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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Indian problem It'll get worse before it's expected to get better By RICHARD MACKIE The Times of London OTTAWA When the queen told a group of Indians on her first tour of Canada this year that treaties their ancestors had signed with representatives of the Crown would be she allowed herself to become involved in a long-festering dif- ficulty. The Indian problem is ex- tremely complex. Trying to deal with it has frustrated several governments. Even some gov- ernment officials say privately that relations between the fed- eral government and tha In- dians will worsen before they improve. There is no simple solution to the problem. Even-if there it might not be put into effect because Canadian politi- cians generally do not feel ths Indian question is an important political issue. For the immed- iate the government is likely to continue its recent policy of dealing with specific Indian problems ES they ap- proach the crisis stage and try- ing to cool other problems. While it is doing this. Cana- dian courts are redefining the problem by issuing which alter the effect of the Indian the legislation cov- ering the relationship between the government and the Indians. This adds further uncertainties to officials trying to ease the strains between the govern- ment and the Indians. A principal reason for the complexity of the problem is that there are two types of or inuit under the law. There are the approximately Treaty whose tribes signed treaties with Hie Crown and v.'ho thus have offi- cial status as Indians. This sLa- tus entitles among other to reside on reservations and to receive free health care find education. There are also non- treaty mainly persons with mixed Indian and white blood. They have no legal status but are very low on the econo- mic ladder and subject to 1he same racial bigotry that faces treaty Indians. This which stereo- types Indians as illiter- ate is anotiher complica- tion the political approach to the Indian issue. The anti- Indian feeling tends to be strongest in areas where there are large members of Indians. The prejudice limits any gov- ernment's political base from which to try to deal with the Indian issue. Especially with the present minority govern- politicians are fearful of forthright action to deal with the issue. It could cost them needed political support. Four years when Pierre Trudeau's government was fresh from a strong it attempted a massive revision of the Indian Act to straighten out relations between the In- dians and the federal govern- ment. The attempt failed for sever- al reasons. The Indian commu- nity lacks unity. Within one hand there can be three dis- tinct groups with different atti- tudes. One might emphsaize the val- ue of I lian traditions and want to preserve the historic Indian way of government. Another group might believe in elected councils. A third group would be young and radical. It would look to the confroriation at Wounded Knee in the United States for an example of how Indians should deal with whites. One thing upon which these groups generally agree is that they do not trust the federal especially tha of- ten-patronizing officials of the Indian affairs department. In any attempt to aid the the federal government must ov- ercome this suspicion. Since its failure to overhaul the Indian the federal has been trying to help fee Indians to help them- selves mainly through grants of money. Sometimes this has been successful. But ihe lack of accept- ed leadership within the Indian community has sometimes em- barrassed the g o v e r nment. This occurred when the govern- ment tried to assist a self-help program organized by a group of Indians near Thunder Bay. Some of the money was spent on what many felt was unec- essary travel. Other funds went to improve the homes of the program's leaders. This brought more controversy into the gov- ernment's attempts to dead with the Indian issue. The object of the govern- ment's actions is to help the Indians find a suitable life style in a white man's country. This objective is the basic thrust of treaties with the Indians. It is more difficult as Ifldians are often badly educated and living in poorer parts of the country. t .ePX iTOR '-'-o 1873 1973 Treat yourself to the rich golden smoothness of 1878. Blended smooth. Aged smooth. Priced smooth. A smooth number w Pan American Highway Darien Gap liiglnvay gap Work is goirvg ahead on the final gap In a highway that will when completed link North and South America. The Darien Gap in Control America is about 250 miles 200 of it in Panama and the resf in Colombia. When it is the Pan-American Highway will run miles from Alaska to the bottom tip of South America. Running from Panama to Chigor- the 'unfinished ttretch is a wilderness of jungles and swamps. U.S. government has agreed to pay million toward the estimated million cost of finishing the read. It should be fin- ished in 1976. OF I F RRATf ADA S INNOVATIVE Classroom coordinates Sears Plan your fashion-school schedule now. From A to Z. Acrylic Zingy skirts. A knit shirt to go with both. Shirt of cotton polyester comes in navy or brown.print on a beiga background .Machine Juniors 5- 13. Change the mood with on acrylic knit sweat- turtleneck or pointelle pat- terned crew necks. Hand dry flat. Assorted colors. Sizes And the skirts. Both of woven poly- ester-wool and styled 'by a leading Canadian maker. In a wide choice of Colorful checks. Dry clean. Jrs. 5 to 15. Sweaters Shirt Skirts ea. 5.99 9.99 ea. Junior Bazaar Department II JUNIOR Simpsons-Sears Ltd. 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