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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE August Interpreting the News Was Korean conflict really worthwhile Lindbergh hailed as hero The Canadian Press A little more than two decades ago, the first crack Canadian troops began joining other United Nations forces on the South Korean peninsula for what was to become a bloody, three-year Asian war, Canadian strength grew to men during the costly campaign, 320 of them died and another 211 were wounded before Communist forces from North Korea were driven back to the 38th parallel Now, 21 years after that historic ceasefire, inter- national scholars are beginning a critical, exten- sive re-appraisal of the conflict. Questions they ask are: What lasting value, if any, was achieved by the UN's intervention and did its forces die in vain1' Their discussions, still confined mainly to academic circles and a handful of newspapers, were given an added im- petus last week when a gunman attempted to murder South Korean President Chung Hee Park and killed his attractive wife. Basically, there are three schools of thought. The first holds that the conflict came at the height of the Cold War when the objective of the Russians, the Chinese and the North Koreans was genuinely 'IRS bill too weak' WASHINGTON (AP) A double-barrelled White House plan to keep income-tax returns from prying politicians is running into op- position from a privacy ad- vocate in Congress who says it doesn't go far enough. A White House official said Monday that the treasury de- partment was asked to draft legislation that would curtail government agencies' access to returns filed with Internal Revenue Service A companion executive order would keep the president from peeking, too. Aides to former president Richard Nixon sought IRS confidential data for political purposes, evidence uncovered by the Senate Watergate com- mittee and House of Representatives judiciary committee showed. These dis- closures led to attempts to protect privacy of tax returns. Representative Jerry Litton (Dem. Mo.) said the proposed legislation is full of loopholes, and the executive order would be worth less than a simple promise from President Ford not to look at the tax returns. Litton complained that the original administration proposal has grown to 40 pages Food workers, bosses talk Negotiations are continuing between the Canadian Food and Allied Workers and York Famrs Ltd.. a union spokesman said today. Norm Leclaire. business representative for Local 740 of the CFAW, said the union didn't do as well as it had thought in the first round of talks, but the current agree- ment will not expire till Nov. 16. Negotiations are going well between the local and Cana- dian Dressed Meats Ltd., said Mr. Leclaire. He said he hopes a settlement would be reached Tuesday. Archie Murphy, manager of CDM, also said he is "quite hopeful" of a settlement then. He added he hoped to find out Tuesday if the company's latest proposal is acceptable to the union. CDM. an independently operated subsidiary of Burns Foods Ltd., conducts its negotiations separately from the parent company. Doomsday clock hands advanced CHICAGO (Reuter) The hands of the "Doomsday which symbolizes the threat of nuclear doom hover- ing over mankind, has moved closer to midnight. The clock appears on the front cover of the magazine Bulletin of the Atomic Scien- tists, which was founded at the end of the Second World War by the men who helped make the first atom bomb. The hands had stood at 12 minutes to midnight since June. 1972, following comple- tion of the first round of United States Soviet talks to limit the nuclear arms race. The editors of the magazine, which has a circulation of 000 and includes many scien- tists among its readers, gave these reasons Saturday for moving the hands to nine minutes to midnight: "1. Failure of the Soviet Union and the United States to reach agreement on signifi- cant strategic arms limitations at the recent Moscow summit conference. "2. Continued development of new generations of nuclear weapons and delivery systems. "3. India's explosion of a nuclear device last May, broadening the geographical and political base for nuclear weaponry. "4. Prospective introduc- tion of nuclear reactors into the Middle East. Loan total OTTAWA (CP) The finance department announc- ed Thursday it has lent a total of under its small business, farm improvement and fisheries improvement loans acts in the first six months of this year. The total is down from the lent under the three acts during the same period in 1973. Of the total, was for small business loans, was for farm improve- ment loans and was for fisheries. "5. Failure of governments generally to face the ugly fact that the rapid development of nuclear energy is making society vulnerable to sabotage and terrorism on an un- precedented scale." Lawyers in police stations requested TORONTO (CP) A Van- couver lawyer says provincial legal aid societies should ex- plore the idea of placing law- yers in police stations around the clock to discourage the abuse of prisoners and protect them from self-incrimination. Kenneth S. Fawcus, chairman of the criminal justice section of the Cana- dian Bar Association, said in an interview Monday there is no legal requirement that an accused be allowed to seek a lawyer's advice immediately after arrest. "There is no question that the problem of maltreatment is present in a limited way and it works to the real, disadvan- tage, to say the least, of the person involved." Mr. Fawcus, here for the as- sociation's annual meeting, said lawyers are concerned because maltreatment of prisoners "can extract a confession or statement that can prove extremely damag- ing to an accused." He said the association pro- posed several years ago that "no statement should be taken from an accused, whether he has been formally charged or not, until he has had opportun- ity to retain counsel." Such a safeguard, he said, should be spelled out in the Criminal Code. He said that British Colum- bia is experimenting with duty counsel in police stations, but it is too soon to evaluate the program. believed in the West to be the takeover of all Asia and eventually the world. Adherents of this line of thinking contend that whether this really was the intention of any of the Communist countries, the fact that it was believed left the UN no choice but to repel the North Korean ad- vance and the argument should stop there. A second group of scholars argues that it was, in fact, an intention of the Communists to take over at least all of Southeast Asia at the beginning of the 1950s and that this has since been borne out by their actions in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. These scholars say that had the UN not intervened in and later the United States of Southeast Asia would have fallen under Communist advances and such places as Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines would have been the next to go. The third and most intriguing line of argument, recently given a full airing in The Times of London, holds that the UN action was a waste of lives, money and effort. Proponents of this school argue that the UN could only justify a war in Korea as an action fought to preserve ddemocracy in Asia. But in terms of demo- cratic values and political freedom there now is little difference between Presi- dent Park's dictatorial regime in Seoul and the totalitarian Communist government in North Korea. During the last six months, Park has virtually eliminated remaining strands of democracy in the country. The govern- ment issued emergency decrees which threaten anyone who criticizes the president or his self- designed constitution with death or imprisonment. Thousands of dissident students, intellectuals and church leaders have been arrested and brought before secret military tribunals on questionable charges of trying to assist in a Communist uprising this year. Posun Yun, 77-year-old democrat and former president of South Korea, and a Roman Catholic bishop, Most Rev. Chi Hak Sun, are among 60 or so leading figures arraigned on charges of trying to in- cite students to stage an uprising and bring to power a Communist government. A number of leading in- tellectuals, including the noted Korean poet Kim Chi Ha, have been sentenced to death, although usually this is commuted to life im- prisonment. Many of the country's 800.000 Catholics hold all- night vigils in churches to protest Park's measures. Public protests are banned. Most student organ- izations and related groups have also been outlawed. Park contends all this is necessary because the North Koreans are prepar- ing for an offensive. But, with U.S. forces in South Korea. the Americans say this is not so. The ASSOCIATED PRESS President Ford says Charles Lindbergh represented all that was best in the United States "honesty, courage and the will to greatness." In scores of tributes, Lind- bergh was hailed as a hero and citizen of the world whose death Monday at the age of 72 marked the end of an era in aviation. Financier Howard Hughes, an early aviation figure, in a telegram to Mrs. Lindbergh called Lindbergh "a pioneer in the conquest of the im- possible." "May the knowledge of his contributions sustain and comfort you." Hughes said. "The courage and example of your lives, together with the accomplishment and vision which marked his career, have been a source of en- couragement and hope to all of us." John Glenn, the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the earth, said Lindbergh's life "ex- emplified the Great American pioneering spirit and has set this nation apart." He said Lindbergh's com- pletion of the first solo tran- satlantic flight in 1927 was "the catalyst that set in mo- tion the massive system ot Red Deer cattlemen returned from Australia RED DEER (CP) Joseph P. Fitzgerald, former president of Joseph P. Fitzgerald Livestock Ltd., has been returned here to face charges that his company defrauded cattlemen of more than 5100.000. The 32-year-old Fitzgerald was returned to Red Deer bv RCMP officers Sunday after a lengthy extradition battle in Australia. He is charged with fraud and theft from cattlemen and Red Deer businesses. He faces 14 separate charges of fraud, theft, and breech of trust. The court was to rule Tuesday on an application by Fitzgerald for bail The crown is opposing the application. intercontinental air travel we accept as commonplace today." LED TO CONFIDENCE Donald Douglas, founder of Douglas Aircraft, now McDonnell Douglas, said Lindbergh's Atlantic flight "was perhaps the greatest single event in fostering public confidence in aviation in the early days." Senator Hubert Humphrey (Dem. Minn.) suggested that the National Air and Space Museum now under construc- tion in Washington be named in Lindbergh's honor. Laurance Rockefeller, who was active with Lindbergh in conservation projects, said he felt Lindbergh's work in that field "was probably the great- est of his many achievements." "The less of Charles Lind- bergh leaves America and the world bereft of one of the most dedicated and eloquent spokesmen of man's concern for the preservation of his natural said Rockefeller. Radio commentator Lowell Thomas, a longtime friend, rated Lindbergh "one of the three real heroes of our the others being Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker and Jimmy Doolittle." Tire and Auto Centre Vbftage i Save Sears high voltage battery. We guarantee it Reg. to Installed, with trade. Why pay more? Sears high voltage battery has it all! Fast, dependable starting power. 36-month guarantee. Original equipment quality with super-durable polypropylene times stronger than conventional rubber cases. At about the same low price. Fits most G.M. '55-70; Ford '65-74; Chrysler '56-74. 28R 010 900 series. 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