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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 29, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIWJ POISONING OF THE PEOPLE I of tho Maritime provinces, Quebec. 1 Ontario, and Manitoba, which contain j fewer than seven million people. Ktrnngo as It may appear, thu dls- covcry of methods for llio purification 'of sewage has harmed rather than mote from the point of .discharge, r.n Important stop will bo tiikim. It will ihen bo for tho Federal Uovcrnimmt 10 deal effectively with the whole matter, SICOTISA." TO Bwimt; tuiiiui 111 U..I-.T.-.J j t i'vl II is Iho matiotl suiitli 1.0 north and back again. They f u B not kept to'well watered land with pood ,uihout I nil hip ma pasturage all of wlilcli has proveil to 1HIsWuRC ltl t mil t hive nil "i pi I Si1-! CIRC I'll Will. bo good farming country. Thc sotllers, j ol nf In the West drove a wedge across t ho j M Hurt- prairies along the lino ot tho ran- L on s )ln llu Nl Imi mil rfliys. The heft of .the wedge waL u wiuu in May 1SS3 the Ihln i mlll edge'penetrated as fur as the Heglna j f t plains and the Last Mountain Lake country. Near where the- railway was planned to cross a small stream was j a small bill or bilto which had been i Br Dr. Andrew .Macpliall. into tho rivers from which shrll liavo pure waier m mum. mi? stcid of working towards, n supply fortunate non-smoking public miisl Ul u..... n j in nr UV n illU are available, only two, and those of course, to many non-smokers, tut j not so that they wont to bear It rather than make CANADA'S 1VIJST. ITS I'KOGKKSS I woul.i not. go back lo if to H.ulr suryrlKo that i SIXCK ntASKK. (Copyright by rubllshors J'PCHS Ltd.) Thu tmffalo herds during tho year swung round In I nun oust1 elipses from hiil 'i million dolhri They had tiVu 10 it and li id for thenihfhrrj n ihh tin UK hi position In tl ,o "iVAV howevsr, the placed at some little distance from ihe -y; Discharge for the sewage. Lnder the best conditions this merely meant a community was satisfied if it i did not consume Its own sewage. It .was still content to potson a torn-1 imunity lower down the river, ami to [be poisoned by a community which [had Its habitation higher up. i Cities in Canada may be divided linto two classes, according as 'heir i inhabitants are poisoned tflem- selves or hv their neighbours. To- ronto and Kingston fall Into the firs, .class; Montreal in the second, an.l iOttawa in both; but all four i.obon ithelr neighbours Inniscrlniinateb The difficulty has arisen out of our i failure to understand that a river 'is designed to drain country. It alwavs lies at the lowest level of the land' through which it passes Us very excellence as a dram pre- cisely the Quality which makes it the [worst possible source of supply for water which is to be drunk. In En- rone the people have made the dis- ooVen- that this drain used to Ball boats on; It never them to drink of its water. The Romans made the same Sis-} covery. They employed ihe rlvorijj.r in thc water suj.i-' mio, will demand that: changes to take place under co i Irollable conditions, qmckly. mof- fenslvely, and to such a degree as will at least produce a stable effluent, incapable of undergoing further changes of an objectionable character All modern methods of treatment lire capable of accomplishing tills, but i without greatlv diminishing the r.mi i her of bacteria present in thc rjw 1 sewi'ge therefore, for the purpose f destroying the germs which cause Uphold nothing is effected. A false only tho It. S, IE A, C.E. security is created by guardim. against" visible pollution and people continue to be poisoned. The Canadian Society of Civil En- gineers by means of a Committee has just completed an Important sun-sy of the sanitary condition of Lana.n, and the committee of which Mr. R. o. Lea- Is Chairman has submitted a most valuable report to the Annual Meeting of 1911. The following facts are taken from the Report of the Society as published: For the pur- pose of obtaining definite Information the list of questions was sent to all places in Canada with populations of 1 000 or over. This list was sent, to I 3'7 places and replies were received from 166. Only IS places reported rny kind of purification and In twelv.: of these it is limited, in its nature. OE thc 166 places reporting 146 have 1 la lnvo others uncomfortable ami anyway by denying them tlic indulgence of their little vice But when the smoking world calmly exhales us smoke in Ins face without giving a thought as to I whether he likes it or not. he begins to wonder just where patience ceases to he a virtue. we dare say that the Non- Smokers' league will accomplish something If the smoking public doesn't curb this insolence and begin I to think once in a while of the com- j fort of those who don't smoke but j live in the same world with folks, who do. covery. They employed me E. j Committee lormed to legitimate purposes anil sought iicir condition! e; i water supply at the proper soiree, j Cauada. iln all Ute regions which uiei Inc yet remain the ruins of lhc Fcllcrnl Governments of tho two i waterworks. Of these only 3b nave splendid aqueducts by which they I dnal with the matter. The from under-ground sources brought water from the clean hi Is j rQ6trictions imposed at. present 44 obtain their supply from snail WB are content to bring our drinking inst water ways are, !alies and streams In practically tm- _- from a and, as such, each inhabiteil watersheds; 2n from the community is concerned chiefly with j Grcat Lakes and the St. Lawrence attempting, to keep pure its own par- j Ottawa rivers; and 40 from other no. TOn- l_1.-n rfrnnmc which ai'C liable tO supply in an polluted river. The degree o open ditch Iron to whicll 'ine ul _ community has attained may be i ticiilar water supply, without con- bv the number of deaths which sidering whether or not the .disposal :-inccur from typhoid fever. If Is an sewage will contaminate the ST of the regard In which clean- supply of others. Fortunately there nfeas of living and even life itself is j are now means by which this joint (iiness oi nuns ._ ,je undertaken by the Before forth ,e leitif jaeiuic ncuiiitb .enormity the death rate from typhoid, I which prevails in the cities of Canada, lit will be advisable, for the sake of 'erecting a standard for comparison, to cite the rate for European coun- in Scotland the deaths from ityphoid during the years 1301-05 were '-S6.2 per hundred thousand of the po- in England and Wales 11... Germany, 7.6; in Belgium, Ib.Sr in Austria, 19.9. According to the latest returns the Ideath rate 111 Canada is 85.5, which higher than that in Hungary, where jit is 28.3; In Italy, where it Isi 3o.2; 'and only lower than III the llnlted iStates where it is forty-six per hun- thousand oi the population. Let us now consider the state ot iaffairs in the various cities of Canada in the light of statistics supplied by Dr. Charles H. Hodsetts, medical offi- !cer to the Conservation Commission -iln his address on "Pure Water and I tho Pollution of Waterways'. When 'it is considered what Scotland has and that a death rate from Itvphoid of over twenty per hundred thousand of the population is evidence ;of gross carelessness, the full signi- 'licance of the figures will be ap- i predated. In Edmonton, from 1901- !09 the death rate from typhoid if-n-er per one hundred thousand ot was: 75.4, 20.0, 32 3, 37.5, 140.0, 254.3, 1SO.O, HO.O viiO. In Wn- iniliee the rate was: 118.3, 9a.O, 82.8, 3 1750, 10S.8. 19.2, 40.5. 38.4. The figures are not to be obtained during all of these years for Fort William, ihut such as are given disclose the stale: 88.6. 200.-, 98.5, 94.0. In the province control can governments of Canada and ot the United States, under a Treaty which was signed on January 11. 1909, and ratified on May 5th, 1910. The mam object of this Treaty was to prevent disputes regarding boundary waters, but incidentally provision was made to prevent their pollution by com- munities dwelling upon either banks. Under this treaty it Is provided that all questions and mailers of differ- ence arising between .the two coun- tries involving the rights, obligations or interests of 'either in relation to tho other shall be referred to a com- mission for examination and report Such commission has now been ap- pointed and Is at work upon these problems. anil yiuiw.i lakes and streams which are liable to sewage. information furnished by these lilies, the Committee reports not much has yet been done in Canada in the of purification of either water or a complete analysis of all the replies received and a general con- sideration of the whole Question, the committee summarized elusions as follows: ns as None of the methods of sewage disposal, which are feasible and eco- nomically applicable on a large scale, can be relied upon to effect complete THE CASAIfiAX JtlXT. One nf the Most Interesting The place where money is made or what isjperhaps more accurate where it isjcreated has always ap- pealed as mbsT'seemingly mysterious things do to-the general reader. In Canada the Mint Is located in Ottawa Here are made our gold and silverl coius the'ren! money of the coun- try. The paper medium of exchange is" in the hands the engraving firms and not see any trace of it In the Sussex Street establisb- The Mint is open to visitors after certain formalities have been com- plied with. Tha essence of these, ib with every thing connected with tue institution is punctuality. Unless the workman arrives exact- ly on time be finds himself locked out It is necessary for him to tele- phone in and get a written order, be- fore he is allowed to enter. Prior to the worker beginning his day ho must change his clothes, put them in -lion the a locker which is locked and dona "its coh- special garments supplied by the Mint. The employees are not pe From the purification. 2 The distinction between the a. iiiuv. The death rate from typhoid in j cnnnot be Canada is' 35 per o'f the po- pulation. Accordingly about persons die every year from the disease. How, as only about ten cent of all patients affected die It follows that thirty thousand persons are attacked in Canada every year. In addition to the suffering and griet caused by the disease the drain on Hie efficiency of the community Is enormous by the withdrawal of so large a number of the people from general surface drainage of a po- pulated district and its urban sewage is one of degree only, and each in may render the water into which it discharges unwholesome, and 'ccorous for drinking purposes. Since much of the surface dram- ollected for useful employment. By combining the life value of in- dividuals at different ages with the U.SG UtlUHUL UG U'l... treatment anil since sewage disposal processes in the present state of the art cannot bo depended upon to effect I complete bacterial purification, it follows that the raw water of rivers and lakes In populated districts can never be considered entirely safe, and fit for domestic supplies. 4 Experience has shown 1.. at water of oven a considerable degree pollution can be rendered pure and n. e e mltted to leave for Oiniier._ therefore each department has a kitchen of its own, which supplies the midday meal to the staff. The metal to be user, for ihe day's work is weighed out in the morning and no employee of the Mint is allowed to leave the bu.Id- iiiK till the weight of thn coins made and the material left over tally exact- ly with the weight of gold and silver handed out in the morning. Asido from all this, each member of Ihe staff is locked in his or her depart- ment and is not permitted, even, in case of illness to leave without written permit. Thus, in 'the Mint wholesome by filtration, and, tor CllVIUllalb ill- Ulllem'" oj axe distribution of persons dying ot typhoid fever, the resulting average woesome practical purposes this is tho on j reliable means of ensuring the safety of surface supplies from unprotected IHu.J,, 'Quebec the highest rates, in the cities i quoted, are those given for Sher- hrooke: 476.C, 227.0. 60.8 60.8 307, j.62.3, 21.6, 108.0, nreacn chain ofgthc Great Lalics and the St. 5A0'1.0] -Lawrence, Toronto has a comparative- be 'ly low rate, though during thc years hnbly the figures have risen to ;oY 'the 'rates for Montreal were: 000; _: IV1IIIUH1 IV ci "n> value of persons dying from typhoid fever is found to ho If to this be added cost of nursing, attendance, and loss of wages the cost will easily reach six thousand dollars. Accord- ing to the census of the United States for thc last year for which tiomplcte arc available, deaths occurred from typhoid fever. It it iter-sheds. o Towns and cities which take their supplies from suspicious sources should not depend for their.. safety upon the efforts of others, but should themselves adopt such precautions as to the present available. In A nuen i.....- :hances for dishonesty.are reduced Lo minimum. The concluding process of vcl0h- ing and automatically packing the coins into packages requires the most finely adjusted machinery of all. In. this department is a scale so mounted delicate that it had to be down to bedrock. This machine automatically weighs the coins, throwing them into tl-ree different compartments, to tho centre go tho perfect ones, those under or overweight arc deflected to the other SIK W. VAX took the first tralD W fourteen by sixteen feet. The shavings hud not been out ynt. At llio same time they had a tent storu con- taining all sorts of goods, the stock being worth Then they ad- journed to the Criterion Hotel Tor I breakfast It was necessary that ho should first be introduced as tho Criterion was kept by Coluuel Gran- ville and the waiters were two nephews of the Duke ot" Bedford. The food and service were good, hut the platfc was, of tin. They had been attracted by the glamour of thc now 'and and looking about for an open- ing set ui> an hotel in a tent. Many men of this class came out, in those years, bu't the ranching country of Alberta proved a greater attraction to them than tho farming plains. At another hotel, the Dominiqtt, the waitresses hml Leon brought m Chicago, and dressed in silks nnd satins. Mr. Nicholas Flood Davin, who was early on the scene, nftcn commented on the entire absence of any "rough" rowdy element in those days. With a vision and faith ;i-: only earned him ridicule then, Davin wrote in 18S4: "A pleasant city on a boundless pram work their land? Tho coiiriiiorins c-f a now territory is not nccnnipllshcd I without heart break, and it Is the i women who suffer most. The instinct of a boy is to wander, ot girl usually to cling to the old home. A yoimft man cares naught for the "old fitmiMai- but hearkens lo the call of thc or the of the romance ex strnnge new lands. Thus has the British race spread over world. This was the class that pushed on heyoiid the railway (o the waste places sucking adventure, and gold if t it to be found, and gathered herds of cattle and horses upon ilie buffalo ranges of the far west up to thc Itoclues. The liomcsooUer from Eastern Canada and from across thc 1 sea moved forward in more orderly fashion beyond the last tent or shack and pitched his tent where he hatl decided to a home. Thu old 1 timer was innured to hardships by a long voyage beyond the vail end in wagons dragged by oxon. The tender- foot comes out today in .1 Colonist or parlor car, and grumbles he is I a few hours laic in arrival. The multitudes in English cities, who j know nothing ot soil of KngUimi c-ven, crowd out to iiie prairies, ami 1 arc appalled by .their vastness and foreign aspect. Nothing is as it was sbmc thirty five such towns on] the market in. Saskatchewan. last year. Cue class of new comer is no tiiaderfoot. Uis father had feet! hardener! on the plains of tliCi 'American West hi ihe early yuars of century when (here was in reality' "v.'iid and They have spying out this last Great West some years, anil half a million of tli em, nearly all English speaking i though often, European descent, IUIVDJ come in to possess a. share ot it HI riches. They came to farm wish steam and see that every pour.d of power is used. They havo startled old timers with their estimate of the value of time am! business methods. A man on one ot" their tiireshing "outfits" who would allow the machine to vun idle for ten seconds would he for this fanner knows just how much money it costs to run ihe machine idle for ten seconds. Needless to say they aro prospering, and have done much to! bring-the waste places of the West! iutu productively. There are meroj land speculators and "sod skimmers" among them, hut there are thousand's' of skilful, instructed agriculturists i also, tho great majority in fact.. When] the Populists were stirring up KEJII-J foreign aspect, is as ic was tne sumus iqi at home and nothing Is right. The sas and distruhing the politics of old timer who loves Hngte'id grows l tliu whole United States William Allan THE EVOLUTION OF I'KATRSK YA.. THK ?iinV M'AT Around rich land whore peace tnd ti1G jOiudish and won-! .White of Ihe Kmprla Gazelle startled plenty _ I (Icr3 .f has indeed be- the country by'this piece or advico, A legal camp, tho province wisdor- s conw ticeudent and produced a race ''H would be better for Kansas to home, MUIUC, A rich cathedral, learning's spleuud dome; A teeming mart, wide streets, 'oror.d more wheat, and less This of incompetents and It raise more wnoat ami less nen i nif is one of his cherished ideas that tho j appears to be the idea of the American English arc colonizing race, and farmers, in Canada. Some am the mrn A teeming man, wiuu utu.iu tnftgft hearts then Uc coio- I and tin; suns of thc men. who brought squares, bright flowers, iiizors? But the wimis of the West] law nnd order'to the lawless plains A marble figure whence a fountain qujckjy thc rhaff from thn i of the Western Slates, and one thing showers i wheat, nnrt old timer comes to that pleases them greatly in Canada What city's this? a gentle princess, ,n tjme th.u ,nllch of thja ts that Canada is a country of law famed unpromising material is sound at thu j and order and where a man may auuuiu-u For happy genius, it Rogtna named. j hftvo two m "a square At the oulsftl this on a concrete pier, sunk In tho ground Dearly all these changes have been j f T, however, patent fact impresses them favour- i i r. ____i nvtani ilptprmiiirs eary a or are being worked in the Plams two. In The cf Chnriir- Nearly nil thc giddy youth of the neighborhood attended the charily ftd li in iu LI i j time iiractically nothing has been and one by one they drifted ilnnr in the WHJ- of purifying the to a stan ivhero a tiny, shapely, scon'.- gray kitl glove reposed on a anon iirred from tyiihoid fever. It H municipalities, cxcoilt in assumed that each ot these re-, g, dozen general of less than halt 1'nblic Health Acts ot thc provlue in a wny against the dischargo endanger the near which tlie fii'st pitched their tent so sh proof Unirlislimen, However, niatciiL nici. the Plains ]lever cc.lscs to muimain that many j ably nnrt to a great cstenl iletcrmiiips whiic i j t u nollW ]JC ihnir uttitude to our political an. iort a time snrfal ideals. This is a [net o( great ed their tent so short a "me i lot fla arn-.Ulllome> as May, 1882. But tins not a it is ;nr ;uutudc of r ;uutudc of mind ago as May, 1882. Bui tins is not a m it ls 01 city's history. A homcstoacier who h t ,las If u ,vcro went out on the plains in the eighties dangerous a point lo dwell illustrated thc hard limes by Baying insist Ulat thc cMet that he had seen at the lost uinci j Of y1G is a realization quite an interest taken in a lucUy (log jt to Inaril yet. perirg, and Uierelorc a produced a ten cent piece to buy u many things j tented. Occasionally llu a stamp for his letter. In 1S8C he must learn i numhers and Is noisy in his beer could not cut his crop of wheat with own thf. eQuntry's dr'.nkinE, but he has in tho whole n a mower, and Text year seed ha" tnis is n realization that will j galiuary respect for the redcoat and ho supplied to .bo farmorc by Govern- -j'tiinga nre going on for thc law. racnt. Fortunately it produced a good comor social ideals. This is a fact of great moment to Canada, in short one 01' our greatest national asse'.s. The foreigner, from Austria in great pan, adopts himself to the new conditions with remarkable'rapldty. He. is pros- as a rule con- he gathers in During thc summer n child friend in England I ;10W comor coiner understand each FKKB THK IIHCl'E rlioan flClirPI Olive Deen i tttn-u vfncinl UUDIIC IieBllll J IICII, iHiiiiimiii i." "howlng the'highest rates. Oilier Unite'.! States may he members ot the Committee Tom i.orBon, the local pork-butcher IM sucli Vancouver, Victoria, I Kor four years in Albany before an v "JJ- or commission who wsighs two hundred am. twenty .imder the 20 per cent', danger mark, j sanrl. aro It given as 8.3 thc water supply Is ply the rate remained identical ilurint thu two periods. K...V oc s e considered by pub c health authorities. If, as Dr. .llodgctls ,h. of well guarded lakes; _and In i our neglect Rnl. variety of the various g I'OOT SOCdlllR also W.IS uiicn LIU; of ii loss of half the crop. North of the Qu'Ai.uolle Illver I once stayed a night with a worthy couple who had liecii Cnmbcrlnnil miner folk, and who lived in a comfortable stone house set in the midst of a square mile of Ihelr own farm lands. They told me Iho second two years they had been on theli homestead they never tastec. meat except ttint which was the spoil ot their shot gun. Their sight hail _________ gladdened for thc first time in i twenty five years b> sceillK wonderful wizard and man's face when a talnl J clean, as con- wiiu f i" pounds, nnd is almost as bcautitiii ns u side of bacon, steppcil to the front o( the stall. "Now young gents, ho said, In his best "Buy. glovo belongs to me. .liougu U at a But nohody cnine on. ,an WcSt lOOUlllg OUL.P. inu uuui MI vii.J car in which his horses munch hay with many an enquiry glairee at Ihe 'c n i i. that nnl'cuced fields. Carlo looks mi at.. ,lir. center and armor i his master a bewildered _ er helimes n a ewiere busies himself harking at! lilaieil on He ou Diking liave a way or uses mse saucy small boys cm the station [i at- Diking liave a forms dotted across Mie npir es .'Il.e da c ng r lca a londorloofa family f.mearTwbile are sh. iro in ne for crossing the continent in a crowded jn.m lo -1 ,go but he t a i crossng he conne train, making new friends and com- but he t a i notes as to their destinations, cnanpal I i ,110111 i jiiuiny nviiun 01 with perchance an occasional rtaucin? is a poor substitute for glance. A i ;