Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, Augusl 26, 1971 Jolin ii i in is Chinese apprehension of Japan revived Government trusteeship One in' nuMMihiii; yovmmicnls is lo look ;il Ilicir InisU'csliip of the people's money Ilmv much 1 It c y spend is nol so as well iJii-v il. ;il Iliu provincial level, arc the least Uixeil people in Can- aila. ami yd lilc "f services is anionu Ihc highest. The rest oi Canada looks on this prov- ince us the most I'avurecl part of the country The mummy here is Uie buoyant Albcrians are the most envied. The difference, in large pai'l, lias been caused In oil. Social Crrdil did nol put the oil and uas land now coal) in the ground. lUit ft would be unfair lo assume that (here would have been Ihe same de- velopment. Ihe same prosperity, un- der any oilier eminent. When the Ilia oil play slartcti after the 19-17 l.educ discovery, the Social Credit government by trial and error work- ed oui a now policy lo combine max- imum return lo the public treasury with maximum development. The for- mula finally worked out retained the incentive lor private investment and al Ihe. same lime put perhaps S2 billion inlo the public Ireasury. With lhat money an excellent system of roads was built, innumerable public buildings I the university and com- munity college in LelhbrJdge are ex- were erected, and large grants and loans were made to mu- nicipalities lor their capital expan- sion. Alberta lived well. Services e r e high, taxes low. The uil industry, di- rectly and stimulated ev- ery corner of (he province, every sec- lion of Ihe economy, and provided scores of thousands of good jobs. Now the oil revenue growth has fallen behind Ihe general economic growth, and Alberta has lo tighten her belt. The government has had difficulty getting lhat message across. That is wiiy it has turned down so many requests for new expenditures, and cut back on sime of the old ones U'hal of Ihe future'.' If Ihe people want jobs and prosperity, industry must be stimulated. The next phase for the oil industry is probably mas- sive development of Ihe tar sands, all of which arc crmv.i-owned Is the resource development going loo fast, al Ihc risk of impairing Ihe environment'.' .Some say il is. The price of slowing down would be more unemployment, higher taxes and low- er services. Perhaps il is a price that mnsl be paid. But let Uie people lake the responsibility for this deci- sion. IL may nol win votes for its hon- e-sly, but Ihc Social Credit govern- ment has not misled the people. Al- though it has made a few question- able election promises, it doesn't claim to be a financial miracle-work- er. The trick of spending more and taxing less las if money comes out of the end of a ball-point pen) is a Conservalive gimmick. What lime has done to both par- ties! Dr. Eanda's big step The appearance of a black head-of- state on South African television, speaking on equal terms wilh white VIPs came as a shock lo whites in a country where apartheid bas been a way of life for so many years. Presi- dent H. Kamuzu Banda was given the red carpet treatment in Pretoria recently. The proceedings were a lit- tle stagey, Ihe warm welcome not entirely sincere perhaps, but never- theless here was this intriguing, ar- ticulate BLACK man speaking from a rostrum never before occupied by a non-white. Die-hard black militants accuse Dr. Banda of selling out the black cause for a mess of potage in other words, increased economic aid for his impoverished people. Be that as it may and even if Dr. Banda's visit is not followed up immediately by those of other black national lead- ers, his presence in South Africa has great psychological importance. Blacks have seen one of their kind mingling on terms of equality with white leaders. That goes in reverse order too. The visit is nol going lo work miracles but il is, at the very least, a big step in the right direc- tion. The Japanese squeeze A leading Japanese businessman is reported lo have said that Japan's insistence in maintaining the yen at its undervalued rate "forced the ted States into the present stringent dollar defence measures." This is a comment open to argument, but there can he no doubt lhat Japanese maintenance of strict barriers against exports and foreign imesl- menl, and its refusal to revalue Ibc yen at a more realistic rate figured largely in acccleniling the U.S. eco- nomic crisis. Since President Nixon's decision lo float the dollar on Ihe international money markets, the Japanese have been forced to shore up Ihe yen by buying huge amounts of U.S. dol- lars. This obviously cannot continue. In spite of present Japanese resis- tance to international pressure for an upward revaluation of their currency, Foreign Minister Kimura has agreed that Japan cannot adhere to present parity of its currency forever. In oth- er words, it's a mailer of timing, a "wail and see'' policy. Japan knows that in Ihe end. Ihe only way to check the "dollar hemorrhage" is lo up- grade the value of the yen. When this is done, presumably President Nixon w ill extend assurances lhat the ten per cent import surtax will be removed. Continuation of this tax would involve incalculable problems for a country which depends [or its survival on foreign trade in industrial products. The message Ihe president gave the Japanese was probably expecled sometime. But his method of giving it was brutal. Preceded by the an- nouncement of his forthcoming visit to China it came as a sudden cata- strophic blow. The president could learn some- thing about "how lo make friends and influence people." Fairness is a two way street, and Mr. Nixon is go- ing to have to make some overtures of redress very soon if he is not to reap a harvest of political ill-will in Japan. Reading, writing and arithmetic By Louis Burke TOEADIXG, writing snd arithmetic and the greatest, by far. of Ihis trio is reading. Xclhing, in a modern educalional system, can be compared to reading despite all Ihe glitter and gimmickry of an elec- tronic communications syslcm. Reading, simple though H sounds, is the key to full development in our world. This week, a fresh class cr group of grade ones enter Lethbridge schools, both public and separale. Twelve years Irom now, fully one third of them will emerge from class- rooms and schools educational and social casualties, crippled mentally [or life, be- cause Ihey did not learn how to read in the first grades. The situation staggers Uie im- agination, and the problem is chronic. What must be done? Like everything else, reading begins at home where (he parents set the example, or don'l. II Ihe parents read, (he children will read. But cirouragc- mcnl in reading is essential whether the par- ents i'L-ad (be language, or not. Thrre i.s no excuse for parents who do not aclivcly en- gage in the early stages o[ a child's read- ing program. None, whatsoever. Reading, then, becomes (he responsibility of Ibc when the child enters (irst f; If a child docs nnt learn to manage the elrmcnl.nry skills More Ihe end of grade Hi cases, lhat little one is in ser- hm difficulties which will haunl him or her for ten more years of school, and a lifetime IlK'i-oaflor. Such a child U on Ihe road In be- coming a dlcponl, or even worse, Most of our educational and .so- cial casualties occur ki grades one and two, ncl in len, eleven and twelve as most as- sume. With few exceptions, all of them are non-readers. In most schools, Ihroughout the country in fact, grades one and two are main disaster areas for a large segment. These grades are geometrically overloaded, not just numeri- cally jammed to the doors. Fifteen children is the maximum number lor any grade one or two class, not twenty-five. Ihirly, thirty- five and forty as are (o be found today in schools. Schools need twice and three times the number of grade one and two teachers than is presently the case, even if other areas are to be stripped of their staffs. Any school board member or administrative staff who would dedicate himself or herself lo solving the problems in grades one and two would end up canonized a saint of educalion. Reading is (he real problem in elomcnlary educalion When it is not done properly, Ihcre is trouble at ctory slage. Every teacher, every parent and all fools must be brought to hear to solve every child's problem with reading. It is nol the task of Ihe language arts teacher alone, h'.it demands Ihe involvement of science teachers, olhcrs and even parents. Being nble to read i.s the key to every- thing, and for many, it is a matter of life or death, literally. It is a basic difficulty which demands total attention if education i.s lo re- duce ca.suallK's and future .social disasters, Nothing i.s more important than reading and learning to read. A I Ui on Rli Ilic 2Ulb anniveisary of 'he end of Ihc Second World War in the Pacific was marked re- cenlly, memories of Ihc long and bitter struggle against Ihe Japanese continue to play a dc- cisivc role in shaping lire for- eign policy of cnnleiupurary China. The 14 years 01 Japanese ag- gression, beginning with (he in- vasion or Maudlin ia in I Dill and ending only with the drop- ping of (he atomic bombs in 19-15, continue to generate dceu- ]y-hckl suspicions about the ambitions of the Japanese in Asia. Tenacious as the suspicions are, they have for years boon overshadowed by n near-para- noid distrust of the Americans. That distrust remains, finding daily if .somewhat muted expression in the outpouiings of official propaganda. Hut there arc growing signs thai the Japanese are now [he main preoccupation. It is the current fashion of anti- Japanese pronouncements to make a personal target of Ihc prime minister, Eisaku Sato. In collusion with his spon- sors in Washington he is ac- cused o! spinning a sinister web of anti-Chinese plots, with Ihc common goal of establish- ing a new Japanese empire in Asia. The p r i m c minister is charged in particular with pi aiming a inoccupation of Tai- wan a Japanese colony from IBK to IW5. It is said (hat it is in furtherance of this design that he has thrown Japan's weigh! behind those ivlio would retain Taiwan's membership in the United Nations a move wliidi, if successful, would ef- fectively bar the entry of Pe- king. To those who have long sincfl acknowledged the rehabilita- tion of the Japanese, such charges may well smack of the worst smear tactics of modern propaganda. But before dis- missing them entirely, it is well lo remember Lhat the Chi- nese have sound historical rea- sons for casting a cynical eye at their island neighbors. It will be hard for the Chi- nese ever lo forgive the Jap- anese invaders for their atroci- ties. Even now it is a common experience lor travellers to be told lurid tales of how Jap- anese soldiers rounded up groups of unrcsisling civilians for bayonet practice. Together with the casualties inflicted in coinuul, such practices are said lu nave accounted for 19 million Chinese tlcad, to say nolhing of counlloss billions of dollars in property damage. Persistent as such memories arc, they arc only part of Ihfl lingering feai1 of Japan. As im- portant, in the Chinese view, are I he economic considera- tions which caused the Jap- anese to invade in flic first place, and which, in the right circumstances, could lead to similar action again. Although Ihe argument ap- pears almost daily in the Chi- nese press, it has rarely been so forcefully put as it was when Premier Cbou En-lai met with a group of American students here last month. In lhat en- counter, Ihe premier made it clear lhat he sees an alarming similarity between the situa- tion facing Japan in the 1980s and that facing her today. "I! is a the premier said, "that Japanese militarism is being revived because Iho Japanese economy is develop- ing in a lopsided way. They must import their natural re- sources. And for markets, loo, they depend on foreign coun- ties." He continued: "And so Ihis lopsided development o[ Japan, what will issue from it? Slip needs lo cairy out economic expansion abroad. Otherwise, she eannot maintain her eco- nomy. And so, being in a capi- talist system', following this economic expansion, there is bound lo come with it military expansion. Isn't it None of the Americans thought lo argue with the pre- mier's interpretation, which he supported with a ban age of facts on Japan's recenlly un- veiled fourth defence plan. The facts are the Japanese plan to spend more than 16 billion dol- lars on defence between 1972 and 1976 compared with a to- tal since the war, SSS38 Letters to the editor Pakistani refugee aid still urgently needed There have been suggestions that aid lo Pakistan, pailicular- ly military aid. should cease. These suggestions have given rise lo uncerlainties as to the desirahilily of continuing sup- port for Pakistani refugees end it is impouant lo clarify the position in respect of the appeal for funds through the Combined Appeal for Pakistani Relief (CAPRI. AS Chairman of the Appeal. I wish (o make its posi- tion abundantly clear. 1. This Appeal group, formed of the churches and the major development and relief organ- izations in Canada, evists solely lo provide aid to Pakistani ref- ugees of whom there are cur- rently over million in India To date CAPft has raised al- most S800.000 and this money is being used exclusively (o provide immediate relief sup- plies (food, clothing, blankets and transportation such as trucks for distributing the supplies, and ambulances; lemporary shelter (tents and and the support of medical teams to help care for millions of refugees. For m- slaace, over 900 milk stalions are in operation in the major refugee areas, providing sup- plementary feeding for more than children under five years of age, and for pregnant and laclaling molhers each day. It is anticipated lhat over of these cenlres will IK in operation in the next week to take care of over one million of the refugee children and moth- ers. Tliis is an example o[ but one parl of (he relief work sup- porled by the agencies partici- pating in CAPR. 2. The plight of these refu- gees continues to De desperate Kishincna road needed I think Ihe story about Andy Russell's views on Ihe Kishi- nena road is very amusing. II is fire for a man like Andy Russell lo preach Ihe preserva- tion of the wilderness a man who has several hundred acres of choice land next to the park We enjoy the outdoors and trails like the Kishinena. It is one of Uie few places lhat we can go. We don't have land on which we can put up "No Tres- passing" signs. We have lo stay 'Crazy Capers' on crown land. We want Ihe Kishinena put into a national park. There are lots of people who can't walk, or can't pay SIOO a day for a guide and out- fillcr to go back with. I was back in the Kishinuna a few years ago and saw an out- fillcr wilh a moose and an elk which were shot at a "salt lick." The sail was pul there hy an oulfiller so an American hunlcr could get his game. The Kishinena road has to be kept open to control Ihc hunting and for fire conlrol SLOAN Waterlcn Park and transcends any political circumstance. F o o d, shelter, medical supplies and sanitary facilities are still mosl. urgently needed and. wilh Ihe coming ol tidy people I should like lo congratulate the "character1' who threw a hecr bottle onto (he roadway on 3rd Avenue Soulh between 25th and 26th Streets sometime Saturday night or early Sun- day. I am sure he would have got a lot of satisfaction out of some child getting his or her loot badly cut, or a tire ruined, by the pieces of broken glass which covered about half a block. I happened lo get un fairly early, and was able to sweep up most of il, and my neighbors across Ihc avenue from us got the rest. What sort of people are Ihesc who do things like this? Have they nol ever been (aught to behave properly, and be lidy. A few evenings ago, aboul p.m. I was changing the hose selling on our lawn, and a young "gentleman" drove past enting a banana, and he threw Ihc skin on Ihc roadway, with a leer on bis face as it to say "pick it up if you wanl to." All the talk about anti-lit- ter and anti-pollution has not reached a lol of these people evidently. In future I shall do my host lo get Ihc license num- ber of anyone who does Ihis around our properly, and turn il in lo Ihc City Police. (i. KEN WATTS'. Lelhbridge. Looking backward Ihc cold ncalher, clothing will have to be purchased, since most of the refugees have vir- tually none. o The Indian government is doing a tremendous job in pro- viding basic relief but lack of money limits what llicy can do; our help continues Lo be vilal. It is hoped that aid will be made available lo (hose who remain in equally desperale circumstances in Pakistan, but il is emphasized Ilial in any event aid will only be on (lie basis of need, without dis- crimination. We must remember thai Ihe mosl massive migration in re- corded bisloiT has resulted in tragedy for millions and we simply must help those who are suffering. The amount raised by CAPTS so far amounts to about 4 cents per Canadian equivalent lo about a quar- ter of a cup of coffee cer- lainly less than half a cup.' Surely we cannot this to be Ihc measure of our concern. The combined appeal will close officially on 31st August as was originally planned, "6ut Hie need for aid lo (he Pakis- lajii refugees will continue and it will continue to be des- perate and urgent. Money to purchase relief sup- plies is Ihe first priority. We ask readers to be quick and gener- ous ivilh their donations which will he gratefully acknowledged. Contributions should be sent to: CAPR, Box 1000, Si.ilion Toronlo 5, Ontario or given at your church or bank. ARTHUR E. VVniNCH, CHAIRMAN, COMBINED APPEAL FOR PAKISTANI RELIEF. in the three preceding defence plans, of a little over 10 billion dollais. Aliliough Japan never tires of pointing out lhat Uie expen- diture represents less lhan one per cent of her gross national product compared lo eight per cent in the Uniled Stales, seven per cent in the Soviet Union, and an undisclosed per- centage in China Ihc Chi- nese insist that it far exceeds h c r defensive requirements. Moicora- they maintain lhat il is sufficient lo cover the most sinister of all their charges- dial Japan is preparing to go nuclear. The c-hargc. though nol new, has been put wilh incieasifig fen or in recent weeks. For tlicir source, Chinese propa- pandisls claim no less an au- Ihority lhan U.S. Secretary ot Defence Melvin Laird, who was recently rqioitcd in the west- ern press to be looking 'i'ilh fa- vor on the prospect, of a nu- clear Japan. Though Laird Mmfcll has vigorously denied it the reports were enough to confirm the long-standing fears of China, herself a relative newcomer lo the nuclear club. It is ironic, but certainly not coincidental, lhat Chinese ap- prehensions have grown pro- portionately wilh Uie U.S. with- drawal from Vielnam. II now seems to be an unwritten axiom of Chinese policy that (he U.S. disengagement will conlinuc. and widen, leaving a power vacuum in Asia which Ihe Japanese, for economic reasons, can be expecled lo Haul lo fill. This fear finds its most aculo expression in Chinese discus- sions of the future of Taiwan. Despite Richard A'i.von's pledge (bat his overtures to Peking will not come at the expense of old friends, il seems to be lacilly accepted here lhat the United Slates will eventually sever its ties widi (he island regime in the interests of a sta- ble relationship wilh Hie main- land. Having clamored for just such a developmenl for a full gcncralion, the Chinese are un- derstandably concerned to see no oilier power nolably Japan moves in lo fill Ihe Americans' shoes. If such a prnspccl seems un- icalistic, consider (he economic facls, as Hie Chinese see them; Japan has for years encour- aged its industrialists to invest in Taiwan, and in so doing has developed a substantial inter- est in Ihc survival of a stable (i.e., non-Communist) regime. Nor. it should be said, is this idle surmise, for Mr. S'ato lias declared as much on more lhan one occasion. Indeed the Japanese piimc minister's remarks on the sub- ject hjjve an evil fascination for the Chinese, who quole lljcm again and again. One of Ineir favorite lines is drawn from the Nixon-Salo communi- que of Nov. 21, 19G3, which marked tile leaders' agreement in principle on Ihc reversion of Okinawa. Said Ihc communi- que: "The maintenance of peace and security in Uie Tai- wan area is also a most im- porlant factor for the security of Japan.'' All of Ihis. of course, ignores ccrlain realities of Japanese politics, among them Ihc grow- ing isolation of All. Sato even within (he confines of his own Liberal Democratic parly. Even before the announcement of Mr. plan lo visit (he Chinese cap-Hal, llierc uas a slrong minority which felt that (lie prime minister's slrong commitment lo Taiwan was mistaken, and should be aban- doned in favor of oiilrighl rec- ognition of Peking. In icccnt weeks Ilial move- ment has gained momentum, to the poinl dial Ihe opposition, which is demanding (he imme- diate reslarnlion of normal dip- lomatic relations, came within an ace of winning a majority in (he lower house of the In Ihc wake of I lie vole even Mr. Snlo could be heard mut- tering aboul Ihc desirability of diplomatic lies. But Ihe best, bet seems lo he lhal [here will be. no initiatives (o (lint end be- fore (he prime minister retires, supposedly some time nexl year. Even llicn, the man who suc- ceeds him will not find the road (o Peking easy, assuming lhat be is inclined lo (rave) down il. If he is. it will ho a supreme lesl of his diplomacy, for he will find (hose old Chi- nese suspicions dogging bin; every slcp of I lie waj. (iloralcl Peking Bureau) I'm going (or a drink I'U be back Ip 40 ainuta, Through the Herald 1321 Malhias Erzbergor, former vice-president and min- ister of finance of Germany, today. 19.11 Mahalma Gandhi has agreed to take part in the sec- ond conference and will sail for England, il. was of- ficially announced luday. HIM U.S. Presidcni lioosc- volt has decided to send n mil- itary mission to China il was disclosed loclay. II would be headed hy Brig, lien, John Mag- ruder. 1931 Prime Minister Nehru lold his parliament today lhat India will sign a se'iiaraic peace treaty with Japan rather than attend Ihe Japanese pence conference at San Francisco 1901 Two Calgary climbers are trapped on Mounl Blanc, feet above .sea level. Help is not expected until lomoirow iiiorning. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. Lelhbrirtgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published JM5-I95J, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No Member of The Cnnfldlan Press and fho Canadian Publishers' Association thn Audll Buronu Dally NcwspnpB of Circulations CLEQ W. MOWERS, Editor flnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General w.nnfltirr JOE DALLA WILLIAM Manrtcimn Editor A'-IC-CMIC Editor ROY F. MlLEi DOUGLAS K lArALKTR Advertising Manaoer Cdilorlal Pane Ediinr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"