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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta '4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, August 28, 1970 Anthony Weslett Everyman A Winner Students engaged in the transcon- tinental intercollegiate Clean Air Race currently in progress are hav- ing a good time displaying their technological know-how, their in- genuity and their concern for pollu- tion problems brought on by car exhaust fumes. It is the most news- worthy anti-pollution scheme recent- ly devised to arouse public interest in a situation that involves us all. But to Sen. Gaylord Nelson of Wis- consin must go top honors. He has introduced a bill calling for a ban on internal combustion engines by 1974. It is impossible for anyone denied engineering expertise to know whether Sen. Nelson's bill is realistic, but it is bound to rouse opposition among car manufac- turers who have billions of dollars invested in the engine presently in use. If the Nelson proposal were passed by Congress and upheld in the courts, the car manufacturers would be in for a huge loss in rev- enue. They would also have lost the power to decide for themselves what kind of engine they put in their ve- hicles. Tlie Nelson proposal would force the car manufacturers to stop yearly style changes and put their money into finding a solution to ex- haust pollution. It's an astounding idea; bound to be fought tooth and nail by manufacturers who stand to lose enormous profits. Sen. Nelson's deadline of 1974 for radical change may prove unrealis- tic. Certainly the manufacturers will contend that it is. But they will prob- ably be motivated to accelerate their efforts to find an alternative to the present car engine with the announcement that Datsun of Japan plans to begin production of a safe- exhaust car by 1973. It is powered by freon, a gas now used in re- frigerants. Competition, publicity, human in- genuity are all at work to win the race_and we all stand to be winners in this one. Is Anybody In Former Prime Minister John Dief- enbaker has criticized the present head of government for taking too many vacations. He seems to think that a prime minister should be directing the affairs of the nation at ail times. It must amuse Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to hear this criticism since he has at 9ther times been ac- cused of being dictatorial. A dictator usually keeps watch over his domain at all times; a democrat delegates responsibility. The fact that Mr. Trudeau feels confident that he can trust his minis- ters and the civil servants to dis- charge their duties without having him hovering around them like an anxious hen should be considered as complimentary by them and reassur- ing to citizens generally. Mr. Diefenbaker should have learn- ed by now that the country isn't ut- terly dependent upon a single great man. Canada has survived for some years now without Mr. Diefenbaker as its head; it can manage a few days without Mr. Trudeau. By a strange coincidence, in Brit- ain, Prime Minister Edward Heath has been the object of the kind of criticism Mr. Diefenbaker has di- rected to Mr. Trudeau. While the economy there has been suffering some more difficulties, Mr. Heath has been away sailing his yacht, Morn- ing Cloud. It must be particularly galling to Mr. Diefenbaker that a prime minis- ter bearing the noble label of Conser- vative should act so much like one calling himself a Liberal. J. Interest in French politics is grow- ing, both in France itself and abroad. The excitement is almost entirely due to a relatively new name on the scene, none" other than Jean Jacques Servan-Schreiber, whose recent ap- pearances on U.S. television- drew wide audiences. J.J. S.-S. speaks English with facility, has an intrigu- ing French Intonation, and is as hand- some as any Hollywood star. His recent win in the Nancy by- election is reputed to have shaken President Pompidou to the toes of his weU polished boots. Now J.J.-S.-S. leader of the leftist Radical party, has announced his intention to put an- other wrench in well-oiled Gaullist political machinery. A byelection is scheduled for 'Bordeaux on Septem- ber 20. Until recently there was little likelihood that the "stand in" candi- date, none other than the Premier of France himself M. Chalban Delmas would be oposed. B u t J. J. S. S. has placed the Premier, who is also the mayor of Bordeaux, "in ballot- age" thus forcing a second round of voting and denying the Premier the prestige of overwhelming popularity. The Premier, who is expected to win in the second round, will turn over his seat to a substitute, because the French constitution prevents a Cab- inet minister from taking a' seat in the National Assembly. It's a clever manoeuvre on the part of M. Servan Schreiber, who is re- puted to have ambitions to reach-the- top in the government of France at some future time. He is attempting to reform and polarize French poli- tics, to arouse interest in vital is- sues, such as decentralization of pow- er, and foreign affairs. For instance the Gaullists have treated the new Moscow Bonn pact with an air of indifference but J.J.- S.-S. has come all out in favor of it. He sees no conflict between West German overtures to Eastern Eur- ope and the idea of European politi- cal union. Prospect of such union is hardly in the Gaullist tradition. But Mr. Chaban Delmas has pro- duced an ace from his sleeve with the announcement that the Ford Mo- tor Company will build a factory in a Bordeaux suburb for the manufac- ture of automatic transmissions for Fords built in Britain, France and Belgium. Many Bordeaux jobless stand to benefit. The Gaullists will lose no votes with this announcement and the uncommitted electorate is un- likely to pay much attention to one of the Premier's leftist opponents, who has vented his frustration on the Ford Company. He accuses Ford of entering into French politics by the back door, and says that it should have made the announcement when there was no electoral campaign in the offing. It's not a convincing argu- ment. Whether J. J.-S.-S.'s strategy will succeed this time is open to question. If it doesn't there will be other elec- tions to arouse the French people. J.J.-S.-S. is unlikely to leave any op- portunities lying around. If he ap- peals to the French women as he did to North American females he is bound to be a winner some time. Charisma, vous vous appellez Jean Jacques Servan-Schreiber! Pills For Ulbricht The recently signed Bonn-Moscow pact is a bitter blow to East Ger- man ambition, both from a political and economic point of view. The East Germans expected that the Russians would support their de- mand that the division of Germany should be recognized by interna- tional law, but the Soviets have denied them unqualified backing. Soviet national interest has over- ridden concern for East German hopes. The U.S.S.R. badly needs ac- cess to West German technology, a sophisticated modern technology which the East Germans have fail- ed to supply. Other Warsaw Pact na- tions y.ant access to this technology too, and their bid for technical co- operation with West Germany is not likely to be opposed by Moscow. It's all bad news for the East Ger- mans who are bound lo be displaced as the prime suppliers of technology to Eastern Europe. Chief of State of East Germany, Walter Ulbricht, has seen the clear handwriting on the German wall, and is making attempts to mend his bridges to the West. Recently he sent messages to Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Norway and Denmark, s u g g e s t ing diplomatic exchange. Some did not reply. Those who did said no. Added to Mr. Ulbricht's woes, is the Russian acceptance in principle, if not in fact, that the now pact would not prevent German reunifi- cation at some distant date. Clearly East Germany is being forced to swallow a bitter pill by a determined Mother Russia. Its therapeutic effect on the patient is doubtful lo say the least. 1 think that, since the war lias ex- panded from Vietnam to Cambodia and Laos, with the possibility always of expansion to Thailand, it is urgent that the whole crisis of Southeast Asia be takn to the United Nations. Shirley Temple Black, United States representative lo the U.N. How Trudeau Tames A Killing Job rVITAWA Pierre Elliott Trudeau lias been re- markably successful in taming the man killing job of prime minister. His main fears when lie was considering whether to run for the office was that he would be worked beyond his capacity literally, to distraction and denied a reasonable private life. The doubls were well found- ed on the. experiences of pre- vious prime ministers in mod- ern times, as the pace of gov- ernment has speeded up. Both John Diefenbakcr and Lester Pearson were thorough 1 y wearied by the demands of of- fice and unable to give of their best judgment, a significant factor in the series of crises which overtook their last months in power. But Trudeau organizes his time so well that he works on the average a five day week, with weekends off, and man- ages frequent short holidays, often combining the private pleasures of canoeing or skiing with public business. And he has persuaded, or bullied the press to keep well clear of his private life. Even newsmen who argue that they have a right, as rep- resentatives of the public, to be kept informed of the Prime Minister's movements and pri- vate engagements, as the Washington press corps keeps tabs on the president, no long- er bother to press their case. They have been tongue lash- ed in the past for prying, arousing Trudeau's temper as nothing else has done, and flat- ly denied information so often that it seems pointless to per- sist. At the close of his north- western tour, Trudeau retired to a ranch in the Cariboo coun- try of Brilish Columbia. Whose ranch and where? The aides declined to tell news- men who bad been reporting the trip up to that point, insist- ing that it was a private occa- sion. The newsmen for the most part accepted the explanation and trailed back to Ottawa, leaving Uie Prime Minister to the enjoyment of his privacy. Few if any newsmen in Ot- tawa now think it worth the ef- "Here's the reply from the postal unions to our latest wage fort or the unpopularity to try to penetrate the screen around the Prime Minister. Behind this screen, he is able to take frequent relaxed weekends at his official sum- mer home on Harrington Lake, where he entertains friends quite unknown to the press and the public. On other weekends, he goes to Montreal to see his mother, or to a family summer place in the Latirentians with few people outside the immediate entourage even aware that he has been away from the capi- tal. The respect for Trudeau's privacy extends beyond the press to the general public. Crowds of tourists will stand around for hours on Parlia- ment Hill waiting for a glimpse of the glamorous great man as he emerges from his office. But when he appears in public on what are obviously private occasions, people treat him that way. When he wants to go to the movies, he lines up for tickets at the box office, and after the show he may go to a popular restaurant for a snack. He is immediately recognized, of course, and a few people usu- ally say but he is left pretty much to himself and his companion. On other occasions, informal- ity has backfired. When Tru- deau showed up wearing a light jacket and an ascot at the dinner dance given by the Governor General for Prince Charles recently, there was a good deal of private tut tut- ting and even some public comment to suggest that the PM had deliberately put-down the Queen's representative. In fact, it seems to have been a case of fouled up staff work. One of Trudeau's aides forgot to tell him that the or- iginal invitations specifying in- formal dress had been changed to black tie, severely embar- rassing the PM who made his displeasure known to the staff the next day. But barring such accidents, it is clear that Trudeau is firmly in control of his own life, imposing his style on the prime ministership rat her than being made a slave to the office. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Maurice Western Large Significance In A Quarter-Inch Gap o iTTAWA: It is common knowledge that the rail- ways ar'e not what they were in steel of Empire days. Time has wrought a shrinkage of horizons although few citizens, prior to the recent decision of the Canadian Transport Com- mission, can have grasped ths magnitude of the change. The saga of the railway builders is known, more or less, to every schoolboy. Men of vision, thinking in spacious terms, dazzled governments with their plans for subduing a continent by flinging track across thousands of miles of prairie wilderness, through un- known mountain passes and down the western slopes to the Pacific Ocean. These miracles were duly accomplished and regularly celebiated on both sides of the border by symbolic hammerings on golden spikes. In the years that followed they were also celebrated by outraged farmers protesting about freight rates. Vision nowadays has become more restricted. In the latest British Columbia case, the commissioners were invited to rivet their attention not on thousands or even hundreds of miles but on the transportation significance of one quarter of one inch. It is sobering to reflect on the possible impact of such liti- gation on the social status of railway presidents. The problem arose (at least in some legal minds) from the peculiar character of the Ca- nadian American border for much of its length. Parallel of latitude is defined in the Con- cise Oxford, which figured largely in this case, as "each of the circles marking degrees of latitude on the earth's sur- face in a map, as the 49th." Especially the 49th, but not on the map on the ground. A certain amount of nongeo- graphical background is essen- tial to an understanding of the difficulty. The Kootenay and Elk Railway (K and incor- porated in British Columbia, is a subsidiary of Crow's Nest Industries Ltd. which wishes to move coal to Roberts Bank and elsewhere. K and E pro- posed to make- this possible by building a link to the border to meet a second link built from the south by the Gr'eat North- ern Railway Company. The project is opposed by the CPR. Matters were somewhat con- fused before the commission- ers because the applicants were not gambling on a single strategy. Last November they sought an order granting per- mission to join the respective failways at the border. But they also requested the com- mission to obtain an opinion from the Supreme Court on whether it could hear and de- termine their application. Had the decision been negative, they could presumably have dealt with British Columbia, which held that there was no federal jurisdiction. The B.C. argument was that K and E is a purely provincial railway with no trans border Letter To Hie Editor aspirations and that Great Northern is a purely American railway, which would have no track north of the border. They would meet, after a fashion, but they would not join. A Mr. Douglas Kefling explained the distinction. According to the summary: "He stated it is proposed to terminate the K and E Rail- way at a point exactly a quar- ter of an inch north of the bor- der white the Burling ton (Great Northern) Railway would terminate at a point op- posite, a quarter of an inch south of the border, with the result that the tracks of the K and E would not cross the border, nor would the tracks of Burlington." This may well be the first time that anyone ever pro- posed to build a coal and rail empire on a half inch gap. It is possible that if Euclid had been a commissioner the argument would have been sustained. The parallel, apart from being invisible, is im- measurable. It might, there- fore, with a legal push, have been able to squeeze its way through the narrow pass be- tween 100 per cent Canadian and 100 per cent American Steel. Even heat expansion, ac- cording to expert witnesses, would be so controlled as to make impossible the unthink- able union. Unfortunately for the K and E (and for the B.C. the argument disintegrated under examination. The fatal ex- change follows: Mr. Griffin (commissioner) "I will put the question then: if a track owned by one com- pany happened to have be- tween any one rail a gap of half an inch, you would con- sider as railway engineer that it has ceased to become a continuous line of railway." The witness: "no." Considering this gap in the B.C. argument, the wealth of definitions offered by the Con- cise Oxford for the word and various precedents in railway cases, the commis- sion was able to sustain its own jurisdiction on this point. As to the application, it remains un- decided because of a puzzling omission in the evidence sub- mitted by the applicants. The Great Northern, accord- ing to the presentation, is to run its trains across the border on to K and E tracks as an agent of K and E. On the other hand, the too railways coyly insist that they have no ar- rangements. "We were told at the hearing that the conn-acts that "have not been consummated" will .never come into being. This lack of vision baffles the commission- ers whose position, simply stated, is: no disclosure; no judgment. As noted above, the matter is very complicated. It in- volves a clash of imperial in- terests, armed with micro- scopes and other weapons of the modern railwayman. With so many lawyers involved in so many manoeuvres, much of the action may well mystify a lay observer. At least how- ever, one important point has been clarified. It requires more than half an inch to es- tablish a provincial jurisdic- tion, and we may be grateful for that. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) How Music's Treated In Cultural Community I would like to comment on an article which appeared in Wednesday night's Herald. I don't wish to criticize Mrs. Bow- man's article, but I do want to debate the issue of how music and its teachers are treated in this so called "cultural" com- munity. I am a student! I am quite fed up with the way good teach- ers and musicians are forced to look elsewhere for backing because this town won't stand behind them. Dr. Larson staled the string program was cut due to the lack of interest shown by students; I suggest Dr. Larson should have attended a rehear- LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD will have a new Children's Sheller. The by- law carried by one vote over the two-thirds majority needed. 1930 The secret police in Moscow have announced that ten persons were executed by firing squad for hoarding gold and silver coins. Many others are on trial in pursuance of the government's campaign against hoarding. laio Five thousand parcels of food for British prisoners of war in Germany, to be pur- chased in Canada for shipment overseas, are asked for by the Canadian Red Cross Society. 1930 Recruiting has fallen off here since the special Ko- rean force quota has been fill- ed. About 50 recruits applied here for the special force and applications for the permanent army have fallen off. sal of the Youth Orchestra. The kids there have enthusiasm. I know, I belong. Why don't they sign up for the music program? They are encouraged not to by principals, teachers and coun- sellors who say that there are more "important" subjects to be taken. I know because they've told me the same thing. But my issue is not about the other "more important" subject teachers. My issue is about mu- sic. Lethbridge had two very fine and well qualified teacSiers: Mr. Grant Ericksen for band and Mr. Malcolm MacDonald for strings. I have studied under both and enjoyed music so much more by knowing them. If there is one thing to build up a beginner's ego, it is a patient and understanding instructor. I have studied under Mr. Mac- Donald since he moved here, three years ago. When I was ready to quit and hang up my bow, Mr. MacDonald was al- ways there; encouraging me and teaching me to love and respect music. 1 am only one case in quite a few. What do we do lo these fine devoted mu- sicians? We tell them to teach Social and English or to please move along. What a waste! In- stead of throwing away good talent, why don't the teachers and parents encourage their youngsters and demand to see an earlier start in musical training. I tried for two years at LCI to get a string class. It isn't the kids who need the push, it is the school system that should open its arms to these fantastic teachers. They closed the doors and' told me to take my place behind some text book that has absolutely no connection with my future career. I wouldn't mind but I still want my music! Although I am deeply sorry to see these poeple go, I am glad because maybe now they will find a place that will real- ly appreciate them. To close, I would like to quote from the newspaper report of what Dr. Larson said, "If they (referring to the teaching personnel) are competent, the program will grow This may well be, sir; but you had the two most competent instructors you could ask for, and what did you do for them? JEAN BOON. Lelhbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 001? Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;