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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 31, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1918 THE LkTHBlUDGE DAILY IIRRALD PAGE NINE WHO A8E THE (Contributed). Tho queBtlon Ib freciucntly aakud: "Who and what nro tho Mennonltos?" Their history datOB back four cen-' turles, when a body of rellglona ro-formerg dissented from the dominant Clirlstlnn church, tho chief points of dissension were. (a) Baptism by aspersion for which thoy\ Instituted that of l^meralon. (b) Baptism for the remission of Bins In lieu of that of an "outward sign of ail Inward grace." (c) Tho elimination of the baptism of Infants. Simon Menno, born In Holland In ]4n6, was an earnest expounder of this doctrine. Ho hud been educated for the ministry, and became a Catli-ollc priest In 1538, but later, dlasatla-lled with Catholicism, became tin An-ubatist. His missionary labors wore flrat confined to Holland, but rapidly spread. Into Germany where be soon had a large following; In 1022 his followers, now bearing tho name of "Mennonltes" wore expelled .from Germany through the persecution and intolerance of Ferdinand II. They settled tor a short time In Hungary and Transylvania, but In 1776, by the Invitation and encouragement of Catherine II, Empress of Rusala, they migrated to that country. The rights and privileges guaranteed by that liberal riilor were: (a) Protection from hos-. tile invasion, (b) Freedom from tax-" atlon tor ten y�ars. (c) The right to administer oaths In their own way. (d) A gift to each family ot one hundred and ninety acres of land, (e) TcM-potual oxomption Irom military service. By this Russia gained a vory thrifty and desirable accession to her sparsely settled domain^ while on tho other hand, the bigotry" and proscrip-Unc policy of Germany robbed her of many of her best subjor:ts. . The first Mennonite colonists in the United States settled in 1683 under tho kind BiMpiooB of William Penn. Germantown, Ponnsylvanla, being tho centre ot their utrcnglh, and In 1708 a church and school wore oslabllBhei*. In 1709, five hundred families settled in Lanceator County alone, and from there they migrated to many parts ot tho Unltod StateB. , In 1871 llUBsla look a radical change with regards Mennonite tol-erauuo. Alexander II IsBtied an nitci limiting their exemption from military Borvloo to ten years, after which date they were to be oubjeat to call, eve^i though It was usalnst their deepe�t rellKlous convlctlonB ot tho right to shod human blood. Tho laws ot Rus-Bia at that time forbade emigration to other countries, but the omperor made an exception in their favor, allowing all to leave who would not laico tho alternative ot military sorvlcb. The RuBsian Mennonltes subscribed $20,000.00 with which they sent a large delegation to tho United States to Inquire into the prospects of favorable colonization In America^ as a result ot which they made expensive purchases ot land. In 1877, colonization In the United States v/aB quite extonslvo, many of them settling in Indiana and South Dakota where they have sot the pace of ogricultural achievement that has no peer on the continent. The American Mennonltes are subdivided into, at least, live tactions: (a) The regular Mennonltes who maintain the old organization, (b) The Reforined Mennonltes, wlio seceded from the main body in 1811, and who process to follow in detail the teachings ot Simon Menno. (c) The New Mennonltes, organized In 1847, by a few dlsconten ministers of tho old organization, (d) Tho Kvangell-cal Mennonltes, who In 1850 seceded from tho previous seceders. (e) The Amish Mennonltes, sometimes culled "Hookers." They believe in the personal reign of Christ during tho Millenium; in the unlawtulnesB of-oaths, believing that an oath or pledge to tho state or raaglstrnlo disauallfios them from being true followers ot Christ; in the unluwfullness of war; resisting violence and wrong; discountenancing law suits; abstaiuing from immoral practices and as a rule are very good citizens. Their 'bishops and deacons are chosen by lot at Benii-annual confer-onces end their preachers give tholr Borvicea free. The Mennonltes now siotllln!; In Canada are known as "Iluttorian Brethren" In commemoration ot Jacob Hut-ter, who, tor tho sake ot their religion, was burned at the stake In Inn-apruck In 16116. They bare spent thousands of dollars this year in cruising Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, with the result that they selected Southern Alberta, and especially tho Lethbrldge district, as being the most suitable for agricultural and colonization pur-poBOB. At present there are colonies near Macleod. Cardston, Raley, Mag-rath, Raymond and LethbrldRO. While they live tho community life, having all things Ih common, Htlll they are tree to mix commercially with all classes, and having much money at their disposal, spend the same In beautifying their farms, as Is already manifest, thus adding grace and value to the commonwealth. When the United States entered the present war, the Mennonltes be gan flocking to Canada tor a future homo. In 1873 arrangements were entered Into by t)ie Canadian govern ment with the Mennonltes in Russia, granting them entire exemption from military service should they come to Canatta. Several thousands at that time came and settled In Manitoba and at the, same time the present sect and others settled In Nebraska, and ?;outh Dakota. It Is under the treaty of 1873 that the present emigration takes place. In South Dakota, English is the language taught In all their schools and certified teachers are employed. When tho first delegates came to Canada they waited on the provincial government, and assured them ot their desire to comply with our educational laws. O. P. URSBNBACH. An Offer of New Health to All Who Are Weak, Anemic, Nervous, Run-down r^NLYthoMvrhnoIifeUdarkciictlbrMI-heeUh-onlrthow who nraWeak.or Anemic, or Ncnroin or Run-down-c�n ir��)iM wtiat �n Oder ot new hcallk retiUr in��n�, Robmt, vigorou* liealth that nulce* your whole �y�t�m thrill with vitality, ](thehealth you need. Wincarnlf poiwsMi a fuur-fold i>owcr to promote new health. Became Wincarnit ia a Tonic, a Keitoratiye. a Blood-maker, and a Nervo- The Ner Wine�rni� A combination of Extract u{ Beef, Extract of Malt, Iron and Mar aanoac, Glycerophoapki.'jteB of Calcium I'otaiittum and ijndlam with a apecially elected wine. A Tonic, Reitotative. Blood-bnild-er and Nerve-food. Prt*-ecribed by the Medical nrofeiBion for Anaemia,' Debility, Sleepleianeai, Brain Fan. Nervounneti. .Unrnx^V itality.' Ls Grippe, Matemity-wenk-neia and Convaieicence from any Illncis. builder -all combined In one powerful, health-EivinK preparation. Therefor* it promotet new nUength, inakea new blood, builds new nerve force and now vitality. That ia why ao many Doctors havo recommended it. And the health that Wincarnis promotes is lasting: health-net a temporary patchine up. Will yon try just one bottle T Wincarnia not only contains tha very elements of which our bodies are composed and without which it would fade and die-but it baa these wonderful properties in their most assimilative form. Kvery ingredient of Wincarnis is endorsed and recommended In tho daily practice of the members of the medical profession the world over. ^ ""ProprietorsiCoieman & Co^t LtJ., Wincr.rms Worhs, Korwieh, Bit/. Canadian Offct, 67 Porlland St., Toronto; Frank S. Ball, RtsiJeiit Lirutor. Salts Agtnisfor Ike Dominion : Ralph J. Parsons & Co., pay Building, Toronto. Urge I Size ^ $1.65 182 AN ACCIDENT LTY LISTS Small Size $1.00 OhtainaVa from thm Following Drug Startt: J. D. HIGINBOTHAIM A CO., LTD.' FRANK HEOLEY DRUG COMPANY. I Consider carefully these three re*- aons why it is wisdom to get * Model 00 Ovcrimid car. You need this modern method that enables you .to,,do. roon work in less time. Its price is imusually low considering its quality, its room, beauty, conk-fort and efficieney. t '� Back ofit is'a real Canadian institution fortunately prepared to care for all service and parts requirements now and later. , Fitit pointit/OtmltHi sHftrlorily . , /ippearancp. Performance, Comfort, Service and Pricf. D. S. Williamion & Co. Phone:t4S6 ' . LetKbridg� Willyt-OvarUnd. Umitad Wlllya-Kttlihl and Ovaeland Mator Cats and Liaht Cammarclal WM�na Head OHiea and Works, Wast Toronila, Ontario : ? AGAIN, NO GASOLINE > ': SHORTAGE AT PRESENT �> -> : ? ? ? : Tliere is no shortage o� gasoline. Supplies are ample to take care ot our war and normal requirements if we will practice sane conservation in this country. These statements were made by W. Champlin Robinson, director of oil conservation. United States Fuel Administration. The demand for gasoline for airulanes and trucks with the American Expeditionary Forces is con stantly growing, and will necessitate continually increasing Bhipmenta overseas. The present stoclcs are now ample to supply the war needs and allow the normal rational consumption to continue. But waste of gasoline must cease,' stated Robinson,'in order that vc may be able, to continue normal rational consumption in this country and amply meet our war requirements. There is no suggestion oC enforced curtailment ot gasoline or lubricating oils in the minds of tho Fuel Adminls-tiation. There is no suggestion oi iimiting the use of passenger cirs, despite newspaper reports to the contrary. There Is a decided.opposition by tho Fuel Administration, however, to the careless, wasteful handling of gasoline as exists at present in this country, and the Fuel Administration warns that unless the waste Is eliminated possible restrictions may have to be Inaugurated to insure suHlcient gasoline and oil tor our war needs. The Fuel Administration will shortly issue a poster to every garage and distributor of gasoline pointing out flvo Important niethn.is of preventing waste. The posters wiil urge: 1-That use of gasoline for cleaning parts be abolished. 2-That all leaks in gasoline lines on passenger cars, gasoline tanko, gasoline tank hoses and nozzles, etc.. be stopped. 3-That careless handling of gasoline .tanks and hoses, creating unnec essary waste through spilling be stopped. 4-That the tops of gasoline tanks be kept tight. 5-That motorists shut off their engines when not driving the cars. (From Ojir Own Corrosnondcnt) Blairraore, Aug. 29.~pto. Mark liar-rlson of tho in2iid Dattaiion, but late of the 10th at tho front, died of woiindB in the face, sldo and thigh at No. 4fi clearing station, I'Yanco. Mark was born in tho north of Kngland and came with his parents to nialrmore about 1909. Before Iio cnllstod ho was" aSHtatant at the CIMl. station In Ulair-moro. and when i,lcul.-Col. Lyon called for recruits lor ihu I92.1-J, Mark was among tho flrsi. to enlist. Ho was a splendid fellow and of quiet disposition. His parents and his brothers, Charles and Diok, unil one sister, Lily, are left to-mourn his loss, Tho deepest sympathy of the, community is with them. J. F. Hunter of llio local customs. Just received worrl that his n'jphow, Corp. William lluiitrM', was for tho second time on tho casualty list in France with guuKliot wounds in face and legs, and is now at tlie Fifth General Hospital at iiolougne. L,a8t Now Year's Day he was gaasod in the trenches, but in April lio was sent back to the linos. Mr. C. R. Pearson and wife left Blairmore on Monday evening for Camroae, where Mr. Pearson is engaged with tho Camroso Normal School. A number ot friends met at the home of Sir. F. M. Thompson on FrI-day last and iirosouted them with an address of apiirociation and a purse. All wish tiipin well at their new home. Mrs. F. M. Thompson went to Cal-gafy Sunday eveuiiiK on a aliorl visit. The local girls" tiasUoiball team won again at the Sanatorium against the Bollureeteam by a sioro of a2 to 11. Rev. Young and \V. J. Uartlett motored down to Macleod on Tuesday along with Hev. Peters of Belleviie, to moot with tlio Jlethodist d.'�trict meeting, and returiKnl the same day. The school board at l^'rank have engaged the Misses McKay. Mnrdock and McNeill as tcuolicrs tor the ensuing year. The Bohemians at Frank are mailing oxtensive prepanitions for a fete day at Bellevuo on Labor Day. Mr. and Mrs. I'rank Wright returned from Nelson last aiglit, where they have spent several weeks' holiday. Frank ia back at tlio town office today. Pte. Ralph Rosso is on leave from PetawBwa Camp. Ont., and arrived liome this morn/nf,'. He reports that his brother, >Willio, is still at the camp and is now wearing the three stripes of a sergeant. Ralph is looking well and expects to return to camp in six weeks. Montreal, Aug. :!0.-An oxainination of tho wrecked Lake .Manitoba, which was t)urned at tho imperial Oil company's wharf, sliowod that fioo or SOO tons ot tho l.'dl) Ions of i:rHdB oil which were stored in tlio voaaol'a water ballast tanks, iiro tinlouclicd. Tho inquiry hold hero today by Wreck Commiaaionor Demers established the fact that the fire was the reBult of an accident. The tiro, starting from | an tmknown cause, li.id mollod a pipe loading to tliu oil lank.^. NEW DUTCH PREMIER London, Aug. ;!0.-The new Dutch premier, nays the Dally Mail, probably will bo Jonkhcor G. L. M. Ruijs De Hopronhroitok. He is a Roman Catholic and tlio queen's commissioner for llic pnivliiro of Ijlmburg. Ilia aympa-lliles. It ia said, are with the entente olllos. Ho was miniater of Justice from 188!) to 1891 and has been commissioner ill Limburg since 189.'?. He is 76 yean old. VESSEL LIBELLED A Canadian Atlantic Port, Aug, 30. -The Newfoundland schooner Blanua, which was towed into port yesterday by a fishing craft, which found her adrift oft the coast after the crew of a German submarine failed 'to sink the vessel, has been libelled by the own-era, captain and crow ot the American llsherraen .for^l25,000 for salvage ser-! vices. FORCE THEIVl TO FIGHT With tho American Army on the Lorraine Front, .-Vug. 30,-An Austrian prisoner taken, on , Sthe western front says, the mSr'ale of' the Austrian soldiers now is so bad. that Gorman troops have to be placed behind thsm with orders to alioot any man who en deavors to desert. 'menCanYouDeHverr THAT'S the customer'.H first question, usually. How do you answer him? Your goods may bo superior, yoiu- clerks may be couj'-teous, your store attractive, but, after all, unless your de-liverie.'s are prompt and dependable, your customers will be disappointed and trade elsewhere next time. Do you realize how many people judge a store by its deliveries? Is your delivery system on a par with the rest of your business? Docs it draw new trade or lose customers for you? Are your horses a.s suitable for you as they were at one time? If not, why do you persist .in beinc a little behind the times, when a Ford One Ton Truck would be more in line with your other business standards? Perhaps your deliveries cost you too much. If you ai-e using motor truclvs, they may be too heavy for yo-ar linft of business and therefore too expensive. The Ford Truck uses less fuel when handling a full load than some tracks use running empty. The Ford One Ton Truck la a money saver, so why not moderni'ie this department of your business at once? THE UNIVERSAL CAR One.Ton Truck J750 Runabout . - 660 Touring - . - 690 Coupe - - - 87S Sedan . . � 1,075 Cliassis  . - 625 K O. B. Ford, Ont AU prices eubject to war tax ehargta, exupt trwla and chaiai* Ford Garage, Dealers -A. P. Veale, Dealer -Z. N. Skouson, Dealer - Lethbridge - Warner - Raymond 63 NEW FISHING CONFERENCES Washington, Aug. 30.-Secretary of Commerce Redfield, Edwin P. Sweet and Dr. Hugh M. Smith, representing the United States, will meet with representatives of the Canadian government at the. Hotel Champlain on Lake Champlain, beginning September 4th, for further conferences on drafting uniform Canadian and American fishing laws in International waters. i SENATOR DEAD Harrighurg, Pa, Aug. 30.-James Donald Cameron, for thirty ye�rg United States senator, died early today, aged 85, He was stricken with paralysis throe weeks'ago and remained iinconscioiia iinl;U bis. death. 'Miss Bi, Chrtstlanseh, of Copenhogon Depmavk, is In Vancouver on her way to Ban Francisco to join the motor service of the United ptates army. She arrived oii Sunday troni the Orient attrt (tells thrilling; Btoriiiia ot hor ex-perieaceg'ln RuBsii^. Sh�;'Waa in ^Qs^ cow during the reydltitlon which nut tlie Bolshevikt in authority qnd says the Btreeti were literally carpeted^ with the dead. Life for anybody but a Bolahevik Is impatjaibie in Rutiia at MADE IN CANADA O NE question must arise in every motorist's mind when he reads of the Chalmers "Hot Spot" and "Ramshorn" manifold. How do they affect the performance of the car? That is a question to-day's Chalmers can answer in a most convincing inanner. When you drive iht car-as you surely will-you will recognize the unusual smoothness-the unusual efficiency that has been attained. D. S. Williamson & Co. Phone 1496 Uthbridge The handicap of low-test gas has been largely overcome. The Chalmers motor "warms up" instantly into smooth, responsive action. You will admire the fine easy-working controls, the flexibility and power of the motor. The more critical you may be the higher appreciation you will have of this sensibly priced car. You are invited to test to-day's Chalmers any time. Arrange for a demonstration to suit your convenience, CHALMERS MOTOR COMPANY of Canada, Limited - Walkerville, Ont. I 709580 68 ;