Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGB HERALD Saturday, Augusl 26, y L extern Too many pitchers drain insurance fund Common decency Asians have indicated their pre- obvious. Already an almos- plicve of terror pervades the entire ference for this country as their fut- Asian community. HIT home. It is dearly impossible Tlu> president is lo for Britain, already suffering from llicse people of most of their prop- tensions crealed by 'an influx of Coin- erly, their savings, and probably irioinvenlth immigrants of newly in- soiiie ot their personal possessions as dependent nations to accept them all well. Under these circumstances lie i .1 i i. __ ilin i-ifilil In i n t nriiilt on tier overcrowded island. has forfeited right lo international This is an inti'i-national emergency, assistance in building up the Ugan- and if Commonwealth membership dan economy. One more point. In means anything at all, il is lime to view of the outrageous racial pcrsccu- nrove it Canada should welcome turn he lias flaunted before the eyes Lhc.se'refugees from radical prejudice, Of the world, should liis country ic- and it should participate in the mas- main member of Hie Common- According lo ,1 flurry of reports llic Unem- ployment Insimmct! Cummi.-sion mission Fund is in haavy def- icit. By one estimate, neither confirmed nor denied, I lie shortfall i.s about millions with five months In go before tlio end o" the your. If the fund private, re- cipients would have cause fur alarm. But bankruptcy in gov- ernmenl docs not have the sig- nificance that it possesses for individuals. Ilehind government, its agencies and its corpora- tions, stands the ever-reliable taxpayer. Although .seldom in on Ihe planning which he some- times lie is always fellow that he is-for the crash Landings. Hi.s future (i ml the im- p or t n n c o of confidence :tnd private is had declined steeply lo a low of millions May :n, Tlio remrl now make.s inter- esting, somewhat. peeled to bum from his mis- reading. II suggests tho tukcs; sinet! Lie pays for them out of 1'is own purse, he very often In government. how- ever, things aro managed differ- ently. First, Hie mistake is iden- tified, cither hy a committee of intmiry or hy u ta.sk force or even a lioyal Commission. Then, after a hricf period of repentance, mysterious forces to work and the mistake is repealed although usually on a much grander scale, This is why iL i.s so helpful to have milling, unwilling taxpayer on hand. lu the time of the Dielenbakcr n nature lo win political popu- larity nl the cost of weakening the fund. II was overloaded v.itli seasonal aixl other benefits lo meet problems were o[ need for a This undoubt- repetitive, seasonal character ctlly- would show that a new and v.'i'll-intentioned government set out in the beginnim; lo avoid the errors of iLs predecessors huL ;md (tid not involve normally m- xurablc risks. 'I'o quote one illuminating pas- sage having Ij ilo with clumping ended (still wiih the most wor- public altitudcvs, observable in thy intentions) hy making them look like a set of pikers. By IBM Ihe character of the problem was plain. There had These attitudes have been influenced unquestionably by the changes that have heen ivifmu in the Act sr.il use for been "a gradual dissipation ot purposes inconsislenL with tho (he sou px I actuarial basis on which the original plan was founded." So the Gill committee r e c o m m c n d c d a of changes, the intent of which was to reestablish "an insur- proper operation of an uncin- ensuring a viable fund. By J971, however, the government had it much hroader vision. Uni- versality had become the means of ensuring ttio highest possiblo bciKjfils! at lowest possible cost in a scheme financed jointly by employers ami employees up to an unemployment level of four pur cent. Beyond that point Ihe government (meiming tho gcft- eral taxpayers) would move in with massive aid. It is certainly not the fault of tho committee that the new Act, as finally passed, is much more of a welfare measure Uian ploymcnt insurance plan. The the old legislation. The malcrn- of confidence in government be- cause lie is the answer to unex- pected bills. UnexpectedV that de- pends on who does Ihe expect- ing. Government in Canada is distinguished by eternal optim- ism, as shown for example by n u in e r o u s budget messages duelling on tin; greatness of the a serious problem nntl fund became exhausted, in niinmcr of speaking. A commit principles.' In part the dissipation noted bv the committee was due to lee oC inquiry was set up under c h anting economic circuin- C. Gill and including com- missioners of the stature of Dr.1 .John Deulsch. It duly submitted a report v.'.nch fouixl that Ire fund, huving readied n peak of M127 million the end of 195S. stances not foreseen in the gen- eral revision of Partly it was due to abuses, including a si've effort to ot' them out of Uganda wealth of Nations? 'Hie answer is a more presence creates a feeling g o v e r n mcnt, unemployment ance plan founded on insurance .snt cnoti 10 tnt-ui wu. vi v. hn- a KoriniK iirublcm nml tlripi ormcmlcs. in the stipulated time. The danger resounding, Inconsistent veto China has turned a blind eye lo Tiic Pakistani president, Aly Blmt- Ilie iiu-onsisieiicy of lior veto against lo, of coarse, does not recognize Ihe bid of BaimUulcsb for admission t'.angUulesli eillicr. and lie is not ID the L'N. ThiM'eoples' Itcpuljlic has likely lo extend recognition >inhl Ihe alwavs and still does, posture as Hie Chinese do. The fact is that if Bhutto champion of the smaller nations were to recognize now, he would com- acainst "imperialistic" suppression pound the political unrest in his own by the bigger ones, even though she country. He's been having trouble with supported" Pakistan in its opposition the army, trouble that would be com- to a visibly popular separatist move- pounded with acknowledgement that distorted views regarding tho purposes of an unemployment insurance plan have com- pounded abuses nntl many indi- viduals liave come to consider it a vested right to recover their contributions, In whole or in ity Ixinefils :uul sickness insur- ance are examples of the expen- sive changes incorporated in it. Naturally matters were not helped, from a financial stand- point, from tlic fact dial the higher benefits and shorter eti- part, regardless of the true in- gibility periods took effect six tent of the system." Ttie Gill report was not en- tirely forgotten by the authors of tile new legislation. Wind ap- good deal of outright fraud. But pealed to them was the there was another very impor- salily recommendation offered tar.t factor; repeated cbungcs of a.s one means (among many) ol mcnt in the Indo-Pakistam war. East Pakistan is officially a new na- China demands that two conditions lion. There is always the possibility be met before she will extend recog- too, that Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's nition to Ranyladcsh, The first is that party may not be able to keep tin; the Pakistani troops in India peace in Bangladesh. Reports of anti- be- relumed, and the second that all Indian troops he withdrawn from Indian feeling are current, and the opposition parties are encouraging HanpUuiesh. There are only a hand- it. fill of Indian soldiers remaining, and Once again, practical politics has therefore the main stumbling block replaced moral principle. Bangladesh is the refusal of India to return the will have to wait awhile to take its prisoners. scat tbc UN- Honolulu meeting Election campaigning isn't going have agreed that no single power to slow down President Nbcon'a pur- should dominate East Asia. suit of the personal encounter in foreign affairs. Of course he might lake a little time out, when he meets the new premier of Japan, Kakuei The stumbling block lo Japan's plans of rapprochement with China is its relationship with Taiwan, one of ils closest allies and trading part- ners. China, as everyone knows, con- 1'anaka in Honululu on Aug. 31, to sitters Taiwan an autonomous prov- make a speech or two to loyal Haw- ince of the Peoples' Republic. No aiian Republicans, but the purpose of country can extend diplomatic rec- Ihe meeting is to talk things over ogniticm to Peking and Taipei at the with Mr. Tanaka High on the prior- same time. i.tv list of subjects for discussion is Mr. Tanaka's upcoming visit lo Pek- ing. Both Peking and Japan are anx- ious to bury the hatchet and lo come In 1552 Japan and Taiwan signed a peace treaty, in which the then premier of Japan. Mr. Yoshida, rec- ognized the Nationalists as the leg- itirnate government of all China. "Would you vote for a man you wouWn'f buy D used car from, or a wiW-eyerf "Wait a minute, AU i thought we bought these vacation homes to GET FROM IT months before llic inauguration of flic new collecting .system. The attitudes winch distressed tl :o (i i 1] co] n in i Itoc (en yea i s ago arc now, mid not surpris- ingly, fiir more evident than they then. Even in 19152 (here was a problem, ns the re- pnrl recognized, with "volun- t a r y" unemployment. The the number of jobless, the IPSS carefully (Hit officials delve into the circumstances surrounding job terminations. Nowadays, however, many younger people, unencumlrered willi more traditional attitudes, appear to tiike I ho Act as they find il. In effect, they buy, throncili their involuntary con- tributions, entitlement lo paid leisure nt quite generous rates. Why years lo cash in when oro can do so after fairly hricf .illar.'hmenLs to (lie working force? This was not al all what the Gil] committee had in mind. But the more a government studies a committee report, tbc more il Ijccomes impressed with other considerations. The numlxjr of considerations that can arise in eif'lit years is uncountable. As it turns out, this additional think- ing has resulted in a scheme dedicated lo different purposes If Ihe surviving members of Ihe committee were now recon- vened, thc-y would find them- selves in a familiar situation with Ihe difference that Hie this time, is acquiring dificits at an even more didly impressive rate. For taxpayer it Is nlso 3 familiar story, alt hough not ono to increase his faith in Ihe ni.scMcncc of governments. (Jlrrnlil Ottawa Kiirrnu) ____ _. _______ to some live-and-let-live policy which Even at the time of Ihe Japanese will be to the economic benefit of surrender, President Chiang Kai-shek both countries. China and Japan urged that the Japanese should he have decades of hostility and mutual distrust to overcome before they can treated with "magnanimity and non- the first allied leader get down to the nitty gritty of sign- to do so. ing a peace treaty. Chances are that Japan wants to find some way out, when -Mr. Tanaka leaves Peking the some way in which it can diminish Uvo countries acknowledge thai tbc impending insult to its old friend, hostilities are over, that they have In the way oC the inscrutable Orient, accepted a set of principles provid- the treaty with Taipei will not he Robert Stephens The power game played under a new set of rules f ON'DON The United Na- J tion.s secretary-general, Air. Kurt Waldheim has recently had some words lo say consent. And if the anti-im- perialist revolution, with the spread of nation-states unit of industrial civilization outside ng for non interference m'the dom- abrogated. It will he declared "inef- about his most powerful mas- Europe and America, has in- "i ters. the creat nowcrs and the creased the numbers and im- eslic affairs of another country, and fective. Weekend Meditation Integrity General 1) c a n o[ the United States Army was a prisoner of war In Korea he was taken out several times 1ft ho shot, Onrfj when death seemed cer- frw lo his family. Me wrote to his ton, 'Tell Bill the word is That i.s the word for every man. With- out integrity he can do nothing. When his integrity is impugned hi.s effectiveness is lost, his vitality is drained. Kipling was bitterly attacked during lifetime, which was natural in that he stood for certain scope. Thu.s he escaped the dilemma. In the Rihle the [wo great sin.s are sins against love figainst. tnith. 'ITiR sin against love shuts a man out of heaven, ac- cording lo thr Scriptures prul lhr> i n agiim'jl UK; Ifnlv Spirit which i.s llic un- pardonable sin. All tlie prophets fought against tlie wilful, corrupting lie, and Jesus bitterly reproached hi.s hearers for iheir refusal to listen to the truth. Looking back on his years in prison, Nehru says the ghosts of these dear! yesterdays .sometimes haunted him. unpopular principles, but the thing that pi- The question would rise in bi.s mind, had most .shattered him was the attack on his integrity. So ho wrote in his famous poem on Ihe nature nf a tnie man, "ft you can bear in hear tho words you've spoken twisted by knaves to make a trap for mur-it Couch all Ufr. even or per- jvips especially yunr religious faith. Thus been worthwhile? Should he have clone what he dirl at such a frightful cost? The an.swcr invariably carno back that he bar! no choice to rlo otherwise, since he- was driven hy the power of truth, a power out- ,sirki of him and in.sirle him, possassing him pvcn against his uill. Suc-h is the nature :at man, (lie necessity of loyal Bishop Huxley asking to the tnith, Ahrafiarn Lincoln fell the if he wished an ape for his grandfather, same inexorable compulsion. "The fiery Huxley replied that he would rather have trial through which will light an ape for his grandfather than a liar, Whether or not Darwin's theory of nvfjlulion be true or not is not the poinl. 'Irir- point is that a roan believes it to true ho nmst stand by it. One of the of sin.s is "to lx: to tnith a timid frifir.d." Faith kopl at the cost of integrity is rotten tit ils hoart. A rnusl face thr- ffitt.s. sure that ths'fjt'gh Iionrist doubt hfc'll come to tho Ifuth a', last. f'a.-.sing IhroUfifi a city's si urns on a train, a certain business man pulled down thrj Multiturlw live that v.ay. dmvr. th.; blinds sf> that they inriy FJ-.' the disturbing tnjlh. A t-'-r- u! fnrjia j.-. forfjiddcn tr> rat futy n mm ;il hfiovr'A 1 j] f.i- n ;r phi n i. t ii i ;i Hi ol broke mir-ro- in honor or dishonor, lo Ihe latest generation We shall nobly save or meanly the.' Ifisl. of When integrity the vanishes from artihitwlure and the .scvort: Doric the ornate i.s rlrainrjri from lifcratui't and pornography barl ihf: Jjfauty loyalty from frtmily tiff and divorrr1 anrf Income way of life, I urns inlo timesc-rvinK politics, No fonder do the law courts reflect Ihe opinion of John Quincy Adarns who took his rnottfj from his father, r'Thf: rrj.'igistrTiln is (he: srrrvant nrjt of his own ilf'Siro.s, not of tfx: people, but of Y. S. M. ters, the great powers and the Security Council. In his annual report, tradi- tionally published on the eve of the UN General Assembly, he declared that "even if the Se- curity Council were now to ac- quire a new efficacy, thanks to a detente between the tficnt powers, the idea of mnintainintf and security in the work] by means of a concert of great powers would .scern to be- long to Ihe tilth rather than Ihn (Tnlury. in which Icch- nolrjpcnl prtipTss anrl like pro- (rf democrat arc creating a new form of world society last ing world system can at this stage in his- tory ignore the interests, wis- dom and importance- of the tfrcat majority of medium and .small U may seem strange that the secretary-general should choose just thi.s moment for hi.s warn- reflection. For the two super-powers, ami Am- erica, have now pono further Ilirin ever before along thr road of nuHoar rletcntr. a the medium and Mnalkr powers were once fearfully urging lhrn> lo follow, rhinfi aiul America are ending a generation of im- placable hostility. At Ihe same time (lie entry of China into Ihe I'niled Nations has Driven tin- world organization, and es- pecially the Security Council, a rnojc truly universal character. Waldlioirn's words reflect a new and widespread r-om.T'rn jK-rhans fjorn fii1! of a In'-si'-nf'd fear of on- rlffir ronflict in Ihf dr-- tcnte the thr inleiTAl.s of powers and just bnl u'ont: rau.vs will suffer slovakia, As the price of nuclear peace a new international tyranny might be horn. hi any viable world political as in fuiy rinlional cnunfiil, tfsrrfr lias hi he an cleiiKint [Kiwci nnd, in I oijg run, a J; ;o n n r-iomnnt of creased the numbers and im- portance of the medium and smaller powers, the develop- ment of nuclear weapons has also changed the position of Ihe great powers in comparison with the 19th century. Nuclear arms have both increased and weakened great power influ- ence- The system of nuclear deterrence has meant that the first interest of the great pow- ers has been lo avoid war with each other, ft Sias meant lhaf wlirro tticir power was not Ilial of a nil- clrar rival it could bo over- whelming, Hut where nuclear powers confront each other, they coulrl paralyml and smaller powers could seize the initiative, as happened with the Arab-Israeli war in and [he India-Pakistan war of 1071. Hut 3n a world of .sovereign states the main power element in tbc; internntionnl system is MiJI concenlrated in the hands, of IhR .super-powers. A movo towards a more secure and ju.st world order implies an element nJ power to prevent a.s well as a way for tho.so villi gricvariiTs Lo secure re- ilfCA-s peacefully. Thi.s has in- evitably begin by stabilising the rclatJons of the super- powers, For their conflict could destroy everyone Jinrl against I he i r power no o! her fiowcr would lie effective. The super- powers America and Hussin have begun to develop a rough working understanding between Ihrmselvcs to prevent tho v.iirsl, that is a nutrlrar war. This understanding will have to develop in H'c fulurc to takn ;rcr'ount of omergrncn of other pot en! ia I super- powers China, Western Kur- opf, Japan. the super- powers have not got very far in working out how to prevent wars iK-tvwn othor states n nccd.s.sily if an uncontrollable spicarl of national nuclear pnns is to prcvrntfd. Yd, .somclimfs super-power co-op- firalicm or restraint, within or outside the Security Council, lias already succeeded in limit- ing or even settling a conflict, as happened in Cyprus and the first Indo-Pakistan war, to a certain extent in the Congo arid in some respects in the Middle Easl. The special case of Vietnam, where llic last great anti- colonial conflagration became confused with the Cold War, tends lo obscure two significant facts. The first is that tho great powers are now tending to limit rather than extend their international commit- ments: flic Americans are mil the only onr.s to feel Ihe pull of nen isolationism, the urge to cultivate Ihrir own rich rJcns arid Id llic rest of the world go hang. 'Pic second fact is that while the "domino theory1' of escalating aggres- sion may have been applied fnl.sely by the United States to Vietnam, tlie possibility of an aggression of Ihe HiMcrian kind with the same kind of falling domino consequences lias not been eliminated. For no effcc- ence, Indeed, their relations arc often characterised by in- inoj-e active part in preventing and .settling their own con- [ernecinc strife, although there flicts. H is dangerous for them are still racial and economic questions which divide the Third World from the develop- ed countries. At the same time the smaller powers are apt to talk themselves and the United Nations into impotence and ridicule by ignoring the power element in proposed interna- tional solutions. II is clear, for example, that nothing effective can be done about southern Africa without the support of Ihe United Slates. Nor can Ihe Middle Hast be stabilized with- out the coneurrenr e of bolh the United Stales and Russia. The first, stop towards big gcr sny for Ihc medium anil smaller powers in the United Nations lies in their taking a to try to play one hig power against another or exclude the big ones from any critical sit- uation entirely. Instead, the small should be helping to de- vise a system in which tho power of the great can be ap- plied cons I rue lively as a frame- work of peace rather than in dangerous rivalry. This also implies a readiness, which docs not yet exist, on the part par- ticularly of the more developed medium powers (.such as Brit- ain! lo piny n more active rolo as international agents of a war prevention and system around I ho world, MYriltrn for The llrrald anil Thr Ohsi-rvrr lit London) Looking backward TliroiiRli the Hrralil sirloin rcrasl.i IB per Kcprc-scnlinR an in- 1912 at a vcsllrunt tho tncnly-sevcn piece girls hand (Ke mlornrilional nv'iins of prn- Dairy I.l'd. lor llic CWAC traininf! centra venting this kiml nf war has yet hcon II is Iniloctl iKtwccn llw medium am! smaller rmsvcrs trieni.srlvc-s Mini rel.'ilirms mosl fUii'l and oils. Ill thi.s icspfld. llic slum- lion lias greatly (jliantfed from that in tlic late 50s and early when IIio dominant inter- national concpnis were the mi is one ol the growing concerns ;jt Vcrmillion has been which from a small has Ihorizeil according to into one of thr best in- lor.ilfxl In the cily. Within fie- lorlnight the company has moved Inlo n brand-new fireproof building lo- cated on the corner of filh ave- nue and eighth street south, Choice clear nrms race and the nnli- pot roasts of Ixief 10 ccnls per 'J'licn, Dag pound, Special .sliced bacon, Ifammarskjold's TO. Proprietors and Publisher! Published IMK-lftH, hy Hon. W, A. HUCTIANAN Secwd Clasi Mnll RegKtrallfin Hn 001? ember oF Can.idlJin Press and CnnAdlnn Driily nnd Ihe AurtH Durc.m ol Cl FO W. MOVJFPS, Edifeir PuMhhur THOMAS M, ADArMi, General PIH INK MAY rrtHiir r .littir rxrf t E roiir.i t: WAI KFR MtuWw r.itm fcd.tor "THE HERALD StiRVES THE SOUTH"