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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta _ THI UTHMIDGl HERALD EDITORIALS Alarming food shortages occuring By Carl T. syndicated Banking the world's food An Internationally agreed system food reserves is now in the self- jiterest of all nations. This was the contention of Mr. James P. president of the Overseas Develop- ment when he appeared re- cently before a U.S. House foreign affairs subcommittee. It sounds as though this might be something due to receive increasing attention in the next little while While the people in the rich coun- tries seem to be almost preoccupied by the rising cost of the inhabi- tants of the poor nations face the bleak prospect of being unable to ob- tain even subsistence rations The relief which in recent years have used surplus food in Canada and the United have just about exhausted their supplies Scant reserves remain as a result of major sales to other rich nations which have run into short supply This situation is not wholly due to adverse climatic conditions or to non-production policies in North Am- erica- There are more mouths to feed in every part of the world and there is the effect of rising affluence in the rich nations. Mr. Grant illustrated the point about rising affluence by giving some facts about the consumption of cer- which dominate the world food economy. In the poor countries the annual availabihtv of gram per per- son averages about 400 pounds per year. Nearly all of this small amount must be consumed directly to meet mdninium energy bttle can be spared for conversion into animal protein. By on Canada and the U.S. per capita gram utilization is currently approaching one ton per year. Of this oidy about 150 pounds are consumed directly in the form of and break- fast cereals. The remainder is con- sumed indirectly in the form of eggs and beverage al- cohol. At a Catholic conference in Edmon- ton recently a speaker said the need for making some of the North Am en- can abundance available to people in the poor nations is testing the Chris- tian conscience. In New The Times editorialized that American leadership in the world must be dem- onstrated as a humanitarian force ot constant purpose and compas_sion Such sentiments as these are not without significance in tackling the grave problem of a proper distribu- tion of food resources. But in the end self-interest will probably pre- vail It will be the fearful prosoect of intense competition for control of available food supplies with a poten- tially tragic impact on consumers the over that will make an in- ternational feed bank attractive and acceptable. The creation of an internationallv managed world lood bank is prob- abh the only means of maintaining some semblance of order and sta- bilitv in the world food economy. A rtoerve could be built up in times of relative there- by keeping prices to the farmer and drawn down in times of thereby helping to stabilize prices to the consumer. WASHINGTON When we have met the needs of American what would you do with the meagre remains of this country's agricultural Sell it all to the Soviet Union. the People's Republic of Use much of it to allevi- ate widespread hunger in West Latin America and then sell other nations only the grain not needed to avert famine in poor That is the kind of choice this country ought never have to but the tragic fact is we are already with such a decision. And all the power factors seem to push toward selling everything we can while millions of hungry people suffer and die. Just a few days ago I ceived a telegram from Larry president of Pood for the who has spent 16 years in disaster-relief assistance. He said his tour of the Sahel re- gion of West Africa convinced him that the drought there has crsated the most critical famine situation our world has Ward told of seeing villagers who won't they investigate MPs' salaries a new look A program to cure the boom in people During a recent phone-in program on rising one caller made a nice point. Addressing a federal cabi- net who'd somehow been in- veigled into he pointed out that there is liable to be quite a difference in perspective between A minister making a year and someone trying to get by on S400 a month. He didn't sound impressed by the minister's assurance that he knew all about high as he often v. ent shopping with his wife and had noted just as an example that she al- ways shopped for the cheaper cuts of meat. One suspects things aren't quite as tough at a year as they can be at a whatever the cost of but that's not the point. The point and it seems a pretty good one is that a man whose standard of livmg is utterly remote from that of ordinary citizens may not always see things their way. Or to put it as a does it make sense to pay a man nine or ten times the national isolate him fi- nancially and deny him any possibility of experiencing the day to day problems of those who elected and then expect him to have the same ideas as they have' the answer is No. The problem is easily just pay all elected office holders and ministers what- ever the average citizens' income happens to be. In Ottawa that would be the national while pro- vincial members would collect the average income for their particular provinces. Simple. Of course members have extra travel and housing having to travel back and iorth from their constituencies to the and hav- ing to maintain homes at each place That s no just leave them their present travel and provide public housing for all members in the capital cities. why Government hous- ing is provided at armed services research mete- orological stations and all sorts of places. Surely legislators are just as entitled to decent housing as weathermen and the like The advantages are obvious. First and any government action that will affect the economy the only kind that really matters to people will be done by people with the same the same and probably the same outlook as the rest of the population. What they should be something the public can at least and approve. That alone would justify the change. But there are other too. There'd be no more hassling over members raising their ad- justments would be up or down with'the national or provincial averages. No more about whether all those protesta- tioijs of dedication and sacrifice are really sincere. There shouldn't be manv com- plaints from the members- After no one should complain about treated the same as the average citi- zen none of them are there for the are they9 And think of the millions of dollars the taxpayer would By Max London Observer commentator GENEVA Sixty-four grad- uates from 38 countries gather- ed recently in Geneva to exer- cise their biams on the most urgent one-world problem the gilloping inciease in the num- bsr of people the earth sus- tains. And they came up with a forthright manifesto. The graduates are in aca- scientific or public ser- vice jobs in their own countries and since their average age is shout they represent the senior administrators of tomor- row's world. They met with the Messing of the United Nations information service in Geneva and based their study on a draft prepared by Lord formsrly head of Britain's UN delegation. Lord Caradon did not stay till the end of the study ses- sion and he may have got a bit of a shock when he read the Letters to the editor manifesto as adopted It de- parts considerably from his draft The manifesto starts with the declaration that present popu- lation growth is the earth's that misao- plied technology has already seriously damaged the means of sustaining and that the growing gap between the world's rich and poor is an af- front to the human equality of all mankind. say the if we are to head off the non- stop baby harvest must be re- duced. The study group agreed that it cannot be dealt with on its own population policy must be part of global planning for social and economic develop- ment This in turn means peo- ple everywhere must be made to reahre that ive are all in the same and that govern- ments become inspired by hu- manitarian and egalitarian val- ues to plan for years instead of getting bogged down with har.d-tc-mcath policies for the present aione. The world's wealth and re- sources must foa redistributed. The rich must shed some of their and the poor must get a better life. says the a bet- ter quality of Me can ba at- tained by the acceptance of non-materiahstic values and the lowering of material expecta- especially those of t h e rich.'1 How can all this be convert- ed into The manifesto sets out an answer it says that since dealing with the population explosion is beyond the power of any one govern- the power of the United Questioning programs is excellent T was interested to read a letter in Tne Herald criticizing some of my views on our edu- cational empires. Students are the most im- portant people in our schools and what is done to them should be of vital concern to all citi- A pungent reminder The casserole Insisting that the spectacular volume of drug traffic between a Colombian city and the US. could not carry on without some knowledge on the part of the airline in- a New York judge has ordered the confiscation of one of the airline's a million DC-8. He made the point that the airline profits from the traffic through the fares paid hy a platoon of and so far has failed to take all possible steps to discourage it. apartment Naturally there are a few ht- tle like bringing 80-odd tons top soil up the purchasing and arranging the needed boxes and hiring assistants of for the university trained etc. Poor old General its second quar- ter profit margin slipped from 8 5 per cent away down to 8 3. Of course sales were up a wee a matter of 14 per cent to an all time high of and over- all profit managed a skimpy 10 per cent rise to another all time record of million. That's for a full three of course. Which is scarcely more than billion a year. Those figures show that the company will barely meet its 1973 which is earnings of per a modest 20 per cent improvement on last year's penurious No wonder GM needs a price in- The millionaire son of a man once Gen- eral Motors' largest share-holder is doing his bit about the food shortage. He is ex- tending the vegetable garden and orchard that occupies more than half the 3500 One thing that pornographers have learned from more orthodox merchanoisers is that it usually pays to find just the right words to describe the product. When peddling for and sound- ever so much nicer than and Among 'signs of the times' there was an employment ad in a Washington paper re- cently that in astute and therefore thoroughly disgusted young man wasting away in high salaried prestigious congressional challenging career in community service unharmful to the Those last four words may cut down his prospects some. Don't be too surprised if you start see- ing the ladies running around in what seems to be their lingerie. According to New York fashion the 'look' this fall will be black lacy that only an expert can distinguish at a The acid of truth that stings and the salt that savors have not yet vanished from the life of the Irish Republic. A pun- gent reminder of this was the ironic piece of August 21. I read it with to my found it was from the flexible pen of Louis Burke Do eyes really pop in Dublin when cases like the Littlejohn spy plot surface'' That could be a measure of the Republic's state of illusion When did the Irish begin to doubt that the British use Machiavellian meth- ods to get Ireland further into their There were seme of us who never doubted that the bombs of the last election were unlikely to be IRA ones. Apart the tactics it would be stupid for the IRA to alienate Irish people in this manner. Bloody Sunday was ar- ranged in too. How many more cases of spy sabotage have there Correspondents of mine in Ireland tell me that the Repub- lic gets rid of landless laborers by sending them to Britain. the Irish in the Re- public distract themselves with singing pubs devoted to senh- mentlal and bingo in every parish. no there will be hardly a stream unpolluted. And apartment blocks will accommodate the antiseptic TV slobs on the one and the houseless prole- taria' on the other. Rackrent is now at home in no need for battering the nrill if all with the aid of the sell-out gov- ernment It's good to see Louis Burke casting a scornful eye on the tip of the British spy iceberg Some of his dispatches seemed non-commital. And thank God the theatre still flounshes. It's one opening on reality. Pearse and Plunkett and McDonagh did not die for bingo and huck- stering. It's time the Republic awoke and embraced the cause or a fiee instead of booz- ing and blathenng its troubles away. PETER HUNT Lethbridge Book in brief by Colette Dave- nat J. McLeod Lim- 339 at 17 years of age becomes a secret agent for Queen Elizabeth. Her assign- ment involves taking a massage to the imprisoned Queen of Scots Danger and intrigue dodge her every footstep as Deborah attempts to do her Queen's bidding. A highly ad- venturous historical novel in every sense of the well- with a sensitive por- trayal of the brilliance and the tumultuousness of the Eliz- abethan age. It is to be hoped that Colette Davenat will continue to write many more novels in this vein. ANNE SZALAVARY zens. I think it's excellent for teachers and parents to ques- tion and evaluate our educa- tional programs. If educators dislike being queried it may they have something to hide. In three articles I have sup- ported the open area concept but have also stressed the need for evaluation and an honest assessment of problems. This has been shared by the Canadian Education Association which has listed 55 evaluative studies and articles on open area schools. The work was carried out by school boards and universities across Cana- da I don't think their critical evamination indicated a dislike of open area schools We have some fine people in our educational systems but I have no time for those people who will not get involved with students Education is team work and we haven't the time or the money to carry freeload- ers. This was a problem that concerned the Alberta govern- ment which in July com- missioned the Holdaway Report to investigate the functions and costs of non-instructional posi- tions. And we all know Parkin- son's Law which is an essen- tial principle of most education- al systems. Anyone who feels that loyal- ty for the latest educational fad is not required before fringe benefits arc granted must very naive. contro- versy is good for education and I hope more people will take the time to write to the press. For my whenever I set our educational mandarins wearing the emperor's clothing I intend to have a ctoet look at what's showing. TERRY MORRIS Lethbridgo Nations must be to distribute the -world's for be givsn power to control world trade ar.d-taxa- tion. the ami of population policy must be drummed into the human race. Family plan- ning services must be free for all. People must have the right to and sterilization as well as contraception. Nations must take their own measures to reduce births. The status of women must be raised to equal- ity with man. All military spending must be cut and all stock-piled weapons destroyed. Governments must give the UN more money to develop a population and the work must not be Isft to the elderly the graduates want youth to be involved at all stages. The study group produced a separaate paper on because there was general agreement that this at pres- ent the most controversial as- pect of the population prob- lem. The argument for abortion rested on the belief that only drastic. remedies will be any and the claim that such measures are already having some success in some East European and in China. Because of ignorance or con- traceptive failure many wom- en now bear unwanted chil- and many become preg- nant through raps. At the same time abortion is already one ol the commonest forms of birth control practised through- put the ivorld. But because it is_ illegal in most countries it is carried out in secret and un- satisfactory conditions that threaten the health of women. The says the study is to make abortion uni- versally legal on humanitarian grounds. If one result of this becomes increased male irre- sponsibility the group hopefully suggests thst education will counter men's natural or ex- cessive appetites. Tba group's report recom- mends that abortion should not only be but made readily available to all wom- that the occasion should be used for compulsory edu- cation in contraceptive tech- niques that such an education- al program should be designed to make couples appreciate their and that abortion should in the end be reduced by new contraceptive techniques for both men and women. eating tlie leaves and roots of trees in Senegal and Mauritan- something already report- ed from Chad. C. Payne president of has just returned from the area of eastern Niger around Lake Chad with reports that people are eating diseas- ed with children wres- tling over their entrails and drinking their blood. The long range prospect for solving the food problems of the Sahel have always been bleak. it because of drastic pressures on the world's food the short-range prospect is quite grim. As recently as July 5. Dr. A H director-gener- al of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Na- raised the spectre of an community un- Pble to respond adequately to distress calls from an area struck by famine the sim- ple reason that there were no uncommitted food supplies Dr. Boerma poirted out that in 1971 agricultural production in developing countries increas- ed only two per or not pnough to equal population growth and less ihsn half o I FAO had targeted. He es- timated a one per cent decline in 1972 for all developing coun- a whopping produc- tion di-cp of four per cent in the Far East. So after the worst drought of the century in Af- widespread crop failures in the Soviet and ter- rible drought followed by dev- astating floods in India and it appears the world has plunged into that critical situation where no one has the uncommitted food sup- plies needed in disaster areas. More than a dozen private US relief agencies have mov- ed into West Africa to try to avert widespread famine. Some of these like Catholic Relief Services and Church World have for years used commodities from the U.S. Food for Peace pro- gram to feed some 30 million nesdy people around the world. But now U.S. agriculture department has warned these agencies that veg- etable oil and other commodit- ies will not be available in Au- and perhaps not in Sep- tember. These agencies may be forc- ed 1o suspend relief operations in 50 which would pile calamity on top of catas- trophe in West because the US. has no for peace This year's wheat and soybean harvests are now expected to be 302 million bu- shels below earlier estimates. The political realities are such that no one expects the government to take food away from American consumers for overseas relief. But what some of the relief agencies are plead- ing for is that humanitarian programs not be given the ab- solute lowest with food made available for them only after massive sales to countries like Russia and China are taken care of. The appeal is for the United States to hold brack from sale abroad enough food to make an adequate response to an- quished cries for help such as those now coming from Af- rica. It is a request a nation of compassionate people must grant. all the world's na- tions must go about coping ivith a situation where the food sup- ply must be doubled every gen- eration just to keep pace with population growth. Crazy Capers' Just the right Briggs. Mr. The Lethbridge Herald 7th St. LETBBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and PubMtbwt Published by HOD. W. A. BUCHANAN MCM CMM MM RtgMrttta No. Mil CtntJttn Prttt ma tfct Ctnidian Oilly Mri' AMocUtlon tht Audit BurMU of CLEO W Editor and PuMlshw THOMM H. ADAMS. OCNPILUHC. WILLIAM HAY THf HERALD SMVIS THE ;