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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 1.ETH3RIDGE August Ask Andy ALGAE Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Dt-bby Wharf', age 11. of Falmouth. Maine for her question: Are algae plants or animals? The earth's animals can travel under their own power and in most cases we can de- pend upon the plants to stay- rooted to the spot. Plants manufacture their own foods from simple chemicals, while animals feed on foods made directly or indirectly by the plant world. It is true that .-cientists class some living things in between the plant and animal kingdoms. But all of them agree that the algae belong to the plant world. Nobody knows exactly when the first living things arrived on the planet earth. But they must have been plant-type organisms, able to use the energy of sunlight to manufacture their own foods from water and dissolved In this case, they must have been plants of some sort, and most scientists agree that at least some of the earth's first living things were aiga-type plants. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS August 31. 1974 A Japanese fleet bombarded Port Arthur. China's biggest naval base, (SO years ago today in 18y4 and captured it a few months later after con- Korea. When the port was returned to China under the peace treaty the following year. Russia obtained its use as the only ice-free base for its Pacific fleet in the first step towards the Russo- Japanese war of 1904. 1654 Rhode Island forbade 'he sale of liquor to Indians. 1914 A Russian invading force was routed by German troops at Tannenberg. Hitler demanded a lam! corridor to the former free port of Danzig, which had been taken over by the Nazis. 1951 A Canberra bomber commanded by RAF Wing Cmdr. Roland P. Beaumont i'lew Sroni Belfast to Gander. N't Id., in four hours 18 minutes. 24.4 seconds. 1982 Trinidad became independent. Life, we are told, began in the ancient freshwater seas, more than a billion years ago. It is logical to assume that the first living things were singled-celled water plants. Each of these tiny, alga-type plants could manufacture its own food from carbon dioxide and other chemicals dissolved in the water. We do not know exactly what they were like, for the fragile midgets left no remains. But it seems more than likely that their descen- dants became the thousands of different algae that teem in the modern world. They range in size from single-celled species to giant kelps, with streamers that trail 60 feet long. Alga plants thrive in sal- ty seas, in freshwater ponds, streams and marshes, in snows and in soils where there is enough moisture for them. Though they are true plants, they have no true roots or stems. The giant kelps anchor themselves to the seabed with simple holdfasts. Smaller alga and other seaweeds are wafted around the world by the heaving oceans. Most of the floaters are single-celled algae. A row of 2.500 of these midgets may measure no more than an inch. But in teeming multitudes they add tinges of green or blue or even red to the waters of the sea Having no roots, algae need more moisture than other plants. But since they live on such a moist, watery planet, there are plenty of places for them to thrive. What's more, they have easier ways to mul- tiply than the more advanced land plants. Even in the large algae, each cell is capable of carrying on the business of multiply and manufacturing food. Algae such as pond scum form spores with tough coats. If the pond dries up, these spores can survive until the moisture returns. The single celled types can multiply by dividing. This is what happens when the clean water in a fish bowl becomes clouded with green. A few invisibly small green algae got into the water. Each multiplied by dividing into a pair of twins again and again In perhaps a few sunny hours, there are enough of these mini-plants to cloud the water with their greenery. Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Kuntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge r.V IJ. GOREN Chicaso Tribune WKKKJ.V QUIZ i vulner- as South you hold: 98 The bidding has proceeded: North Kast South Dble. V.' action do you take? 2 Neither vulnerable, Kast-West nave 40 as South you hold' AKi: All) 7 Your right-hand opponent .ipcns with spade. What do you take0 Q. North-South vulner- able, as South you hold: i 2 .-.2 The bidding has proceeded: West North Kast South ;i NT Pass What action do you take? (j. vulnerable, as South you hold: A.II092 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 Pass L> A Pass 3 Pass What do you bid now? Q. Kast-West vulner- able, as South you hold: AAi VS762 AJ743 answers Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 1 Your birthday today- Begins a harvest of the results of past activity, investments of time and energy. Benefits are spaced out over a prolong- ed period of time. Promptly claim and put to use whatever you acquire, to keep the cycle going. Relationships are erratic, require constant care. Today's natives are students of nature's mysteries, reluc- tant to discuss what they see or perceive. ARIES (March 21 April Too much is attempted too quickly by too many peo- ple this Sunday. Try to figure out some course that avoids crowds and moves ahead of critical moments. TAURUS (April 20 May Let important people who are overly occupied alone right now. Nearly everything is somewhat more strenuous than expected. Use short cuts to get what you need. GEMINI (May 21 June You've got a busy day of bickering over petty things. Nerves are sensitive. Learn the art of taking it easy. VEAT ON THE HE SAYS WE HAVEN'T PASSED A AND IT'S CLARK'S See Them Peed the. SOMETHING TELLS ME THE TOURISTS ARE GOING TO GET SURPRISE _ HAGAR THE HORRIBLE "MATS A NICE DALMATIAN, PR. DALMATIAN A is BEETLE BAILEY ZERO, THE CAPTAIN'S WASTEBA6KET PULL TUMBLEWEEDS IT'S TIME I GOT PACK TO THE SALLOWS I'M P00KEP FOR A ONE-PAWN STANP INI NAUSEA JUNCTION, A MATINEE IN H06TOWN, ANPATREE IN ZITSVILLEJ AS WE SAY IN THE TRAPE: A PANGLE A PAY KEEPS THE 0LUE5 ONCE A TROOPER ALWAYS A TROUPER! THE SHOW MUST 60 ONI ;