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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tueio'ay, December 1, 1970 Arnold Toynbce Tinkering with system Changes proposed for Canada's welfare structure are not of a radi- cal nature. They amount to little more than a tinkering witli the system. Benefits planned for those on the low end of the economic scale are very modest. It is not very likely that most recipients will notice much change in their circumstances as a consequence. The difficulty of mak- ing ends meet will still be present. There should not be mucn dis- agreement with the proposal that family allowances be scaled accord- ing to income. Families in the upper income brackets will not miss the government's largess not much anyway. It makes sense to seek to cover increased spending by making pro- Fear in the Kremlin The battle for freedom of expres- sion in Soviet Russia is rapidly as- suming an out-and-out confrontation. With the recent award of the Nobel prize to Alexander Zolzhenitsyri and the subsequent attacks upon him by the official press, the sentencing of Andrei Amalrik to three years im- prisonment, plus the jail sentences meted out to dissenters General Gri- gorenko and poetess Natalia Gorban- evkaya earlier this year the battle has heated up. The latest well-known protester to make his pitch for freedom is world famed cellist Mstislav Ros- tropovich, who took the dangerous step of writing to the official press in defence of Zolzhenitsyn. (The fact that the letters did not appear in the papers is a measure of the Krem- lin's fear of dissent. But the under- ground press in Moscow has ways and means of circulating what it wants known to those most Now the biggest gun of them all, top nuclear scientist, Andrei Sakhar- aov, has entered the fray. He has formed a committee, which he says is strictly non political, dedicated to finding "constructive ways of secur- ing human rights." Because of his in- fluence in the scientific community and his top political connections, Sak- harov's efforts carry more punch than all the others put together. He has been credited with arranging the release of the geneticist. Dr. Zhores Medvedev, who was put in a psychia- tric institution several months ago, for the crime of criticizing official theory. The answer to whether the Rus- sians will continue this hard line pol- icy may come in March, when the 24th party congress is scheduled. In the meantime Russia's scientists, en- gineers, students and others who want more freedom to say what they have to say, and to get their mes- sage across, are working hard to mo- bilize support. The western world wishes them success and asks the question why is the Kremlin so pathologically fearful of criticism? Who rum the show? Canadian interest in the political situation in China has been intensi- fied. The question uppermost in the minds of the curious is to what ex- tent does the army control the pol- icies and day to day affairs of the Peoples' Republic. The answer seems to be that military influence is far more extensive than many of us have realized. Lin Piao, Minister of Defence, is generally accepted as M'ao's heir and Lin's personal power base is with the army. He is the dominant mem- ber of the politburo, and eight of the thirteen members of that all power- ful body are military personalities. One Of them is Mrs. Lin. Four of the thirteen members are active service chiefs who combine military and para-diplomatic roles. They cannot be identified by rank since all mili- tary titles were abolished in China several years ago. At the celebrations of China's Na- tional Day on October 1st Western reporters noted that "the contingent under the banner of the Peoples' Lib- eration Army PLA) was almost three times as big as it was last year." The army has permeated civil auth- orities in state organizations in mu- nicipal councils and probably in the communes as well. Added evidence that militarization has increased are the new titles awarded to Mao and Lin. They are now known respective- ly as Supreme Commander and Dep- uty Supreme Commander of the Whole Country and the Whole Army. There seems to be no question that in China today the man, or group of men who controls the army runs the show. But whether that control is in the hands of Lin Piao, the frail, ag- ing hero of China's civil war who is attempting to manoeuvre potential ri- vals out of the way so that he can step in to Mao's shoes, is not known. It could be that the top army brass control Lin. The answer will prob- ably not come until Mao Tse-tung himself has passed from the picture. We must stop worshiping a cute white baby and recognize the adult, black revolutionary that Christ was. speaker at a meeting of the Uni- ted Black Churchmen, being organ- ized within the United Church of Christ. Culling the card list By Margaret Lnckhorst r'HHISTMAS card lists have a habit of becoming habits if they aren't review- ed and culled about every 10 years. As I went through ours recently, trans- ferring the names from the scratched-out, limp pages of the ancient address book to a fine clean scribbler, I made Xs beside many names whose reason for being there at all absolutely escaped me. As I received little support from the man of the house (who pretended to be very busy armchair quarterbacking a college football game) this wasn't an easy task. But I wasn't about to be left with this responsibility entirely, so whether he liked it or not he eventually had to become in- volved. "Where does Aunt Aggie live I called out. "Aunt Aggie "What do you mean Aunt Aggie who you know that old friend of mother's you've called Aunt Aggie for 40 years." "Oh, her. Do we send her a card? I thought she was "No she's not dead! And she's ticked off last year's list; but it seems to me your mother said the old girl had moved last spring, don't you remember? Maybe it's a good tune to cross her off. I wouldn't know her if she came to our very own door any- way." Silence for a few minutes cither the ball was on the five yard line or he was giving the matter due consideration. "No, better not. Mother wouldn't like it; leave her name on but send it to the old address. Funny, I was sure Aunt Aggie had died years ago." "Okay. Now then, who's Joe "He's the guy who wrote the joke book." "Not THAT one, silly it says here on his old card "if youse is ever in Calif., I sure wish youse would look me up." "Joe Miller, oh, Joe Miller, sure of course! He was my Chief Petty Officer, good old Joe. A great guy don't you remember him? He let me go adrift and didn't say boo the day you had the baby. Great guy, Miller, heard he did well in California owns a whole string of apart- ment blocks in L.A. Say, maybe we should go to California sometime for a holiday and look him up! Bet he could show us a good time." "Does he stay, or doesn't Silly question. "Of course he stays. He's a great "Here's one; it just says, "Darling, love and warmest kisses, your very own Bunny." He didn't even have the grace to blush. "Huh? Bunny? It must be for one of our boys." "I hope it's for one of our I said, but just in case, I drew a line through that name anyway. "What do we do about the Dadsons in "Are they etill "I think they've separated." "Scratch 'em When I gut through, the new list was al- most as long as the old. About all we'd been able to eliminata were more of our sons' friends; a Bunny- bunny here and a Bunny-bunny there, and a few indefinites like the Dadsons. How- ever, the effort was sincere, and the new book ever much ncalcr. Pope and a prime minister on freedom vision for greater individual contri- butions to contributory programs. To imagine that governments can provide services without taxation by whatever name is to revel in fantasy. The increases for people in need now are inadequate but they are all that can really be expected without the introduction of a revolutionary change such as the guaranteed an- nual income. Acceptance of the pres- ent system makes a tinkering ap- proach inescapable. Despite the obvious hesitation of the government to move boldly, there is an acceptance of the goal of ultimately closing more Of the gap between the rich and the poor. The first timid steps are in the offing. TJ1E same day, No- vembcr IB, two important speeches were made by two men in high office whose words and acts or non-acts may have a great effect on the wel- fare and happiness of man- kind. The Pope was speaking in Rome at a conference of tlio United Nations Food and Agri- culture Organization; Mr. Ed- ward Heath, Prime Minister of Britain, was speaking in the City of London at the Guild- hall. The two speakers' basic themes were lluj same. Both of them praised freedom and preached responsibility, and these precepts are admirable in themselves, but they are un- controversial only so long as they are left in the air. How- ever, the words of a Pope and a prime minister cannot be mere academic pronounce- ments. Men who are in office are committed to trying to translate their programs into accomplished facts. What will be the consequences of apply- ing these programs? Here is the rub. The vista opened up by this pair of speeches is disquieting. Manifestly, both speakers are virtuous, well intenlioned, and honest; but it is equally plain that both are obstinate, and obstinacy may be a symptgm, not of strength of will and clar- ity of purpose, but. on the con- trary, of inner insecurity and perplexity. Moreover, these two men's obstinacy takes the form ot clinging to an obsolete past, at a time when we are being catapulted into the future at an accelerating pace by the continual progress of technol- ogy. The Prune Minister revealed the mental world in which he lives in what he said about his program for Britain both abroad and at home. In his for- eign policy he is stiU living in the age in which power was naval power and hi which Brit- ain was Russia's competitor for ascendancy hi Asia. But the nineteenth century Anglo-Rus- sian rivalry was terminated as long ago as 1907 by the rise of Germany, and today the com- petition for command of thei Indian Ocean, if this senseless competition is really going to heat up, will not be between Russia and Britain; it will be between Russia and the United States, each armed with atomic rocketry. In a Husso American strug- gle for ascendancy hi the In- dian Ocean, British power there would bs a very minor factor. The collapse of the Con- servative party's Suez adven- ture in December, 1956 demon- strated that Britain was no Peace in Our Generation longer a great Power. Are Mr. Heath and his colleagues in- sensitive to this truth that was rubbed in, 14 years ago, in such a humiliating way? As for Hie home front. Ilia Prime Minister seems still to be living in an antediluvian age before the emergence of trades unions and their counterparts, the business corporations. "The freedom is he tells "the but the free- dom hi question is freedom of economic enterprise, and, in the economic arena, only two sections of the people or- ganized labor and organized capital are free hi truth. The individual is not free even with- in these two powerful camps, and the large section of the people that is not entrenched in either camp is being ground down by the inflation for which this kind of freedom keeps the door wide open. The Pope's mental world is slightly less antique. The Pope is living in the relatively recent age before the death rate- especially infant mortality had been reduced, even in the so-called backward countries, by public health authorities ap- plying preventive medicine. The freedom for which the Pope is contending is not free- dom of economic enterprise for pressure groups that have the power to profit by this free- dom at the neighbors' expense; it is freedom for the indigent and ignorant majority of man- kind to burden themselves and the world with children in num- bers that will keep these chil- dren and their parents fast bound in misery. The Pope is not advocating freedom to learn about the possibility of family planning and to obtain the means for practising it. Nor is the Prime Minister pro- posing to free the victims of in- flation. In fact, neither the Prime Minister nor the Pope is offering freedom from tha most pressing evils to the peo- ple who are suffering from these evils the most acutely. Each speaker has admitted that the evil which he himself is not proposing to curb will have to be curbed by some- body, and each seeks to place this responsibility on the in- dividual. Husbands and wives must keep the population down by voluntary self-restraint hi sexual intercourse without the use of contraceptives. Workers must rest content with their wages, and manufacturers with their prices. No one would contest that a sense of responsibility, taking practical form In voluntary moderation, is the necessary condition for the survival of civilization, or indeed of hu- man society itself. But human beings cannot be expected to behave responsibly in condi- tions in which responsible be- havior will fail to bear fruit. If there is uncontrolled inflation, there will be a sauve-qui-peut scramble for increases in in- come, and a swift retort in in- creases in prices, that will boost the inflation to further heights. Likewise, so long as people remain poor and ig- norant, they will produce the large families that will prevent them from extricating them- selves from poverty. "The free- dom is says the Prime Minister, "but yours to use aright." But, since you are only human, you will not use freedom aright if you find, by disillusioning experience, that virtue is of no avail. Most of the world today is suffering from inflation or from the population explosion. A large part of it is suffering from both. If the progress of these two great evils is not ar- rested, society will be reduced to chaos; and, when this pros- pect becomes imminent and evident, people are likely to ac- quiesce in drastic measures for trying, at the eleventh hour, to save a desperate situation. This will be the nemesis of the laissez-faire that is the Pope's and the Prime Minister's com- mon ideal in the fields with which they were dealing in their speeches. The individual cannot mas- ter either inflation or the popu- lation explosion solely by his own private efforts. He needs to be helped to help himself. He needs positive help from the public authorities. If he is given enough help by them, and is given this in time, he can perhaps gain the power, and therefore the incentive, to shoulder his full share of re- sponsibility. On the other hand, if the public authorities allow him to be carried helplessly to- wards a disaster, the historic liberal institutions of the West- ern world will eventually be imperiled. There are a num- ber of unpleasant alternative possible regimes; and these would have their chance of in- truding themselves if inflation and the population explosion were to be allowed, for doctri- naire reasons, to take their fatal course unchecked. (Written for The Herald anil The Observer, London) Mark Frankland President Thieu needs economic aid from U.S. CAIGON Like any Gov- emment with elections less than a year away Saigon and its American advisers are thinking a great deal these days about economic matters. There is a great deal that is uncertain about the coming presidential election. In theory President Thieu, with the gov- Letter to the editor eminent machinery well under control and the support of the Americans, should easily be able to repeat his perform- ance. He can almost certainly count on half a dozen or more candidates so splitting the vote that he wins comfortably on a minority poll (as he did in Gel a good guitar Christmas is just around tha corner, and again numerous mu- sical instruments will be sold. It is my opinion that many of to- day's adults are mislead into the incompetent purchasing of musical equipment for their children. I plan to deal specifi- cally with the buying of a gui- tar. The guitar is an interesting instrument to invest in. Parents realizing the need for musical training for their children there- fore resort to it. Out they go to look for the "sacred" guitar. What these unsuspecting adults are unaware of is that there is a large conspiracy waiting to pounce on their ignorance. Meanwhile the parents have this understandable idea that there really isn't much use in buying an expensive model in case the child later finds he doesn't like it. Unfortunately, with this idea, the child is doom- ed. Without considering the size of the child's hand, the type of JaUMc IHJ piiiy, ur iivj ijlial- ity of the instrument, a guitar is purchased. You know the one is shiny with nice silver strings, and on top of that, it only cost What more could you want? T don't blame the parents for their ignorance. I blame the manufacturers for the mass pro- duction of this junk and the mis- conception that they spread. Such manufacturers make these instruments out of the cheapest material available. Often times the wood used resembles that of orange boxes. A nice shiny var- nish is applied to the shiny things attract people. Steel strings are put on and the whole project looks smashing. Un- aware customers don't realize that the neck of the instrument is warped, the strings are set too high off the fingerboard, and the tone produced becomes un- pleasant. With these features, the child finds the strings buzz; it hurts to try and press down on the strings, and the child be- comes frustrated with his futile attempts to play it. The par- ents get annoyed when the child gives up, and are refreshed that they didn't purchase a more ex- pensive model. It only cost If the Santa Clans in your house has a guitar on his list, I hope he'll consult a music store or a music teacher. You only get what you pay for. MARILYN WYLLIE. Letlibridge. 'Crazy Capers' It's time you. started working yourself into a temper for your meeting wilii the sales staff, sir. But it might not be as easy as that. Thieu could find that Vice President Ky or some other government figurs decid- ed to run, in which case the anti Communist vote that ex- ists among parts of the army and the Catholics might be di- vided. If General Duong van Minh (known as "Big is a candidate he would be a more dangerous challenger than any Thieu had to contend with three years ago. No one really can calculate the effect of a Vietcong decision to back one of the candidates. Another worry is the econ- omy. There has been what econ- omists call a 30 to 35 per cent inflation each of the past three years. In other words the real buying power of people with fixed incomes has been cut each year by a third. The people who suffer most from this are the badly paid civil servants and soldiers. The more than a mil- lion soldiers with their wives and children make up nearly a quarter of the population. If the inflation hurt everyone equally it might not matter so much. But the fly businessman and the unscrupulous off! c i a I, both civil and military, have ac- tually made money out of the war. Some have made a very great deal. The Vietcong have realized that the economic situ- ation could make a lot of bad feeling against the government and they are out to exploit it. What the government is try- ing to do with its economic measures last month is to trans- fer some of the money that is being made in Vietnam to the civil servants and troops. These have been given a pay rise of up to 18 per cent. The hope is that a whole series of anti-in- flationary measures aimed largely against the importing community will make this pay rise really mean something. In the first six weeks after the reforms went through in October retail prices went up by just over seven per cent. Economists here say that part of this increase is not really in- flationary but a matter of tem- porary market shortages. They still hope that the pay increase will continue to mean something in real terms, at least for sev- eral months. If all this works Presi dent Tlu'eu of course stands to gain at the elections. American offi- cials are well aware of this and one must suppose that this is what they want. Certainly there has been something of a dispute in Am- erica about just how much eco- nomic aid Vietnam should con- tinue to get. Some Americans have b.een arguing that if "Viet- namization" is to mean any- thing, then the South Vietna- mese must become more self- reliant economically as well as militarily: in other words Sai- gon should get fewer U.S. dol- lars as well as fewer U.S. sol- diers. The American mission has re- jected all such ideas. Instead it has decided that American eco- nomic aid must remain un- changed until South Vietnam in- creases its exports Or develops import substitute industries, which will not happen quickly. American aid, moreover, must take into account the money the American military spend, in Vietnam. This source of dollars for Saigon will of course de- crease as the soldiers leave, and the aid program will have to make up for this. For the foreseeable fu t u r e, then, America will in one way or other continue to give South Vietnam about million a year for ils economy. It has ab- solutely been decided that any other decision would put intoler- able political strain on the South Vietnamese government. Tha American withdrawal of com- bat troops should be finished by next year and no one really knows what effect this will have: American officials here admit to far greater doubts than President Nixon or his spokes- men in the United States. To cut back on the dollars too, just before Thieu goes to the polls, would have made nonsense of the American mission's abiding hope for a victory in Vietnam. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HEHAI.D 1920 The temperature in the city today is 52.2 and the overnight low was 21.5 de- grees. Mild Building permits is- sued to the end of November this year totalled as compared to last year. 3510 An Edmonton man who persists in "breaking into jail" was given his last warn- ing to keep away from the sta- tion, where he has managed to sleep for the past nine nights. Police say his only possessions are a mouth organ and a reg- istration card. 1950 The public school board has agreed to adjust tha salaries of teachers. The in- crease will amount to as a cost-of-Iiving bonus. 19GO The Commons passed the government's bill to stop the national railway strike by a vote of 127 to 33. The govern- ment legislation will prevent the strike set for Dec. 3, post- poning until May 15 all action in the railway union wage dis- pute. The Letlibridge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lefhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-3934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail' Reglstrallon No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audi! Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MQWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Edilor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;