not mark any fundamental change in policy. The Administration, he said "does not intend to escalate the war it intends to de- escalate the war." The raids would not damage diplomatic efforts to reach a peace agree- ment, because "the fact of the matter is that no progress has been made in Paris." But the question put to both Mr. Rogers and Mr. Laird clearly reflected Congressional fears that the Administration may yet involve the United Slates even more deeply in Vietnam. Assuming that President Nixon wants, needs and intends to extricate himself and his country from Indo-China, his manner of doing so seem? bound to puzzle and occasional- ly to outrage his critics. He is addressing several audiences at the same time: the American public, Hanoi, Moscow and U.S. allies throughout the world. But his message is a confusing one. The policy of Vietnamization means trying to p u t pressure on Hanoi while withdrawing U.S. forces from combat. Apart from the Immediate reasons given for. the recent air strikes there can be little doubt that they were intended as a reminder to Hanoi that the de- pleted U.S. forces in South-East Asia still pack an awesome p u n c h. It happens, however, that measures intended it pres- sure the North Vietnamese into genuine negotiations also alarm many Americans. The situation is further con- fused for the U.S. audience by uncertainty about the later stages of Vietnamization. Offi- cials are now hinting at a run- down to a residual force of around men, which would stay on to give the South Vietnamese logistical and air support. But President Nixon himself has never said how far he would take the Vietnamiza- tion policy, once the present rundown has been completed next spring. He is clearly anxious to dem- onstrate, however, that withdrawals are not a sign of weakness and to warn Hanoi against trying to take advant- age of the reductions in U.S. combat strength. As President Nixon attempts to get out of the Vietnam war, without visibly losing it, one must expect further demon- strations of U.S. firepower. But he cannot impress his adver- saries with his unpredictability without at the same time arousing his critics at home. The criticism in turn weakens the impression he would like to create in Hanoi that, Ills policy has the support of the great majority of Americans. (Written for The Herald and the Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1520 Several prominent ci- tizens have been discussing the managerial form of govern- ment for the city and the plan has evoked considerable inter- est. A committee is to be form- ed to have a charter prepared to submit to the legislature when it opens in 1922. 3930 Between and musk-oxen roam the northern islands and mainland of Canada, according to a re- port which has just been is- sued by the Northwest Terri- tories and Yukon branch of the department of the interior. 1910 The miniature budget brought down in Ottawa cuts luxury imports, boosts excise taxes, and reduces custom du- ties on United Kingdom com- modiles. 1950 Flying debris threat- ened to set the whole town oJ Pincher Creek alight as one person was injured, three fire- men were overcome by smoke and 20 people were made homeless in a fire that de- stroyed the Scott building at a loss of 19GO An outbreak of mea- sles has reached epidemic pro- portions in the city, with over 300 cases reported. Oh, hello Li! it's lovely The Lethbmlije Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associale Editor ROY F. Mil ES IWUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVtS THE SOUTH" ;