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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta AUgulT J I EDITORIALS Another Watergate casualty In President Nixon's plan book his old at any rate 1973 was listed as the Year of Europe. Ameri- can political and military relationships with the European Eco- nomic Community were scheduled to be brought up to harmonized and generally put on a solid and last- ing basis. This was to be brought about by American and its eventual consequence was to be a federated Europe. It hasn't happened. Some airy ref- erences to presidential intentions have been and there has been one major speech by foreign affairs advisor Henry but there have been no diplomatic initiatives at all. Even the land-mark trade that was to be the cornerstone of U.S. European hasn't material- and Europeans are fearful that when it does finally reach the floor of Congress it will have a very rough and may emerge in much dif- ferent form than originally visualized. The reason for this total absence of American leadership and Europe's consequent uncertainty is as clear as it can possibly be. It can be ex- pressed in one and that word is Watergate. One of the consequences of Water- and one that the world IP beginning to view as very is the emergence ot a powerful anti- Nixon bloc in Congress. This is a group of legislators ci'jdicsted to the proposition that showing Nixon that Congress is boss is the first consid- and the merit of any par- ticular piece of legislation comes second. This has most serious implications for Europe. It msans that Nixon's European policies which they think are tough but can be lived with could very well be changed beyond all recognition by or even dumped altogether. Congress for place the most drastic 'limits on imports from Eur- or might decide that it is time to withdraw some or even all American troops from Europe. Any counter proposals from the White based on what Europe has been led to almost cer- tainly trigger the anti-Nixonism. So Europeans simply don't know where tliev or what attitude to expect from America. Impaired drivers' program The Ontario Motor League is urging the Ontario government to try a new approach to the problem of drinKing drivers. Instead of the customary fines and jail it proposes that those convicted of impaired driv- ing be required to attend a series of counselling sessions designed to make them look fairly and honestly at the consequences of drinking and driv- their own and other people's. The league wants the government to take a long and serious look at is called the Phoenix which has achieved considerable success in Arizona and elsewhere since its in- ception in and has since been adopted in 235 other jurisdictions To date Alberta is the only prov- ince in Canada to undertake this pro- which is now in operation in Edmonton. Calgary and Lethbridge. It is an important part of the program of the Alberta Commission on Alco- holism and Drug Abuse. The program places primary stress on though it employs other methods. Uncut films of fatal written lec- question and answer whatever will more effectively convey the vital message is incorporated. In Arizona all who are convicted of drunken or impaired driving must undergo the or forfeit their licences. This is not the case throughout all of though pro- vincial judges have ample discretion in suspending and restoring licences to require the completion of such a and some judges do this regularly. In this day and counselling certainly seems to make more sense than jail for those drink too if the object is a more rational attitude towards drinking and driv- ing. Just about every reputable auth- ority now regards over-indulgence in alcohol as an which would suggest that treatment based on medical and psychological considera- tions should be more effective than a jail sentence. Doss it work9 Alberta's provincial coroner. Dr. M. M. is among the many professionals who believe it does. Speaking recently of the drama- tic drop in the number of alcohol- related deaths on this province's high- Dr. Cantor cited the alcohol- ism commission's impaired drivers' program as one of the most impor- tant reasons So while emphatically agreeing with the Ontario Motor League that counselling is far more sensible than jail for the drinking perhaos someone should tell them aboul the Alberta which is based on the Phoenix Program but has been thoroughly researched and modiifed to Canadian and carefully adapted to Canadian law. ART BUCHWALD The fantasy icorld of monopoly The weather was not the greatest on holiday this and I found myself spending a great deal of time playing the game of Monopoly with my children. This battle for real estate has probably been the most popular pastime ior children for mare than three and its appeal now is as as it was when it first came out in 1935. The surprising thing about Monopoly is that while inflation has taken its toll in this the prices for real estate on the Monopoly board have remained the same for 33 years. It's very hard for a parent to explain to his children how lucky they are that they can still purchase Alarvm Gardens for only my I told my was a lot of and you thought twice about buying Marvin Gardens before you plunked down cash for it. the minute you land on you throw the money down as if it were you want to buy it. or don't my 13-year-old son demanded. rush me. If I buy Marvin Gar- I'll have to buy Ventnor and Atlantic and they've really gone to seed in 30 years. I'll wind up with a bunch of tenements or. my you please roll the just trying to impress on you the value of a I said. is more than a game. I don't want you kids growing up thinking you can buy the Penn- sylvania Railroad for The Reading maybe but not the Pennsyl- you don't you'll miss your hear me I said. chil- dren must understand that every piece of real estate on this board is undervalued. When I was a we mortgaged every- thing just to own a piece of the Board- walk. But today anybody can buy Board- walk or Park Plate. You kids don't ap- preciate Boardwalk and Park Place be- cause you never had to work for They pretended they didn't hear a word I said. A dozen turns later I landed on The card I picked up to jail. Do net pass go. Do not collect a I protested. can't just send a man to jail without charg- ing him and advising him of his constitu- tional rights. Thirty years ago it could be but since then the Supreme Court has ruled that a man must be represent- ed by a have to go to my 10-year-old daughter said. don't hare to go to I said. you ever heard of the Mallory ruling or the Gidecn My 12-year-old plunked my token in jail and took her turn. She landed on ''Income Pay 10 per cent or I looking at the stack of money in front of her. should D3 at least in the 40 per cent brac- ket. You own both the Water Works and the Electric Company. How do we pay for the war and the Great Society if you ton- tribute only 10 per cent of your Once again my protests fell on deaf ears. Two hours through some dirty my children controlled everything on the board except Baltic and Mediter- ranean which I owned. Even 30 years ago they were considered slum and I begged the children for urban renew- al funds. of them would give me any money. I you won't lend me money for urban would you at least give me for rat Once again they and I that this was the only part of the game that had kept up with real life. When peo- ple own Indiana and Kentucky av- why should they give a darn what happens on Baltic and Some honest talk needed in Washington By James New York Times commentator WASHINGTON In every great crisis of violence or cor- ruption in our national Am- ericans tend either to turn away from it in cynicism or blame it on the moral de- cline of the nation as a whole. It's an old American We either forget or bleed. at the beginning of a new when even Washing- ton is just getting the first sweep of cool clear autumnal one wonders whether we couldn't have a little more honest dis- cujsicn in America about how all these strange things happen- and if they msan about our values and pur- poses. After the murder of President but long before the Watergate the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation met at Williams- to talk about pre- cisely this question. This foundation has spent hundreds of millions of dollars analysing practical scientific race polit- ical and constitutional prob- cultural problems fcuc now they were asking in William James' words how make an unusually stubborn attempt to think about and purposes. Could the thing be They didn't but they got a few people together to talk about it Dr. Hannah Dr. Paul Dr. Irving and Dr. Hans Morgen- and the new head of the Rockefeller John H. who stated the fundamental what is the moral and ethical frame- work in which we are all liv- of our work as a as as in our relations with one an- other and with the world. We go on doing our but what's the meaning and purpose of all this This was ths general ques- tion. And the specific question was why so many people felt and even and whether it was possible or useful to organize ways of not only about legislation to avoid violence and but about morals and and the philosoph- ical underpinnings of the whole thing. Everybody in this careful and illuminating Rockefeller Foun- dation discussion seemed to agree about the problem. Kristol was quoted as think we can all agree that the United States and western civililzstion in general are ex- periencing what we call a cris- is in values It is an enor- mous problem if you reach a of course you heard the marvellous ne ws of tying our pensions to our cost of living.' Letters to the editor Inequality of distribution of wealth blamed The editorial 251 about the increase in old age pensions being inflationary got my goat. Why single out the el- derly as if they are the cause of it The editorial them larger pensions would just subject the rest of the population to even greater inflationary Howev- er the suggestion in the editor- ial that when the cost of living goes up the pension would go up and when the cost of living goes down the pension also be lowered has some only if other groups including the editorial pro- fessional people and the estab- lishment would do likewise. Now all of this would take controls and that doesn't work in a free enterprise system as any editorial writer will tell because he is the mouth- piece for the system. Not that any other system would be any better because it's not politics that makes for better it's economics. It is efficient pro- duction and equitable distribu- tion that lead to better stand- ards of and this can be done whether governments ara to the laft or down the providing they exercise sound principles. The Herald is concerned about the cost of living and I commend it for but there are many problems. World- wide inflationary par- ticularly those of the con- tinue to affect us. Their prices continue to escalate regardless of monetary or any other kind. Raising interest rates and taxes only adds an- other expense as any farmer or business man will tell you. Subsidies just mean taxing the people to pay for which is inflationary. One thing they haven't tried is to stop spending money on the military and its expensive machinery. This goes for all n a t i o including Canada. There is no question of the need for international par- ticularly for the smaller na- but this can be done cheaper by world police force and world law. Parity is where you ex- change a certain amount of production or services that has had a certain amount of effi- cient work put on for other goods and services that has had an equal amount of efficient la- bor put on it. As we produce or give efficient ser- vices these acquire a certain amount of value. If charges more for his services than lie puts or others put in more than they take or if all of us collectively take out more than we put then we have inequality in the distribu- tion of wealth. But no government has the guts to make the needed ad- they're afraid that if they do they won't be as too many toes will have been stepped on. So the rising cost of living goes on and the old age pen- sioner gets the blame. ART MATSON Leihbridge Editor's Ths writer's quo- editorial is Far from tation from the hardly pensions or pension- ers for any part of the current wave of It pointed out that in the past the government has consistently met requests lor higher pensions with the claim that they would be infla- tionary. not needed About a month ago the most eminent and influential leaders of western Canadian political ideology met in Calgary with a similar contingent from the upper stratas of Ottawa. When they were all satisfied that their best profiles were presented to the TV cameras they mapped out guidelines and got down to the challenging business of economic problems. They backed and filled grappled. They articulated and emphasized and reiterated at great length to make sure the media had plenty of material for reams of vapid copy. Trans- portation was a big issue on the agenda and the august de- liberations of this learned group cost the harried taxpayer at least a thousand dollars a min- ute for three days. The big potentate himself was there from with a cush- ion on his chair two inches higher than the and he hsd a special little hammer vith which he pounded the table from lime to time when he got tired of raising an eloquent eye- brow. It was very impressive. Two days after the con- ference ended on a resounding note of accomplishment we drove from Winnipeg to the 'Crazy Capers' Rockies and in all that vast and productive area of the West not a single train was moving. The major part of our transpor- tation with billions in- vested in facilities and equip- has been in a turmoil for more than thrse weeks now. We who actually produce something are working six or seven hours every day for these governments and for all our ef- forts we can't even pay the interest on the debts they have run up. We're sick of strikes and tired of supporting count- The country can be tied in a less officials whose only func- knot at the whim of a lowly tion is in union organizer who couldn't eants of carry a discussion of element- ary economics beyond the re- lationship of his wages to the price of draft beer. Eleven governments are val- iantly fighting inflation by bor- rowing astronomical sums of money and flinging it wildly to people who have never worked and have no need to start. There is absolutely no limit on gifts and handouts for every brainless scheme one can imagine. wholly unproductive ceremony.' We have to work whether we want to or not be- cause there is nobody else there to do it. All the economic con- ferences that can be held will be totally useless until they put just one lazy punk to work and keep him and until they recognize that governments be- coming and are less capable of effective action on the simplest of problems. L. K. WALKER Milk River Read the fine print Cheers for Eva She has the vision to read the small print and is stiff-necked enough to stand up and be counted in opposing the sive power of labor unions. If more Eva's had read and rebelled against in- siduously muffled in small the pendulum between management and labor might have stopped swinging before it reached the level of gangster- ism. Perhaps modern poetry would not have lost confidence with words like change or had we been actively aware of that fine print. However Eva is not the only stiff necked Southern AHxsr- tan. My husband is stiff- necked as well. An income tax inspector once asked him to sign a paper giving the income tax department the right and authority to go to the bank and insneot JUiwo tha bank requires a fee for its ser- vice there was a clause print- ed in very small lettering which stated that this fee would be paid by the owner of the ac- count. My husband Why should this If a circus fan wants to see the fat lady he pays for that Don't be the sucker who's born every Let's read the fine Milk River GRACE SNOW condition where any graduate student in his kitchen can cre- ate an explosive with the er .of a minor atom or can create drugs and can eas- ily distribute them with trem- endous genetic effects. asked our attitude going to be toward freedom of What is our attitude going to be toward freedom of This is obviously an outrageous and maybe even libelfcus summary of Kristol's but it dramatizes the central that we should be discussing all kinds of fundamental questions that are being ignored in the lie dialogue today. Paul Freund argued that it was important to discuss these questions of values and purpos- even if you couldn't resolve and that it was im- portant that these questions should be discussed not by the privileged or elitist university people alone but by the plain and ordinary people of the na- tion. seems to whatever you call them or fundamental there is a con- siderable thirst among ordin- ary pople for some mooring that can be interesting it can be and it can be I for people who have no technical training in philosophy or have never heard of utilitar- ianism or pragmatism. Simple dilemmas can be put to reasoned and they will ccme up with the major in- sights of various schools of philosophy and the shortcom- ings of each. I said Freund. ''is something that could ba built The tragedy is that all this sincere and care- ful analyses of our problems doesn't seem to lead anywhere. The people are left with the pol- Hcians and ths reporters and the editorial writers and the thoughtiul people at foundation meetings who do the best they can bat in the end do not really ansuer the questions thay raise. Ths brilliant discussion by Ar- endt. Freund. Kristol and Mor- ganthau in the Rockefeller dis- cussion defined the but like the and most of the rest of the people in Wash- didn't help much in re- solving it. they were get- ting at something fundamental. My own view is while the American people today don't believo in the old institu- and are confused by all this vague they believe in believing in the old values and yearn for some practical way to escape from the isolation and impotence that troubles their lives. I also believe that there is a remnant in every institution in the from the congress or the churches to the univer- sities or Isbor unions or cham- bers of commerce that would welcome the chance to discuss the purposes of their work and the and ethical if only somebody would give a lead on how to do it. and define the questions for discussion. Maybe this is where the foun- like Rockefeller's can help. The problem is not main- ly to try to answer the ques- tioss of morals and values and but merely to set down on as simply as a definition or case- study of the and possible answers with ar- guments for and so that thoughtful people if they get together and talk co- herently about the things that trouble them. The way things are now in the present crisis of the people are dividing for and 'against the for and against the parties and the sys- tem and the but the caus- es of our present dilemmas are much more complex than but nobody brings the basic questions down to any practical form in which they can be de- bated. wouldn't know how to build a good Robert Goheen told the Rockefeller Foundation we were confident what means we want to do the right thing but too often have trouble agreeing on what right The Rockefeller Foun- dation agreed and it is now searching for ways that these questions of values can ba dis- cussed not merely in foundations or by politicians or but by thought- ful people in their own com- munities and their own institu- tions. The Uthbridge Herald SM 7th St. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD ty. Proprietors and Pubfetan Published IMS by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CM MM ftHlttrMltfl The CwiMlan tlw CtMdlM iMrr AwocMion MM ttw Audit iureau of circuUtlwM CLGO W KdHcr ina PoWUrwr THOMMf H. DON WILLIAM HAY Mtar AMocltM ROY f. MILES OOUSLA4 K. WALKIR Ming UCMAin rtii ;