Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta
'PAGE EIGHT THE I.ETHEHIDGB DAILV HER AIIV FRIDAY, AUGUST 29. 1010 VvASHiXGTON. Aug Ascribing t (o private i-ar lines a position as one 01 tlic principal fat- tors In lfce con- eon! nit I or. of conlrol ot ihe American meat industry, and showing thai tLo Five packers own more ihau Su per rent, "of the tQiiinmcni tunable for shipment ot frt-sb beoi Federal Tra-le e publ'.o u, tp (ho ds as n reiut-y nuti a loii-y uiaJ clal "Private1 Cur Line )r service 10 the packer csrs; 1u lulling wlilrb IncluJe nil UiPlr diversified products au-1 oveu ruauy articles no! (u the pack- fug industry; by allowances paid to 5ouic ot '.ho Mg by carriers for ilie J ran sport ailon service: a r mi gem nt s anj lea by the railroads to of a. part of Ihc favorable tockya of tuG nnd by the salo to il.e nvll- of bum plug posts maaalai-turcd by u Five patters. of one of the Uig thai all rars for the iroiispona- tLiMi of meat aniaiuls and all rofrigera- en equal tcntis 10 all skippers- "The iaipyrtani lypus of lines obtain uo vote roni-1 luiKicn's leiier iraHRmSUal jo ihu] snmll Ini5eyeudpllt packer's -aro uic brine lank re- cars arc -..j diverted, F ''On Giber band, competitors ol I the packers In meat atid other rood tsses from th iauk car equipped for ihe o.( Jressed meat car queatly being cut of his service for extended periods aud Iu several ia> sianccs as long ae six months. and ihr vep'iiaiur refrigerator suitable fur iccking house products. _. _. snd Cor veselaWes aiid fniUa. The! of Ihe Dig Five pack- nriiH-W of owners are ari lhcir subsidiary companies priratc niaintmntd un ot SO.S Dafier recomuH'iiJeJ, ii necessary !CT adequato remedy, "The live slock cars arc at preseut chiefly owned by t'ne railroads nud iu no extent by other tumbles, though Swift A Co. owns ovoi 13 por ceut of supply of double-deck Live slock cars- lu this report data are presentej regarxliDg Iho investment, expenses, and revenues. o[ various closes of prlvsw Ifavs. aud :ilso specific data regarding the for Icfug end Ihc charges ma do refrigeration ii 'ur- j car ihclr equipment per car clay. wii'Ie Iho average for thc CArs d[ ihslr independent packing LOtilj- ij.5 lii'Irsr uas by railroad company. An Important fact to ue noted iu this con- nection thai iLere has beeu gener-. ally a decline in tho ralca ot profits I on investment (or private car Hues in; recent years compared with earlier. periods. For refrigerator car in recent years thii rate ot profit has bccu generally low, especially tor tho smaller cciurauEes. Tho explanation i ot this fact is found chiefly iu a larse Increase in operating whllo tho revenue reoiuiueil on a ftsed basis until 1918. "Undoubtedly, me ejiVxl c! tendency ha3 been to discourage in-j dependent meal packers from attempt- ing to oiKrate private CJT lines and In consequence to increase the hold j ot the large packers pn ttie trade Inl meat products. I "It is to be uoIed that private car accounts of the packers ou their face, showed losses under tho Three-quarter cent in olfeci un io October, I to Fhijipifs for TviiMn iwo car cs> differs from the iwnk- i car accounts of the pa. food products. For (ruits and j ing Ind1.! iu thfct in most cars UYcr, shows au fi-erago profit on thn re ii encouraged tbe develop-tare furnlshod. noi iho bui i of C.S per cent in 1912, ot iii irgian? cipe-liy the carriers or private car com-1 3 4 Cnnt m and per coal iu !aJa praciic-1 "The situation ID the fruit and veg- A proper rcvlslcii'ol the private I able u more extensive aim cconiMiitaii.ciable business differs from the car accounts of the pacfeers. how- r.d The a ).ai[ n and-, omV vegetables from tlio more thoirnmportant growing district there, the has failed to cents was necessary. "The prompt and efficient handling i of the traffic iu meats and other per-1 foods Is ol great imbllc cori ccm, il is also important that all shippers should have equal anil ade- quate service. i lie KruU Kspreas of the lotal slighter of [veatilator refrigerator cars, has liipat animals." -r '.exclusive -cbnLraets sevoc rjil- ..'.'The present couti try-wide systeui [roads in. the Southeast which carry of.distribution by the five big oackers. j tiic large majoriiy of (he perishable tbrougli Ihoir branch hoases and ped-lurcducis from this secllon. By virtue dler ccr routes is built around the i of these contracts ami refriGeratiug principle of refrigeration ami-, Ii gTOTrn up, from1 thi-n. control of err lioeo inffroit" Growers couJunction wriSli i iQ.iintaln its hnd conibinationa .maintained zlicosi meut iu condition wilhj "i. That the government diaii 35 ytars. I tbe result that shippers have frequent- J nu cars for the transportation .of I other 87 Years of Service ihis Binli, ils steady increase in assets and resources, area mea- sure of ihe sound, coruistem, friendly service i: txiends Io Us customers. we not serve you, 100? BfiHK OF SCOTIA aa good. Meanwhllo optimism hopes for u good crop ueit year, while Borne aro trying to future crops by Irrisatlpu. Thai seems to bo really the ouly Lope for any- talng ilepeudablo iu Southern Albcrla. LuL'ky'Slvike and Ooddaid Will Soon He Ail Cul j. INTERNATIONAL UNIONISTS MAY REFUSE TO PARADE (Krom Our Oiyn Aug. ntfil- litfO with intemai local uulons may refuse to parlk-Iyalo In ihc 1-abur Day parailo liero ucxl Monday, because iliy paradu Is being arranged by officers of thtr One B's llnlou and labor mod- erates wish Io iivolil they aro Iho Quo Big UR- iou. The paraJo was announced Ihts year io tako tbo form of a iho detention wllliout ba'l of I, j Clearing (he Way in Private for Huilding of the eight labor lenders lu Jail repair, feeding and walering facilities "In order, therefore, to rorretl the tor live slock in transit, precooling present Inequalities ot snrvlco and j car shops tor lhcir construction and rates as ivcll as to prevent daug-jielug stctlonj for ihe refrigeration of ers of monopolistic advantages in thc peiishables in transii. ice use of certain .types.o( cars, the fol-1 ing plants and Datura! ico producing refrigerator car recoinuieudatlous are made: 1 prTviiegea connected Ihcreivilh Hn.-.T, wiih. acquire !necessary tlierelo. together with sucb ,ls may needed Io ownersbip brine ly suffered uniicccssr.ry iniimirment anjraal5 and that such owner-J secure ihe efficient iniuspprlaliop of lant refrigerator tars by the five big [of (heir products. Vet, because of ibe packers !s A principal faclpr Ui Ihelr i exclusive contract, cars could not bo cpplrui of tbe iar5t ir.ilustry. On 1XJ- [obtained from other EI .ocinbGr I9i7t" Lhey ovaed "ai connection with briiic lanfc curs, ndapttd io ihc ship- tie special facilitic fresh bee: and. cereal meals, icinj refrigerator c the operation of necessary j icin.ff refrigerator both be iyh is over .DO per cenircf ihe tolal j shipment and during traoait, j for l or type of car. Inequalities have arisen servico aud ouTiCFSblii, ijntllTeccisLly. of accessory raies whlcb demrnd corrt-ction and facilities On Jnly 31. IDlS, tho Inler- plalfonns located in liiste Commerce Ooramlsoiou decreed trunk line tcrrilory, slrt-nElhenBd Utitit'tbe Airier should own and oper- iiielr'control over tbe .industry. -'Inrtvm, the volunie oi traffic of .Iha liy.e packers bag enabled them to secare Jrom ibe railroads over competing Ehippers. Formerly in 'Iu6 SMEp'S lUcsG ad- vantages are now'nsuaily In I icihs stations and perform the service of rclrjseraiion in IrunoM. The packers aro now disposing of their icing slations by sale Io tie carriers on lines ihey are "situated. The Commission ship ami operation be declared a gov ciniuicat monopoly; or that such cars be owned and operated the rail- roads under government license res-1 ulation. "2. That the .government acquire all Tefrigerator cars and all necessary equipment for their proucr operation and that such ownership anil operallon be declared a government monopoly; or (hat such cars and equipment he owned and operated by. the railroads under gOTcrnment license regulation. ''These "reconimendalfon contem- plate the acquisition and operation not only of thc live stock.cars eralor cars, but aleo of-all necessary meat nniaials and perishable food pro- ducts. "the execution of recommend- alions would slvc Io Ihc pack- er, especially, fadlllies which he gen- erally lacks at thc present time and Eor which he is frequently not able to provide either because rcqnlre- menls arc uot large enough to justify tht) investment or, b'epAuae he Is not financially stronE enough to procure the necessary equipment. Assurance of an equitable allotment of cars would make hini H stronger coiripellt or oi Ihe hi" companies. "In thc'frouit nnrl vegetable trade also, considerable both to tes icr their operalicn, ssch -as producer -snJ consunisr, shGUld t itcfl JLoivever, that further legislation here- car chops for their cbnstruclion and this legislation. The editor of an Albevta paper was talking recently to a men who com- plained'bitterly because the .town fathers saw fit Io increase the tax rate four millls for the current year. He couldn't understand it at all, and said there was very lax management. As it happened, the editor in ques- tion knew a "thing or two about the complaining citizen, and he asked him: "Is it true sent-away last fall to the catalogue house for practic- ally all your family's winter.require- sent away a fair-sized order. What about "Did you ever lake a half-hour-of( to figure out just where your properly m this town would sland if. .1 and everyone else in-lhe town and district -.senl away for practically all as you admit having done last "Never thought much about said the citizen with some asperity. "I consider ihal a matter of my own bus- "Well, that's where you are making a mistake. If -.all citizens were as loyal to the town as you are you'd have no chance the tax rale, be- cause of your property would We'd have.-no .town .left "to on.'-We'd.'go bank- rupt'in short order, "This continued the editor, 'solely upon (he Business men .of the'tqvvn for jtVlrfeoTake away business man and what have you left? Where would you be today if your ideas wrere to prevail? Instead of enjoy- ing a good income from ihe property you own you'd be stony broke and have Io hunt a job." A Consmonsensc Duly This and it is not an iso- lated case should teach us thai is the commonsense duty of every citizen to support his home community. Wheu_ we send our home-earned money goods we hurt ihe and-.cer- feinly what hurts our town MUST huiT .us. If we actually wanl to till our town why not. all Join togelhcr and to distant -houses- for one huge order. Instead ot-kcepins up a. constant stream of orders going lu the mail order far to kill tho town outrfglit than by a process of alow strangulation. But, we did not build our lowng be thus, Ignomlalousiy destroyed? Let us dtsplny anil practice Slums loyaiiy io Ihe ulmosi. Aa palaric'J mtn, fannera or men and women let us oocp, for all that ihc town la FOUNDED ON' FAITH AND PK11PETUATED IN SEHVICE, Our lown la no' built up for iho purpose ol selling a epaeraodlc TIQUILU of nalla or packagu lea; It 13 not. butU to supply an oil I yard ol chccBCcloths or single bed Blala. No! H is liu lit for DUKINKHS, for.OIlOWTU and PROSPERITY, H bulU Io rto ALL the Iradc that helooga hflrt. Every hrnnch of rroleaslon and work muat given Us due measure ol suppgit by -ALL- Ihe people. That's iho way to mafcc a town hum! That's commonECiise and economic all ,Lhls equip mt-.hi "tte'-haiids rof the goy meet is pi ernnient, the disposition of tie entire upply of refrigerator anil Hvo Block ars would he under unified direction there would be opportunity fo onsiderable economics In ulUization .nd in expense or oporat'.ou. "It is T.'orth ai ncidtut Lo the administration ot re- under .llils system, ingle combined rat6 might be estab- Ishcd to apply to each kind of trp.ns portation service, and thus do awa rlth separate freight, rigeratlon, and Icing. This vroul simplify not only rale and serrico ai conntlug, but also the shipper's me.: keting, for he irould know Ills charges! icforc making sJiipment and Tvouhl be' able to nuote delivered pricea." Of the upwards of one hundred mUMon Jars' 'worth of business done by one of Iba mall order houses In 1917, not a penny or that 'money comna back to help pay our Icwo or dig- irict taxes. It la not availably for our schools or clkiirclics or for to the farmcrfl.. Where do onr Inleresls He? Our community duty Is a.xcrJoiis mailer mid a vital one. Is a number oi visir ora from Foremost unii vicinity, llarry and Mr. Campbell left tbls morning by rar. or pollro 1ms no Dr. tniJ llenilers, Mr. -Mre. for Ihc paraue. Carrlngton and Mil ton Itouitcrs aro leaving 1'uis afternoon by car for monton, taking in thn stainpedo on tlie way. Mra. Hunt arc going to the stampede today. ;Mr. and Mrs. Frnubfsh enlerlftlued a-number of frlonds last WeOnesday afternoon. Aug. 20. Mrs. Welts and tivo children went to Xenilscam yostorday. Mr. has gono to Saskatchewan Io work. Dr. Astrof left last week (or Now York where, Daiuc Humor says, ho Is leipectiug to take unto himsclt a Mrs. Carr, of UErdshnlm, has gouo to ew Dayton (o leach school. ilr. Dau Sheets lelt by car for Slon- au.i recenlly. Tho crop failure has resulted In soclus ot consldcraV'e proportions rom (he district. Dr. Becker and family have pone to (rd Deer. Dr. Slenders is seeking a locatloi omewhero iu the north. j Mr. PMhyle leaves for DrutnlieMcri n ii few days. Carrlnglon leaves Tor Tofleld, iho may teach there. Sir. Johu brans, of Blrdsholni, Is at Harons. i5Ir. Charles of Dirdsholm, is in Lethbridgc. .Mr, Uaker. ol dtslrlct. nd a lew friends went yesterday io ,elhbridge to atleud Ihc irrigation ueetiitg in Wesley church. Jistrict meeting of the tlcthodist church Is Lo be held in the United church, LclUbridge, on Friday, Several delegates from tJic Fororaosl circuit are expected to attend, New Telephone Line A telephone gang Is ftt work thess lays erecting a line Io Ulrdsaolm, aicJjy Strike Rnd Gofldard. Mr. Carruthors, tho new principal iho order or innrcn, lasueJ from tho cunlml labor council, Includes 17 -hiler. af'Llated UUIOLVJ. TUo chief of polkb lias not ycl Issued ;i iierniit SHORTS JUMP TON Ships 1.ONDQN, Aug. private ship- buildfog yards throuslioul lUc country, uuinberfns tibout "0, are affected by Ihc government order thai all work be slopped un, waruiilps ciccpt tbosu about Io be laimciied. TLo aOm'rulty ynrds Chatham. Dcvoaport urcl I'ortfinrouili will iioT. stop, however, tis lliey ftro cnUreljr occuplrul wilh lac rcfittta? of 270'J steamers ivblch are about to be re- turned owners from whom ivi'Vo recjuislllonou for war service. Among tLo warships being built al privnlo yaitls are cruisers, aud submarine.1; ami tho work on E i auu auuiUiAi iiir.-i JU'.l I'll WINNIPEG, Aug. -Millers Io- of Ihi-so may be conlluutd, day advanced tho prlvo o; shorls to tlio Mall, If it la found chcap- This Incrcuso vas made at- (IT to complete them llian Io break of millers wUh the Can- 1 1 hem up. ion. ler a adinn yvhcut boards. Officials of thai lodny, aciid that in view I LENOIR'S SENTENCE COMMUTED of tlia litgher prices of bran and snorts in (ho United Si Hies ami that ihc pres- ent price of wheat -to Ibe mills had been fixed at 52. 30 per bushel, the Loiird considered tho advauca reason- able under tho clrcittii stances. I'AKIS. Aug. Tho Kiitcnco ol ttcalh' Imposed upon 1'lerro Lcnoir. convicted in SIny last of harlnp had dealing wlLh the one my, will ba com- inuUcd to life Imprisonment on Dcrll'd Island. thc Journal. of IIio public school, aud family, Lave arrived in town. A new two-roomed school is being creeled. U is not es- iDCted Lo be ready tor use until about .hu beginning ol October. Crop All Cut llllle barrcst there Is in Ibe country is about all cut and most of it threshed. To the north ol town there are crops ranging from nothing :o ten or fifteen bushels per acre, wllh an average, probably, "oi iive'or sis bushels. .South of town crops are not The LETHBRIDGE HERALD P. T. RODIN'S, SUPT. JOB DHPT. (I'rom Our Own COI.EMAX, Iloss wlio r Ihe ILc doctor tor Llie union of luc liitcr-1 national lias.ECTcnjd iiivitun- lection that toJyionil carlv. nesl week will move '0 Drum- licHcr, ivhero no will ln future. During lhcir residence liero "Dr. Hosa and family have made a host or friends am] Ihc community will suiter n distinct loss In his removal. Through tils skill as a tmrgCan has lt un n large pracljcc, cilending llir'j'jfilioul the whole pass, ond hla many Jrlfenrla will deeply regret Ills derision to niakc a change. Dr. Davis who has recently relumed tram overseas will take ovcr.Dr. floss' practice here. Geo. Kollocfc. auiJti-inlcnJent ol Me' Clllllvery Crcri'K Coal'and'Colic Co.. and family, reached liome on day alter a visit of dome 'roOn'.lis Iheir old lionio ill Scotland. REINSCH QUITS WASIIIXOTOS. I'nlil Holnscli, Unlta.1 States minister Io China, has resigned. Ills rcslgnallpi: l.l now in the hands o( I'rcsldcnL Wll ton, it was denied thai he bad presented it na reported In Japanese dlfjiatcnes to Honolulu., H. 3. W. DEPORT3 GERMANS SYD-NEY, Aflg. out the announced nol'cy of tho government, 550 more German! have tjccu deported.-They In- clude .several welMtnofcn buyers: LACK OF COAU WILL: TIE UP GERMAN .TRAINS cordlns to llio llcrlln Ixtkal Anzelger, nil r-jprcss train serylcfr-ftnd all pasSCTigei trnliv 'ncrylce !-wlH', .ho suspended al out. UcrmHny, lack of After an absence of several years, the writer visited a certain community in the southern peninsula of Ontario. He'found a once promising town gone to "wreck use a well-! worn phrase. We will not attempt to describe the tale is really to pitiful. But. we will mention the fact that houses and lots were Vacant in'pienty, and one could buy a complete property for from that cost'from Io fifteen or" I wen ly years ago. Many of the houses that were former- ly in "the rather, the rem- nants of a been bought up for much less than the value of ihc lumber they contained and were moved out onto-farm properly in the rieigh- bprhobcJ.'-There were a few. straggling business places left. Business, however, was dead so was any spirit of en- terprise among the handful of citizens who Were left. In two instances that came under our notice people trans- ferred their property to others for the nominal sum of a one-dollar bill, in to be relieved of ihe burden of paying taxes upon thai which was absolutely dead from any practical in- vestment standpoint. The death of this town had a sad- dening effect upori the (arms of the heighborhood. Instead of increasing in as. one would suppose, with agricultural enterprise constantly v spreading, ihcse farm lands were act- ually lower in.price than they were fifteen years ago, when there was still a lively town in the centre, which offered good marketing and the multi- tude of other essential facilities that every live town does hold for the, sur- rounding territory. People did nol even want to farm in the vicinity of a town tbat wore a shroud. It seemed too much like abutting one's residence against a cemetery, _ i iiu reason for tne decadent conditions de- scribed wng community disloyalty AnsOLUTK- l.Y. Slowly tml surely the cankcrwrni of Ike big catalogue ale into the heart or. the community liy scattering tUo live merchants who conducted retail trade. And there live HercQants Ihero some few years ago. But when (ho disease of the catalogue habit liegan to assumo tho pro- portions ot on epidemic, they fled to ffcshcr and falre: ''stds. Several of the oldcsl, and once tho most promising lowna In Manitoba, havo travelled tlm sorno roulc. Others aro on tho down-grade In oilier sections of Canada. Ono docs not havo to (jo far to find them, Ilicsfc daya. Anil one Ihlng you will find thot'a invarleblr KAllM PllOl'BHTY CONTfQUOUS TO A DEAD TOWN HAS HALF T11K VALUE Ol' .SIMILAR raOPBHTY NBAll A WVB TOWN, It would seoin to DO gopil fore, to keep one's town olive. there- It IS good business both lor the resident ot tlio town and tor tlie resident ot the adjaconc farm property. Tdls question of mail order hujlng to tho detriment of home dealer Itself into IT IS KITIIEJl niGHT OU IT'S WIION'O. Thu dlsianl maif order concern Is either a good thine (or tbo community or Is a bail Ihlng. Put your local business men out ot business and 'what havo you Ictl? Wliere Is tho valujr of your nroporly? It coiiiini'.nlly suicide (s a good thing, then Hie mall order hahlt Is -worthy eneourngcincnl. It'fi up to YOU AND MH Io decide.