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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 FHE ItlMBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, August 29, 1970- Carl T. Rowim New Peace Offensive: U.S. Yicc-1'resiuent Spiro Agnew lias bet'ti in Asia as spokesman for his uuimtry's policy of a reduced American "military presence in that part of the world. It seems out of character for Mr. Agnew to be in such a role. In the U.S. Mr. Agnew has ac- quired a reputation of being rather "hawkish" in regard to the con- tainment of communism by military means. Some of his most inflated rhetoric lias been directed toward those who are critical of the war in Vietnam. That Mr. Agnew's heart is really in his latest mission is difficult to believe. It would seem to be more in character for him to be objecting to troop cuts in South Korea than for him to be announcing the same. There may be greater significance than meets' the 'eye in the Vice- President's tour of Asian countries. For him to be speaking on behalf of the policy of military withdrawal may be meant as a signal ot the seriousness with which the Nixon administration intends to pursue it. Perhaps this is a prelude to a peace offensive in South-east Asia. Possibly the U.S. is hopeful of making new proposals to get the Paris talks going and wants to make it clear that there really is an intention to get out of the mess in Indochina. Although the war drags on, there can be little doubt that the people in the U.S. now are generally con- vinced that their country's military involvement is a ghastly mistake no matter how well intentioned. If an end can be negotiated, then, it would be heartily welcomed. President Nixon is aware of the mood in his country. He is also very cognizant of the mid-term elections in November. A move to get the Paris talks off dead centre would be a major asset in the election cam- paign. Bigger Is Worse Bigger is not better but worse. This is the truth that is slowly dawning on people in industrialized societies where growth has been pursued with devotion and zeal. Mankind is facing extinction. The quiet voice of Secretary-General of the United Nations, U Thant, was re- cently heard expressing this grim prospect at the World Federalist con- ference in Ottawa. He is not the first to issue the warning, but the first of the prophets of doom were largely ig- nored. Now some attention is being given to what is being said. There are too many people; they are using up the earth's non-renew- able resources in prodigal fashion; the effluence of people and from in- dustry is irretrievably befouling the air, the water and the land. Yet the multiplication of people goes on in frightening geometric progression; natural resources are gobbled up in ever-increasing quantities; the air in places is tmbreathable, the water un- drinkable, and the land unproductive. It begins to appear as though most schemes for meeting the challenge of growth are largely a tinkering with the problem. A radical change in thinking is required instead. This is represented in the concept of zero growth in population, in manufac- turing, in everything. None of the changes that have upset people in recent times can compare with the wrench that the concept of zero growth causes. Growth has been associated with progress which has been assumed to be good. For any- thing so fundamental as this to be questioned is almost more than most people can face. The real race is with time. Can the resistance to the radical requirement of reversing the growth mystique be broken down in time to save the earth and its inhabitant? ff the pre- diction that there is perhaps 30 years in which to accomplish such a revo- lution is true, the answer would seem to be negative. China Looks Outward The Bamboo Curtain is inching apart these days to admit a few of the former and to allow egress to a selected few. It's a small trickle so far, but on the diplomatic level, there can be no doubt that Peking, recovering from the disasters of the Cultural Revolu- tion, is making tentative moves be- yond its borders. Reports say that Premier Chou en-Lai will go to East- ern Europe and possibly France this fall. Coupled with this rumor is the announcement that top level diplo- matic representation will be estab- lished in Yugoslavia, Hungary, Ro- mania and Albania. The most interesting appointment of all is that of Mr. Yao Kuang, who has been given the post of ambassa- dor to Poland. This means that the Chinese American talks, which were broken off when the American forces entered Cambodia, will probably re- sume in the fall and on a higher level. Mr. Kuang replaces a charge d'affaires. The diplomatic exchanges which have been an on-again off-again af- fair for years are the only formal contacts between Peking and the Uni- ted States. They provide a forum for an exchange of viewpoints and an opportunity to discuss practical mat- ters on a strictly informal basis. It's meagre contact between two great nations, but it is better than no con- tact at all. The appointment of the ambassa- dor can hardly be pleasing -to the Russians though. Any move towards a Peking-U.S. detente will be looked upon with suspicion from the Krem- lin. Weekend Meditation The Open Life "I IP-TIGHT" is a wonderful phrase, it is descriptive of many people. They suffer from closed lives, careful lives, lives that refuse lo let themselves be ex- posed, so they do not have visions and therefore do not believe in visions. Bliss Carman has some lovely lines: "Then suddenly all unaware I heard God's voice on the ah-." Carman's life was open and receptive. The king complained to Joan, "Your voices! Your voices! I never hear your "You don't listen for re- plied the French heroine. "If you did, you would hear them." Alas, the prison of self shuts us in and the spiritual world out. Is Wordsworth right, that we come as chil- dren into Ihe world "trailing clouds of glory from and then "shades of the prison-house" fall over us until the splen- dor is gone? Some of us think of glory as wordly achievement. Thus Castlenucve in "The "Lost Letter" tells of a professor, old and lonely, who chances on a letter he had written out never sent to the woman he loved. He recalls her dark beauty, his hands tremble, the tears come, then the cry, "Would it not have been better lo have sacrificed a little glory for a little Alas, if he had only had the love he would have had glory too, for love is life's chief glory. On a tombstone of a bishop in England are the words. "Ama- vimus, anvimu.s, have loved, we love, and we shall love." This is life's final truth, life's essential quest. But love is something that finds us really. Love is .seeking us, knocking at our doors, if oniy v.f; would push open the lightly jammed doors. "Keep yourselves in the love of reads, Ihe Iclicr lo Jurtc. The whole v.ork! Is vocal with the voice of God. the whole world ablaze with the glory of God. Dn you romemher (lawdine, the old org.'iiiKrindcT, who looked on the face of a little child' and saw God? Nigerians Bounce Back After Civil War I ACOS It must have been one ot the strangest wars ever fought, Hie civil war that wracked Nigeria for three years. The world agonized, off and on, when the magazines told horror stories of two million dead. But now no one, Nigerian or foreigner, will tell you that more than died in com- bat. And it is a common sport for Nigerians lo sit drinking w i t h erstwhile chuckling over the fact that no one present knows anyone who really was killed. Then the humor was dis- sipated by someone's undis- puted assertion that more than children and old people died in a conflict whose tragic proportions are understandable only if you comprehend the ex- tent to which a civil war, now Raphael, the glorious Renaissance paint- er, was walking down the streets of Flor- ence one day. In the market place he saw a poor woman, poor in worldly goods that is, sitting on the street with a child at her breast. She wore shabby clothes, but her face shone with love for her little one. Having no art paper, Raphael took the head of an old barrel and painted her por- trait. Today it hangs in a gallery of Flor- ence, one of his masterpeices, and is known as "The Madonna of the Barrel." Surely Raphael han an openness to (he di- vine, which all great artists have. Which of them has not said, "The genius is not in me! It is something given. There is a good withdrawal from the world to be alone with God. There is a bad withdrawal from the world which shuts God out as well as other people. When you say, "I want to live ray own make sure it isn't a selfish life you are talking about. Life is a school for self- forgetting. It is frightening how nien and women seek for happiness in things and Jesus truly said that happiness was not lo be found in things. Happiness is living in the heart-beat of God. Nothing is truer than that God comes to every man down a dif- ferent, secret stairway. Just make sure your door is open. This is no esoteric mys- ticism. Every man and woman who has found peace of heart or inspired living hi any field will tell you about it. Gwen Levy expressed this truth: "Some lovely sunset in a secret set- ting A lost enchantment for the heart to find.1' Prayer: Open my heart, 0 God, to Thy love; open my eyes to see Thy glory; open my mind lo Thy truth; open my ears lo hear Thy voice; open my life lo Thy service, which is perfect freedom and eternal joy. S. M, 105 years past, still trauma- tizes the United Stales. 4 Yet hero, a mere seven months after Nigeria's war ended, f sat with three of that conflict's principals and found them contesting nothing more titan the right to a lion's share of the bottle of scotch before them. There was Ukpadi Asika, member of the Ibo tribe which the Nigerian federalists sup- posedly were out to extermin- ate. Asika is now the governor of the East Central State, home of 65 per cent of the people who made up the ill-fated sec- essionist state of Biafra. You figured Asika might just hold his lofty position because he was an Ibo who was loyal to the federal government throughout the war. Yet also there, sipping from the same bottle, was J. 0. J. who was loyal to Ihe secessionists until the bitter end. Okozit is now the East Central State's member on Ni- geria's powerful Federal Ex- ecutive Council and is also act- ing federal minister of health. And there was a third Ibo, A. D. Eke, also loyal to the rebellion until Biafra's ultimate defeat, serving as press secre- tary to Asika, a man the for- eign press has accused ol help- ing to plot vindictive punitive actions against his fellow- tribesmen. Long before anyone could have suspected the scotch of shaping their tongues in the same mold, these men put the lie to even the cleverest rumor that Hie victorious federal gov- ernment has taken a step to- wards the "genocide" mea- "Ralph Nader won't find anything wrong with THAT vehicle" sures that were being talked about a year ago. Here were three Ibos, once bitter enemies, swearing that they are now African brothers, determined lo put into the van- ishing past the bitterness of a tragic war that has become the focus of so much international m i s understanding, misspent emotionalizing, and just plain fakery. No one asks these clays whether Nigeria, once the "white hope" of black Africa, has failed. The obvious answer to all who will look is that this nation of 60 million people, Africa's largest, has come out of a deeply traumalic period with incredible verve and con- fidence. What people ask, especially those who swallowed some slick propaganda during the war and still hope to be vindicated, is whether Lt. Gen. Y a k u b u Gowon's regime is really de- termined to wipe out the shrewdly brilliant (and thus feared) Ibos. Asika points out that nine of his eleven East Central State cabinet members were work- ing for the rebellion at one time and that seven of them fought for Biafra until utter de- There have been no Ibo purges, no firing squads shoot- ing down no special tribunals' to sniff out perpetra- tors of "war crimes." Some European newspapers have made a lot of a recent federal decree that blocks a return to the same job of certain top offi- cials who went over to the rebel side and worked zealously for secession. Gowon, a deeply religious man, put his most solemn hon- or on the line when he said to me that lie would nevcM- permit the decree lo be used in a gen- eral punitive way. He said it would be used only for "maybe nought point nought one pel- cent" of the disloyal, some of whom would be lold to take their pensions and work for someone other than the gov- ernment. Asika said the decree would affect "maybe ten or twelve people" in his state of about seven million people. Not that the secessionist Ibos have not suffered in sev- eral ways. The separate Bia- fran currency was immediate- ly meaning that easterners who had gambled totally that secession would succeed wound up losing their life savings. Okezie had tidied away about during 15 years' prac- tice as a doctor. With Biafra's defeat he was reduced to zero, as were many more thousands of Ibos. Governor Asika concedes there is still too much hunger in his state (there was too much before the war) and that the conflict has left a grievous problem of unemployment. But he angrily blasts as "sheer nonsense" the recurring scare headlines about impending punishment or genocide for easterners. He said such fears have just about completely vanished, even among Ibos who tended to be most alarmist. Okezie says his profes- sionally and socially, is now so completely normal, so devoid of even slight slurs and in- sinuations, that it is hard to be- lieve he was so recently im- mersed in civil war. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Growing Pollution Threat To Sea By Bruce Hoissat, NEA Service WASHINGTON Despite the many oil spills al- ready disturbing the suddenly pollution conscious world, the magnitude of the danger from ocean-borne oil traffic is not yet realized. But the evidences of endur- ing peril from this source are beginning to mount. Thor Hey- Letters To The Editor erdahl, famed explorer of sup- posed ancient ocean sailing routes, recently offered a small but dramatic example on a television show. Fresh from his successful westward voyage across the Atlantic in a fr'ail craft, he held up an oil lump impregnated with barnacles. He had found it in midocean. Oil once spilled does not just "go away" with some con- venient tide. More stunning though little publicized has been the scien- tific work done in Massachu- setts at th.e Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. By odd circumstance, an oil barge bearing a mere 650 tons of fuel Folly To Drop Music Program I should like to write in sup- port of your correspondent Frances Stillwell, and also to congratulate Joan Bowman on her revealing article on the state of music in the Leth- bridge Public School System. Why the school board should axe its serious music program at such a time as this, is past understanding. We live in an age which is becoming in- creasingly violent, brutal and dehumanized almost another dark age. The arts are amongst the few Ihings of real value left in our civilization, without which it will surely fail. The school board's attitude is typical when faced with a bud- get cutback loss of nerve about the so called But CP's Calculated Gamble I suspect that CP Rail's Ra- tionale (see "Train Service Comes Under Fire" in The Her- ald August 25) stems from a guideline set down by its Amer- ican counterparts whereby an elaborate and subtle plan is conceived of and launched to purposely run an unwanted ser- vice into debt deeply and quickly in order to force the government to allow discon- tinualion of the service. The over-all short term deficit in- curred is calculated as worth- while in the long-term perspec- tive if the unwanted service is dropped without much delay. The subsidy behind the cal- culated gamble derives from the fact that the railway as- sumes the guise of honestly at- tempting to operate the un- wanted service in a manner calculated to increase patron- age, while in reality the ser- vice is operated to reduce debts and no consideration is given to the provision of a fast and efficient service tailored to meet the needs of travelling Canadians. The case as presented by CP Rail docs not make sense. The railway representative states that often, during the summer months "we have all the business we can Then why reduce trains from upwards of 20 down to 14 cars? Reduction of service to me ro- sulls in a further alienation of potential patronage. The hard- er CP Rail makes it for trav- ellers lo lake a train the less people will go to the added trouble of travelling by rail. More profit can Ix; realized per passenger if the public is forced to travel via air than via rail. Drop the Canadian and Ihe Iraveller who wishes to go from Toronto lo Calgary will be forced to pay 5105 instead of Canadian Pacific is only loo content lo extort the extra 514 hence the bid to have CN raise its rates. It reminds one of Ihe lypc of co-opcr'ation enlercd into by huge American corporations to control rales and increase profile at the ex- pense of the consumer. The only incentive seems to be the almighty dollar no pride of service enters into it. When J. J. Frawtey, counsel for Alberta directly accused CP of wilful self-destruction of the passenger business, T. P. James, passenger service chief lo CP made no agreement or denial. Ever wonder why? Probably because any answer might unwittingly be grasped as the jump-off point lo probe into Ihe real nature of the sit- uation and be used to under- mine CP Rail's case. The only way to beat CP Rail in this bid to can the pas- senger train is to embark upon a relentless co-ordinated cam- paign to drag out all the dirty linen in the CP closet all the little details like missing phone listings, stations closed when passenger trains arrive and de- part, and no outside phone pro- vided to call taxis or relatives from the station. Once all the details are laid out in the open an honest and intelligent compromise can and will be arrived at, whereby both CP stockholders and the people of Canada will benefit. J. A. RODGER LETOURNEAU. Burlington, Ontario. why the school music program should go in a city which prides itself on its culture, cannot be understood, neither can the ap- parent lack of concern. One cannot help but feel that in the end, the only programs that are seriously considered are those that have direct bearing on the eventual earn- ing capacity of the child when he becomes a productive adult. The loss this city has suffer- ed by the departure of such men as Grant Ericksen and Malcolm MacDonald is incal- culable. The school board's folly in this regard is unbe- lievable. There was a splendid string program already in ex- istence and many more far- seeing valuable programs were planned for the Now there is no outlet whatever for the growing number of young people learning to love string and orchestral work, and no hope whatever just frustra- tion and eventually apathy. It is quite true that Leth- bridge is not orehestrally mind- ed, despite Ihe existence of the Symphony Orchestra. The city has bean grossly ill-served by the school board in this matter, and it would be very interest- ing to know exactly who is re- sponsible for this depressing state of affairs. No matter where lies the blame, the only victims are the children in the schc-ol system. It must be prac- tically the only one of its size in Canada that is without a flourishing string program and an over-all musical education. I too am writing to the Cul- tural Development Branch in Edmonton and would urge all interested persons to do the same. SYLVIA KING-BROWN. Lethbridge. oil last September struck rocks at West Falmouth harbor, and Woods Hole scientists were able to study the consequences almost at their door. Their findings arc devastating. The damage, they suggest, can be and probably is far greater than the surface evi- dences depicted for us up to now the despoiling of beach- es, the killing of water birds and other marine life. Some of the "saturated hydo- earbon fractions" of the spilled oil got into the tissues of still living oysters and other sea animals. The feared conse- quence is that by a chain of events common to ocean ecol- ogy, similar to that which occurs on land, the smaller af- fected marine organisms will be eaten by larger ones and they in turn by still big- ger ones, until the menace from living sea animals is widespread. Dr. Max Blumer of the Woods Hole chemistry depart- ment puts it bluntly: "All crude oils and refined oils are poisons for all marine organisms and for man." After Ihe West Falmouth oil knee-deep on the beaches. The real key. though, is that, almost a year later the only living thing in the affected area is a worm that thrives in polluted waters. And the scientists sug- gest lhat every storm restirs o i 1-saturaled sediments and spreads the danger anew. They estimate it may take three lo five years for the offshore wa- teis lo cleanse themselves, and a decade for adjacent marsh- es lo become healthy again. The Woods Hole specialists obviously are unimpressed by ship owners' or oil companies' efforts to "neutralize" spills with detergents and othter dis- persing chemicals. They taks no comfort from the f a c t the beaches are now clean on the British coast where the tanker Torrey Canyon three years ago foundered and dump- ed tons of crude oil in the first staggering spill of this era. They, speculate that some of the dispersing chemicals may actually aid the spread of poisonous oil elements. The most serious aspect of all this is that massive ocean oil traffic is growing ever greater with each passing month. It is estimated that mil- lions of tons of oil already have been dumped into the seas, either through accidents or through careless emissions from tankers plying their regu- lar routes. What lies ahead in the way of expanded oil trans- port is almost unbelievable. We are into the era of the supertanker. The SS Universe Ireland, one of six of its kind, is a vessel which can carry 2.4 million barrels of oil. The end of tanker develop- ment is not in sight. A ton carrier is soon to be ready, and plans are under way for vessels up to tons. Ulti- mate ships twice as big may be built. Obviously no canals, no known world harbors and no normal loading and unloading equipment will be suitable. Ex- tensive new offshore terminal facilities, often involving sub- marine pipelines, are being created to accommodate these oil-bearing monsters. The risk of spillage from un- derwater lines is plain enough. And despite all precaulions of constructions, there will always be some carelessness at sea and the danger of accident wilh resulting colossal spills dwarf- ing any we have had thus far. LOOKING BACKWARD Honest Feeling 1 have re-read a copy of Jim Wilson's article and agree it may have a harsher tone than was necessary and showed il expressed honest feelings and thoughts which is healthy in our smug society. I agree thai there is a litlle loo much hostile reaction lo the longer hair style for males but this; is no different than the public reaction a few years ago when women began lo raise the hems of Iheir dresses and re- veal their knees. There were protesting church and school authorities but the style was slowly accepted and became popular wilh Ihe ma- jority. I have lo admit when I first saw a man wilh long hair it jusl didn't look proper. I said "What's the mailer with About 10 or more years ago I thought the hair of Prince Charles was entirely loo long and looked foolish but now I'm getting to the point that short cut hair looks unnatural. I oven find myself admiring s o m c of the magnificent mounds of naturally wavy hair. Maybe in "ivc or len years, short cut nair will look as peculiar as long hair docs now. So we must try and get used to it and practice a lillle tol- erance with the young pi- oneers. PAUL C. ANDERSEN. C'larcsholm. THROUGH THE HERALD routes are now open for Lethbridge citizens to get to the Rellaw-Lomond dis- tricl by car. With the opening of the government ferry ser- vice near the Cameron Ranch over the Oldman River, the third route has been added. government in Jer- usalem has submitted a pro- posal for the wailing wall ques- tion. The proposal is said lo acknowledge the Jewish right of access, but prohibits Jewish services Ihcrc and praying at lire wall. Jews would also be forbidden from pulling nails or written notices on Ihe wall. JfltO A popular restaurant in Ihe cily has been doing a rushing business all through the hot weather with a Graf Spee sundae. Signs urging cus- tomers lo try it assure that "It goes down easily." Proposed government legislation will order both the railways and the unions to get Canada's strike-bound railroads operating again, group of parents in southeast Lethbridge has won its fight against a bus trans- portation scheme that would have kept Grade 1 and 3 stu- denls of Gilbert Palerson school away from home nine hours a day. The bus system will be replolled and only Grades 3, 4 and 5 will be trans- ported to other schools. The Lethbridge Herald 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Publisher! 1003 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 001? of The Canadian P'ess and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE DALLA WILLIAM HAY Editor Associate Editor ROY'F Mil ES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;