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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH1 LETHBRIDGI HERALD August EDITORIALS Parents have odd values Without wishing unduly to labor he matter of busing children to or to barate the determined oddly little band of Calgarians who won't stand for their children being bused at any there's a point in all this that just cries to be made. It is that parents of school here and else- really have odd ideas about what is important when it comes to education. If the public can believe even a small fraction of the claims made by educationists in the torrent of reports and dealing with modern never in history have so many new tilings been happening in the educational world. Even without this great out- pciinng from the enough has been said and shown and printed in the popular media so that only the unusually dense or the wholly disin- can possibly be unaware that really significant educational changes have occurred. Some of these changes must have been noticed by whether they cared or understood or not. Tilings are being taught in school that have never been taught before. Tremendous changes have been made in the way some of the old subjects are mathematics and social studies are examples. The school year has been radically altered in many districts. Departmental exam- inations are fast they've gone entirely in some juris- dictions. Post secondary enrolments have surged to dramatic then fallen jusl as despite the virtual elimination of the old barriers to eco- nomic or any other kind. Innovations like open team teaching and a dozen others have been intro- duced in some tried and discarded in others. And while these and a hundred other developments have been coming and educational costs have climbed steadily to unprecedented and education taxes have climbed right along with them. What has parental reaction been to all As far as anyone can it has been just about zero. Even when most of the teachers in Southern Al- berta struck for three closing the schools because they wanted more money and better working con- ditions than publicly elected trustees thought they should there was scarcely a murmui from parents. But when someone wants to bus a few city children to a school that is 11 miles away from where they parental reaction is prompt and purposeful. Organizations are protest meetings are commit- tees and delegations established to confront the lawyers are plans made for organized civil disobedience. Nothing like that was even remotely considered over any of the changes or events mentioned above. The message is to anyone who cares to read it. It is that par- ents are terribly concerned abcut how their children get to not about what happens when they get there. A sad decline The United Nations Security Coun- cil has finally managed to pass a resolution critical of Israel. All 15 including even the United have voted condemnation of an incident in which Israeli fighter planes forced a passenger aircraft leased by Iraq's national airline to land on an Israeli military and detained it for two hours or so before permittin.i it to continue on to its destination. The Israeli objective was the apprehension of a leading Arab terrorist or depending on the point of view who believed to be on board. This is the first occasion on which the Security Council has formally and unanimously condemned not- withstanding the spate of censorious resolutions that the Arab nations and their allies have presented. Hereto- either condemnation has faded away in a fog tf or some- one usually the U.S. has used the veto. In a xvay. tin's was a strange oc- casion choose for unanimous cen- sure. the country whose airline was operating the intercepted has long claimed to be at war with and international law clearly sanctions warring nations stopping and searching each other's vessels. It can at least be that stopping and searching an airliner is even if somewhat riskier than the traditional shot-across-the- bows business of stopping a vessel at sea. Israeli representatives did not offer this argument any for that as a probably for a reason that is perfectly if highly regrettable. It is the realization mat the Security Council has become very much like the UN General As- sembly in one unhappy a place where votes are cast for the impression they will rather than with the expectation that any action will follow- The reason for this sad decline is all too obvious. The UN provides the only world forum in which nations large and small can hear ex- amine investigate determine what is or who is wrong. But then As the weaker nations do what they have to the strong do as they please. The UN wields only moral author- a poor weapon in an immoral world. L i The repossession of Kanata Excerpt from the Native People's He- possession of published by Black- foot on 1973 Supreme Court of White Canada rules that all treaties with the Indians are and that the terri- tory known as Canada legally belongs to the aboriginal tribes. 1973 Pierre Trudeau claims to be part Indian. Addresses a group of tribal leaders in perfect Iroquois. Trudeau scalped. January. 1974 Robert Stanfield offers to lead native peoples into the wilderness. Native peoples agree that even Bob's smoke signals are dull. Stanfield scalped. February. 1974 David Lewis appears before hereditary chiefs to present case for NDP as best government for Indians. Power close to Pink said Lewis. Lewis scalped. 1974 Executive council of na- tive people refuses delivery of in its present condition. Council demands Rtat the country be returned to the Indians in its unpolluted disencumber- ed of beer parlors and Toronto. 1974 Acting Prime Minister Mitchell Sharp promises hereditary chiefs that if they will support Lib-er-ah govern- ment in Otter-wah he will appoint a spe- cial parliamentary committee to study ways and means of restoring logged-off returning the prairies to grass- outlawing the etc. Sharp scalp- ed. 1974 Executive council of na- tive at first meeting in Big Long- at decides against mas- sacring 20 million white because of problem of garbage disposal. council agrees to allow the white uoole to live on tub-standard land Vancouver. Win- 1980 Hereditary chiefs express concern about wbite people on reserves drinking heavily because of difficulty in adopting Indian status symbols. Former bead of CP Air commits suicide after try- ing ta hollow cedar canoe with stoce tools. 1963 Whites petition hereditary chiefs for permission to lease land on the reserves to Americans. Permission refused. Delegation of angry whites invades Big Longhouse to protest loss of traditional right to sell the country to foreigners. Del- egation scalped. 1983 Kanata once a land of clean dear and buffalo roaming the grassy plains. White people take advantage of visit by Great White Mother to complain about loss of distinc- tive culture of Canadian paleface. Great White Mother hag a good laugfa. 1985 Executive council of na- tive peoples agrees to encourage ethnic arts of white people on reserves. Council grants wampum for projects such as l. development of a practical bumper for the 2. making murky motion pictures about the 3. sending a commit- tee to tour U.S. white reservations to find out what to do next. 1969 Native chief seeking re- election as president of executive council visits white reserve to be made MI hon- orary white is photographed in traditional Canadian white garb of pant suit and golf can. 1992 Legal representatives of White Power ask for hearing before In- dian elders of on the grounds that the whites didn't know that tfie peace pipe WAS loaded. Leml not nice to fool with Mother Big power game in Asia By Josepli C. Christian Science Monitor commentator The smoke from American bombs on Cambodia has drift- ed away disclosing no Commun- ist advances on the ground pre- dicted by official Washington but probably the liveliest inter- play of big power politics for a very long time. as the last American bombs were falling Moscow's first citizen and in-all-but-name Leonid flaw to Kazkhstan to make another spsech in favor of his current big a 'collective secur- ity system for in the heart of just above China's great inland province of Brezhnev boasted of a good Russian grain harvest this year. and invited small countries of Asia to look towards Moscow for comfort. From whose threat do the small countries of Asia need That was for Moscow operators w e n American bombs were falling. But the implication is clear that Russia now has China in thought and is bending her vast propaganda and diplomatic machine to- wards a competition with China for friends in Asia. In Mr. Nixon once labeled 1973 as ''the year of In Mr. Brezhnev seems to name it as year of He of active enough in Eur- but he is doing reasonably well and has no immed- The links between Wash- ington and Western Europe ars fraying and declining. T'n e Common Market is not getting more closely knit. On the con- the British are unhappy about the price they are ior membership. They might even try to get out. Under these circumstances Moscow's prime concern is not but Asia. Only in Aria has Soviet influence been de- clining. Only in Asia is there any serious danger the merg- ing new dis- placing Soviet influence And the more acute because the de- cline in American influence opens the way for something else to take its place. There are of two sides to the picture of the great poiV- ers manoeuvring for influence among the smeller countries cf Asia. The other side is the man- oeuvring of the small countries to gain or improve their inde- pendence from the large playing one off against another. The game is immensely more complex for the great in the new multipower but eas- ier and more promising for the small. In the old days being or neutral was difficult or imposeibh. Big powers usually operate on the assumption that whoever is not for me is against me. The small were coerced. Now and Cambodia is the immediate and prime example a small country anywhere in Asia today can opsrate among the United States has not abandoned all interest in influence in Russia wants more than it and China is Typical cf the kind of situa- tion which is likely to be repeat- ed is the fact that neither the Korth Vietnamese nor the local native Communists rushed irto PVnom Penh as the last Am- erican bomber flew away. Nor has Prince Sihnouk rushed back to Cambodia itself. Perhaps he wants to talk to Mr. Kissinger belora he makes his decisive Perhaps he is un'il the Chinese tell him what to do. Whatever the sxplanation. the fact is that no one anywhere knows exactly what is going to happen next. Instead of the cer- tainty of American there is the uncertainty of wiho might want to do what next. The immediate beneficiaries are the liUle people in the villages and cities of Cambodia itself. They seem to be enjoying the usual treat of being able to sleep peacefully al night. Incredible hunger in Africa By Carl T. syndicated commentator Mali The little girl's buttocks had shrunk until they were only a jumble of wrinkled skin. Her legs and arms were mere skeleton accented by gruesome fleshless knobs ai. the knees and elbows. The child was clearly maras- the body having wasted away to the point where a medi- cal expert would say to me child will die in this state before kwashiorkor ever seis As I looked around the refu- gee camp just outside this fab- led old I saw many more youngsters who were likely to die because kwashioikor had set in. The edema so typical of this nutritional disease cf in- fants manifest in the ly swollen feet and the bleated the severe der- matitis cf the head. Two children diea during my first hours in that now crowded with some peo- ple who groveled in the desert sand under goatskin tents. For- ty children had died in two weeks. Distraught mothers carried babies who already were the living dead and would soon become just a statistic in the grim toll of hunger and' starvation in the Sahel region of West Africa. I have come here to do a tele- vision documentary for Post- Newsweek and for once in my 23 years of journ- alism I have the sense that my typewriter can be no match for the camera in recording and commuicating the dimensions of the catastrophe nature has heaped upon millions of people in Upper Niger and Chad. These are the countries that make up the that mis- erably slightly inhabitable border of land just south of tire great Sahara desert. This is forbidding land under when ths rains don't come in ample quantity for five and the sun beats down merci- lessly on days when it is 115 in the and the desert sneaks i'p on village after vil- lage at the rate of one to five miles a the Sahel be- comes hell. And there is drought. And hunger. And simple starvation of cattle. And buzzards telling the pathetic story of tragedy with their endless dips and cir- cles in search of carnage. And weak children dying of measles. And outbreaks of cholera. And hungry babies eating them- selves to death when a grain supply shows up. And drinking themselves to when the first water hole is reached. Before I got here the experts said six million people in the Sahel faced the risk of starva- tion. While watching chil- dren I noted that a United Nations official had asserted that the threat of famine is un- dsr control. Then a few days later the League of Red Cross Societies said that the impact of the drought is twice as bad as first and that 13 million persons are in danger of starvation. I cannot play the numbers game. But I know what I am flies feasting on the sore-pocked face of a child pot- bellied and deformed by hun- children crying incessant- their mothers wailing be- cause their children are too en- feebled to stand in line for the sickly-green concoction of pea soup and jam that is their em- ergency feeding that I suspect has been staged for our cam- the mob of women waiting at the equiva- lent of city hoping to buy relief rice at six csnts a wilh one mother nursing the one egg that she has just bought for 30 cents. I flew here on a U.S. Air COO pounds oi emergency grain. Mali officials here make it clear that but for these flights and the mercy missions just begun by the the death toll would be horrendous. are taken by the refu- gees in the one official told every single one of the residents of this province has been affected by this On this very morning when I saw children dying in Timbuk- tu I also saw the bitter irony of a driving rainstorm. It heap- ed misery upon misery in the wretched camp. It filled mud puddles and ponds in which the stronger of the children could frolic even at the risk of getting the dread disease bil- harzia. It washed out some roads over which the emergen- cy grain might have been transported to outlying areas of potential famine. And then sud- denly the desert swallowed up that water and you would hard- ly have guessed that Timbuktu had its second meaningful rain in a year. The hunger and starvation and disease Trill not end in the Sahel either this summer or next. It will take a miracle to produce even halfway adequate crops this year. And even if the rains 80 to 90 per cent of the cattle already are dead in many ths seed grains' have been eaten in desperation and there is no hope other than for aid from the rest of the world. But hunger is as it has been since long before Marie Antoinette suggested or the Chartist mobs of Britain cried or or Sir Thomas More wished that workers have glass in their windows and eat meat once a Politics in Moscow and London will have a lot to do with how many more babies starve in the Sa- On the Hill Joe MP for Rocky Mountain Some people who' watched the Calgary confer- ence'1 on television have asked ''what good are you meaning MPs. Their point is that the prem- iers seemed able to get con- cessions from the federal cab- when MPs had not. The startling feature of that comment is that it is true. Although only time will tell how ground was won in it is true that Mr. Tru- deau and company seemed to pay more attention to four premiers than they had paid to es MPs from the West. For some time now. MPs have been saying most of the things the premiers said. The difference was the not the message. The premiers spoke at a tele- vised with the West MPs speak in Par- where ministers don't pay because they know the public isn't paying at- tention. the four premiers are exceptional and able men. But there is exceptional ability in Parliament for the qualities of Bert Hargrave. Peter Don and Ged Baldin. to name only four from Alberta. The success of the indicates a weakness in Parliament which should concern all Canadians. The fact that MPs often get ignored is only one source of that v. eakness. These are some Can't Refuse His- Parliament's essential power was to control govern- ment spending. Rule changes designed to make Parliament more made con- trol much more difficult. The interpretation of these rules and the government's ability to get away with unauthorized spending irake matters worse. For practical today. Parliament cannot con- trol the government by threat- ening to refuse funds. Weak When the power to control spending was the ''deal'' was that the power of committees would increase. Committees now have a bit better status but the general effect of the changes is The basic weakness is that the are the crea- tures of the government. They cannot act they cannot in- vestigate unless the govern- ment grants permission. If the U.S. had that Senator Ervin would have to ask Presi- dent Nixon for permission to have the Watergate hearings. You can guess the president's it is the same answer a Canadian prime minister gives when a committee wants to investigate anything import- ant. In parliament's present committee on transport has been refused the right to amine two major crown corp- orations CNR and Air Can- ada because the minister of Jean re- fuses to refer the annual re- ports of the two corporations to ths committee. That is the not the exception. The structure of the Opportunities for Youth program tele- graphs another way to weak- en Parliament. Parliament has never passed a law to create OFY. I tried to force the government to in- troduce a statute. Their reason for refusing was that a law would make the n- that means they would have to come to Parliament to approve changes in the program they would have to be It is a very dangerous doc- trine for a government to avoid Pailiament because a law would limit That is what laws and Parliament are supposed to do. My concern is that OFY will be a medal for future operating with- out Parliament's authority or control. There is no simple way to strengthen Parliament. Televising sessiocs might help because ministers would pay attention if they knew the press and public were watch- ing. More effective control of spending might help although the work load of a modern Par- probably rules out a return to the rules of simpler days. I believe one major change would bs to let committees set their own coarse without re- lying on government permis- sion. That would create some new but would give MPs a freedom and effective- ness of which other procedural changes have grawjally depriv- ed them. Clearly some changes must A country so full of dif- ferences cannot survive if the only way a government can be forced to recognize the grow- ing needs of a region is to meet with four under cam- eras. Letter to the editor A few questions I would like to refer to news in the Herald with the Small town atti- tudes I'm sure Dr. Frank studies on small towns have been mentioned before in the paper. Carelessly I forgot to dip the items but perhaps maybe even Dr. Jan- could answer a few ques- tions for me. Is the federal or pro- vincial government paying for these I must quote before people didn't seem to care about their The question How long and where did Dr. Jankunis find that people some time ago were not 'caring about their Why does idea of the small town seem nicer Who needs this re- port on the ebb and flow of small and what Why will this study take at least another The good doctor seems to have sum- med up the results already in a few or his reporter has. If the governmen. Is paying for tin's how This is something I could have missed in previous papers. Do enough small communities have enough in e.g. loca- special potentials that one community could really help another one out of its Let's get a glimpse of this commission in action. Why not a summary or article entitled A day in the life of a member of the small town stu- dies commission. And I hope this isn't one ioo many How do I get a government because I plan to make an exhaustive study of the way study commis- sions get started and where they get their ideas on what to study and it may take me two or three years to complete it. SMALL-TOWN GREENHORN Mountain View 'Crazy Capers' that was my you just put into The Lethbridgc Herald _____ Sw Ttb St. Alberta LJBTHBRIDGE HERALD 00. Proprietors and PuMstan Published 1905 -1964. by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CIMI Man RiflWratton No. 0011 Canadian and Canadian Atfoclatton Iht Audit Bureau of CLEO W Editor and Publliry THOMAS H. ADAMS Gtnarai Manager DON PILLIN6 WILLIAM HAT tlia AitoclM E4iMr f. OOUOLAi K. WALKIR TUB CSUtTW ;