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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 28, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta .VOLUME XI. LETHfiRlDGE. ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, AUdUST 28, 1�!8 NUMBER 210 PERONNE MENACED FRENCH CAPTURE CHAULNES AND BRITISH PRESS TOWARD CANBRAI BOLSHEVIK FORCES ARE N RETREA Germans No Longer Have Forces Capable of Meeting The Canadians Effectively Allied Foices are Making Substantial Advance in � Campaign in Siberia Now. BOLSHEVIKI RETREAT IN FACE OF ALLIED AND JAP. PROGRESS London, Aug. 28.-On the Us-s�iri front north of Vladivostok the Bolshevlkl have retired six miles before a general advance by all the allied forces, accord-ina to reports received in Shanghai land t.-hnsmitted by Reuters. American and Japanese troops, the advices add, are entraining for the'Usauri front. News from the front, it. (s added, ! meagre, owing to the fact that the ..Japanese have taken ov^r the preparation of Information from the Czechs. The Japanese arc said to be extremely reticent. Japanese Fighting Pekin, Friday, Aug. 231-(Associated Press).-General Semen-off, the anti-Bolsheviki leader, has crossed the Siberian frontier and retaken Matsivieski station, west of Manchuli, capturing prisoners. The Japanese troops arc engaged with the Bolshevlkl near Dauria.' It Is reported that the allies have taken over the operation of the railways. Sign Treaty Copenluigen, Aiig. 28.~Geniian anil KusRian plenipotentiaries Tuesday, accortline to 'an official telegram I'rom Berlin signed Uiree trentles supplo-inontary ,k) the Brest-Litovsk treaty. The new tre.atle.s Include ii treaty Kupplemeullng the treaty of peace as well as a financial agree-mont and one denlliig with the civil Jaw. The trentioB arc the result.s of liegotiatloHS which have been going on In Berlin for Heverul weeks between the Germans and UuteHlnns. The treaties wore signed at the Ger- j wan ministry of foreign affairs. Important Capture Amsterdam, Aug. 28.~The allied oe-fciipatlon of Kotlas on the Uvina Hivcr, pontheasL o� Archangel, which is re-liorte'd to the German papers by .way nt Vanloo and Christiania Is regarded by them as important ns it sliows that two tUinlH of the dlstanoo from ,\rch-angel to Viatka apparently has been covered by the Rntonto forces. In addition, Kollaa is connected by n Ijrancli railway line with Vlutkn � vhich is half way between Vologda imd Perm, on Iho great north Rnssinn trunk lino. The Cologne Zoitung points out that the plan to effect a jimtion with the Czeclio-SloVaks ut Ekatarinburg, 17(i miles BOUthoaHt ot Perm, is a good (leal nearer rcalixalion. It professes Inability to iindorBtand liow Kor.hi.ii was occupied as the latest official information from the Soviet govornmont vnado it appear that all was going well tor the Bolshcviltl in that region. I EAGER�CAi (Dy J. t^'B. LIvesay, Canadian Press Correspondenr.) AVitli Tiio runailian Korces, Aug. -7.-Our casualties during tl.e day of tlio buttle of Arras wei;e. JlshX.~j>e!ng les.h than the totarTiuniber of our prisoners. Tills was especially so on our right, where the chief obstacle was overcome by a turning movement, Neuvllle-Vitasso thus falling into our blinds with practically no loss. On our left the valley of the Scarpe and the formidable position of Monchy-Le-Preux took a heavier toll. Casualties on the opening day were light precisely beeaUBB the whole thing was a complete surprise. Captured German doc-nraents indicate that an attack in this sector might be anticipated and then follows the nsual warnings to commanders for vigilance and tenacity. But the enemy has lost his keenness by successive blows. His intelligence service for the moment at least seems to have broken down. It Is likewise impossible to animate tired troops and tliinned ranks with the spirit of die in the last ditch. On the other hand every veteran of the Canadian force is possessed- with the ideas of its invincibility and glows with pride when he sees the beloved force is honored by' being employed as picked shock troops and thus, as he goes over the top, lie is certain before Jiand of success because he knows tlmt the enemy cannot any ioriger put into the Held units capable of resisting him Ho pities even the strippling prison- ers, untimely*- drawn from their c.-:lioolB. AVI til sure feet lie goes from victory to victory. All this maites tor light casualties. Tlioroafler the enemy's resistance stiffens. He gathers bis reserves' and concentrates the artillery though to do CO he rausfrocpoHe liimBelt on another part ot the crumbling front. Stretcher Parties Suffer Ca.sualtios among .stretcher parties evacuating the wounded from our center and right were disproportionately heavy bei-auso the enemy was able' tc bring to bear a heavier (ire o-v-er the Raptured ground from Ills artillery position north of the Scarpe, The Canadian ambulaiiccs carried on wit! complete disregard to its own losses. The true soldier spirit animates thesi so-called non-combatant services. Take the army service corps. The modern army lights on petrol, which means thousands and thousands of lorries to bring up ammunition, rations and all the needs ot the lighting line and to each man a driver and a spare man to carry on If the driver is wounded. It is not easy getting round a muHdy battle Held. The too conspicuous motor car is tabooed, but the lorries-are everywhere. The faro is nothing and the transfer privilege unlimited'. Stealing rides on this particular lorry -\vere several men going eagerly foi ward to fill gaps in the ranks. Suddenly a shell burst to the left and ar other to the right. The Tommies (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX) HUN NAVAL LOSS Copenhagen, Aug. 27.-It Is reported by the authorities in Jutland that for the past few dny� the bodies of -130 German marines have been washed ashore on the western coast of Jutland. The authorities say that it has been substantiated that tha 'tnarines were on German destroyei-*, which likely were lost during an, or by coming into contact with mines. FAIL 10 AGREE STRIKE ORDERED All Operators of C. P. R. Com meicial Ofiices Will Walk Out ' Washington. .-Vug. 27,~AmoricBn troops may carry straight liome to Germany the tuU meaning ot tlio war, A vast campaign of destruction in Germany proper is being urged. The nhlne is twenty miles distant at tho iiearest'polnt to tlie battle lino in l,orralne. Many American army of-fioera and others favor getting the ��var into C!3miany by the shortest route. While it cannot bo revealed \^hat the plans are, it is bollevod Oer-niany cannot expect, much longer to oHcapo a war against her oltios,. Some of the Rhine eitios are reportoU for- Calgary, Aug. ,28, -"Negotiations between the commercial telegraphers and the representatives of the employers which were ij-iitialed early today have failed and the general chairman, Thomas Carruthers, of Montreal, has sent a telegram to the chairmen of local bodies throughout the Dominion advising them of the failure and of the fact that 11 o'clock, Winnipea time, Thursday morning, has been sat as the hour for a walk-out, Si. CREWS UUGH TO FOI Am BPS SUNK BY A SUB A Canadian Atlantic Port. Aug. 28.-The Nev/foiindland three-masted schooner Blanca was captured and sunk by a German nub-marine on Saturday night. Her crew was landed horc today. Tho schooner was bound from Brazil to a Canadian port with a cargo of tobacco. Deliberately Kill The Survivors From a Liner They Had Sunk EDITORS HAVE London. Aug, 2S.-Details ot the sinking of tho French steamer Lyd-iuna off the north coast of Spain on July- 16 sliows that the crew of the Gennan submarine deliberately murdered most of the thirty-eight persons lost. There were only eight survivors out of tho forty-six of the crew,and passengers on board. Tho submarine torpedoed the vessel without warning, killing several of tho crew. While a boat was being lowered froiii the vessel a second torpedo struck her. The boat was torji from its davits but she kept her keel. Seeing this, the submarine rammed iter and cut her in two, Tho enemy thpn turned and rammsa a second boat which had been launched successfully. A young man, of twenty three, one ot tho passengers, was throAvn high In tho air by the impact and instantly killed. The captain' of the vessel was -killed in the same crasli,' The Germans endeavored to sink a raft carrying tho romalniiig survivors. � When one of tho officers oh tho ship left tlie raft to swim back (o tho sinking vessel, the submartiic turned and the officer was killed by Its propellors. After finally disposing ot th(\ voasol by shell, file, the submarine made a sixth and succesBtul attempt to ram the raft, amid laughter from tho cub-marine's captain and crew. The: submarine 'then turned and disappeared toward the oast. The eight survivors were picked up from tho sea by patirol boats. .G.ei'mans Anxious to Substitute Brest Treaty for One That Will Give Them Aid Against England in Future. Copenhagen, Aug; l'S.- (Associated Press).-RevMon �l' tho BresC-Lit-ovsk peace treaty which shall secure for Germany an alliiince with Kussia and the Asiatic block attached to Russia Is advocated by George Bernhard, political writer in tlie Vossiche Zelt-ung of Berlin. After declaring that all the German offeiv ot peace have been rejected by Great Britaiu, the writer says: "Their acceptance can lie counted on only If ISnglanil's position on thq political cliess hoard is rendered such that there ts no course I'or her but that of acceptance. The vital idea ot the new Gennan policy must hence be directed tqw.ard the creation of a ijroup d� powers .vVi'ich will .have a word to say concerning English efforts either to cirry on the war or at the peace conference or at least, in the matter ot conducting economic warfare. No German longer denies that tho.Brest-lJtovsk treaty of peace is the chief obstacle to the formation ot such a group." Bernhard admits tliat the treaty cannfit be annulled but he lays stress on the view recently outlined by Dr. Solf, the German minister for colonies, that tho treaty is tmly a frame to be filled out in tho future, and adds: "The originally-planned community of interests ot the border states vfritli Germany is of 'subsidiary importance compared with the absolutely necessai-y relationship between Germany and Russia^,and the Asiatic block attached to Russia. Instead of creating new kingdoms at this critical time we should concern ourselves with the laying of the foundation for a European alliaTice nations without which the League of Nations of the entire world which has been Sdvocated by many would be notliing ut a deceptive label tor Anglo-Saxon world domination." , B^nhard says that the origiiial idea of the treaty -was that the conces-Bicns could bo made in' exchange for concessions from lifngiand, but that as it Is now clear there is no outlook for peace l)y agreement those conces-siona should be made to Russia, SAYSCRIT Germa� AVritcr-.Says Nation is Facing the Severest Test Of All Amsterdam, Aug, 2S,-"Tlio Gorman army and nation now face dark hours. May God protect the Fatherland." concludes an article by General 'Von Ar-denne in the Dusseldorff Nachrichfeu ot Tuesday. "The period from August 20 to 2S has been one of the trying tests of this hardest of wars," the critic continues. But he thiiUis the Germans have stood the tost magnificently and compares certain Isolated actions with the stand of Leonidas ut Thermopylae. General Von Ardomio speaks of measures "of which It is .not yet permitted to sneak,' and which will aid the Germans In resuming the initiative and recouping their losses. He does not believe the offensive will speedily end. An Atlantic Poi't, Aug, 28.T-Aboard a British vessel whloh arrived liore today wore twenty-elglit jpurnallsts, ropresonting leading: Canadian publl-oallon's who have" b'eeu abroad tof nine woeks visiting tho various bat-tlefronta at tho invitation of hovd Boaverbrooko, British minister ol lU' formation. TUey roported i having boen'treatod with more tlian courtesy by the military Jcoatingente with which Uioy came in contact. THE WEATHER High .,.......I... Low ............. Forocasf. Fair �hti>>copl, ^ ^ FEllELADKILiED DON'T SUIT HUNS  Paris, IVug. 28.-(Havas). - Ger-inauy has not yet accepted the condl' tioiiB outlined by Spain with regard to submarine attacks on Spanish.ves. boIb, According to newspapers lioro. They believe that probably no definite agreomonl will be reacliod until' after Germany attempts to complicate matters lu the hope ot saving the uituo^tion. The Spanish eovemineia^. It is declared, will remain firm In-iltg purpose to take German tonnage when il 0(>rR:�T. sttUinarlhe Blnk8-:�> Spaulah shl*. , . ~ . Was Thrown Out of Wagon and Suffered a Fractured Skull S SERIOUSLY ILL Has Taken a Turn ^ For The Worse-Kaiser Stays By Bedside London, .-^ug. 2S.-The German empress who has btjen ill for several days has taken a turn for tho worse, according to a message received in Amaterflam 'from Dusseldorf anil forwarded to the Exchange T. legraph comiiany. The message adds that her heart displays increasing wealuiess, ICmperor William lias not been able to leave the bedside of his wife who is at the castle at Wilhelmshoe, He declared that no bulletin on tho empress' condition will be publislied in order not to alarm tlie people. .s. CSpoclnl 1o the Herii'.U) J'ernle, Aug, 27,-Robert 'Dlckeu, the eight year old son ot Alderman .Dlckan, was killed on Victoria Avonua here this nttoriioon, the result of a rt^naway tonni, .which ran trom tho Letcher Stables on North Victoria Ave,> to tho 41 Market whei:e the little lioy lost his life in an attempt to jump from the rapidly moving wagon. Will, DIcken, Bobbie's fourteen your old brother, had gone to tho stables to UltQh up a team to deliver some oil to parties in town, and had hitched all tho tugs except one, when a little Italiait boy, who was on the wagon with Bobble, picked up the linos and pulled them tight, This started the horses and the boy becdming frightened tbrew: down the lines and jumped ijrom the wagon, LltUe Bobbie, whose right arm was In a sliug, the resiilt 'X't � dislocated shoulder, -was handicapped In his efforts to get to the rear end ot tha raitfdjy moving wagon and tn his effort, t# leap to safety his head came 'carried bim. FORCES IHBAHLE NogaloB, Ariz,, Aug, 27,-The official announcement of the caaunities in the fighting between American and Mesloa.ti soldiers, here late today, said two soldiers, one .officer and one civilian had been killod in action and 11 wenty-niue officers and enlisted men were wounded. One civilian was reported to have lieen wounded and one customs guard killed. The number of American troops eiuruged was given as liOl). The Mexican cn8ua,ltles were estimated at 100 killed and twice thai, number, including a number oC civilians, wounded. The trouble started when a .Mexican attempted to smuggle a .viexioan from ilho Mexican side, of the border into ^ho United Stales. An Agreement Nogales, Ariz., Aug, 28,-.An agree-hient by which furllior trouble avouUI bo avoided was expectcl to result today from conferences between American and Mo.xican officials who were summoned here following fighting at tho International line iatq yesterday between American soldiers and Mexicans in which three Americans were killed and twenty-eight wounded. Tho Mexican casualties in the (igihthie are' variously estimated at from 150 to 200. ' Paris, Aug. 28.-(1:30 p.m.)-(Associated Press)- Tlie German retreat on the Somme battlefield has become Jiecipitate. The'Frehch first and third armies are at no point osing contact with the enem}'. The French are inflicting heavy losses on the retreating Germans. Paris, Aug. 28.-(4.40 p.m.)-General IVIangin's troops began crossing the Ailette River today, it was announced here this afternoon. French troops have reoccupied Mount Rcnaud, two miles southwest of Noyon, according to the Temps, which says that the French are approachlna Noyon, which probably is in their possession. � (War Summary by the Associated Press) German southern PIcardy are retreating over a wide front."! ' After the capture of Roye by the French yesterday the German front  has crumbled. The line* which have held back the French and Qritleh for tho last two weeks are fliving way and today's official report* show the French on a line less than three miles west of the Somme river and canal. / . * Thirty villages have' ijeen captured by the French In the advance which started early Tueiday. ^ ' CHAULr� ammunition come In very handy and aavod a~lot ot transport ua it ottered bullets and ahclls when thoy wove needed. (COK'rZNVBD ON PlOl 9) ACTOR DEAD London. Aug, 28,-ArlU L&rsn eiiginoer dumps wbicb uro the actor/died today^, at 44 12 ;