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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 31, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBR1DGE HERAID Ihunrftiy, Augusl 31, 1972 Trudeau's approach to the election Thunder from E. C. The defeat of Premier Hennett's government by ilic British Columbia voters should not have been a sur- prise, but it is. There were ample signs ttiat tho government was in disarray, but so was it often before. Previously Mr. Bennett successfully played on the fears of a socialist government. It may be of extreme significance that in this campaign Hie NDP leader seemed anything but a socialist and also that he repudiated the party's domination by the labor unions. Now that the vulnerability of Soc- ial Credit luis been established, the party's complete disintegration can be expected, and cither the Liberals or the Conservatives wilt emerge eventually as the alternative to the NDP. British Columbia is a great prov- ince Whether one agrees with Mr. Bennett's type of government or not, he must get much of Hie credit for the province's condition. 'Hie peoplo of that province, indeed of Canada, owe him a debt of thanks. And Air. Barrett, in succeeding litin, deserves the good wishes of all the people, all the parties, all of Canada. The people of British Columbia have spoken. Power to the people! the prime minister sets out in his second nation- al election campaign, he will do an ordinary thing. He will pack bis own suitcase-. He will pack it precisely, with exactly Ihc re- quired number of sox a.nd with every shirt in its proper place, Orderly and methodical. People who have worked closely with Pierre Trudcau say, invariably, thai he is tlie jnost orderly anil methodical man that they have ever known. Clumsy divorce procedures Most people will agree with Just- ice Minister Otto Lang's recent state- ment that divorce procedure in Can- ada leaves a lot to be desired. But his proposals for remedying it are. not altogether realistic. Mr. Lang believes lhal legal fees involved in divorce cases are ridic- ulously high. He claims that the lawyers involved naturally try to get the best settlement for their clients with the result that the cases can turn into first rate battles. Mr. Lang suggests lawyers should give more attention to trying to rec- oncile the parties, and if this is not possible, arrive at a quick dissolu- tion of the marriage and an amicable settlement of such questions as div- ision of property and the custody of children. This would be ideal of course, but it's expecting much loo much of the legal profession. A lawyer's training is to do (he best he can for his client. If lie represents the wife in a divorce action he is expected to look out for her future interests and secure the most generous provision he can for her. Conversely, if he acts for the husband he must attempt to get him off as easily as possible and save as much of his income as possible. As to acting as a marriage counsel- lor, this would be an entirely foreign field for an untrained lawyer and poor advice might do more damage than good. J-tcform of the present laws should look to simplifying and speeding up the procedure and reducing the costs while avoiding, as much as possible, additional anxiety and strain on the couples involved. The courts could as- sist in this matter by laying down more rules governing the scale of maintenance payments and the div- ision of property rather than having these questions consume lengthy de- bates as they da in almost every case. Learning, from the Soviets It has been generally assumed that the U.S. is the most advanced nation on earth in terms of industrial technology. But the Americans are not so foolish as to believe that the Soviets have nothing to teach them. Take for instance, the recent agree- ment signed by the Kaiser Aluminum and and Licensitorg, the official Soviet buyer and seller of technology, for a 12-year license on a cost-cutting method of process- ing aluminum ingots. According to the Soviet spokesman for Licensitorg the process "avoids the need for cost- ly equipment and processing steps to remove the cast ingot skin before further working of the ingot." Reports indicate that the Russians have developed a number of other ways to cut costs in research and development particularly in the met- allurgical field. Whether the Aluminum Co. of Can- ada, one of the world's largest pro- ducers of aluminum, investigated the possibilities of investing in the Soviet process, is not known. It could very well be that company researchers did so, and decided against applying for a license for reasons of their own. But Canadian industry coald stand to lose out on other cost-saving technological developments, if it docs not pursue opportunities extended by Russian experience, which might substantially cut research and development ex- penses of our natural resources. School's in again! Bv Terence Morris rPHIS is the time of the year when our children gho up the freedoms of the summer months and return to school. It can be a difficult experience for children who are going to school for the first time. Those who have had the advantage of kindergarten have had their initial baptism of fire but for most of our beginners, school Is a traumatic experience. They en- ter a new world controlled by adults, call- ed teachers, who demand a standard of behavior and work habits that must foreign to many young children. Children who have been accustomed to a great deal of loving care and attention from mom and dad suddenly find that they are just one of a crowd, and with our overcrowded classes school life often becomes little more than a fight for recognition. It's a strange new world that we adults impose on our chil- dren and parents can case the transition from home to school by getting involved with school life. They can help their children, especially beginning students, by taking an active in- terest ir. what is happening at school. Ask what work is being covered in school, what new friends have been made, how many children are in the classroom, what kind of games are played at recess time. Most important of all, parents can help to ease the strain or pressure that is imposed on so many children: it's amazing what a friend- ly hug and a warm smile ean do to Ixilster confidence in a child as he .starts on his perilous trip in the school race. Most schools have some form of home and school association and parents should not be afraid to question some of the new programs that are being introduced in our school systems. There is no more fertile field for innovative fads than the class- rooms of our educational empires and tho Nothing but bags By TN'SECTS hold for me. I like, the Infinite variety of sizes, coloring and functioning in the in- wet world None, of my family stare rny interest. Tn fact, they aro a soro trial to mo bo- fit thf: sight, of any crawling rrr.i- ture they ;ill go flutt'-nrjg around as though they had been M ruck F-il ly. II is one of the characteristics tlial provide :i useful insigtil in the prime minister's attitude Ilio next election. "Cokily, let us In; intelligent." lie wrote 22 years ngo in Ilio first issue of his magazine, Cite Mini', at (lie outset of a long, difficult, totally absorbing nml ultimately successful struggle against a reactionary provincial regime in Quebec. His approach to tliis election ts nko intellectual and methodi- cal rnllier than emotional; but it would be a mistake to assume from (Ills that Tnuteaii is casual about the election, or (bat lie is purely philosophical about its outcome. This has liocn en- couraged in the public mind by Trudeau's offhand parrying o f journalists' questions about the timing of tin; election: "What's all the fuss about; what's so im- In fact, this typo of responso has revealed indirectly how ex- tremely important the question of the election has been to tho [i rime minister, particularly since the beginning of this year. It has been flic one subject that lias been consitSered loo serious for impromptu discussion with journalists. It has been a matter for Trudeau to approach pri- vately in his own fashion. Trudc'au's attitude toward this election is based on his pro- found conviction that his own gxunea pigs for most of these fads are our children. Increased parental interest in what is happening in our schools would help to put a healthy brake on what has been described by the president of the World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession as, "the passing fads of education the Educational Follies." It would also help if parents either In- dividually or through their local home and school associations could make a study of the Worth Commission report, A Choice of Futures. Here is an exciting and provoca- tive report that could mean so much to the educational systems of Alberta and yet because of its length and contents might become the most important unread docu- ment that has appeared in recent years. If parents would like to sec some of the recommendations of the Worth Commission incorporated into our school systems then they should make their voices heard. There is one very practical way in which parents can share the experiences of children Mho arc thrust into school life for the first time. The University of Lcth- bridge and the Lcthbridge Community Col- lege offer an excellent scries of evening courses that should appeal to many of the parents of our grade one students. At- tendance at these courses with the inevit- able stint of sitting for two to three hours on a hard chair might help adults to real- ize what young children have to endure. On Ihe HK: rour.'fs mighl be ronductrr! in s'Jfli a Mir eve- ning sessions would prove to be a very enjoyable experience. Boredom or plea- sure may help to relate to the needs of their children and look more close- ly at what is happening to them at school The resuiLs could bft very interesting and possibly beneficial. Walker Fhrirk, "gH tho sv.-ful thing en it. of hrrr- K a bug ant, spider, rrnli- Ifxently I uas looking through an illus- trated fjook with rny granddaughter and having her identify everything in the pic- hires. J tr> a grasshopper, Jennifer .srud, 'ire, another Keneiatioi: uj> in 'Harvey has a wonderful understanding with the children they don't try to understand him and he doesn't try to understand them Letters to the editor Corporations not paying their share of taxes T a in in response to the Aug. 25 editorial entitled Lewis' welfare bums. Here an altack was made on Mr. Lewis' "false premise, the belief that if private corporations are per- mitted to exist at all their main purpose should be to financo the state." I detect an assumption that the public should be willing to let corporations pay less than, their share of taxes or no taxes at all so long as they are pur- suing economic development. This also seems to be the as- sumption behind past and pres- ent government taxation policy because in IQ5L individuals paid only or 28 per cent. Today, individuals pay -19.9 per cent of all federal taxes compared with corporations who pay 12.3 per cent. This trend brings (o minrl two questions: is Ellis just? and (2) arc the Canadian peo- ple reaping the benefits of Ihc 'development' they .subsidize? On the first point, I maintain that no one should be allowed to use public funds strictly for private fjain. If public funds are to Sx- used for the purpose of eeor.omir development, then tho public should maintain con- trol of those funds to see that they arc used the right kind of development. Public funds handed over lo private corporations with no .strings at- tached provide no guarantee of doing Ihis, ;md results in higher htxrs ffir individual; with no Him! irlurii fnr Ilio invest- ture is, in my opinion, inijirsl. Moro irn por 1 an I, however, i s Uic, lack of indirect, return on this investment, I find it inter- osling that tlie oxamples ir. tlie editorial were from tin: oi! indastry. Who i.s it that benefits from n capital-inten- sive industry produces very few jobs, exports primary or near primary resources, and in tho pays lillle or no m'omo It s nr.l ffiffimH. Iff fU'1 beiif i.i not, ti'irr people. I'ar- licuUirily wlicji you consider tha1. the oil industry is 85 per cent American owned. Canada at present on joys He dubious disliiir- linn t.f Itic ridirst inulcr- develofK'd nation in I tie world, its onjoy n rein- tively high, although over- taxed, income. Corporations sue h as Den ison W i r-.e.s, Shel I Canada, Alberta Gas and Trunk, and Canadian Superior enjoy an under-taxed windfall of profits. But should our re- sources begin lo run out or new resources he found look out. Wealthy corporations will move elsewhere anJ with- out a solid Vase of secondary industry, the Canadian economy would he in deep (rouble. This is the kind of development we subsidize. David Lewis can hardly be blamed for speak- ing out against it. It's tim: we began asking ot ourselves the question devel- opment for what? or develop- ment lor whom? And while we're at It, we might TUI well look at our paychecks and see who is paying for it, JOHN McINNIS Lelhbridge. Lewis9 objection to tax laws correct May I comment on the edit- orial attack on NDP Leader Lewis1 exposure of our inequit- able and outdated tax laws. Ca- nadian .Superior Oil was not, as it was so charitably put, the target of Mr. Lewis' "venom." This he made clear in his per- sonal appearance on TV, The writer pleaded "operat- ing costs" as an acceptable ex- for a company only pay- ning million on NICT oarn- ings of million. Operating cosLs arc, quite correctly, in- cluded in tbe price of commod- ities and passed on to the con- sumer. These the buyer pays, leaving a company ito net prof- it Who a dually pays theso costs? Obviously, tbe con- sumer. Then why should they be deductible for income tax purpose? I challenge the writer to prove that Mr. Lewis lo "tax all corporate revenue." All its GROSS revenue? Furthermore, although there Js such a thing as "risk capit- all well-run businesses seek lo minimize their risks. Multinational corporations cio (his by having coin pliant gov- ernments, which in effect means the taxpayers, take the risks for them. One method is the "deferred income tax con- cessions" lo which the writer referred. Others include gov- ernment loans, and crawling through the tax eva- sion loopholes with which the act Is riddled, As the writer said, "Canadi- an tax laws recognize this sim- ple fact" that is the use of risk capital. Indeed they do and! it is just this recognition of them as they apply to monop- olies, and not to average tax- payers. to which Mr. correctly objects. authority is derived from Urn vole of the individual citizen. Perhaps this .sounds like a truism, but it was far from being a self-evident platitude in Quebec In 10SU when Trudeau wrote that "any given political authority exists only becausa men consent to obey it." "And in ho slated al lhal time, "political parties a nd prime m inlste rs that thought themselves eternal have been sent packing by the people, and will be again.1' To this philosophical belief in the function of an election has now added the practical experience of three campaigns on his own behalf, and seven years as a member Parlia- ment, member of tho cabinet and prime minister. This has persuaded Trudeau that an election campaign not only should bring the primo minister closer to the citizens but should bring the citizens closer to an understanding the difficulties and complexi- ties of his own job. Most people, most of the time, view politics in a unidimen- sionnl way: what's in it for them. For the government, the objective of the political process has _tp bo multidimensional: providing Die greatest Ixinefit for the largest number of peo- ple. It is only during a national election that people are brought to the point of making an im- portant choice in the national voting for some- thing (hat they believe to he for the common good rather than only for their own good. "The value of a government drives not from the promises it makes, from what it claims to be or from what it alleges it is defending, but from what it achieves in Trudeau wrote in 1938. "And It is for each citizen lo judge of that." What of this election In partic- ular? Again, the clue to his own at- titude lies In his need for order. To maintain order as time progresses requires continuity. Trudeau regards a second term as essential to ensure ths permanence of reforms brought in during Ihc first. This i.s why it is important to him to con- tinue to have by his side the two men, Gerard Pelletier and Jean Marchand, who entered federal politics with him in with a commitment lo renew and strengthen the role of French- speaking Canadians in Confed- eration. Neither the Trudeau govern- ment's policy reforms nor the Trudeau group's "succession" in Ottawa has been sufficiently established to permit the prime minister to be "philosophical" about whether he is allowed to continue in office. The competitive aspect of tho election attracts Trudeau be- cause a national campaign Is a great leveller of parties. _ While Parliament is In ses- sion, the government is tied lo its policies; the opposition par- ties are free to manueuvre dnd select points for attack. An elec- tion campaign doesn't free tho from its record but it does burden Ihe opposition with their respective nalional platforms. Truifca n 's f req ucnt rcsli ness in the House of Commons Js a gauge of his eagerness novr lo meet the other leaders m a larger forum where the compe- tilirm is more unhibited and the outcome far less certain. ft is this brutal unpredicta- bility of the democratic process, despite its modern refinements, that fascinates and frightens all polilicioris. Trudeau is no excep- tion, Although he rarely dis- cusses politics in personal terms, he was heard recently describing the coming election campaign as "a bath of fire." P lease return survey P. GRIFFIN fort Maclcod (Copyright 1572. Tnronlo Syndicate) Slnr This seems rather ridiculous hut I loaned my 1970 term paper on t h e survey of ten years of heaifslart and pre .school programs to someone on one of Ihe commit- tees on which I was .serving about two years ago. Several people have nsked lo if. und T forgotten lo whom I marie Ihc loan or rvrn which con'uiiJtU'e was ronccrn- CfJ, 1 would like In appeal lo Iho person who has it to return it Plain logic Commenting a letter In (he August 22nd Herald written by Mr. .1, (iriffin, in which Mr. f I riff in complains about the: punishment meted nut to Ihc Communists in North Vk-lnarn. Sisrrly Mr. Griffin knows Ihat nil I hat Nwlh Virlruim lo do to stop (he iHjmhing and shelling i.s for Ihe North Viel- mcso to stop killing Ihci r neighbors in I heir m-ighhors' own country. Kvcn n supporter of Communism should minder- ManH the plain logic of HOY KKITCKS eilher to The Herald or my home. I'm sure they would have done .so sooner but possi- bly didn't remember who loan- ed it to Uiem cither. I would very much ap- preciate having it back. MRS. C. E. C. DAW Ixithbridge. t Hosed kivn enjoying our holiday in MIC fine city oE bridge and we have also enjoying the hot weather. How- over, when f took my family down to the municipal swim- ming poo! wo found it closed. The oustrxlinn was very apolo- getic and explained that Ixjlli- britlge .schools had opened again and therefore the pool had boon closed. He did admit. Ilin! hr: bad ID lurn many away. thri aiilhnritie.s consider keeping Ihe pool open longer as vi.silor.s from other provinces don't have to start Ihcir kids in school for another two weeks. There should be somewhere In swim In a city of the nf T.ellibridgc, at least until I lie CfMilor woalher. s. L. MCDONNELL Surrey, Looking backward Through llic Herald Farmers liavn no need Eo become discouraged over the present temporary in- activity of the potato market. Just now the slackness is due In [he fact that so many cus- lorncrs have smaH patches of spuds in I ho hack gardens, IM2 Home; grown celery was a feature of (he Tuesday morning market, also fresh mushrooms, Iwth of which had a good sale, All stalls were filled and. there was a much larger attendance than Ihe pre- vious Tuesday, 1012 A mimlwr of owners oE combines in Montana ore anxious to come to southern Alberta lo help farmers har- their bumper crops. A policy has been announced by (he Dominion governm c n t and hrlp may e tiler Canada from Ihe United Opening of the schools In Ihe TalMT district has been delayed until September 15. Providing Hie polio condition improves sufficiently Ihc ban will ho lifted on Monday Scpl- cmbrr The LetMnridge Herald 7th St. S., fxihbridgc, Albrrla LETHBRIDGK HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published J905-1SSI, by lion. W. A. HUCHANAN Second Clnsi Man Reglitraitan No. 001? Member of TJio Canadian Presi nnd tho Canadian Dally Publishers' Association and The Audit or ClrtulaMoni CLEO MOWERS, ErfMor nnd THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING VrflLLfAM HAY ROY F. MILES Ad Nslng Manager OOUGLAi K. WALKER EdJIoriAl Pflfjfl Edtlor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;