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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 "IE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Auguil 77, 1970 Joseph Kraft, The Fulbright Speech Senator Fulbright's proposal of a bilateral agreement under which the U S would guarantee the independ- ence of Israel within the 1967 borders militarily if necessary has stunned commentators and politicians in the U.S. One of the most implacable foes of U.S. involvement abroad, a man who has not hesitated to offend Zion- ists in America and the Israeli gov- ernment itself, lias come out with a statement which, if implemented would irrevocably commit the U.S. to the defence of Israel if such defence became necessary. The speech in which he made his state- ment was appropriately entitled "Old Myths and New Realities the Middle Boiling it all down to the last quar- ter inch in the bottom of the pot, Senator Fulbright implied that the only way in which the Arabs and the Russians will be convinced of Ameri- can intention to stand by Israel is to put teeth into the empty mouth of unspecified aim the teeth in this case being a guarantee by a treaty by the U.S. Senate.. The suggestion that as a precursor to such a treaty Israel should submit to a peace imposed by the Security Council of the UN, that the Palestin- ian question should be determined by outside parties, and that Israel should withdraw to its pre-1967 borders, will find few supporters in Israel. But the senator knows as everyone else ought to know too, that the Middle East question is not simply an Arab- Israeli quarrel. As James Reston, himself no enthusiastic Fulbright fol- lower, puts it, "Fulbright may be wholly wrong or lie may be right, but he has stated a clear proposition; Israel is trapped in the cold war. II can deal with the Arabs militarily but not with the Soviets. It has to choose between territory and a clear Ameri- can guarantee of its security; it can- not have both." It remains to be seen how the di- vided Israeli cabinet will view the senator's startling statements. A U.S. guarantee of Israel's security was once the dream of David Ben-Gurion, the first Israeli Prime Minister. Now such an iron clad treaty has been pro- posed by no other than the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. It would undoubted- ly have strong support by the ad- ministration as well. It is a fact of course, that if it came to a point where Israel was about to be over- run by the Arab forces, the United States would be forced to go to her help, not simply for love of Israel but for the sake of the future of the U.S. itself. Senator Fulbright's pro- posed treaty would simply lay the facts on the line giving official bless- ing to the prevailing U.S. attitude. But official support in the form of a treaty is much more comforting than simple supposition. One can hope that the senator's speech, which is bound to be discussed in the Israeli cabinet, will not be dismissed without due con- sideration, even though the precondi- tions are hard to swallow without the assistance of a very long spoon. Fair Warning The separatist threat in Quebec will not disappear if Mr. Rene Levesque carries through on his hint that he might step down from the leadership of the Parti Quebecois. He may have given eloquent voice to the discontent felt in the French-speaking part of that province; he did not create it. In his recent Canadian Press inter- view Mr. Levesque gave a warning that future attempts to manipulate the elections could provoke such an- ger that it would lead to the destruc- tion of democratic institutions. It is a warning that should not be ignored. Mr. Levesque was not charging that there had been illegalities in the elec- tion held earlier this year. He said that the Anglo-Saxon Establishment manipulated the election by resort- ing to tactics that resulted in panic voting on the part of many potential supporters of the Parti Quebecois. What scared these voters was all the propaganda about economic dis- aster lying ahead for Quebec and made so vivid by the sight of Brinks trucks moving securities out of the province in the dying days of the election campaign. Before that there had been the veiled threat of loss of federal funds through what Mr. Levesque described as the "rigged balance sheet of federalism." These things made even party supporters think the Parti Quebecois was coming too quickly to power. The realization that they were con- ned into voting against their inclina- tions has already made some Que- becers bitter. If the Liberal govern- ment does not produce an economic miracle Mr. Levesque is certain it cannot the resentment could be very apparent in the next election. What Mr. Levesque had to say in his interview should not be lightly dismissed. Arrogance on the part of Anglophones in Quebec is something that needs hearty repentance. Cynical manipulation of the Francophones, if continued, could have disastrous con- sequences. Court Reform ..Public confidence in the American judicial system keeps on weakening because of the shortcomings that have become apparent. These short- comings include: the agonizing in- efficiency which bogs down so much of American justice, the lack of evenhandedness so often shown, the failure to maintain adequate stand- ards, and the degree to which many courts are swamped with work. Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, Warren E. Burger, believes that one of the best ways in which he can serve his country is to em- phasize, persistently, how the courts can be reformed and strengthened. Recently he dealt with order in the courts and court inefficiency. It is not likely that Canadian jurists could learn much from Chief Justice Berger's proposals on achieving and maintaining order in the courts. That problem really does not exist in Can- ada and Canadians only look on, ap- palled, at some of the court circuses in the U.S. Proposals for achieving greater efficiency, on the other hand, could prove to be of interest. Some of them would not apply to the Canadian sys- tem but others might be worthy of study and adaptation. Anything that would speed cases through the courts and cut costs consonant 'Vith achieving justice is worth consider- ation. Participation In Education By Louis Burke, Catholic Central High School jgDUCATION is certainly not what it used to be, and some regret this fact, but not too many, I hope. Tomorrow's world is just not going to be like the world of today, no matter what people might wish. But the world of tomorrow starts today, and is being shaped rapidly by the press, radio and television, and above all, in the classroom by the teacher, man or woman. Even today, nearly ten thousand young people, a captive audience, sat for manv hours in school classrooms. That number represents almost one quarter of the popu- lation. Some four hundred teachers, in two systems, worked with these youngsters, preparing and shaping them for the future. For those who think at all. this is a signi- ficant fact. Who are these men and women these teachers? What are they like? How do they do their jobs? What will our young people be like when they are finished with them? Everyone, parent and non-parent, has an obligation to get to know these people upon whom so much depends. The teacher is not monkey or monster. He is plain human kind, like mast other persons. He needs to know people ss ir.uch as they need to know him, It is a high- way. The obligation touches taxpayers, too. They have invested vast sums in education over the years. Millions are being poured into new buildings and equipment, and the flow continues. Taxpayers ought to find out for themselves what this huge investment is all about. Meet teachers. They'll tell, ex- plain and even show him or her. Politicians, even minor ones, play a .major role in our educational systems. I've never seen, or heard of, an MLA visiting a modern classroom in this area. Maybe there is a law against it. Yet these men give life to laws govern- ing education, the new Sclscol Act being a point in case. How can they legislate in- telligently on matters educational if they never visit classrooms, or get to know teachers? Tills is the beginning of tomorrow. The future is happening now in our classrooms and today, teachers moulded a small por- tion of that future in their classes through- out the city, the province and indeed, the world. It's time the public took a good look at teachers it has. To do that, there is no time like today. Participation in education is essential if parents and people want to catch a glimpse of the future and (hat's what's happening in the clnssrooin todav. Fulbright's Logic On Middle East WASHINGTON To many, n Senator Fulbright's latest foreign policy proposal will seem quirky and bizarre. For the supreme dove on Vietnam, and a leading figure in pro- Arab circles, now advocates an American defence treaty with Israel that amounts to an ex- tension of this country's foreign commitments. But a deep inner logic gov- erns Senator Fulbright's record over the years. He lias a genius for the obvious. He is one of the few actors on the world stage who knows how to take the cue of history. Unto him has been given a well-nigh prophetic gift for signalling the great turning points of our times. Ma emerged first in the First World War, as this country was moving from years of self-pre- occupation to a role of active participation in world affairs. A truly important expression of that change was the resolution proposed on April 5, 1943, by a freshman Congressman from Arkansas. The "Fulbright reso- as it came to be called, did nothing less than commit this country to "prevent future aggression" through a policy of collective security supported by a bi-partisan majority of the Congress. Two decades later it had be- come plain that the efficacy of American intervention was reaching its outer limits. Many persons in many countries not- ed that undoubted fact. But the turn of the tide was most im- portantly announced to the world when Chairman J. W. Ful- bright of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee took his stance against military actions by this country in Vietnam and the Dominican Republic. Even as the tide turned, how- ever, it was clear that the Uni- ted States could not simply pull the plug on its international re- sponsibilities. Stability demand- ed that the winding down of American influence be done carefully and in stages over a long period of time. Senator Fulbright now applies that con- cept to the Middle East, in a step that could be more signifi- cant even than anything he has previously done. Before Ms statement, the Uni- ted States had been trying to finesse its way through the Mid- dle Eastern perils. A ceasefire and a commitment to negotia- tions were obtained by sweep- ing major issues under the rug of lawyers' language. The re- sult was the recent Egyptian missiles crisis. On the one hand, the Soviet Union and the United Arab Re- public used the occasion to im- prove their military posture considerably. On the other, ob- scure language promoted sus- picion and a public spitting match between Washington and Jerusalem. Senator Fulbright's statement makes it possible to arrest that deteriorating situ a t i o n. He brings into the open the Arab need for an Israeli withdrawal from territory .occupied in the ISSi war and .for a resolution of the refugee problem. He also identifies the hang up that has so far prevented the Israelis from yielding on these matters fear of being destroyed." To meet these problems the senator cites some well known remedies. He wants Israeli withdrawal and a United Na- tions presence at paints criti- cal for Israel's security. Jeru- salem would be given interna- tional status. Some Palestine would be brought back to Israel; others compensated. As his special contribution, Senator Fulbright cuts through two myths to assert realities that have scared off everybody else. First he showed that Am- erica is tied to Israel less by strategic considerations than by "bonds of culture and senti- ment and the special attach- ment of our Jewish population." Next, he shows that the com- mitment arising from these bonds is now open-ended. To limit the commitment precisely, and as a linchpin to his whole statement, the senator then pro- poses what nobody else could dare advance without being called an expansion minded imperialist. He proposes "a bi- lateral treaty under which the United States would guar- antee the security and indepen- dence of Israel within the bor- ders of 1967." Senator Fulbright's formula- tion, of course, is not perfect. It is full of claptrap about geo- politics and national psychol- ogy. It shares with every other set of proposals the defect of not dealing seriously with the Palestinian problem. But in can clear the air of suspicion and pettifogging casuistry. It can set a basis for adjustment of the grand scale. Thus now, as in the past, Senator Fulbright makes it easier for embattled men to do things that once look- ed impossible. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Bruce Hutchison Nothing Can Be Produced Without Pollution BROODING beside the once clean Pacific Ocean not long ago, Pierre Trudeau noted that Canada, unique in so many other ways, had a unique chance to avoid the mistakes of other nations where pollution has almost reached, or passed, the point of no return. As if to dramatize this obvi- ous truism, a news dispatch from Tokyo, that same day, re- ported a wonderful a cheap oxygen tank which all citizens can cany on their backs and comfortably endure Japan's poisonous economic mi- racle. The Japanese are a very clever people. They will wear their oxygen masks with style and panache. But still'more im- pressive was President Nixon's sudden discovery that the Uni- ted States faced an "ecological disaster" and must cleanse it- self or go, quite literally, down the dram. Letter To The Editor No one who has studied hu- man government will be sur- prised when it begins to act in a desperate crisis with only a moment to spare or, more fre- quently, too late. Government has seldom acted otherwise, anywhere. -What surprises the student of history today-is that the ecological dis a s t e r may have been discovered in time to forestall it, though, like Well- ington's Waterloo, it will be "a damned close-run thing." But we need not despair. A species which hardly knew the meaning of the word "ecology" five years ago and now recites it as a daily chant perhaps has the intelligence to survive its own follies after all. We can be sure, however, that this new knowledge of our flim- sy, tottering environment is only skin-deep, so far. Despite A White-wash Job? Your editorial writer's white- wash job on the Nixon adminis- tration's excuses for making more ABM sites, "The Frank- enstein will not stand up to informed scrutiny. In I. F. Stone's bi-weekly of .line 27, 1970 we may read Ihe following: "Secretary Laird's alarms boomeranged w i t li newspapermen covering the Pentagon. George C. Wilson in the Washington Post and Neil Sheehan in the New York Times next day noted (in the words of the latter) that Lami's assertions directly con- tradicted reports from senior administration officials- to ths effect that the Soviet Union had constructed no new sites for SS-9s since last August." It is true however that they have been just resumed, as intelli- gence sources well knew, though not during the SALT talks. To quote I. K. Stone again: "Chalmers Uobcrls in Ihc Washington Post July II re- ported that as late as June 24, when America's chief negotia- tor, Gerard C. Smith, met with President Nixon "no new SS-9 starts had been discovered since prior to Helsinki." Surely it will not be in the best interests of the Canadian public to have the Communist scares invented by the late tin- lamented Senator McCarthy be- come current here. At the height of his campaign it was reliably estimated that out of a crowd of say 40 thousand at a sports stadium in an American city, twenty people might be card-carrying Communists. The hideous danger in which- the public were living may be realized by understanding that the only protection the many had against these few vvcrc the army, the air force, the navy, the police, and the law enforce- ment officers. .1. P. GKH'TIN. Fort Maclcod. all the solemn pieties uttered about it, and all the laws de- signed to save it, the cost of actually saving it has not jjet been reckoned, much less paid. In practical politics, of course, that cost must be pre- sented to the voters gradually, in small instalments, with the customary sugar on the pill. Thus Mr. Trudeau remarks va- guely that in some cases Cana- dians may have to put their long term environment ahead of their immediate economic growth which, up'to now, has been the supreme priority, al- most a new religion. Mr. Nixon's Council on En- vironmental Quality goes a lit- tle farther by remarking, in sleek official idiom, that in- creased taxes alone will not be sufficient to finance the great clean up and that "people may ultimately have to forgo some conveniences and pay higher prices for some goods and ser- vices" when the manufacturers hand on their anti pollution costs to the consumer. In fact, the total cost, if we are to do this job, and the oth- er necessary social jobs, will be so high that no sensible man can ever expect lower taxes (except temporary cuts at elec- tion times) or lower prices. If these things are clear enough, I find it difficult to un- derstand another statement in Mr. Nixon's report. It rejects, the theory that economic growth must stop if pollution is to bo cured, as if anyone Were suggesting that economic growth should, or could, stop. But while it will doubtless con- tinue, at least until the re- sources of the planet are final- ly exhausted, a few centuries hence, or sooner, yet a hard physical and mathematical fact remains. It is that virtually all growth involves pollution. As the distinguished economic writer, Edwin Dale, says in a recent article, nothing of use to man (except foodstuffs, it no pesticides are used) can be pro- duced without, in some degree, v (i 11 u t i n g iho environment. Even if he does not poison the water he must poison the air with the smoke of his factories. Even if he manages, for in- stance, to control the automo- bile, that most successful pois- oner since the Borgias, he will replace its fumes with those of the jet plane. Or even if, unimaginable as it seems now, the Western world somehow cleanses itself, the economic growth of the presently backward nations will undo all this progress, as Ja- pan, the pioneer of progress in Asia, has so vividly demon- strated. Pollution, like peace, is indivisible since we all breathe the same atmosphere. Hence Mr. Dale's grim, un- answerable equation: World- wide growth equals pollution; also depletion of res o u r c e s. Still, Mr. Trudeau is right in saying that Canada has the chance to escape the worst con- sequences if it acts soon enough, and is willing to pay the price, which includes, among other things, a drastic revision of the Economic Coun- cil's neat blueprints and the government's fiscal charts. These long term assump- tions already are outdated by the discovery of something far more important to humanity at large and by a special discov- ery in Canada namely, that a depleted neighbor will short- ly be seeking all the raw ma- terial of growth he can find here for his own use at home, regardless of our convenience. This prospect, and others, must haunt Mr. Trudeau be- cause they cut straight across our old notions of inevitable, automatic progress, our obso- lete political slogans, our fa- miliar cliches and his plans for a Just Society. Just as it may be, but poisonous as we are go- ing now; or, if not poisonous, much more costly than we have yet begun to imagine. (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1820 The Canadian Air Force is now recruiting men for a variety of trades. The present establishment for non- commissioned officers and men in the newly organized force is 1 in the auto- mobile industry in Canada (lur- ing 1929 reached a new high of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics reported. London area was bombarded for six hours in the longest raid of the war so far. 1350 Railroads in the U.S. maintained on-time operations under the army's direction, but the labor dispute which had threatened to halt the trains still is unsettled. season's first snow- fall hit the upper peaks of mountains in southwestern Al- berta and southeastern B.C. Temperatures dropped to well below tlie freezing mark in the mountains. The Lcthkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 001? Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihc Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA..... WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;