Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, August LETHBRIDGE 20T ALBERTA PHEASANT POPULATION TREND 1961-1974 Area LETHBRIDGE CALGARY No control over rough play OTTAWA (CP) Pierre Juneau, chairman of the Cana- dian Radio-Television Com- mission, says he is surprised by the amount of violence in televised professional hockey games, but won't take action unless there is a public outcry Few Canadians have bothered to complain to the commission about the fighting in televised National Hockey League and World Hockey Association games, Mr. Juneau said in an interview Friday. If a significant number do, the commission will conduct a public hearing. Mr. Juneau was com- menting on recommendations by Toronto lawyer William McMurtry earlier this month that steps be taken to make professional hockey less violent. In a report commissioned by the Ontario government. Mr. McMurtry said young hockey players follow the aggressive example of professionals. He objected to the showing on television of slow-motion replays of hockey fights and said the gov- ernment should take action to "de-emphasize those aspects of the professional game which are undesirable as an example to our youth." Mr. Juneau, not a regular hockey fan, said he was sur- prised by the level of body checking and fighting in the games he has seen. "There seems to be a greater and greater emphasis on lorceful contact among players than on playing the he said. He said the rough NHL style ot hockey contrasted sharply with the less-violent series in 1972 between Team Canada and the Soviet Union. He said hockey violence on television would be difficult for his commission to control because the games and fights are unrehearsed. like violence in the news. It's an actuality, an event, and it would be much more difficult to control than staged violence portrayed in fiction." Mr Juneau said the problepi lies more with those who run the hockey leagues and enforce the law than with the CRTC. "If the violence reaches a level that is considered illegal by the authorities then presumably they will do something." But a general public de- mand for change would have the most effect, he said. "There is no question that if the people want to control it. it could be controlled." 1961 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 Pheasant population up and down Weather important factor By DENNIS McDONALD Alberta Fish and Wildlife Fifth in a series Pheasant abundance from year to year is as changeable as the weather! And so it should be for weather is the key to short term fluctuations in pheasant numbers. In last week's article, the question was posed as to how drought in the dirty thirties increased pheasant population while, in 1964. it caused their decline. The answer is fairly complex. In the dirty thirties, drought persisted for several years, forcing many farmers to change their land use practices. Many farmsteads were deserted and they reverted back to natural cover while on others, unharvested crops provided an abundant tood supply. In South Dakota, for example, less than 10 per cent of the small grain acreage was harvested in 1933 and 1934. Similar conditions existed throughout the Great Plains region. Though the hatching success of individual pheasant clutches was poor due to the extremely hot. dry conditions during nesting, survival of the chicks was unusually high from one year to the next due to the abundance of food and shelter As a result, the breeding population of pheasants increased each COMPLETE HOMEOWNERS' INSURANCE AT LOWER RATES HUNT INSURANCE AGENCIES LTD. 1201-3rd Ave. S. Phone 328-7777 ABSTAINER'S INSURANCE COMPANY The only Canadian Company providing automobile and (ire insurance exclusively to abstainers. spring and. with ample undisturbed nesting cover available on idle farmland pheasant numbers increased dramatically In 1964. however, drought conditions lasted only one year and most farmers remained on the land and tried to make the best of a bad situation. Recognizing that the lack of moisture would reduce hay production, many farmers mowed areas which in normal years remained undisturbed and provided excellent nesting cover for pheasants. Such areas as the grassy margins around sloughs and roadside ditches were mowed using modern high speed tractors and equipment. Many hens were trapped on their nests and destroyed with their eggs. Coupled with high rates of nest destruction was poor hatching success due to the abnormally hot. dry conditions and low humidity. As a result, spring pheasant production was low and survival rates of chicks was poor as much Of their cover had been destroyed by mowing, drought conditions or overgrazing by livestock. The latter factor decreased over-winter survival in many areas as cattle were herded into sites which normally were not grazed, such as coulee bottoms, to obtain whatever forage was available. In their quest for food, cattle destroyed much of the vital cover that ordinarily sheltered pheasants from the winter storms. The cumulative effect of these conditions was a remarkable drop in pheasant numbers. In South Dakota, one of the few areas where accurate counts were kept, pheasants declined by 49 per cent from 1964 to 1965. To this point, the discussion has been based upon information collected in other areas, primarily South Dakota. However, the Alberta Fish and Wildlife division has monitored the trend in pheasant populations in Alberta since 1961. The spring breeding population of cock pheasants in the Lethbridge area dropped over 60 per cent from 1964 to 1965: the same period when sharp pheasant declines occurred in South Dakota and elsewhere. Pheasants were almost as scarce in Southern Alberta in the spring of 1965 as they are now. In contrast to the drought in South Dakota, however, the problem was too much precipitation in Alberta. The peak of pheasant hatching in Alberta normally occurs from June 12-17 and intense rainfall and cool temperatures can seriously reduce hatching success if they occur at this time. A check of weather records at Lethbridge revealed that. in 1964. it rained every day from June 12-20. A total of 2.4 inches of rain fell during this period including 1.44 inches of rain during a violent storm on June 16 Pheasant production in the Lethbridge area was extremely poor. By comparison, no precipitation was recorded at Lethbridge from June 12-17. 1969 and pheasant production was excellent as indicated by the dramatic population increase that year. Just as the Duild-up of pheasant populations from 1967-70 appeared to be due to favorable weather conditions during hatching in 3 successive years, so the sharp decline in pheasant numbers since 1970 appears to be due to unfavorable weather during peak hatching. In 1970. it rained every day from June 9- 17 In all. 2.9 inches of rain fell at Lethbridge in eight days including 1 9 inches on June 13. In 1971. the weather during nesting was favorable but in 1972 and 1973. it was cool and wet. A widespread weather system c a u s e d heavy precipitation throughout most of the province's pheasant range during the peak of the hatching period in 1973. On June 14-15. 1973. 1.3 inches of rain fell in the Lethbridge and Calgary areas while up to 7 inches of rain was recorded near Brooks Pheasant production plummeted and pheasant hunters found few birds to bag in fall. Now many readers will argue that factors other than the weather are to blame for Alberta's most recent pheasant decline. Some will regard hunting and the hen pheasant seasons in 1971 and 1972 as the cause while others will point their finger at foxes or farming practices. Next week, each of these factors will be reviewed in relation to Alberta's pheasant decline. Meanwhile, it is well to remember that pheasant populations have been low in Alberta before and they have recovered dramatically in response to a few good years of hatching success. There is no reason why they should not recover again with a little help from the weatherman! Next week: Pheasant population dynamics Martin Bros. Funeral Chapels Ltd. 2nd Generation Funeral Directors and AdmmiS'rative Counsellors for Pre-Arrangements (Authorized by the Government Security Commission) THE MEMORIAL CHAPEL 703 13th Street North Phone 328-2361 Connecting Both Chapels THE TRADITIONAL CHAPEL 812 3rd Avenue South NOW IN OUR 52nd YEAR Member of A F D S (Associated Funeral Directors Service) A World-Wide Connection THE Sunday Crossword ifoinicrh thcN'f.vYork Herald Tribune EHitodbi Robi-it B Gilletpie Crossword ALL THINGS CONSIDERED Bv William Lutwiniak ACROSS Trudeau road plan 6goes into 1 Winter melon 7 Fowl fighter 13 the night..." 17 Habiliment 21 Up 22 Part of the ins 23 What storks do 24 MP's quarry 25 Never mind about that 27 Regardless of 25 White House list' 30 Code man 32 Soul, inMetz 33 Aviary sound' 36 Uses radar 37 Scout badge 38 Well wishers 42 Newspaper item 44 Sibilant 45 Wave or bore 46 Scantling 47 Spanish gold 48 Procedures 1 Hack 2 "You Not Alone" 3 Make a lap 4 Tennis star 5 Noggins si 6 Go'before 7 Sinks 8 Zodiac sign 9 Profits 10 Seaver 11 Promenades 12 Of Gibson or Daley 13 Oliver 14 Decline 15 Want-- 50 Robert Burns' 75 nevertheless 76 52 Sawyer or Thumb 78 53 Gas component 54 Footgear 55 Engage 56 Crawled 57 Former chief justice 58 Red ink items 59 Passionate display 61 Neutral shade 62 Aqueduct pest 63 Amoeba's milieu 64 Attention getters 65 Small yards 66 Table scrap 67 With 35A, in the face of all that 70 Altitude 71 Perches 73 Fields 74 City on the Loire Con Regardless of all that Heap, in Le Havre Feast Chip Seeks to know Catch one's breath Exams River in Germany Loose change Accounts m Asti Flag NATO, e g Spelunker's joy Now, just a darn minute1 Bizarre Start of 67A Beach party feature Poppycock1 Chemical endings 101 Eniwetok, e.g. 102 Shootifig- match, in Paris 103 Huff 104 Straight men 106 Those opposed 107 Depends on ox is 109 Fuel 110 de-sac 111 Armadillos 112 Forty winks 114 However, of yore 118 By way of counterpoint 123 River of German poet-1 124 Not a.veather 125 one 126 up for 127 O.er 128 Inlets 129 NATO.e g 130 Musical compositions DOWN 16 but equal' 17 One appraised 18 Be obligated 19 Disparaging sound 20 Santa's helper 26 Bring together 28 Not the McCoy abbr. 31 Brooklet 33 Awakens 34 One who aids 35 Overlooking for the nonce 37 Swamps 38 Blaze 39 Nevertheless 40 Dry spell 41 Sums, in Soissons 43 U 45 Price exacted 46 Climbs, son of 49 Person 50 City of Germany 51 Motif 54 Takes care of 56 Fabric 58 Nightclub 59 Large group 60 What thunders do 61 Chivvies 63 Old-ha; 64 Fred's bister 65 Chaps 67 Persons 68 Of a birthday 69 English navigator 70 Abe's mother Nancy 72 Clerical cloth 74 Aeries 75 Gemstone 76 Winded 77 Copter features 79 City of Oregon 80 Small pianos 81 Copter features 82 Data 84 VV-MI N.cMaus 92 i-te 102 In this v.dy 111 On the briny 117 Ivy Leaguer c-oes 93 Chevalier 105 Yellow 112 Ball park 119 Uno.de, 86 Vaults 96 fever hao pigment in Queens 120 Chemical 106 Churi.h parts 113 Famed English ending 97 DW 107 Brpdd school 121 Queens 98 Fiord'and ingredient 114 Assent athlete fauna 108 have rfn 115 Fuss 122 Sullivan and intend 116 Sawbuck McMahon 87 Safe and out 88 Malefic 89 Opposed 91 Of the kneecap OTTAWA (CP) The next time the National Capital Commission (NCC) decides to cut a new road into Harrington Lake, there will certainly be some prior con- sultation with the prime COUNTY OF LETHBRIDGE NO. 26 Invitation to quote for supply of trucks as follows: Eight (8) Tandem Trucks complete with gravel boxes and hoists. Trade five (5) Tandem Gravel Trucks com- plete with gravel boxes and hoists. Two (2) one-half ton service units. One (1) one-half ton side opening van. One (1) one-ton 12-passenger van with windows. Quotations must be made as follows: 1 A quotation for package deal on all units. 2. A quotation on eight (8) Tandem Gravel Trucks- Less (5) Tandem Gravel Trucks. 3. A quotation on other units. Specifications quotations can be secured at the County Office, 214 13th Street South, Lethbridge, on request. The County reserves the right to reject any or all quotations. Quotations are to be in the hands of the County Manager no later than 5 p.m., Monday, September 16, 1974, and marked on envelope "Truck Quotation." (Signed) R. E. Grant, County Manager, County of Lethbridge No. 26, 214 13th Street South, Lethhrldge minister. The prime minister's of- ficial cottage is on Harrington Lake, deep in the Gatmeau Park, and the NCC maintains the grounds around it. Bnt there was an annual problem that had to be solved. The wharf in tront of the three-storey cottage has to be taken out of water every tall to prevent ice in the process the well-kept lawns are somewhat marred. The solution, it seemed, was to cut a new road to the lake so heavy machinery could get in to haul away the wharf. And, at the same time, the bulldozers and graders could fix the existing road where RCMP officers, who maintain a year-round watch on the property, were getting stuck from time to time. The idea was to do the work while Mr. and Mrs. Trudeau were away. Those machines make a lot of noise. But somehow the schedules got mixed up. The prime minister and his wife, Margaret, were enjoying the wilderness solitude when a began crashing X 21, by Janet ACROSS 35 Producing 1 NY.orS.F. 19 Not one nor myths 4 Antitoxin 'tother 38 Protest Florr 50 Old wives' tales or Flattens opponent 63 Catty talk 64 Remain 66 Bring up to pitch 4 Witty ripostes 5 More hazy John We live 6 Of few words 8 Congers 9 Electrostatic-units, abbr. 11 Feb. 14 st. 12 Type of dent or account 24 Active joint 26 Curled lip that shrivels 27 Polish 29 Vivid spring Flier's "fine" 41 Therefore, provided that 42 Lea, or Medieval tipple 43 Prospect in 53 Loner of a kind 55 Embankment in Louisiana 56 One kind of Hail, little street' 68 Hankering 70 Stash 71 Voter 73 Mistake 74 Let 'er -7 Doctor with luck 8 Topsy's little friend 10 Knight or baronet 13 Seed covering 15 Miss Sea eagle 32 Source Name of a Breadth 59 a 1 Sixty make 16 Snatch c; Stalk, Billie 100 Hot chills 14 Commander in 23 Amos, partner 33 Escape the field 24 Hebre.v 34 So Scottish 15Prodig.es, prophet 36 Hawk parrot not facts 25 s 37 Common Market 16 Quanog inn letters 17 Rectangle 27 Black v.idovvs 39 Royalty test' abur among others 45 Ripens 54 Bovine sound 56 Ear pan 57 Revolver of a sort 60 C.te 61 Incline toward SOLUTIONS OF LAST WEEK'S PUZZLES 18 Composition 28 Uplift 46 Plankton trap 63 ESP, for short with feet 29 Bikini. 47 Kismet 65 Evergreen 20 Anc mound in for one 48 the rial's 69 Deutsche Fnesland 30 Glacial face 49 Party foods mister 21 Modish 32 Condition 51 The mother 70 Plug up 22 Bowler s mark or declare us all 72 Dernier CRYPTOGRAM S G 1 V E L: N D T A K G V E A G V E K G U K K I) O KOOK N D U VGEISO GYKT KIZZYAOK G V E O G E 0 S K By Dew M F F K M F C W J A X L D P R S C C F W W D F Z FW RFK'P XSA'N XJSN SYN LYDF ZFYN. By Earl Ireland SAVED VOLVYDEDNITP. PREXX LIDEDIVP: P 1, A N IS V O Y N D V R V T I) M E X X M E D E X N P R By Norton Rhoades VV A Y T U STOPIYT BIBHS ELHU ERT RLU O S I. E E P Y A B R A W H L Last Week's Cryptograms R-, India M. Sperry (r 1974 by Chicago Tnbune-N Y. News Synd. Inc. World Rights Reserved 1. Now dairy farmer fights rising cost of hay by farming big oil wells instead of moo cows. 2. Wild hog went hog wild over newfound truffle trove. H. Hull flinched as a bullfinch landed on his nose. energy crisis pegs prices anger.