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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE 6 African scramble started 100 years ago Stanley caught European attention By LYNN HF.INXEULING Associated Press Writer One hundred years ago a '10-year-old reporter of the New York Herald stepped under a. mango tree in the sfifling equatorial heat of Af- rica and shook hands with an emaciated, sun-withered white man in a faded blue cap, red sweater and patent leather shoes. "Dr. Livingstone, I pre- said the reporter. said the 58-year-old Scottish missionary-explorer, raising his cap. Henry Morton Stanley, the reporter, had found Dr. David Livingstone. The explorer had not been seen by a white man for five years, and many in Britain thought he was dead. The little ceremony took place in Ujiji, a dusty trading post beside Lake Tanganyika, now a part of Tanzania. It was Nov. 10, 1871, according to an entry in Stanley's diary. Stanley had done more, than pull off a dramatic journalis- tic coup. He focused European attention on a continent which had been little more than a source of slaves, a repository of ivory and tropical woods and the scene of shabby little coastal trading stations. STAKE CLAIMS The Ujiji adventure and Stanley's subsequent explora- tions inspired European gov- ernments to investigate the rich mineral deposits of Af- rica and stake oat tlieir claims. Stanley and Livingstone, v, ith other explorers, showed thst Africa could be settled and colonized. The "scramble for Africa" was on and by 1R90 its colo- nial map was almost com- plete. King Leopold II of tire Belgians led the scramble. He hired Stanley in 1879 to ex- plore the Congo River again and stake out what later be- came Belgium's huge, rich and backward colony. Germany declared protecto- rates over Soulh-West Africa, Cameroon and Tanganyika in 1884. Britain took Kenya and Uganda under her wing. With Cecil Rhodes, the empire builder, at in southern Africa, British colonialists were talking about a Capc-to- Cairo highway by 1890. Italy look over Romaliland in 1890. France, already in- stalled in North Africa, moved into the interior in 1885 to 1890. POVERTY PERSISTS Africa quickly acquired a neat and orderly look on maps. But inside those plausi- ble boundary lines, poverty and malnutrition, ignorance, disease and unrest were to persist. They still abound in many areas. Boundaries drawn fcr trade and exploitation purposes paid little heed to ethnic realities. Tribes were divided, linguistic units split. Friends and ene- mies were locked up together. Stanley and Livingstone would find the Africa of today a strange piece, but one as- pect of life they would recog- nize instantly. Both suffered horribly from fevers and dysentery. More than half the adult Africans nobody would come up with A_n English clergyman once today and almost all children such a stilted phrase as "Dr. aslccd him if he really used it. over three years arc infected Livingstone, I presume" at a Stanley said. "I with malaria, the World moment of such dramatic in- couldn't think of what else to Health Organization says. Be- IWPPII a third and half of the tensity. children die before reaching the age of five. JOURNALIST KNIGHTED Livingstone died in Africa a little more than two years after Stanley found him. Stanley gave up journalism after a triumphant return to London and New York. Born in Wales, he had migrated to the United States and took American citizenship while working in New Orleans, La. He abandoned this citizenship after his African adventure and settled again in England. He was knighted by Queen Victoria. To the end of his life, Stanley suffered from his choice of greeting in Ujiji. Comedians still get a laugh with it. Cartoonists have had a field day with it. Many doubted he ever uttered the words, BARBER STYLE CENTRE COLLEGE MALL 328-8738 ENSO IS PLEASED TO WELCOME EVA HIDI TO THE STAFF Eva has had six years experience, in Europe, In hair cutting and CUTTING SHAMPOOING HAIR CONDITIONING HAIRPIECE SERVICE DEALER FOR REDKEN PRODUCTS SHAMPOO CONDITIONERS IOTIONS HAIR Official results posted TABER mu- nicipal election results will be presented to the Taber AID council at its statutory meeting called for Wednesday, Dec. 8. Unofficial results released by reluming officer Ross McKib- ben are: elected by acclama- tion incumbents Ronald S. Johnson, Clarence M. Jcsper- sen. Mike Ohashi. Ernest Tille- man, and Cecil R. Wicst. In Division 4, Lynn .1. Wen- bournc defeated Mike Putici at the polls 101 to 70 for a seat left vacant by Garth M. Harris. In Division 7, Benjamin Frie- sen inc. defeated contender Pe- ter Unruh 112 to 49 in Mr. Unruh's second bid for the position. Taber General Hospital Board saw five of seven seats filled by acclamation by in- cumbents Thomas H. Addy, Mrs. Edna Hunter, Russell V. Bacon and Dale E. Clifton (town) and Gerald Brewin who succeeds his father R. Frank Brewin. In ward 3, incumbent Lyle M. Platt defeated challenger Earl A. Grigor to the tune of 2-11 to 42, while in ward 6 (Ta- ber elections) incumbent Rob- ert C. Patcrson retained his Spy hanged CAIRO (AP) An Egyptian holding West German citizen- sh'p was hrrcficd Sunday almost two years after bcir.g sentenced io death by a military court for jjivhiR for Israel. Bnligat Ycns- scf Ilamdan, 49, was arrested in June, and charged with Iwading an espionage network directed by Israeli intelligence agents in West Germany. scat against Ken Sasaki. Taber School Division No. 6, electing to continue the stag- gered system of election, saw long time trustee Hcber I. An- derson retain his scat in subdi- vision 4 defeating George W. Alton 245 to 1G6. In subdivision No. 1 where George Gillespie retired from office, Elvin B. (Bud) Peterson was the victor with 87 votes over Richard Wiest who collect- ed 55 counters. Election officials regard the turnout of voters as compara- tively poor. HITACHI 15" COLOR TV 12 PER MONTH This is your opportunity Io own the all new total auto- malic HITACHI 15" Color TV for only per month. Including: Complete Service for 44 months anywhere in Southern Alberlo. Exchange privileges when contract is renewed. We ore donating 1% of our sales Io help the I.C.I. Student Band Uni- form Drive! ACME TELEVISION COLLEGE MALI HOT WHEELS by MATTEL ALL SETS AND ACCESSORIES NOW OFF PRE-CHRISTMAS SALE THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY Crafts and Hobbies Make an ideal gift Models of all kinds MODEL TRAINS Large selection of wall coverings Glidden paint and Decenaries Complete Sett Accessories Rolling slock HO and N Gauge This Christmas give a gift that will last for a lifetime give a hobby COLLEGE MALL ;