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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 40 THE LGTHBRIDGE HERALD August Southwest Africa or Namibia Whatever the it's a land of harsh and cruel contrasts By CHARLES MOI1R New York Times Service Southwest Afri- ca The Whites who rule It call the territory Southwest Africa. To the blacks who want to rule and to the United it is Namibia. A resi- dent of any race is likely to call it just southwest. Most whites doubt that it is or ever will be a country. Arti- culate and politically conscious blacks are sure it will be some- day. Even lifetime residents have never seen large sections of sections as empty and unvisited as Tibet. The Viich history and nature have conspired to make will come to in- ternational attention next month when the United Nations Secur- ity Council debates whether to permit Secretary General Kurt WV.'heim to continue a diplo- matic dialogue with South Afri- I ca on the future of the disputed now under South African control. With an area of square miles almost as large as France and Italy combined but with only people at the time of the 1970 it is ths most sparsely populated area of Africa except for neigh- boring Botswana. Southwest is an ethnic patch- work. The Ovambo group of tribes is by far the largest with or 46 per cent of the population. The whites are the second largest group per There are 10 other ethnic IRA rules Concluded from Page 31 won't Certainly the Brit- ish forces have often walked into traps in the area. Twenty- three soldiers have been killed near Corssmaglen in the past two years. So there is no argument with IRA claims that it operates a area in the Corssmag- len district. The claim is backed up by the IRA road blocks which can appear on any local road. It's backed up by the Irish Republican which flutters definatly over Cross- maglen's market a stone's throw from the shutter- ed police military post which is supplied only by armored vehi- cle. IRA control of the area was tmderlined by a sustained at- tack Aug. 11 against this police military post in Crossmaglen. Twenty provisional IRA men in combat jackets first moved lo- cal residents from the area. Then during the one-hour attack Saturday night the IRA fired mortar and automatic fire at the sandbag- ged post. Thirty men ff the British Army's Light Inlantry defended the post and claimed three while 7 soldiers were in- jured slightly. The British Army responded to the attack by mounting a helicopter search of the area the IRA remained in control of the ground. The British seem to reluctant- ly accept this situation. It is the Southern authorities two miles who most strenuously ob- ject. As a an interesting new situation is developing. Unoffi- there is a gradual British withdrawal from the area. At the same Southern secur- ity forces are being encouraged to cross into the North in pur- suit of the IRA. For the moment this shift creates an unpatrolled area just north of the border where all acknowledge that the IRA oper- ates freely. It is admitted unofficially that the IRA's main base is now in the IRA's Southern sanctuaries. Certainly the IRA men we spoke to near Crossmaglen ac- cepted this change bitterly. One used to be that we here could do devilment and then skate across the bor- der and now all the guards stop the lads going Because of Southern success- es against the it's natural to find Northern politicians and the British authorities looking for a way to bring the Southern forces into the IRA's Northern strongholds such as Crossmag- len. Thus talk of joint patrolling in border areas is naturally even among hard- line Protestant loyalists who re- ject any other dealings with the Irish Republic to the south. Just as the South reacts with suspicion. Southern authorities are con- fident that their tested tactics could clean out the IRA's North- ern sanctuaries. But this action will not be undertaken if it msans giving a new lease of life to a separate Northern Ire- land statelet. Thus the South will grit teeth and watch the IRA strut around its Northern no-go base areas until the British offer a better deal. The price for Southern co- operation in cleaning out 'Crossmaglen will be to give the South a share in policing all of Northern Ireland. The sug- gested means is to establish a joint police authority within a federal Council of Ireland. In the it seems certain that the IRA will con- tinue to dominate the Roman Catholic areas near the border. the British Army's success against the IRA in urb- an areas has strengthened the IRA's grip in the where saturating the area with troops is impossible. So travellers can look forward for some time to finding the Irish flag flying defiantly in Crossmaglen and finding IRA gunmen manning any military checkpoints i n this Northern Ireland frontier district. Graffitti master is up from subway NEW YORK a master of the Manhattan school of has come up from the subway. 17-year-old Jaime still works with bursts of a spray-paint can. But he and his friends Spin-a- Kool Breeze and Straight Man have given new respect- ability to a street art that last year cost the city million in cleaning bills for subway stations and buses. He is a member of the United Graffitti a group of 14-to 18-year-olds founded last October by Hugo Martinez. a sociology stu- dent. Most of the members are Puerto all of them male. So far the 20 members have painted the backdrop for the Jeffrey Ballet's critically ac- claimed Deuce pre- sented an exhibit at City Col- lege and received private commissions including a mid- town office mitral. NOTICE Schools in the County of Lethbridge No. 26 Will open for the fall term on SEPTEMBER 4 At Picture cnly the teachers will present on September 4. will operate to schools in the town of Butte on September 5. Students should be prepared to attend a full day. The schools involved Picture Butte High the Dorothy Dalgliesh School and St. Cather- ine's Roman Catholic Separate School. Vans will operate to all other country and St. Joseph's Separate School in Coaldale on Tues- September 4. Both students and teachers will ba in attendance. 3100 students are expected to enroll in the 16 schools operated by the County of of these 224 are beginners who will be attending school for the first time. groups ranging in size from the Damaras to the tribesmen-hunters of the Kaoko- veld. There are also bush- men among the most primi- tive people on earth and prob- ably the world's roost skillful wilderness surviving easily in the waterless sandveld where others would die. In a little semi-autonomous republic 70 miles south of Wind- hoek live the Reboboth Basters the Afrikaans word means mulatto descendants of white Afrikaan- er fathers and Hottentot moth- ers who unsuccessfully trek- ked from South Africa to find freedom in the 19th century. With seeming pride they accept their name they keep back ser- whom they segregate. Another mulatto the gave the place its biblical taking the they called the name of it Rehobot and he for now the Lord hath made room for and we shall be fruitful in the as exotic as its peo- is harsh and sometimes but with a kind of raw- unvarnished beauty. The mile coast is the most inhospitable and treacher- ous in the world. It has been the scene of so many ship- wrecks that the northern part is called the Skeleton and the charts are studded with the ominous words bot- discolored If a shipwrecked crew survived the cold high surf and reefs and got to it faced death from tuirst or starvation. A few years ago an expedition found a note left by the sur- vivor of a still-unidentified Am- erican whaler. It said the cast- away was setting out for help and urged that rescuers follow with food and water. will help the sailor wrote. His note was found 82 years later. Ths southern part of the coastal region 11 per cent of the country is a closely pa- trolled diamond area in which virtually all travel is prohibit- ed. The one opsn east-west to the town of is lined with signs warning motor- ists they face heavy fines or jail you leave this raod for any The Orangemund Diamond mine in this area is probably the richest in the world. More than 90 per cent of its output is gem quality diamonds that make up 20 per cent of the world's supply. Some are pick- ed up by black miners using whiskbrooms on seaside rocks. The area is closed to prevent the freelance and above all that would disrupt world prices. Just inland from the coast is the Namib from which African nationalists have taken the name Namibia. Some sci- entists believe it is the oldest desert in the world because more spscies of sand-dwelling beetles have evolved here than anywhere else. It is certainly one of the most harsh. Beyond the Namib rises central most of it firm- ly in the hands of the with their big ranches and little cities. The southern part of the pla- teau is so barren that it can- not support cattle or even much small livestock. White farmers have solved this problem by raising Karakul from v'- Persian lamb coats are made. Only the breeding stock must have pasture because the lambs re killed within 24 hours of birth and skinned for market. The central plateau around and north of Windhosk is cattle country. The brush-covered hills and plains are also thick with greater Africa's most beautiful with large spiral horns. The Kudu are so prolific that they present a ser- ious traffc hazard at night and have caused many fatal acci- dents. In the east the plateau blends into the Kalahari which stretches deep Into Bots- wana. Although the beds of sand are up to 500 feet deep they carry some shrubs and trees. In the far bordering are the Kav- Caprivi and Kakoland tri- bal which South Afri- can policy-makers call African homelands. It is difficult for journalists or any other non- officials to get permission to visit the areas. There is more rain there than anywhere and crop agriculture Is possi- ble. Save on our most comfortable put-ons next to Men's stretch-to-f it underwear and hosiery. Our most comfortable put-ons under Stock up now and save. For 3 days only. Sears Our very best In a fine quality bland. Stretch Fortrel polyester-and-eotton. Wears longer than what you're used to' Normal machine wash and drying won't discolour them. Practically shrinkproof. Shades Medium Gold. Purple or While. 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