Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, August 30, 1971 Joseph Knit I. A political disaster No, says Prc.sidont 'Iliicn. of Soulh V'ietwiin, I ivun'l lllc stlieclulcil Oct. 3 election, even though I'm the only candidate. Mr. Thieu has no con- ception of Ihc principal reason for U.S. involvement in the affairs of his counlry. H was at least the Ameri- can pe'ople believed that it only to prevent Ihe spread of com- munism in .Sotttltrasl Asia, bill lo pro- serve the rixlil "f Hie Soulli Vietnam- ese people lo choose Ihe kind of. gov- ernment and the people they want to conduct their affairs. Now Mr. Tliieu's prospective oppo- nents have withdrawn 1'rom the elec- tion race, charging corruption. There seems to be no doubt that their alle- gations are true. The Chicago Daily for instance, says that a direc- tive "authenticated by American Em- bassy sources'1 says that President Tliieu sent top secret directives lo all province chiefs and mayors tell- ing them in detail how to 'rig' the election. The directive tells town and village authorities bou- lu sabo- tage the opposition. The U.S. ambassador to South Viet- nam, lillsworlh Hunker, has been un- able lo do tiiiylhing to persuade eith- er of the opposilion candidates lu slay in Ihe nice, if only for the sake of appearance. Vice president Ky, a former can- didate, has come up uitli a sugges- tion, lie a three months care- taker government under the presi- dent ot the Senate, to lake over for that period of lime in order to enact ;i electoral law and assure fair play lo all parlies. Mr. Thieu has luriied Ihis suggestion down. There are oilier suggestions such as a swift recall Parliament, in order lo amend the unfair election law. if the three candidates could agree beforehand on now lo amend il. The New York Times reports lliat United Stales still ha? sufficient leverage lo bring about Ihe only type ui contest that Vill give Ihc Soulli Vietnamese a meaningful choice." One can only hope that President Xixon will use lhal leverage lo bring Ihe stubborn Mr. Thieu lo lime. If lie cannot, the L'.S. will have suffered the worst defeat of ils history in Vietnam. Psychologically and politi- cally it would be a disaster. Nostalgia and necessity Now lhal mainland China is once again accessible to visitors from the United Stales, the Chinese people and their way of lid' arc being observed and analysed almost to the stale ol boredom. Occasionally, however, something is written that calls lor further comment. This is the case with something that James Reston, the noted New York Times column- ist, has written in one of his letters from China. Mr. Reston has found Ihe Chinese people very appealing. He thinks it is because lliey remind Americans of their simpler agrarian past "before the complexities of surtaxes and wage and price controls.'1 He says it is "something of a relief to visit a country where they LJUM i have so many things." Many people in North America in- duloe in a selective kind of nostalgia. They would like lo go back lo Ihe life'free of the complexities of gov- ernmental regulations: free of the confusions created by advanced civ- ilization; free of Ihe contamination of Ihe environment; free of crowd- ing. But they would like lo have these freedoms while still retaining the comforts and conveniences thcv now enjoy and which were no part of Ihat earlier lime. The two things do not seem lo be compatible. II "does not seem lo be possible lo have consumerism with- out corruption. The cost of consu- merism is the loss of the freedom and simplicity about which Mr. Res- Ion thinks Americans become out ra- ucously nostalgic and even senlimen- fal wlien they examine Chinese so- ciety. Air. Ueslon speaks of two kinds of people: those who take a great many things for granted, and those who lake the smallest, necessities with gratitude. It may not be pos- sible lo belong to (he first group much longer. Those who worry about such things as the pollution of the environment and the depletion of na- tural resources suggest thai the sim- pler life may become z necessity. H would be remarkable if those who take things for granted could come to take necessities with grali- lude. Lethbiidge 1905-1971 By Prof. E. George Mardon FOR the lirsl time since Albena was War. he saw active service on the west- made a province sixty-six years ago. ern front during the Great War. lie only Lcthbridgc will be represented by I wo died in 1970 at Ihc advanced age of nincty- members in the new Legislature. Redis- tribution has given Ihe city a second con- stituencv A total of nine citizens of Lcthbridge have teen elected lo the provincial bouse smce 3903. In Ihe first general election Dr Leverett DeVeber. a pioneer Liberal physi, cian, who had represented the region in the Legislative Assembly of Ihe Northwest Territories at Regina. was elected. He en- tered Premier Rutherford's first cabinet as two. When Hie United Farmers of Alberta came to power provincially in 1921. there was a movement in (he Legislature lo name Stewart Ihe Speaker. In the general election of 1925, Lelh- bridgc elected the Labor candidate An- drew Smeaton. Conservative R. R. David- sen was the runner-up. Scottish-born Smeaton was a machinist. He was re-elect- ed in 1930. In the 1935 election thai saw Wiliiam (Bi- ninister without portfolio. DeVeber had hie Bill) Aberhart and his Social Creditors come west in the early 1880's as a sur- geon attached to the Northwest Mounted Police before establishing a private prac- tice in Lelhbridgc in 1090. Ho resigned his come (o power. Lcthbridge returned Soc- recl Hans Enoch Wight. Wight was an un- usual SC candidate in Ibat he was a forty- ,t in the Legislature in 1906 upon be- six-year-old American-horn Morman cngi- seal jng appointed lo Ihe Canadian Senate where he served for many years. In thc resulting byclcntion, Liberal Wil- liam Charles Simmons defeated tive A. E. Kclfer and Labor candi- date T. H. Sherman. Simmons "'as born in Ontario and was a former Lelhbridgc sciiool principal before becoming a lawyer necr. Only a handful of the Socrcd candi- dates in ifl.'l.l had university degrees. He fell oul wiih Premier Aberharl in 19I17 and resigned bis scat. In the resulting byclec- lion, Dr. Peter McGregor Campbell, a well knov.n Lethbridge physician, was elected to Ihe Legislature. Campbell was re-elect- ed in 19-10. and was a prominent member lhc manager ct lhc Southern Alberta ct thc shortlived -Independent" movement Land Company. lie. in turn, resigned Ihe seat in order to be a federal Liberal can- of Conservatives and Liberals dedicated to defeating the Social Credit. In 194J the didate in 1908. He failed in his effort lo lnen seventy-two year-old doctor declined get inlo Parliament but two years later lo Hc had comc lo in 1905 was named a judge. Simmons was for :lt liic. ,ul'RinR of Dr was years the Chief Justice of Ihe trial divi- Lelhbndge-.s first member of the Lcgisla- Lelhbridgc elected .Social Crcd- sion of the Supreme Court of Alborla. lllu'1 Another byelecfion was called for January, In I 1909, in which the Labor candidate, Don- ilcr John Landcrjou who has represented aid McXabb, was elected by acclamation. Die city ever since. Landcryou, who is not MciVabb did not remain Ihe MLA for Lclii- feckiim re-election, is retiring at age lili. bridge for Ions as he was defeated by Lib- He entered politics when elected as So- rral William A-hlmry P.iichanan. publisher ears later. During the twenty-seven years that Lethbridge should have a cabinet Ibat he ha.s been the city's elected repre- memher in order to loot after its inter- in Lamlcrjou ha.s ta- est. lie went to the Rulhcrford cabinet as Ihe minister-without porltolio. Unfortunate- ly for Ilucbanan resigned his seat in tile fxjgislalure. lo differences of opinion wilh liie on lailway transactions. He (hen went inlo (e.leral politics, defeating C. A. Map-alli, the in- ken a back seal, liulh he and S. Lee, Ml.A lor Tabcr, were expelled from Ihe Social Crodil fiarly in hrif) as a lesull of r.-earelal. liul v, lien bnlh reliirned in Ihe provuiual Hcclinn of lhal year. I hoy were rc-admilLed lo the parly. In Ihe general election, Landervou cumbcnt Conservative member for Medi- was relnrned with a decreased majm-ily. cine Hat. Bnrhanan was called to Ihe ate in and died in HIM. Lclhbndgc's third byelection in MX jcars in 1911 saw (he election of Conservative, .John K, Slewart, Doctor and later General Slcuarl rrpi'e.senlcd Hie eily in Ihe Leg- islature linli] lie >.'.a.s prominc'iil talliliridgc donli.st, a veteran at Ibe Hiicr lie oblaincd li.ifir, votes, compared wilh for Conservative Wilfred nouns. for Liberal John lluras, and for Ihc NDP candidale, Charlie fiuijert. The nine men who have served Ihe cili- y.ons of in Ihe Alherla lilrc -.l.iaild In- icmt mlnTcd a- pnhui'alh- .spinled men of abilili. Vietnamese elections and the war WASHINGTON There is no point in gelling angry about (lie fly has so ob- Lcmsiy boon put in on Ihc South Vietnamese prrsidcnlUil elec- i'wn olei'lions is us usual for Vietnam as hoi wejiUi- er in August. What is bnd is what the fix says about the1 atlilude ol the Nixon administration toward the Fur it is one more indication that the presi- dent is not; yet ready to take the slops required lo make peace in Asia. The fixed election is nonniil lo Vietnamese politics for rea- sons thai go deep into history and social At bottom there is Hie vulnerability of peasant society to superior force, in Vietnam, as in so many other parts of Asia, Ihat basic fact of life has been hard- ened by religion ami tradition inlo an iron rule of docile obed- ience lo local authorities. On top of lhal base there has been Uiu experience of (he war. Tliffi-e who have survived the battling and bombing of the past two decades are those who have known how (o make ac- commodations with men who hauled guns. Elections have long been seen as only one of Ibe means of enlisting support for one side or another. Peas- ants who do not support the local boss know that it i 11 counl against Uicm in one ivay or another. In the time of Ngo Dinh Diem, Ihc Soulb Vietnamese regime regularly won ciuclion.-, wilh per cent of the vole or over. The 1967 presidential election was close only because no one dominated Ihc army or the pol- ice or the bureaucracy. But since then a powerful en- gine of conlrol has been estab- lished in South Vietnam through the great efforts of the Ameri- cans there and the regime of President Nguyen Van Thictr. There arc a million for every 15 people in the South Vietnamese armed forces. A bureaucracy laden u'ith idfunnalion gathered for security purposes on every citi- zen reaches inlo UK furthest corners of (he country. II was a foregone conclusion (bat this powerful engine of con- trol would work for the relec- tion of President Thieu unless the United States prevented it. Preventing it would not have been easy. Certainly there was mi question of merely being neutral. Nei'lralily, given the past co-operation between Hie American embassy and the Thieu regime, would have been neutrality for Thieu. To foster a truly honest elee- (ion in Vietnam, the U nited "Those Canadians back Steles government would luivo bad to intervene in a direct amd determined fasliion. U would have had lo repudiate past co- operation between American of- ficials and President Thieu. Tliu symbol of the co-operation, Am- bassador Ellsworth Bunker, would have had to go. Even then, it would have been nol so imicli a free election as a par- tial rigging on behalf of one of Ihe palenlial puacc candidates Gen. Duong Van Minn or Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky. The Nixon administralion was not ready lo take any such risks. What it sought was not a free election but the appear- ance of a free election. The idea was lhal, U Presidenl Thieu won a solid victory over serious opposilion, his hand w o u I d be strengthened and there would be that much more pressure en the other side to conic to terms acceptable to the Nixon administration. To tliat end, Gen. Minh and Vice President Ky were both encouraged lo enter the race. President Thieu was warned against rigging lhc vole in any obvious, beavyhanded way. Not surprisingly the p o 1 icy fell apart. With American back- ing cert a i n, Presidenl Thieu overdid [he pressure. Gen. Minh, sensing what was afoot, refused to be a parly to making a fixed election look honest. After some complicated by-play Vice President Ky also with- drew, wrapping himself in vir- tue with a bitler parting shot at the rigging of the election. The unshol is a complete fail- Tre of Ibe adminislralion's stra- tegy. Barring some boll from Ihe blue, President Tbieu will "in re-election. But it will not be a "good" election apt to force the other side lo terms. On Hie contrary, lhc olbci- side will be more than ever templed to put pressure on Thieu as an American The lesson of all this is lhal Vietnamese poblics no longer offers a way out of tlic war. The Unilcd States is loo deeply involved to fob off a peace or war decision on a free eleclion by the South Vietnamese. If peace is to be made, Ibis eoi'nlry will have lo force the pace. And perhaps the one good thing thai can be said about Ihe ludicrous developments in Sai- gon is thai they make il a little harder for the administration (o keep dodging [he peace offer put lo Ihis country by the other side on July 1. (Field Enterprises. Inc.) Letters to the editor Alberta in the forefront of environmental protection: ludicrous For years Hie Social Credit government lias been able to pay-as-it-u-cnt with a somc- reasonable lax base be- cause oil provided a splendid source of revenue. Bui oil rev- enues have fallen off in recent years and the government has been caught without any real program to finance the provin- cial operations except by def- icit financing (currently at about million por In his first >car of office Mr, Strom had to abandon liic pay- as-you-go policy previously ad- hered to. Thc inability of the present administration to make ends meet seems lo be the reason why we are seeing a program of 'incentives Lo pcL mining nnd Umber inlcvesLs to spend mon- ey liere now rather llian else- where or late r. For example Alberta eharpcs only 10 cents per ton royalty on coal as com- pared to" 25 cents per Ion charged in B.C. and logging companies arc not required l'> clean up after themselves (cre- ating serious fire hazards) nor to do any replanting ing large-scale erosion and stream The B.C. government, having learned by mistakes, now requires logging companies to establish replanting within five years or face serious penalties. Forestry officials arc given authority to shut, logging opcr.'Hioiis down if they find adequate precau- tions to protect thc environ- ment arc not taken. Moreover these operafiuis arc policed regularly. No Mich con.slrainls HIT, placnrl nn logging compa- nies in Albcila. Seismic c in p a n i e s have crisacrossed all otir wilderness areas with bulldozers, ripping out trees, cluttering Ibe land- scape and e.vposing the .soil lo serious erosion, [.eases for such operations are cheaper in Alberta anyuJiero ol.sc in North Amcricii. There are no requirements I hit llim; com- panies clean up or refil.'inl. Hie. trees. In one case Ihis year a seismic company a gov- ernment, permit, bulldozed right through a httmtirnl fishing ro- s o r t in Northern Alberta, de- si roving a heaolifiil piece of wilderness, polluting n lake and pulling one company out of ncwcd faith. This year T came home sick and disheartened. landscape has been scar- red everywhere. Cualdust cakes much of thc vegetation and ground in some pails of Lho Kananaskis valley. 1 was shocked to learn that the forest research slalion located in Iho Kananaskis valley is working on a crash program of re- snart'h. hoping to find ways of partially saving the ecology of the valley, especially the wild- life, against Ihe of the planned high speed coal road that "straighten out" the KanarKtfkis valley. Why is the provincial government plan- ning to install such a road? It's part of a deal made wilh the Canmorc mining operation so that coal in the valley can bo mined fa.slcr! When T questioned govern- ment pcnplc about tl'c low roy- alties charged, am] lhc absence of restoration requirements I learned that thc purpose for this kind of give-away is so that we can compete more favor- ably with other provinces and (lie Slates for (lie business. Without the inducement they may go elsewhere. Let our chil- dren worry about the cost and problems of environmental re- storation if it is still possible. We need the money now! Is this why the government refuses to set aside sizable wilderness areas and why it in- sists on resource development even in the ones which may be set aside9 The way that oil, coal, and timber interests are being allowed lo pollute our streams and rape our wilder- ness areas no thought for tomorrow is despicable. And where is Ihe economics in il. Die revenues eannot begin I o pay the cost of environmental restoration, notwithstanding re- cent statements to the con- trary. Waste made useful By Don Oakley, NKA service rPAKL' a million low of manure and 2.6 billion broken bottles and put them togellier nnd what have you? A .sharp smell? Wrong. You'd have a "foamed ceramic mate- rial which resembles slyro- foam in wcighl and appear- ance, is an excellent heat and noise insulator, impermeable lo water and gas, doesn't burn or .smell, can be painted, glaml, drilled or sawed, can lie clued or nailed Hiid is ehrnp and easy lo produce.'1 Hard a.s it may Ix1 to bo- lieve. a LCI.A engineering pro- fessor ha.s done just Ihat. It all started a leu months ago ivlicn a former in Califor- nia's Imperial Valley asked Prof. .lohn D. lor help in tackling a major uaslc disposal problem. It. seems lhal Ihe cou' produces one Ion of dried di'iig every year. This amounts lo Ions in Ihc Imperial V.vllr.v alone .ind one million tons in Ibe stale. Since each Ion t a 1; es up 100 cubic (eel, California livestock breeders are .stuck wilh 100 million cubic feet of the stuff each year. l''armers don't use il because commercial is mole economical and efficient, mill il can't he burned because of the air pollution it would cre- ate. Californians also throw out some 50 million glass bottles a week. PiMling the two togeth- er, using S-10 per cent of dung as a foaming agent to 90 95 per ccnt. of finely powdered glass, Mackenzie developed his basic process. Thc powdered dung can also be used by itself, without (lie glass, In produce a paint pig menl. as well as black colorant for rubber (ires. "1 am confident that no have Now you can try lo sweep the Bennett Dam under the rug be- cause that was done by some- one else in another province and supposedly no one could have known what would hap- pen. But they did. Biologists from the department of fish and wildlife gave explicit warn- ing in a documentary report submitted lo the cabinet well in advance of construction cf the dam, and before the cabinet gave provincial assent lo the dam. They chose to ignore the warning. It will be recalled that last mnler (he University of Alber- la sponsored a symposium in professionals from many disciplines would pool their tal- ents, review the reports and current research on Ihe prob- lems of the Athabasca delta and hopefully comc up wilh vi- able solutions. Mr Henderson who subsequently became min- istpr of the environment and Mr. Ruslc who at lhal time had water resources in hi.s portfolio, gave themselves away when they censored those specialists in the civil service whose re- search had defined the ecologi- cal problems associated with the dam, so Ihat they could not participate. II was more import- ant for the government lo avoid embarrassment than lo work out solutions lo Ibe problem. Mr. Henderson now insists lhal Uie wlwle business is a bunch of nonsense, that lha dam is a blessing because if has made it possible lo build more dams downstream, (pow- er for industry, el.al.) com- pletely ignoring Ihc lessons learned from the Bennett dam or the lessons learned from the sequence of dams on the Co- lumbia River where thc fish in- dustry has been ruined forever and the river is irretrievably dying. That Mr. Strom should brag about being in the forefront of c n v i r cnmcnlal protection be- cause he renamed a few of (lie pxisling government groups or that he should have appointed Mr. Henderson (o be (he min- ister of thai department is ludi- crous It's lime we found some real- istic lo manage our eco- nomy. Let's cut programs in- stead of promising things we can't pay for. And for God's sake. Mr. Sl.roin. slop prostitut- ing our resources. .1 M. KELLY, P. EMG. Lelbbridge. Looking backward nun -iii.N, kenzic mftde.slly. O.K., doc. Now lei's srn; you make .something or.l of all (hofic .sons' cars. .So They Say II will not be a joke by 197C, Ibe annivcr.sai-v of our Republic, that a woman mighl run lor president. -Holly I'Yiedan, al Iho in- auguration of a National Women's Political Caucus Through (be. Herald Rioting has broken nut in Belfast, breaking the truce ccntractcd by Britain and the Irish Republicans. Hi'll Meimoniles of Mani- loba a.skctl for unemployment relief under Ihe farm-sctllcnienl. plan, llfu applicanl-s arc seek- ing permanent aid under a plan which would give each a small equipped farm. Mill The federal oil con- troller loday issued an order staling that after Oct. 1 Cana- dian drivers may purchase only livo grades of gasoline lliose of 75-75 octane, rating and of octane rating. Vanxliall has re- ceived SH3.003 from thc provin- cial government under Ihe Self Liquidating Projects Art. Tho money is loaned for sewer and water iiislalalion projects. Sale was confirmed today of .six million bushels more w'neai 10 liic "People's He- public of China for shipment ny lhc end of St'plembcr from SI. Lawrence- Hiver ports. The Uthbridcje Herald 504 7lb St. S., Lelliljridgc, Albcrla LETHBUIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishc Published 1905-1051, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Socnnrl Class AArtll RcfjlMMlInn No 0017 Membrr ol Tlir? Canadian Press and HIP OinmNrm Dally Nrwspapor Publishers' Association and lha Audit Durc.m of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General JOE OAl.LA Wll.l'lAM HAY ROY I Mil FT, DOUGLAS K WAI KFR Advcrli'-mri Wr.rnTinr Fdiio.-iiii Edtlor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"