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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Tueirfoy, Au-juil 27, 1772 7HI ItTHlRIDGl 5 Stanley Uys Cracks in Vorsfer's Bantusfan policy TOWN The dccla- ration two of South Africa's Ranlustan leaders that they wf.nl "one lilack nation" in South Africa means that the grand design of Mr. John Voi- slcr's Bantuslan policy is tic- ginning to collapse. The essence of this policy is lo distribute the country's ir. million Africans among at least nine Dantustans, consisting (if the remnants of the tradition- al homelands. Together, Ilieso homelands cover no more than ]3 per cent ul South Africa's surface area the remaining 87 per cent is left for the four million whiles, with some seg- regated residential areas for the two million Colorcds (of mixed-race descent) and Indians. Although only about one- third of the African population lives in the Dantustans.....large- ly areas of subsistence agri- culture Ihc government's in- tention is that not only this one- third, but also tin' two-thirds who live in white cities and on white farms should become citizens of one or other Bantu- stan. In other words, whether an African is physically present in a Bantustan or not, or whether he has even paid it a Meeting visit, he will become a citizen of it by virtue of his tribal origins. They are already being Issued with certificates of "citi- zenship" for the Bantustans, al- though naturally they will bo "dual citizens" until the Bantu- stans become independent, 'lliis is the Vorstcr government's "solution" of the race problem. The moral justification of the Bantustan policy lies, so il Is claimed, in the fact that it givc.s the Africans their own homelands, which they can de- clare independent whenever they By this separation of the races, the argument con- tinues, friction will be avoided the whole of South African history, which shows that wherever frontiers were created there was friction. The catch Is that the Banlu- slans arc so poor that they de- pend on the rest of South Africa for their economic survival, and must continue to do so for the foreseeable future, be- cause industrial development within their borders is negligi- ble, and no private white capi- tal or foreign aid is allowed in except un a limiting "agency" Critics of the bonluslan pol- icy thus point out that Mr. Vor- ster's government has it both ways: it denies Africans politi- cal and other rights in the "white" areas, and yet is able lo keep the liantustaas, in in- definite vassalage because of their economic dependence. The first liantu.stan to be given "self government" was the Trariskoi, which got a leg- islative assembly in under P a r a m o u n t Chief Kaiser Matanzima as chief minister. Latterly, the whole program has been speeded up, and other liantustans have sprung up thick and fast. The Zulus, under Chief Gat- sha nulhclczi, resisted the IJonlustan system until the lost, but then decided they had no alternative than to "play the system" since as Chief Iluthclezi has just pointed out- no African political activity is permitted outside the Bantu- sfan framework. Playing the system has its limita lions, though. Although the government uses the term "self government" to describe the constitutional level of the Banlustans, there is in fact self-government only In a lim- ited range of departments; and besides controlling the annual financial subsidy from Preto- ria, Mr. Vorster's minister of Bantu administration can also veto Bantustan legislation, or even appoint and depose the hereditary chiefs who hold the majority of seals in the legisla- ture. One. can understand, there- fore, why Mr. Vorstev's mini- sters feel selfconfidont over a clash with the Banlustans. They believe they have tho whip hand. The minister of the interior and information, Dr. Connie Mulder, showed this when he remarked that the fact that Banlustan leaders spoke out at all "is worth Its weight in gold, because il shows the world they are not government slaves." The reply by Iho minister of Banlu adminislralion, Mr. Mi- chlcl Bolha, to Chiefs Matan- zima and IJuthelezi, was jusl as patronizing and contemptuous of the iiantuslan leaders. warned them thai if they A. view on employment liy Don Oakley, NKA Service AT A TIME of high unem- ployment, the level of ah- scnlecism and turnover in Iho jiulomotivc induslry is the high- csl in history. "This is contrary lo every economic cxpcclalion and is typical of new attitudes which will require the humanizing of work and of says Prof. Louis Davis of Iho University ol California. Davis has launched a major project, undenvrillen by a Ford Foundation granl, to study ways of improving the quality of working life in Iho United Stales. Examining the same evi- dence, a management con- sultant has come up with a sim- ilar diagnosis. "Never before has the Amer- ican worker been so important to the nation's economy as right says Hoy W. Walt- ers. "But in the present busi- ness environment, with its em- phasis on productivity at all costs, we may be losing sight of our human resources." Yet another management consultant, citing the nalion's failure lo crealc a full employ- menl economy compalible with stable prices, suggests we need a fundamental re-evaluation of our tradilional concepts ol frca enterprise capitalism. Before World War T, when much of Ihe economy was in the hands of the self-employed and small family enterprises, we enjoyed virtually full em- ployment and stable prices, writes William McDonald Wal- lace in an article in the Wall Street Journal. But as big business rose to dominate the economy, it mado a tragic mistake in its approach lo labor, he says. It opted for n bureaucratic social order in response lo Ihe classical econo- mists' assumptions about "eco- nomic man." This "economic man" is a different species from the social animal we know BS man. Be- longingness, esprit de corps and camaraderie are emotions and motivations unknown lo him. lie sells his services imperson- ally lo Ihc highest bidder and moves on wilhout regret in re- sponse to a higher offer. Equally without regret, Iho buyer-employer lays him off in response to changes in market demand. To put it another way, busi- ness bureaucracy pays the job and not the man, regarding its employees as impersonal sell- ers of labor services who must compete with each other for "better jobs." Consider, by contrast, tho spectacularly successful Japan- ese economy, says Walters. The idea of "economic man" makes no sense at all lo Iho Japanese. Trying to make peo- ple conform to an economist's abstract model of the economy is to Ihem a product of the in- scrutable Occidental mind. In Ihe Japanese view, corpor- ations depend on teamwork rather than individual effort, and since esprit dc corps and camaraderie improve team- work while satisfying deeply felt human needs, why not take advantage of this fact? The Japanese have created a system of lifetime employ- ment tenure. They pay Iho man, not Ihc job, and pay him a flexible v.'agc rclaled lo cor- porate performance. Thus Ihe Japanese can adjust to a business slump while main- laining stable employment. Whatever the vagaries of thn business cycle, the individual employee in Japan looks for- ward lo promotion and hence better pay until he retires. "The famed loyally and dc- dicalion of Japanese employees does nol reflect the mysteries of their upbringing so much as Ihe pragmatic policies of Ihcir says Walters. "Nor docs Ihe erosion of Iho work ethic in America reflect some mysterious greening pro- cess. Rather it reflects the poisonous effect of bureaucracy on teamwork." can be a friend Your newlelephone directory can be a very good friend. Because H can be a big help. Your directory can save you from embarrassment by giving you the right numbers. So you don't feel Joolish by dialing wrong ones. Il has a lot more than a cove; and c lot of pages in between. You'll find important numbers. Like your doctor, or dentist. The closest gas station. And drug store, Tha addresses and phone numbers of your friends. And emergency numbers. Like Hie police. Your directory even has e special section on how io use ODD. So you see, your directory does have a lot to oiler. Won't you get a good thing going with yours today? Color e Ihe no ha nook phone comts oil th N HTHE SEE the grfmUng of their iniLSsivc land claims a prccon- (fiLiun for asking Tor their in- they would never independence; that they could huvrj their black "con- fecJcratiun'' thc-y were in- ck'pcmlcnt if this was what they hut that they should remember that black unity was an illusion; ami that they should nut allow themselves to he manipulated as "puppets'" by "persons and circles" in South Africa and abroad who were "more interested in the downfall of the South African government than in the pro- gress of the Hantu nations and their homelands." Mr. V o r s I e r's government, therefore, believes it can han- dle UK; revolt of the Bantiislan Juaclcrs the way it has handled sporadic outbursts from them in the past. Is il justified in this assumption? First, there are new elements in th'j situation. One is that Paramount Chief Matanzima, has always played along the government (but mollified his own followers by making dramatic land and oth- er claims from time to now appears to have made a complete switch. He has returned to South Africa from a six week's visit to the United States inspired by the achievements of the black militants there, convert- ed to "black and proclaiming that black is beautiful. !Iis demand for "one black nMion" in South Africa has been endorsed by Chief Bulhelczi, ami this in itself Is rejection of the whole Banlu- Man philosophy, which envi- sages the fragmentation of the African population into nine ethnically distinct countries, each set on a course to sov- ereign independence. Chief Bulhelczi says the Rnnlustan philosophy is a di- vide-and-ruic device, and that the African people are not go- ing to accept it. He says he is prepared to serve under Chief Matanzima as prime minister, if necessary, and Chief Matan- x.ana, who until now has been portrayed as Chief Buthclczi's rival, says he is prepared to serve under the Zulu chief. This is further repudiation of flic BantiiAtan idea, which says blacks cannot integrate ethni- cally just as blacks and whites cannot integrate. This is an important new ele- ment, too, in the situation: the disclosure that these two Ranlustan chiefs, and at least two others, have been consult- ing privately on what Chief Buthclezi calls a "common" stra- tegy." The immediate aim of this common strategy appears to be !o test publicly the sincerity of the linnUistan policy by mak- ing claims which the gov- ernment cannot meet, because of its commitments to white voters, and which in fact, it has already totally rejected. Chief Buthelezi .says this will be the "acid lest" of the policy. If the policy fails the tost, he de- clares, it then be exposed as fraudulent. These aims are all realiz- able, but even when the point is reached when the Bantustan theory breaks down it is close to Ihis point now how will this aid the struggle of the blfK'k leaders? No! hing CNI n be predicted wilh any certainty, but it is in- conceivable that the break- down of the Banlustan policy would not leave its impact on 1 fie whites, many of whom could take fright at Hie turn of events. They would then be faced black solidarity of a kind they had never known and ironically the government, through its apartheid institu- tions, would have created- the means for the achievement of thi'-i solidarity. Much then would depend on the reaction of the white op- position. If it was in enlighten- ed hands, possibly it could ex- ploit the confusion in govern- ment ranks, take over the ad- ministration, and steer the c en i n I f y n wa y f rom a whi te- blnrk clash. Tliis Is a big "if." Another possibility is thai the whites would simply gang up nnrt sanction inorr repressive mcaMire.s against the ;it n lime when black conscious- ness fin oilier words, black an- ger) would lie .spreading in Iho country. Tins is the real possibility: that the "common strategy" the: Bantuslnii leaders have em- barked upon will bring to the surface Ihc hi ark consciousness Hint is simmering in the coun- try, ami give it a power base from which to operate. T h e dreaded confrontation between white and black in South Africa would Uien he brmighl another step closer. This is what enlightened whiles lim-e been trying desperately to avoid. But the dice seem to be loaded against them. OVritfcn for The Herald Thfi Observer, London) Big question for Bloods Leo Fox, in Kairo! IT is so easy to criticize but so hard to put forth an honest opinion. As a com- mediator on current Indian life I am be- tween two choices. As a Blood Indian, I feel that I should have no more participa- tion with the Indian Association of Alberta because tlie Blood chiefs have decided un- officially to leave it. This feeling is very prominent in my thoughts because 1 am extremely proud of my Kainai ancestry. I am proud because I am a Blood Indian. But as an Indian one of some In Alberta, I want the Indian Association to be a vibrant, movir.g organ operating as the heart of the province's body of In- dians. I want it to be independent of gov- ernment funding but dependent on mem- bership support, I want it to lw identified by all Indians within the boundaries of the province as their organization. I want it lo be truly representative of all the Indians. Why arc the Bloods moving out of the In- dian Association ol The cause is (he election of Harold Cardinal as presi- dent. They are opposed to him because of his resignation from the same position last December. Resigning as president of the association at a crtical time was not very good for Cardinal's image in the eyes of many. Another source of doubt was the question of the manner in which funds were spent. However, Blood Indian participation in the IAA has never been great. In fact, membership has been a dividing factor in (he reserve's population, especially in the beginning of the organization's history. On one side were the traditional Indians, tho ones who. adhered to traditional beliefs. These wore cither full-blooded Indians or quite close to it. On the other side were the half-breeds and those Indians who were not brought up with too much Indian phil- osophy. The division between these two was strongest In the '50s. In the '60s to to- day the identification to either side is not there but opponents to the association refer to it in Hlackfoot as the "Cree brother- hood." Whenever I have heard them talk- ing about the association, they always say the Bloods don't need the association bo- cause it has never done anything for the Bloods and that it is better not to. havt anything to do with it What will the Blood's wiUxlrawal of membership do to the association? It u hard to say for sure. Physically, the Blood reservation is the largest in Canada. Econ- omically, it is probably the most advanced. By population, it probably has the most on a reserve and has 18 per cent of the province's treaty Indian population. If all the reservations across the nation were compared, the Blood would probably be at the top or quite close to it. When all these factors are considered, the political strength of the Blood is probably greater than any other reserve in the province or in Canada. From these, 1 could conclude that the IAA will lose a lot of its strength should it lose Bood membership. It is too bad that again, the Indian peope have been divided. It is too bad loo that this was caused by such a capable leader as Harold Cardinal. Ma) be he can still unite all the Indians of Alberta by September, wliich is the date set when it will be decided once snd for all whether the Bloods will stay or move out of the association. In fact, the whole of Treaty Seven might be lost by the asso- ciation then. As I said in the beginning of this article, it is tough to make a choice. I am sura it must be just as difficult for the Blood tribal council, By Bernstein TVfONEY, MONEY, MONEY. The noun money has a plural, which is monies, or, preferably, moneys. But the question is, when is it proper to use the plural? Mrs. Florence S. Sherwood of Lake Worth, Fla., in raising the question notes that the plural is increasingly being employed to refer to such things as charity collections or cam- paign funds. Such uses are best avoided. "Hie word is acceptable in referring to the currencies of different coun t r ies: The moneys of most nations are based on the decimal system." It is also acceptable in certain technical legaJ contexts. Otherwise slick lo money or funds, Dilated love. The way the verb love is casually tossed about is almost deplorable. Wo don't think twice about saying, "I'd love to see a good movie" or "she loves spinach." What is meant in each instance is like. Love denotes a deep emotion, an intense feeling. Its uses in that proper sense are probably outnumbered these days by its uses to express a mere mild wish. There is nothing to be done about the situation except perhaps for all oE us to mate a resolution next New Year's Day to restrict love to that deep-down feeling of desire. Make a note on your calendar. the ultimate failure of R military solution to the conflict." There is, of course, no word prophptizing. Professor Max Nurnberg of New York University remarks to this cor- ner that some Europeans have the idea you can tack -ize onto any noun and make it a verb. Alas, it is not only Europeans who make -izc at nouns that way. Over here we have such words as concertlic, containerize, moisturize, plcturlte and the much-debated finalize, and the list keeps growing. The list must keep growing, chief- ly to take care of the new requirements of science ar.d technology. But In the field of even-day affairs the test of a new -Ire word should be, is the word necessary or are there other less pretentious words that saj the same thing? -Ize right? No, wrong. A idler from n writer (of foreign extraction) U) The New York Times said (hat Mendcs-France "'or years had been the lone voice prophctizing Word oddities. Since money seems to be on our minds today, let's take a close look at the word. It derives from tho Latin moncUi, meaning mint, a place where cur- rency is coined. Monela In turn comes from Juno Monela, the goddess was the consort of Jupiter. The Roman temple dedi- cated to her became the site of the Roman mint. The epithet Moncta attached to the Tiame of Juno is thought to derive from moncrc, to admonish, and Juno was the goddess who admonished or gave warnings. Whether she admonished the people to save up for a rainy day and warned them against counterfeiters one knoweth not. (New York Times) E i ii Love is A CCORDING to the young, one of scv- era! things wrong with the old is their inability to love. They scarcely love them- selves, while young people or so il is claimed love this, thai, each olher and almost everything else. {They may even understand those semi-mide litlle charac- ters whose semi-lilcrate observations on the matter adorn another page of this jour- nail. Well, maybe so. I have lo admit young folks sec this particular emotion, or per- haps condition, in much more all-cmurac- ing terms than we ever did. But I'm not sure Ihe difference is as great as it seems. To me, it smacks of semantics. I'm rot concerned, by the way, about the common use or misuse of the word whereby people claim lo "love" whip- ped cream, skating, kittens or whatever. die! that, too, and as I recall it wn Ihrew In the heathen, all the other chil- dren of Ihe world, and several divinities of whom we learned in Sunday school. Thai's not the kind of love I'm talking about. T'm thinking of love as it applies to peo- ple, ordinary flesh and Wood people, which is where we see the thing so differently. In my day, one was expected to love one's parents, grandparents, brothers and sis- ters (most of the time) and usually uncles and aunts. There was some uncertainty about cousins, especially those of the op- posite sex, but generally speaking it was right and proper to love one's family and clon relations, i Then there was the olher kind o{ love, where you said or more often that you were "in" love. This was an en- tirely different proposition, involving some- one of the opposite sex, a good deal of blushing ar.d giggling, and not infrequent fist-fighting (n its adolescent manifesta- tions. It was very serious, leading as it did to marriage, babies and all the other adult responsibilities. (That it might lead elseM'here was scarcely thinkable; Ihere wore cases, it was whispered, but these were either utterly evil or else impossibly romantic and tragic, and in either case not to be spoken of lo, by, or in the presence of the young 1. So, if there is anything to this notion that we retain the attitudes we pick up in our youth, it isn't really surprising that my generation is a bit reserved in protesta- tions of abiding lovo for all mankind. You see, we were taught that love was a nar- rowly defined and very special thing, not something you spattered all over creation and shouted from the housetops. I rather think we cared just a-i much for our friends, and were equally concerned for our neighbors' wellbcing. We knew about barn-raising, planting crops for a man sick or injured, trudging miles in the snow to see why no smoke rose from a neighbor's chimney. But it never occurred to us to call this love. Perhaps It was because we never read Dostoyevsky, who urged "Love all God's creation, the whole and every grain of sand in il." fiather, as Yeats put il, 'Vn loved each other and were ignoranl." ;