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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, August LETHBRIDGE People of the south Hy Chris Stewart Lethbridge baker remembers when THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley Today's soaring bread prices are a far cry from the 12 loaves for a dollar delivered to the door in the smart red and white City Bakery bread wagons which rumbled through Lethbridge back in 1908. Jack Scott of North Lethbridge remembers the day his father Robert Warrington Scott from Coatbridge (near Glasgow) purchased the City Bakery at 8th Street and 3rd Ave. in September, 1908. He had apprenticed in Scotland and had worked in a number of mining centre bakeries including Hamilton and Airdne before emigrating to Lethbridge where he worked alternately for both Norman Schweitzer of the Model Bakery and Mr. Calder of the City Bakery until joining the latter permanently. He subse- quently bought the business five months after his family joined him Irom Scotland. Jack recalls his introduction to Lethbridge at age six, when he and his mother, nee Mary Gardiner of Airdne; sister Martha and 21 year old cousin Jock Turner arrived Irom Scotland late one night in April. 1908 Since Mr Scott had furnished explicit direc- tions from the depot to the bakery the new arrivals decid- ed to walk the few blocks The elder Scott, busy setting dough when they arrived, had to finish his baking before be- ing reunited with his family who patiently waited in the back shop tor him to complete his chores Purchasing the City Bakery had necessitated the Scott lamily selling their two room house near Galbraith school on the North side and relocating in two rooms to the rear of their store. 406 2nd Ave S where young Jack was assigned to tend the coal fired stove. It was here the youngest daughter Roberta was born in January, 1912 with midwife Mrs. J Payne iJess Payne's mother) in attendance Jack was 12 years old in 1914 when he contracted typhoid lever and was convalescing at the Fort Macleod home of family triend Mrs James Shaw when a neighbor dropp- ing with a gloomy prediction of an imminent death frightened the young fellow so badly he caught the next train home to Lethbridge The visitor reported she had seen six candles in a dream, one of which had crashed to the floor a sure indication of a sudden death, she said. Young Jack, still weak from nine weeks' confinement with lever concluded the prophecy pointed to him, for sure, and couldn't be persuaded to stay longer despite an un- precedented September snow- iall which had brought down the telephone wires. The elder Scott had used only the sponge method (with only part of the flour, water and yeast mixed and allowed to ferment for many hours before being mixed with the rest of the ingredients) for bread making in Scotland but when a Fleishman's yeast representative introduced him to the 3'i hour straight dough method (where all ingredients are combined and mixed together) he switched to it us- ing the sponge method for only his baps and raisin bread. Assisting him was Sandy Lothian, Albert Whitham, Bill Vines, Tom Christie, Alex Adams, Jack Cartier and others. Pete Orm delivered the water in barrels Bread deliveries were made in the spanking new red and white wagons with the lift up sides, to allow for merchandise dis- play, purchased from eastern Canada for apiece. Jack was only 13 in 1915 when he took over the bread deliveries after his father broke his arm playing hand- ball. Teacher William E. Frame arranged to assist him with his grade seven school work after delivery hours. But the heavy combination of work and school didn't curtail his "Y" activities. His deter- mination to build up his physical enduarance, weaken- ed by typhoid, saw him work- ing out regularly with area wrestlers such as Tom Logan, Ernie Wilson, Dave Payy, 156 pound French Canadian mid- dle weight champion Ernie Arthus and lightweight cham- pion Dell Allison of Cardston as well as boxer Leighton Irwm. His training paid off when he captured the welterweight championship for Alberta in 1921. council) and health regulations becoming more stringent. Jack had purchased the bakery from his father with the elder Scott continuing to give him a hand but the added pressure of Elizabeth's Scott's failing health influenced him to close the bakery and go to work as a baker for McGavms in the old plant at 2nd Ave. and 16 St. N.Over a years later they moved to the new plant where prod- uction was nearly 20 times as and the equipment up to date (revolving ovens had already been introduced in Jack stayed 18 years. He finally sold his bakery and store to Texaco and retired in 1962, five years after his father, then 75, was killed in an auto accident in front of the city library Retired and now a widower Jack Scott turned from mix- ing the staff of life to mixing concrete and assisting with irrigation projects in the Travers dam area. "It was a welcome change to work out- he said. Remarried three years ago, Jack can still turn out a successful batch of bread, Abernathy biscuits and fancy baking, if necessary, but chooses to buy his bakery products over the counter in order to save time for his chief interest being of ser- vice to others, like helping the Happy Handicappers, serving as pianist for oldsters' groups or counselling young people entangled with liquor and drugs. His second wife, Sally, a volunteer crafts instructor, backs him in his interests Jack, who exercises regularly despite his 72 years, holds strong views about the consistency and quality of bread He warns against using too much whole wheat flour in a brown loaf because it will hinder bread's rising qualities. Likewise only 25 to 30 per cent rey flour should be used in rye bread for the same reason. What annoys him most are current complaints about the high cost of this most widely used food of civilized man. "It isn't the flour, yeast and salt that makes bread he says, "it's all the hidden costs like rent, taxes, delivery costs, fuel, electricity, etc. He believes bread containing car- bohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins and calcium when milk is used, is still quite moderately priced, despite threatened increases, when compared to the cost of other less beneficial foods "Man ate bread before he made he said, "and I have never seen a time when bread was too costly." When asked by YMCA secretary Sam Bickle to run "Y" classes during the war he considered the possibility of pursuing a physical education career but his Scottish father discouraged him with "That's not a Swimming at Henderson Lake during the days when Mr and Mrs Jim Ness operated the lake pavilion was another enjoyable pastime. "The lake was a mile long then." he our chief summer interest was swimming or boating across to the east side for picnics before the golf course was es- tablished and pollution reports stopped the swimming.'' He remembers the day Bob Hearne passed his nearest competitor in mid lake to win the bet offered by Greek cafe owner Shorty Nicas to be the first one swimming across the lake Jack, who has always opposed the swimming ban at Henderson Lake claims. "If the lake is polluted let's clean it up and allow swimming here again My own six children learned to swim there and were never bothered by pollution." The bakery business was as competitive then as it is now. Bakers advertised in the daily papers and on the screen of the Empress theatre and methods were constantly be- ing devised to improve merchandising. One of those taking the lead was baker John Gilmore of North Lethbridge who introduced wrapped bread in Lethbridge in 1921. The grocery stores soon showed their preference tor wrapped bread despite the fact Robert Scott maintained wrapping a fresh baked loaf altered it's flavor and robbed it of its golden crust The younger Scott argued it was necessary for sanitation pur- poses "Even the closed in delivery wagons allowed dust to seep through during strong chinooks." he said, "covering still warm loaves with a light coating of dust." But Robert Scott was ada- mant so much so that son Jack, who had pursued a bakery career from sheer convenience rather than choice, left the business tem- porarily to work for the CPR bridge crew and haul hay for Bish Caron of Coaldale until he learned of his father's breakdown necessitating hospitalization in Edmonton Returning to the bakery Jack was surprised to learn his lather had started using a hand bread wrapper during his absence. He knew well his father's refusal to change how milling executives had pressured him to expand and had even offered him an op- portunity to become a baking demonstrator only to be told curtly. "Don't tell me how to run my And yet he gave in to public pressure on the bread wrapping issue. The Scotts built a new store with an attached house in front of their bakery at 1408 3rd Avenue south in 1928 Three years later Jack married Elizabeth Carnegie (distant relative of the late Andrew daughter of a miner who emigrated to Coalhurst in 1920 to demonstrate a coal cutting machine. Bakery production reached as many as loaves a day which kept Jack busy as he manipulated with a 10 foot padded stick the 280 individual loaves lining the oven. But even then produc- tion costs were rising, licence foes increasing (an issue about which the elder Scott registered protests with city Jack Scott Ervin Book Reviews Irresponsible Allende government "Chile's Marxist Ex- periment" by Robert Moss (Douglas. David Charles Publishers, 226 Nobody knew what he stood for, nobody whereto he headed, but everybody knew it was time to get rid of him. Allende, Marxist and legally elected, has been a riddle for many years and will remain one even after divulging all the information given by the author. Robert Moss reminds the reader that the elected have a responsibility to live up to their promises, not to waive them: that it is unwise to make political power the prime object, and solving problems secondary. In his opinion, the Allende government was completely irresponsible in handling the situation. The nationalization of the mines was especially disastrous, since no qualified personnel was on hand to run them profitably. The land reform, ill-conceived, resulted in rationing of food. Only a four days supply of wheat remained by the time the government was overthrown. Most alarming are the presented import figures, which jumped from million in 1970 to a pro- jected high of million in 1973 (but then, inflation hasn't kept anybody else's figures down The sharp decline in produc- tion was extensively attributed to the a militant group, that was con- stantly trying to make revolu- tion a way of life. A concoc- tion of committees, sub- committees and sympathizers was pulling towards utter con- fusion, aiming for power at all cost. I can't believe that the ITT (International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation) involvement was as negligible as the author maintains and neither do I find it "natural" of other countries not to help a government with a different ideology. The book is evenly divided between substantiated facts and unconfirmed rumors. Nobody can really tell as of now whether these stipulations will be the facts or the outrageous lies of BOOKS IN BRIEF "Gideon's Press" by J. J. Marric and "The Baron and the Arrogant Artist" by Anthony Morton (Fitzhenry Whiteside Limited, both Gideon's Press is a story about Commander Gideon of Scotland Yard who solves problems of subversive ac- tivities, strikes, illegal im- migrants plus minor domestic difficulties. The Baron and the Arrogant Artist, tells how a reformed jewel thief, a madman, a self- styled genius, and other un- likely characters try to recover stolen jewels. Both these stories were written by John Creasey (us- ing a pseudonym) who is reputed to have churned out over 500 mysteries. They might please devotees of mystery stories who have a few hours to waste I think the paper could have been put to better use, such as publishing books by new writers who have talent. TERRY MORRIS The plain man's guide to art What has art to do with the plain man? Very much in every way according to Professor H. R. Rookmaaker in, Modern Art and the Death of a Culture (Inter-Varsity Press, Lewis Mumford in his devastating assaults on modern culture has shown the relevance of modern art to contem- porary civilization. Many analysts of art like Green have revealed the trends and developments of art But Rookmaaker has a positive genius to show the relevance of art to the plain man and, in a book generously il- lustrated, demonstrates the fact that art is the mirror of its times and is produced by them. While he contends that it is not the artist s task to be a prophet, teacher, or preacher, he seems to contradict himself when he says it is the task of the artist to make life better, to shape life and its environment! He further maintains that no one should go away from a good painting an unchanged man Rookmaaker takes the reader through a short history of Western art to make clear that the dominant philosophy of the time is expressed by the artist If this is not preaching, teaching, and prophesying, what is if It is immensely stimulating to find a man who combines such rich scholarship with a profound religious faith, though one should expect both from a professor at the Free University of Amsterdam and a member of L'Abn Fellowship associated with Dr Fran- cis Schaeffer. The plain man gets a liberal education from Modern Art and the Death of a Culture Repeatedly he is informed that painting never merely copies nature but is saying something For example, the paintings of Van Goyen in the 17th century show the beauty of the present real world, in contrast to the dream world of Poussin. Titian showed the ef- fort of the Renaissance to combine religion and humanism, to achieve synthesis of pagan tomorrow It will take time and courage on both sides to admit their real intentions and involvements. Who was Allende? It depends how one looks at it. Some may see in him honesty, others lying, deceitfulness and betraying of principles. He was definitely a manipulator reaching for power, trying everything within and without his jurisdiction to gain it. Right or wrong? Probably none of the two, since striving for power and the accompany- ing juggling of the people can only be justified by com- promise, not by integrity. Robert Moss (nobody could ever have any doubts on what side of the fence he prefers to live) presents here one of the first studies of Chile's Marx- ists in action and he didn't like what he saw. Subsequent evaluations may shed a different light at the happenings outlined; but whatever irridescent coloring they may they irrevocably must point to the weakness of political in- stitutions as a whole, as in- stitutions run by interest groups for the apparent benefit of a people about whom nobody really gives a damn. Chile is not the only ex- ample, they are all around us. Its venture will be remembered (as the title suggests) as an experiment; an experiment that doom- ed from the start, since it is most unpolite to play a different game in someone else's backyard. An interesting book, that despite its obvious bias is well researched and documented. HANS SCHAUFL Greek philosophy and Christian theology, while the artist influenced by the Reforma- tion put into their paintings their belief that salvation included the whole person, his way of life and total existence So with the next developments in Western man. with the humanism, rationalism, mechanistic science, and naturalism of the Enlightenment and the Age ot Reason, all this would find expression in art. Goya contributes an etching. The Dream of Reason Produces Monsters, and Turner represents the romantic rebellion against a mechanical science and expresses the non rational and spiritual in man. Delacroix. Corot, Courbet and their fellow artists claimed that art must be realistic Monet. Kandmsky. and Renoir would hold that art must record the impressions of the viewer Gaugin made art express the mystery ol life are we here9 Whence did we come'1" This quest tor reality went on through Van Gogh. Cezanne. Matisse, and Picasso in differing ways into modern art. Rookmaaker says it is a great mistake to bypass modern art since it is the key to the understanding of our times Even junk- sculpture has significance' One sees in modern art the influence of the existential philosphers like Jaspers. Sartre, and Camus, of theologians like Kierkegaard, and of the irrationalism of Xietzsche who would spawn the popularity of de Sade and Rimbaud and be expressed in Sick Art Yet one realizes that these artists were seeking tor a road through the jungle of alienation, irrationalism, meamnglessness. and absurdi- ty in a desperate quest for truth "The Human race, said Graham Greene, 'is implicated in some terrible aboriginal calamity If beauU be truth and truth beauty, then the ar- tist may well be the most truly religious per- sonaliu ol the times SATURDAY TALK B> Harry Bruce Good old Jerry PORT SHOREHAM, N.S. Maybe it was the news that Gerald Ford is such an honest, natural, square-shooting sort of a fellow that "even a picture of him blowing his nose didn't bother or maybe it was the headline. Ford likes cottage cheese with his ketchup, or the scoop that he's such a good. old. back- slapping boy that other Republicans still want to call him just plain Jerry. Or it could even have been the fantastic leak that he makes his own breakfast Probably it was the whole inevitable sum of super-friendly trivia about Ford and his fami- ly that burst across the continent almost before Nixon's tears had dried. But, whatever it was, something in the media's greedy com- petition to see who could be nicest to the new president finally struck me as embarrassing and cloying. The media endured a great deal of stupid flak because it refused to let the Watergate mess die and now you would think that if the scandals had taught the press anvthmg it would be the ancient virtue of distrusting peo- ple in high places. Instead, with a haste that was more boyishly enthusiastic than it was indecent, newspaper and television comment leapt into the general orgy of relief over the dis- appearance of one president by parading the wonderful presidential record of a guy who'd been in office for a few days. I've never believed, as a lot of people do, that the press has a united, collective and conspiratorial intelligence, but in this case the media did seem awfully eager to get together to prove that, despite all the nasty adventures of the past two years, press peo- ple really could be terribly sweet to a U S president "I do not want a honeymoon with you." Ford told Congress. "I want a good marriage." To get what he wants from the media he hasn't needed either. Within a couple of days of his assuming of- fice we were reading about his "brilliant beginning." about the explosion of common sense he had already achieved in Washington We read odes to his strong voice, the simplici- ty of his speech, his compassion, his straight and steady eyes, his shining moral force and, yes, even his Kennedy-like vigor. Can a square have charisma? He can now, brother, he can now. America, we read, was back in tune Or, as one Republican luminary warbled to reporters. "The sun is over the mountains and heading into the valleys" All was suddenly right with the world, and since Gerald Ford was a throwback to a better and more religious America. God was presumably back in heaven If Richard Nixon could do no domestic right. Gerald Ford could do no domestic wrong. He invites George Meany. head of the AFL-CIO. to the White House. Since organiz- ed labor abhors Ford's voting record in Congress, this conciliatory gesture is hardly a stroke of political genius are to believe, nevertheless, that it is typical of the exciting, new Ford style. He assures many senior administration of- ficials he wants them to stay in government and though he would have to be very stupid not to do that this invitation, too. is somehow sudden evidence that Ford is already a terrific president He talks with a bunch of governors and mayors. Nixon, remember, has only just cleared the White House of photoc aphs of himself with, among others, governors and mayors, but somehow, when Ford meets them the world is full of lightness and joy "Once again." one governor tells reporters, "It s fun to corne to Washington." And gosh. Ford has promised to give their problems his "personal attention How's that for a fresh breeze blowing down the old corridors of power0 We now know all about his weight, his favorite Bible, his favorite verses from his favorite Bible, his prayer habits, his swimm- ing habits, the colors uf his swimming wardrobe, the pinched nerve in his wife's neck, the career dreams of his four children, the fact that his daughter Susan dances, collects plants, loves needlepoint, and looks after Chan, a cat We know a whole lot of other homey, family- tidbits that have little to do with Gerald Ford's congressional record as a stout U S. Nationalist, a proud budgetary conservative, an enemy of progressive labor policies, a supreme hawk during the war in Vietnam, and a champion of U S. military might All this. I suppose, is only natural. If Moses were alive, today, people would want to know if he likes ketchup with his cottage cheese. And that's good old Jerry. A new Moses for a new America Overnight. Book reviews Saskatchewan artist "Sky Painter" by Jean Swanson; Western Producer Book Service, 137 Grain elevators and telephone poles marching across the flat distances of Saskatchewan plains. Everchanging moods of vast prairie sky from dawn to midnight These are the trademarks of artist Robert Newton Hurley. So popular are his landscapes that at one time the supply of Hurley water-colors often couldn't keep up with the demand, says Jean Swanson in her book, Sky Painter. Robert Hurley might almost be considered a New World success story. Born in an English slum district in 1894, he emigrated to Canada in 1923 and worked as an itinerant laborer until the Depression of the 1930s. While on relief during this period, he started to paint. Largely self-taught, Hurley captured the essence of the Canadian prairie, particularly the sky. The author says Hurley made the gram elevator the symbol of the prairie much as the Dutch painters made the windmill the svmbol of Holland In 1942, Hurley obtained a job as general caretaker at a department of agriculture laboratory in Saskatoon, a place which was to become almost as well known as a showcase for Hurley paintings as for plant research. His artistic career boomed in the late 1940s and 50s. creating a demand he was hard-put to meet He still worked at the lab but used every free moment to paint quick studies of the landscapes his public demanded. His works, which Jean Swanson has conser- vatively estimated at 7.800, can be found all over the world, including Buckingham Palace, for several Hurley landscapes have been presented to the Queen. Thirty-two color plates illustrate Sky Painter and show Hurley's simple, un- cluttered approach to his subjects. There are also 26 black and white illustrations and photographs. DINA SUDLOW (Written for CP) ;