Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Friday, Auauif 27, 1971 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 19 Sex cliuisc Mimwd in .July Employment practices under Human Rights Act lly MARILYN ANDERSON Family Editor ALBERTA citizens seeking employment are entitled la protection of their rights un- der the Alberta Human Rights Act. Under Uio lorms of Ihe Act, they do not have to an- swer questions put to (hem by a prospective employer simply because it is asked. In fact the Act forbids an employer from asking questions concerning a jcb applicant's race, religious beliefs, color, ancestry, or place of origin. The Act, which came into ef- fect on Sept. 1, I960 was amend- ed this year to include provi- sions prohibiting job discrim- ination on Ihe basis of sex and age as '.yell. Tlie Public Service Employ- ment Act was also amended in 1307 to prohibit discrimination on grounds of sex. Two common examples of sex discriminalion aside from the basic one or. salary, are in pension plans and the initial hiring procedure. A study by the federal de- partment of labor a few years ago pointed cut Ibnt a "nor- mal" retirement age- for fe- males is considered to be on and for males fin. This is particularly unfor- tunate when one considers that the Old Age Security pensions are not available until the age of 65 Jt is also ironic, to say the least, to have wcmen retiring earlier Uun men when health surveys and life expectancy figures are considered. Accord- ing to Dominion Bureau of Sta- tistics women have a life ex- pectancy of 4.32 years more than men at the ago of n.n. Vital slalistics show, too, that in Hie age group 45-G-l, men have a death rale of 6J3 per for cardiovascular diseases; wom- i en have a rale of 211. Under Ihi' amended Human Rights Act, a compulsory re- tirement UZK of CO could be challenged by women, if men doing file same work were re- tired al 63. The Royal Commission on Ihe of Women decried this practice of enrly retire- ment also of dirccling job advertisements sJcly on the; bcsi.s of .sex. Only one Alberta newspaper, in Kcimonton, hus changed its johs classification listings to rend, Jobs of Lnlcrest to fe- males, male females, and males. Separate listings arc jnade for cliild and do- mestic, which usually make up the bulk of opportunities for women. Employers usually specify in which calcgory they wish their jcb advertisement lo be in- rliKifcl, according to one classi- f i c d department clerk. When no spccificalion is news-1 director of Ihe ORHPC, ex- paper employees must decide for themselves where it is best suited. Sometimes instructions are not always followed. The Oldmun River Regional Planning Commission is at present advertising for a plan- ner and draftsman in two oul- of [own newspapers. In both papers, the ads appear in the seclicn designed for male in- terest. Erwin Adderley, executive Inequalities even in professions Present inequalities in cm- ar.d ployment extend out of the business cflicc ar.d clerking positions and into the profes- sional world where salary is normally judged by certain cut and dried factors. A study made for the Royal Commission on Slalns nF Women shu'.vs that there a difference in staff salaries between inn'c and female teaching staffs in some uni- versities. More than half cf this djffcrcnce eculd 'not be, explained bv factors cf degree held, field of spscial- or academic rank Statistics- painted oul tli-nt in large universities, a fe- male professor receives a me- dian salary which is per cent less then Ihnt of a male colleague the same rank. The difference fc'- associate professor could be 3 por cent; un assistant pro- fessor, 4.1 per cent and for lecturers ard instructors, C.7 per cent. Dominion Bureau of Statis- tics shows (lint women make up ivcrc Ihan or.c third of (he tfllal graduates, but only one seventh of HID full-lime leaching staffs in universities ar.d colleges are woir.en. This could he explained by hesitation rn the part o[ uni- versities to hire women, or that the lower salary scale is unattractive and discourag- ing U) women. Although the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada refused a few years ago to endorse a recommen- dalicn ef the status commis- sion by saying it was carry- ing the case loo far, declin- ing admissions to universi- lies may have been the causa cf their relenting somewhat recently. Publicly the Association has ncled tlial there are con- straints which discourage wo- men frcm entering univer- sity regardless of rbility. The figures from DBS show that the number of women gradu- ates has declined from 20.8 per cent in 1955-56 to only 19.5 in 1868-69; for a masters de- gree, from 11.5 per cent in 194j-4o to 7.9 per cent 1968-69. Ironically, 52 years after the principle of equal pay fcr equal work was embodied in Ihe constitution of the In- tcrr.aficnal Labor Organiza- tion of which Canada was a founding member, acts, and Jaws are still beaig written to promote equality of oppor- tunity and to discourage dis- crimination by sex in em- ployment and education. The Women's Bureau of the Canada Department cf Labor chastises the Canadian Fed- eration of University Women for not giving leadership for women academics. It notes that the function of the organization is "to pro- vide leadership in encourag- irg women university gradu- ates to augment or refresh their academic skills primar- ily to enable them to enter cj- re-enter employment, and to work with universities and governments lo this end." Yet cnly last year, the then out g o i n g president of the CFtTW was quoted as saying "We feel the things our fore- bears hcd to fight for 40 or 50 years ago such as women's rights to higher education and equal pay for equal work been granted It's clear that this latter principle has certainly not been granted, not even within the academic world where (me would expect the trend to begin. plained that there had been an error in placing the ads, but on the part of lha newspapers, and not the ORRPC. "We specified that the posi- tions were open to cither male or he told The Her- ald, "and letters arc to be sent lo boll) papers correcting Ihe error." In one of the papers an ad- vertisement for a planner for the city of Wetaskiwin was placed in male-female interest columns. The status commission af- firmed that much of the in- equality opportunity is deep- ly rooted in sex-typing of occu- pations. Tliis is a difficult form of discriminalion to change. Despite a growing awareness of the ability of women to fill jabs normally considered to he male in nature, women them- selves find Ihe p3lh to .success isolated and rocky. The Com- mission fcund sufficient evi- dence to slate that employers do make some slight difference in work in order lo justify a difference in pay rate. H con- lends lhat legislation is re- quired to determine a basis for v.hr.t is equal work. The Commission also noted that women, with marriage in mind, will settle for "stop-gap" lobs in female fields rather than vie for more competitive positions in permanent ca- reers. Girls are not only trained, says the Commission, into this sex-typing of occupations but counselled into them at the high school level. Employers can.....cant Under Ihe Alberta Human Rights Act of I960 an employ- er before hiring cannot: about any change of name. into place of birth or origin, citizenship. birth certificate. inquiries to deter- mine religious denomination. or request a pastor's recom- mendation. beliefs, color, ancestry or place of origin. about foreign mil- itary service. Before hiring an employer can: a maiden name. whether or not a Canadian or British citizen. birth certificate alter hiring. inquire after hiring about religious affiliation only as is the name and ad- needed to determine leave cf dress of closest relative, or absence for religious holidays, race religion, ancestry or ra- cial origin of relatives. inquire into what academ- ic, professional or vocational as to the mother schools atended, or last school attended. inquire into name and ad- ress of person to be notified in case of an emergency. inquire into organization tongue of the applicant or as to how foreign language abil- itv was obtained. request a photograph make any inquiry which would indicate race, color, IT memberships with the qualifi- complexion cation "do not ust clubs or applicant lo organizations of a religious, name clubs or organizations racial character." where he is a member which would indicate race, religious inquire into Canadian mili- tary service. RECEIVES B.Sc. DEGREE Miss Linda Rose Hubbard; ihe daughter of Mr. end Mrs. A. Hubbord of WGBI Lelhbridyj re- ceived her B.Sc. degree honors from Wolla Walla Col- lege in Wash ing i on in June. Miss Hubbard will be enteri Queens Univcrsily of King-i Ont. in September on a scliol ihip of work for Mailers degree in Biology. She received her earlier e ducal ion a I Coalhurst Elementary and High Schools. I 0 and of- town A trousseau lea was hdd re- cently for Mrs. Linda Crawlord. I Those pom-ing were Jlrs. Rob- ert Brodcr and Mrs. Stan Brod- er. Assisting lo receive was Mrs. Jennings Crawford, moUi- cr of the groom. Servers wore the Misses Sue Broiler. Sardra I Hunt, and Jlrs. Kiduird IVest. i Mrs. Ciicryl Hunt presided over I (he guest bock. Those who have entertained tor Mrs. Linda Crawford since her return from her honeymon include Jlrs. R. Cleve Hill, Mrs. Jos. Fairfield, Mrs. John Wil- liams. Mrs. Stan Jameson, Mrs. John Home, Mrs. Hugh Ar- nold. Mrs. John Hunt, Mrs. H. A. rvelson, and Mr. and Mrs. Stan Brodcr. Home Recipe Fakes Off It's simple how quicklv one sk'ndrr more uracefnl curves' if may lose pounds of iinsishll.v fill reflnnhli! pounds inches of npht in your mm home. Make CXTOS rnt don'l from llns homo recipe yourself. It's dli ilMlnnfn, Wps cany, no trouble nt costs h hlllc. .lust Ko lo your drugstore! fnr and asfe I'our (his into money a bottle ami ndd cnouch 1I'.ollmv m; pnipcfniit juire lo lill I lie koli'le. i Take two LiblospoonFful twice a needed .ind follow Ihe ''fill Nanin Reducing Plan. Klemicrness. NoLo how quickly If your Jirsl purchase (loos not bloat disappears mucll flhow you a simple easy wav lo leel. Mnre alive, lose fat help regain voullilu] :uid iirlive! _xv calendar of f fl local tiapponuini Minus One Club mil bold iLs first business meeting for the fall term in Soulhminster I Church upper hall at 8 pm. Monday. All separated, divor- ced, widowed or otherwise un- attached persons are welcome. The final pickup of Summer Class pottery at the Bowman Arts Centre can be made'Sat- urdav botwcan 9 to 11 a.m. Ann Land ers Lessons Starting Sept. 7th 8 2-HOUR COURSES FOR MORNINGS AFTERNOONS EVENINGS Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs. WE CARRY A FULL LINE OF Dring or Clip nnd Mqil !o. I BAKER'S FABRIC CENTRE 126 13th Si. N. Lclhbridgo Phone 378-4536 I I Phono I I I wlih lo Ollcnd (Morning, Aflcrnoon, or Evening) On (Monday, Tuciday, Wednesday or Thursday) I I Please find .........enclosed to cover llic of my course. Nome I address 426 13lh SI. N. Phone 32S-4536 OPEN THURSDAY TILL 9 P.M. DEAR ANN LANDERS: I have a terrible problem and it is iiu'nuig my life. I've been silting hare for half an hour trying to word it delicately so you can prat it in the paper, but there seems to be no nice way to say it and I'll just have to be vulgar. I am a girl, 20 years of ago, who hates lo be around people because I have an offensive odor. I Lake a shower morning and every night. I change underwear daily. If I have an evening dale I will change again. I have tried every kind of deodorant, anti-perepiranl, mouthwash, breath-sweetener, cologne, dusting powder all the intimate feminine products advertised in the magazines but stilL I liave this embarrassing odor. No one has ever mentioned it to me but I am aware it is there. It has made me very self conscious and I try to keep my distance from people. Is there any medication that will relieve me c[ this condition? Do I have a chemical im- balance in my system that the doctors cannot identify? I have been to four doctors (two skin specialists and two gy- necologists) and they say there is nothing wrong with me. Tliey also say they cannot delect Ihe cdor that plagues me night and day. Please help me, Ann. Nice To Be Around DEAR NOT NICE: I suggest a fifth doctor a psychia- trist. Your complaint is not uncommon. I receive one like it about once a week. The problem is in your head, Tlie only way to resolve it is to talk about your feelings of insecurity and imagined worthlessness with a therapist. DEAR ANN LANDERS: Your hardboiled answer to "Un- willing Screamer" in New York "You make me sick, kidco" made ME sick, kiddo. She- was Lhc wife who couldn't get her husband to make minor repairs round the house. I don't know where you live, Annie Baby, and I don't care, but the last lime a repairmen set feet into this house it cost me and he didn't spend more than ten minutes here. These days you don't "hire it done" unless you are rich, ricii, rich. My husband is an amiable house guest. Like "Screamer's" husband he settles down in the family room the minute sup- per is over and the whole place could fall down on his head and he wouldn't move a muscle especially if he is watch- ing T.V. or reading the paper. Of course, I am able to install a light bulb, screew in some cup hooks and paint the basement stairs, but a wife needs to feel that her husband has an interest in the place, too. So please let "New York Screamer" know she is not alone, Ann, even though you gave her no comfort, no sym- pathy and no help. I'm In Ohio DEAR OHIO: I heard Iiom thousands of other screamers who said I was wrong, but I slill Ihink I was right. Two principal reasons for marriage failures arc boredom and nagging. I say a wife who asks her husband more than twice Lo do something she can do herself is a fool. Repealed nagging can sour Ihe best marriage in Ihe world. It's like being nibbled lo death by a duck. If a wife is going to chew al her husband it should be over something more im- portant than a leaky fnucct or an unpainlcd wiudowsill. a Confidential to Awaiting Your Answer, Smarlypanls: If the animals in the Philadelphia zoo are suffering from emphyse- ma it may well be due lo air pollution because as the head keeper of Ihe nianiir.ils r.olcd, Ilicir animals do not smoke. V How will you know when Ihe real thing comes along? Ask Ann Landers. Ecr.d for her h.icklcl "Love Or And How To Tell The Difference." Send 35 cents in coin and a long, self-addressed, stamped envelope your request.