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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH1 IBTHBRIDOI HtRAlD August 30, 1971- Wfilter Schwnrz Pakistan's problems hold up peace moves Government intervention I A W I, P 1 N D I Pros- II IcSent Zulfikar All Bhutto's domestic difficulties havo caused a serious setback on lira road to pence on tho sub-con- tinent. The sifddcn reversal of Ills earlier decision lo recognize Government action in ending the economy would be (elt by everyone. dock workers' strike at Vancouver is Government intervention should not unavoidable, even regrettable in b unwclcome lo the parties of the the of people Enough Ume Ncither workers nor the employers can be Wind to former eastern province ot ibm y frlal their own future f on longer. KeludaiH as govonunents may be nels of settling a All three partners In lorluous dialogue Iiulln, Pakistan and Bangladesh have .strong motives for con- tinuing Hie dialogue. Mrs. In- (Fjra Gandhi, the Indian Prime Minister, is anxious to sec her ally, Bangladesh, firmly estab- lished and, in the long run, to progress to strength awl inde- pendence. .Sheikh M u j i t> u r Rahman, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, needs the return of Hen- gali officers, .soldiers and civil servants now trapped in Paki- stan. And, faced with growing domestic opposilion, he cannot This strike obviously threatens the welfare ot many more people than ..inline nn imnassn Which i likely progress. i i" i, i i i i it in dt end 25 years of "confrontation feel he has "arrived as (lie architect of full independence as long as he is not recognized with Pakistan which she now secs as a" obstacle to India's by Pakistan and admitted to tho United Nations. President Bhutto's need for pence is the mosl pressing of all. N i n e I y thousand military and civilian prisoner still languish in India each with an Increasingly impatient fam- ily back home. And while "con- frontation" lasts, most of his budget has lo be spent on do- th e workers anil Uieir employers, to have In take on the management Western farmers have been very con- of the economy in specifics as well cerned over the failure to deliver as in setting general directions it Hi-ain lo foreign customers. 'Hie whole may be unavoidable that more of. tins country must share Ilils concern bo- kind of action will have to be taken cause'of the possibility that future in the future. It would bo a good use sales may be hard to make as a of campaign time and expense in the -onscquerice of customer dissalisfac- expected election if candidates would address themselves to the issue of liow much or how little management of the economy should be expected tion. Then the fanners would not suf- fer alone although they undoubted- ly would be the hardest hit be- cause the depressing effects on the of a government. Wait and see The New Horizons program for the doubtful just what the objectives are -Illw in f_ V, 1 aged, which was announced some months ago only to fade almost im- mediately on the horizon, has been brought into focus again. Health and Welfare Minister John Munro stated recently that the million pro- for the elderly the government has in mind. The "one thing they will not be allowed is to make a little extra cash. As this is what so many ot the retired on slim incomes would lika to do through various projects similar gram, based on the Opportunity for to those developed by their grand- start moving children, their reception of the pro- gram may be less than enthusiastic. Will the ?10 million then simply go zons has now been appointed and to administering the nine regional of- Youth concept, shortly. A national director of New Hori rune regional offices are being open- ed from coast to coast. Regional com- mittees will also be set up for the fices and more civil service per- sonnel? Will the elderly themselves purpose of evaluating programs and have any say in their own program forwarding their recommendations to or will it be tigbJJy controlled, by Ottawa for final approval. The trouble is, as New Horizons has been outlined to date, it's a little official mandarins? Like a serial story we'll have to wait until next month to see what really happens. A bankrupt Tuition Ugandan Asians are General Idi Amin's political scapegoats, the vic- tims of his desperate need to disguisa the fact that his enormous military home has come close to a stand- still. International assessors say that "the basic problem in Uganda is not a debt problem; it is a spending expenditures have bankrupted his The mending problem is country. An International Monetary r Fund and World Bank report makes this clear, suggesting that the only not going to be cured by expelling the country's most able citizens. Amin's regime has brought inter- ponderable is the timing of the inevit- nat.ionai contempt upon itself through able crunch. In the last full financial year of the Obote government, 1968-69 mili- tary outlays amounted to about million. It Is estimated that Gen. Amin spent close to five times that amount in the year ending in June 1972 for the same purpose. Last December, Uganda, in a futile effort to stem the tide of foreign ex- change outgo, instituted import con- trols. Because these were mainly In the private sector, the result has been that investment and production at its blatant inhumane racism. But the fault lies not entirely with its ruth- less dream-directed dictator. It lies with those sophisticated InduStrial- ized nations of the world who have sold him armaments without ques- tioning his need or purpose. The threat from ousted President Obote's guerrillas in neighboring Tanzania hardly justifies this kind of expendi- ture. Arms suppliers have, in effect, been supporting a racist police state, and persislant fellow who picked up the B morally indefensible act. ANDY RUSSELL The energetic beaver WATERTON LAKES PARK The old saying, 'working like a has a very definite basis on- fact, for no other animal in the world of nature aside from man is so dedicated to construction. Beav- ers have been accused of making water the breech of the dam with a cowbell hung over it. As it revolved In the current, the paddles of the wheel played an ungodly racket on the hell. For a whole day, the waterwheel continued banging merrily on the bell and the bridge remained high and run up bill, and while this Is an Impos- dry. Its inventor grinned and rubbed his sibility they can be fairly blamed on occa- Bion for putting water where nobody else wants St. 1 We have had beavers on our ranch in varying numbers for many years and there have been times when we wondered Just who owned it. We built a bridge one time across a creek separating some hay mead- mvs, a simple construction employing three large long stringers and a decking of poles. One tnorr.lng while we were busy putting up hay, we found our bridge floating. Some industrious beavers had built a dam just below it and where the creek had been rushing merrily down its channel, wo now had a pond. We pulled tho dam out letting the bridge settle down where it belonged, but next morning It was floating again. Tearing the dam out was strictly a very temporary cure and tho beavers got BO accusomed to us, they began making repairs while we looker! no. We had a hired man, a very Ingenious end persistant fellow who picked up >hn challenge. He construcU-d a long square conduit by nailing four planks together and placed this crude pipe in the breech of the clam with IU top end extended upstream. When tbo beavers rebuilt the dam, it was supposed to tnke tho water through It thus draining the pond. It worked (or tv.enty four hours. Tben Rome braver swimming near the top end of the pipn must have felt a draft on his tail and cecdcd to plug it solidly with rnud and sticks. Next morning tbo bridge v.as lloat- ing again. Xext our man thought up an irvrrntion th.'it on pure genius. He strutted a wheel and il in hands together in satisfaction. No doubt the heavers were puzzled for a while, but the following night one pushed a piece of dry pole into the water somewhere upstream. It floated down to jam the water- wheel and peace and quiet reigned onca more. Next morning we arrived to again find the bridge afloat, and to add insult to injury, the watcrwhcel was used to re- inforce the dam. The hired man somehow restrained an impulse to jump on his hat, cussed the berivers and gave up. As engineers beavers are sometimes not very good at selecting a dam site. One year a pair of them set up housekeeping where a small creek flowed down a little valley. They located their dam on a slight slope where tho pitch of the ground gave poor anchorage. It worked for a while but they raiscri a family and proceeded to enlarge their ponrl, they were tempting trouble. There came a heavy June rain turning the littlo stream into a roaring torrent which flowed over the dam In half a dozen places. Ordinarily such a structure would easily stand the added pressure, hut this one was on bad footing. Then one day about noon, a complete section gave way all Fit once like a gate opening. The wall of wat'-r that tore down tire valley almost washed a neighbor'R location sway. Pfirsi.sU-nt, the beavers rebuilt their dam In exar.-tly tho sarno place. A year or so later it wa.shed out again. This timo they reconstructed it a bit farther down stream where there was a thick growth of willows In anr-hor It. Thero It still stands some >r-.-irs a sort of monument U> Ui-ivcr and ingenuity. "fou're a dynamic, vibrant, charismatic alternative, Ol' Bobl' Letters to the editor Government handouts malting corporations lazy The editorial entitled Lewis' welfare bums demands a reply. I, for one, am getting extreme- ly tired of hearing the samo old tune about corporations not being able to provide jobs unless excessive tax concess- ions are granted. water, perhaps not. Corpora- tions are famous for presenting touched on here is the tax write-off the Ford Motor Corn- two faces to the world, When pany received a while back to meantime, weak excuse Iliat they are still waiting for a trend. In the we speaking to prospective stock the tuno of over million. buyers the assets and earnings are boosted to tho limit but when tho revenue department is nroirnd all the assets and earn- Ings ara hiding m the wood. First of all, we have no BS- Burarjce that tax concessions RCtually produce jobs. The mod- ern trend is to opt for capital intensive vs labor intensive in- vestment. There are no strings attached In tho way of limit- ing loss of jobs due to increased mechanization. Also many new complex industrial processes make obsolete the skills of old- er workers who are then shunt- ted aside to become welfare burns created by industry. Secondly, Mr. Lewis' quarrel Is not so ,-jiuch with industry as it Is with the government that created all these generous loop- holes. Tho editorial mentions specific examples perhaps the case made for them holds It seems they quite convenient- ly forgot to pay certain taxes due to Iho Canadian govern- ment as part of the auto pact. Since the debt had accummula- ted over five years and was No mention was made of the huge the Liberal government in CPR needing another boost te Ite magnanimous wisdom for- the tune million to carry gava the tax on the condition on what they themselves claim that Ford would build an aulo their essential service assembly plant In Quebec. Con- trast this with treatment an hauling freight. We have always told they needed subsidies to offset passenger losses. They are pretty well out of the passenger business. We are subsidizing their freight opera- tion. Here is a classic exam- ple of a corporate welfare bum started out on the biggest wholesale hrmdout of public re- sources and they seem rarely to have missed a year without a subsidy of one kind or an- other ever since. Another area that might be Good use -for old library Vfbul will happtn to the old library building? Have the peo- ple in thought about turning it over to (he fiotden Mile Centre? fn another year they will have outgrown, their present facilities, as they now have a membership of close to three hundred. When the cen're was fir.st M- lahiishcd I doubt whether Hro organizers thought il would grow BO quickly. But it be- come a haven fnr many lonely pcr.sons. Too many of us who have friends and families for- get there are many lonely peo- ple living alone. This centre has been a place lo gt> lo each meet new friends find to learn to cope with "living alone." The senior citizens have been the ones to conlribute to our recreation centres, parks, rinks, etc. for the yrmnger generation, so isn't it about lime something be turned over for their use? I'm sure the city fathers v.-fiulrl IKLVC no regreK if tlu-y did give the centre this build- ing, as these people have the interest of the city at heart and would certainly keep the place something to be proud of. To those In wheelchairs, those unabic to climb fitairft, this centre would be a great asset. When one looks around the city how many places can these people go into? So plea.se city fathers tbink about this irlcr FREDA Af.LBN Lclhbrtdge. individual like Mr. Harold Bal- lard got. I am not condoning what tho courts say Mr. Bal- lard did but questioning the jus- tice of forgiveness of a foreign corporation in the one instance and the condemnation of a Canadian citizen on the other. Perhaps Mr. Truu can's Jint Society really meant only for the rich corporations. Looking at the over-all tax picture in general f think the most telling point is that tlic share of direct taxes paid by Individuals has gone up (28 lo 5fl per cent) while the corpora- tions' share has gone down (S3 to 12 per cent) from 1950 to 1973. I. ll.Af.pcr In his column recently conceded the signifi- cance of this but tries to write now have the ridiculous situa- tion where, if you happen to tie a corporation in Canada which has a head office in the U.S., you are given assistance from tho Canadian government to export to the U.S. A government that does not believe in planning or regu- lating the economy due to its belief that free enterprise and the forces of competition will regulate It for them haa no business meddling with the af- fairs of private corporations by giving them handouts in the form of incentives and conces- sions. All these handouts nrs making them lazy arid causing them to lose all Initiative to lake risks on their own. B. HELMUT IIOrFMAN Lethbridge. fence instead of on (he social reforms he bus promised. Tlic moves towards pcacs had licgun surprisingly well. At the Simla summit meeting In June, InJhi agreed to withdraw from territories caplurcd In the wnr (except those in Kashmir) while Ilhulto promised that tfoa Kashmir problem would In fu- ture be handled bilaterally with India, without recourse to war. There was also a secret un- rlcrslnnding Bt Simla fo deal tho way for the next step. Mr. Bhutto undertook to press case for recognition of Bangla- desh at Iho forthcoming meet ing of his National Assembly, while India promised to try to bold up the war trials of Paki- stani prisoners planned by Bangladesh. But four days before the As- sembly was due to meet, Mr. Bhutto announced that would not recommendi recogni- tion after nil. Ho argued that Sheikh M u j i b hod refused all public and secret overtures for preliminary talks, adding that his long-standing offer to meet Mujlb amounted to a form of recognition anyway. He wai saying, in effect, that he need- ed a quid pro cjuo bclore rrt could proceed. But the real reason for Mr. Bhutto's change of mind was domestic politics. The losa at Bangladesh has robbed Paki- stan of its basic raison as the national home of Mus- lims in tho sub-continent, since the blggcsl concentration of Muslims is now oulstda Paki- stan. Mr. Bhutto had brought back parliamentary politics into remaining four provinces and this led the new provincial Government in Bind to right some old wrongs. In the of Pakistan tbo Slndhia had al- lowed their empty to be settled and eventually exploited by millions of Urdu-speaking refugees from India. Now the Sindhis used their local majority to make their own language the official language of the province threatening to deprive the Urdu-speaking immigrants of official jobs. The immigrants reacted vio- lently and the resulting riots shook Mr. Bhutto's regime. In the Punjab, the most popu- lous province and tho Pres- ident's electoral power base, Urdu-speaking rioters shot up a Government parly Mr. Rhutto felt his support slipping whero ho needed It most. Ho was on the defensive and could not afford to taka controversial step of recogniz- ing Bangladesh. Most of families of the prisoners of war are in the Punjab, which is also the seat of Pakistani national- ism. Mr. Bhutto was able to throw In one new trump card: he had persuaded China to veto en- try of Bangladesh to the Uni- ted Nations. The hope Is thai Sheikh Mujib will agree not to hold the war trials, which In turn will enable India to re- lease tho prisoners. But will Mujib yield? Ob- stinancy has hitherto been hia hallmark. He is firmly commit- ted to trying tho prisoners who, he believes, have committed "the worst crimes In human history." If he goes ahead with tho trials, there can be little hope for peace, and the sur- vival of Mr. Bhutto's regime will be in doubt. And even Mr. Bhutto's bitterest critics agree that If he goes, Pakistan Is like- ly lo disintegrate. (Wrlllen for The Hcrnld RnrI Tho Observer in Lonriln) Looking backward Through the Herald 1322 Mayor Harclle leaves this afternoon for Ottawa to bo present at Ux> unemployment conference. Commission- er Mecch has bcen appointed it off by saying that there are acting Mayor in his absence. alleys I wonder why the city paved the back alleys? They look Ilka fending M.I with rotten apples all over the place. Some peo- ple me the alley to dump their rubbish and the neighbor can do the cleaning up if ho wants to keep his side clean. I wish the city would put Borne teeth into their bylaws. mSKIJSTKf) TAX I'AYBK Lethbridxo far more taxpayers and n lot less corporations around now. What this really shows is ttiat either corporations are not as efficient and aa profitable as used to be because of conglomerations and mergem or they are getting a much hot- ter tax deal. It is fairly evi- dent that profits have been ris- ing steadily and high don't hurt huge corporations be- cause they merely pass Iho cost onto the customer. To illustrate what kind of deal the corporations are gel- ting let us review what hap- pened last fall after the U.S. price and income and re- slriclwris on imports. Our gov- ernment nishcd to Iho aid of business with millions to offset any losses that might oc- cur. Our exports actually In- creased. Contrast Hint with Iho government's inac-timi in regard U> rising fcod prices and the 193Z Thick clouds prevent- ed oljservers with the various astronomical expeditions In Quebec from seeing the sun when tho partial eclipse began at p.m. this afternoon. 1012 Boys and girls start- Ing back lo school on Scptem- Ing. Shorter Jackets, fewer pleals, plain sleeves, not more than two inch hems will ba featured in fluits and dresses. Boya between 12 and 16 can't havo zippers, pleals, or cloth belts. Nor they have a vest or long trousers exceed- ing '7 inches for a size 24 Inch waist. Notice: Baby treed recjuij-n cfiro nnrl attention, If you have newly planted trees on your boulevard will you pleasa cooperate tho Cily Parks by walcring them 1st will bo affected by the generously. Help make Leth- wartime regulations on cloth- bridge, n city of beautiful trees. The Letltbtidge Herald 50J 7lh St. S., Lctlihririgc, Alhorln LKTHBUIDttE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Piiblisheri Published 1005 -1654, by Hon. VV. A. BUCHANAN Second ClAii Mall RcoHtr.itlon Ho. 0012 ot Tho Canadian Pren And Ihr tnnAdi.m Dally Newspaper Publlthers' Aiioclatlor> And Audir Bureau of Clrcularioni CLGO W. MOWERS, Edllnr an'J F'uhlfeher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gener DON PILLING Managing Fdlrrw ROY F MILES. "THE HERAIO SERVES THE SOUTH" WILLIAM HAY AiVKfilfl Edllrr K WA1.KHR fctiitnri.M P.KFC Ed.ior ;