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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wotlnssdny, Auguil IS, WO Tilt ttTHGRIDGB HCRAID 3 John Mika Ship Of State On Voyage Of Destiny (Foiu'lh in a series) QTTAWA Few Canadians seem fully aware their na- tional ship of slale has set sail on a voyage of destiny in the frozen Arctic ocean. Beneath the. covering ice, there's a tidal wave roaring through the norlh which could spill over the whole country, sweeping it into a new era transforming Canada constitu- tionally beyond recognition. Few Empire Loyalists and Canadian habitants caught a glimmer of the radical changes implicit in the evcnls occurring on the remote central plains at tiie turn of the century and to- day there probably are no more who can recognize the ul- timate portent of distant activi- ty in the forbidding vastncss of tundra. Sudden development of the Prairies swung Canada like a pendulum out of the 19th cen- tury into the 20th's heights of outward looking international- ism and the full flowering of the federal system of govern- ment at home. Sudden development of the north, however, is swinging it back and may carry it through to the opposite extreme of in- ward-looking nationalism and a unitary system of government. Populating the Prairies with east European immigrants gave a new blend to the tradi- tional English-French mixture. Their grain farms turned the nation's view towards the world's markets and a ready acceptance of any foreign in- fluence in return. Northern development ap- pears headed towards blending the native Indian Eskimo peoples into the new Canadian stock. Its glittering wealth and challenging problems are con- centrating the nation's gaze on itself and magnifying the icy glare at all foreign penetra- tion. There are, to be sure, some superficial similarities between Prairie and northern develop- ment. The wheels were set in motion in each case by Ottawa acting deliberately both as ter- ritorial landlord and as nation- al policy maker. But there is a major differ- ence looming which, although by no means certain, could -be of. transcending importance: the re-shaping of Canada's po- litical institutions. Prairie development com- pleted Confederation as a trans-continental structure of provinces with enough power balanced against Ottawa that they survived the vicissitudes of wartime federal leadership and oven continued after their foun- dations had been undermined by Ihe. overwhelming post-war technological trend towards centralization. But development of the north half spanning Canada, under firm Ottawa control, could give the national government a huge, potent war chest and at the same time expose the thin- ly-held flanks of the provincial governments. Consequently, the strategic balance is swinging rapidly in Ottawa's favor and perhaps even now it has sufficient mo- mentum to crush Confederation in any fulurc federal-provincial power struggle whether or not the national government con- sciously seeks it tactically. In other words, the harsh challenge of the north could solidify Canada into a unitary slate. Undoubtedly that will strike many as the farthest-out specu- lation. But while Ihcre is no evi- dence of any overt campaign lo achieve il, the outcome sug- gests itself by the attitude lo the north of upper-echelon civil servants, politicians and appar- ently many ordinary Canadians when juxtaposed with unfolding events in seemingly unrelated areas of the country and soci- ety. Confederation, afler all, was not a part of Canada's heri- tage. It was not the system, used by either the British or French homelands but was made here specifically to meet two particular needs. It was the simplest mecha- nism for maintaining English- Parents As People By David Poling, NEA Service CUMMER brings the young people home and with it comes tiie strain and stress of generations trying to be civil. Someone has said that the rea- son grandparents and grand- children get along so well is that they have a common enemy. But this column is to be a good word in favor of those who have the knack of recon- ciliation for unhappy and es- tranglcd households. Such a person is the Hev. John Bouquet in Neenah, Wis, After some important visits with young people and older teenagers, he drew up a list' for the kids to follow if they were sincere in trying to com- municate with the adults. (Usu- ally the advice is the other way around.) Bouquet says simply: Try to Think of Parents as People, Too. be afraid to spealc their language. Try using strange-sounding phrases like "I'll help with the dishes" and "Yes." to understand their music. Play Glenn Miller's "Moonlight Serenade" on the stereo until you become accus- tomed to the sound. patient with the under- achiever. When you catch your dieting morn sneaking salted peanuts, don't show your dis- approval. Tell her you like fat mothers. your parents to talk about their problems. Try to keep in mind that, to them, things like earning a living and paying off the mortgage seem important. tolerant of their ap- pearance. When your dad gets a haircut, don't feel personally humiliated. Remember, it's im- portant to him to look like his peers. important of all: If they do something you consider wrong, let them know it's their behavior you dislike, not them- selves. Remember, parents need to feel they are loved! French equilibrium, permitting a cultural minority to go its own way without interference from or lo I'nc majority. 2. In the days of horses and steam locomotives, it also was the simplest mechanism for al- lowing natural regional varia- tions to develop as needed in a land too broad to be governed efficiently or equitably by a central authority. Time, however, produced al- ternative mechanisms. The present drive to create a hi and bi nation means that the firsl condition can be met by a new Constitution, already proposed by the Trudeau ad- ministration, which would pro- tect the French fact throughout Canada. Modem technology has met (he second condition. The automobile, telephone, jet engine, broadband micro- wave, computer and satellite communications have annihi- lated distance and space. In theory, if not tradition, there is no doubt that Canada today could be governed the same way that England, France and a host of other countries are governed as unitary states with all policy developed from a single struc- ture and only some administra- tive units decentralized. Of course It wouldn't be a perfect system but neither is Confederation with its built-in frustrations becoming more maddening in an increasingly complex society. The buck-passing, genuine confusion and demoralizing di- visiveness of the BNA Act in general and Section 92 in par- ticular has slrained the pa- tience of a growing number of Canadians who want govern- ment to provide solutions not jurisdiction problems. The constitutional review has had lukewarm response from most premiers because they understand that any review necessarily will have to ex- amine, however guardedly, the underlying reasons for past failures which buried all hope of responsive governm e n t under 10 layers of bureaucra- cies piled on top of the central authority. But there is a question heard Prices effective Thurs., Fri.r Sat., August 27, 28, 29 BEEF ROASTS CHUCK RED OR BLUE BRAND BEEF..........., Ib. Stewing Beef 89c Cross Rib Roast 85c Pork Shoulder Ex.'ra.Uan: Spareribs Ib. Ib. 65c 79c Smoked Shoulder 49c Garlic or Bologna Rings .............ib. 65c Mb. cello pkg. 37C Bits 15-oz. pkg. 57c TOMATO or VEGETABLE Wax Paper Alphe AYLMER SOUP PRUNE PLUMS LUNCHEON MEAT AYLMER CATSUP FACIAL TISSUES SCOTT TOWELS FREEZER SPECIALS Hinds of Beef Blue Brandb Fronts of Beef Bloe Brand Sides of Beef Sides of Pork ,b. CUT AND WRAPPED FOR YOUR FREEZER ,b 75c 47c 59c 47c Cut Rite Refills each 29" IQ.oz. tins Aylmer inos Fruit Salts 10-oz. 99" BARTLETT PEARS Grapes California Red Malayas........ Tomatoes Canada Fancy 69' Head Lettuce 'dlifornict Canada Fancy Ibs. GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 708 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 357-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-1812 OPEN THURSDAY TIU 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVE FREE DELIVERY frequently now: arc 10 provin- cial governments really neces- sary'.' The present efforts by somo to unite the Maritime and Prai- rie provinces indicates that Ihe query is growing more urgent. The nexl logical query is whether any provincial govern- ment is really necessary. And that question loo is being heard from some voters. In any major crisis, even with- in the strictly defined provin- cial areas of responsibility such as housing, medicare, ed- ucation and industrial develop- menl, more and more citizens automatically turn to Ottawa for help when they run into problems they previously ex- pected their MLAs or premiers to solve. And that alone could be the end of the beginning stage of evolving a unitary slale. Prime Minister Trudeau's ap- pointment of Jean Marchand as minister of regional econom- ic expansion underlines the sit- uation in which Ottawa pumps millions of dollars of assist- tance, under its own direct su- pervision, into areas within each of the provinces in order to reduce regional disparities. Yet that, remember, was one of the two fundamental jobs for which the provinces were created in the first place, be- cause of fears that a central government would never under- stand let alone solve the par- ticular needs of distant, indivi- dual communities. The Arctic comes front and centre on a dead run to Otta- wa's side In any conflict wilh the provinces. The most dramatic benefit to Ottawa from the north will be money, not just the enormous royalties, fees and leases from resource holdings but also sub- stantial chunks of the potenlial profits as a shareholder in many big companies. Panarctic Oils was only the first experimental plunge into federal-private ventures in the north and its success so far means others will follow. It is conceivable that Ottawa in a few years will be drawing direct revenue of billion or more a year from the north. Although that's nothing to sneeze at even in national ac- counts, the truly significant thing about the wealth is that it won't come from tax levies so it won't be subject to the normal political compulsions to share it out alon.r; provincial lines. Probably less dramatic in the shortrun but more important in the longrun is another fac- tor: the Arctic is 40 per cent of Canada and is a made-to-order demonstration laboratory for political science. Tilings are really starling to hum in the north economically, socially and administratively set in motion or guided from the national capital many hun- dreds and even lliousauds of miles away. Oltawa has invested an enor- mous amount of capital and ef- fort into the north already and it wants to protect ils growing vested interest. Suddenly learned economic and biological self-interest dic- tated the Arctic environmental controls and quick action was forthcoming because the ENA Act presented no obstacle. The publicity spotlight is on the north now and evenlually will shed light on some burn- ing questions. Can Ottawa, unfettered by provincial politics, do a better job than the provinces in spur- ring a faster, more co-ordi- nated rate of development with- out selling out to foriegn com- panies or destroying a precar- ious ecology? Can Ottawa, despite the dis- tances involved, spread the benefits of development more equitably among northern citi- zens and improve their quality of life in a grimly hostile en- vironment to compare favor- ably with the provinces in the south? If Ollawa can accomplish these things, then the long northern night will have des- cended on provincial pros- pects and it wouldn't be hard to see a new political perspec- tive begin focusing on the uni- tary slale. Seen in that light, Premier Bennett's proposal of extending B.C. and the united Prairies to the Arctic Ocean was an even more brilliant manoeuvre than it first appeared at once strengthening Ihe provinces and denying Ottawa the most powerful instrument thai has ever come ils way. But now that Ottawa sniffs oil in the tundra, it won't give up Hie norlh. Significantly, Mr. Cliretien never even mentioned the provinces when lie recently told a gala audience of domes- tic and foreign dignitaries that Ottawa's northland "ensures our future in Ihe 21st Century futures of Canada and of the territories are insepara- ble." (Herald Oltawa Bureau) ft Li O eraton From The New York Times AS the old Liberty ship sank lo Hie ocean floor off Florida carrying its cargo of 7 tons of nerve gas, one of the most extraordinary stories of human ignorance, arrogance and confused blund- ering came lo an end. Code-named by the Pentagon as Operation Chase holes and sink it might better have been called Operation Bungle. These gases ought never to have been manufactured in the first place. When il was decided to get rid of them, they should have been detoxified rather than encased in concrete lo ensure (heir sink- ing in the water. When they were placed in concrete, a record should have been kepi; of which "coffins" contained (he VX gas, which is much more persistent than the GB gas. No one comes out of this affair with any credit. Even the United Nations com- mittee on the peaceful uses of the sea- bed ducked out. Now meeting in Geneva, it might have been expected to protest this threat to the ocean on behalf of the world community. Instead it postponed ac- tion, thereby making certain that any pro- test it issued would be too late to have any practical effect. Tiie nightmare of the nerve gas is not ended with this sinking. The army has thousands of tons of additional gases. There is, for example, a stockpile of ap- proximately tons of GB nerve gas and mustard gas on Okinawa. It has to be removed since the United States has promised to return Okinawa to the Jap- anese. The army had planned to store ths gas in Oregon, Washington and Alaska, Backing away from stiff public protests from those states, the army now hopes to put it on American-owned Johnston Is- land southwest of Hawaii. But that would be illegal under legislation approved by tiie Senate and now before a Senate- llouso conference committee. The legisla- tion would forbid the gas being moved to "the Stales.'' which presumably includes Johnston Island. There are no detoxification facilities on Johnston Island but these could be made available. It would be preferable lo de- ioxify Ilic gases there rather than on heavily populated Okinawa, and certainly preferable to hiding them away some- where or dumping Ihem in the sea. Last Tuesday's sinking off Florida dra- matizes the "ultimate folly" of chemical and bacteriological weapons. Like sorcer- er's apprentices, government scientists and military officials have been prepar- ing these horror weapons in secret. that Ihe public has awakened to these mysterious goings-on, the reckless magi- cians rush about trying to drown their mistake. The one encouraging note is that Presi- dent Nixon has decided, after long delay, to resubmil fo the Senate the Geneva protocol banning the use of gas in war- tare. But the public cannot he certain that this folly is at an end until all chemi- cal and bacteriological weapons programs are halted and all existing stocks of such weapons destroyed. Protein Grading Of Wheat From The Winnipeg Free Press JJECAUSE of the failure of Bill C-196 to be approved at the last session of Parliament, western wheat farmers are being penalized. The bill failed (o pass because Opposi- tion members, rightly, did not want lo hand life-and-death control of the grain in- dustry over to a few the legislation would have done. The gov- ernment refused to remove the offending portions of the bill and, as a result, it failed to get parliamentary approval. However, the bill also contained a pro- vision that would permit the Canadian Wheat Board to call for guaranteed pro- tein in export wheat. Elevator companies say that they could deliver guaranteed protein wheat immediately if the board were permitted to call for export wheat under that specification. But as long as the bill is not law, the board cannot act. There was universal approval for grad- ing regulations under the Canada Grains Act, because they provided protection for the farmer in an era of uncertainty. But the interest of the farmer now lies in a new direction. To delay prolein grading of wheat can only endanger sales of wheat lo importers who are demanding guaran- teed protein, and could possibly lead to the loss of traditional markets for wheat. Surely it should not be beyond the in- genuity of the cabinet to find a way to per- mit protein grading, as sought by farm- ers and by the grain trade, even without passage of Bill C-196. Continued stubborn- ness on this point can lead only to the conclusion that the minister of agriculture intends to hold protein grading as a club to enforce passage of the whole bill, how- ever unpalatable and objectionable it may be to the grain trade; and that to him and Ins colleagues bureaucratic control of the trade is more important than the in- come of western farmers. Highways And Transportadn By George H. Favrc, in.The Christian Science Monitor ]VEW YORK Americans who do not want their countryside and their en- vironment buried under concrete should pay keen attention to what Congress is doing about highways and mass transpor- tation. Legislation on both subjects will be a hot political issue for the next 18 months It is not overstating the case to say that the quality and even the style of Am' erican urban life will be radically affect- ed for years to come by these legislative decisions. A few statistics will show why: Nearly 80 per cent of the nation's popu- lation now lives in urbanized areas. An additional 100 million citizens, expected by the year 2000, would bring that figure up to 90 per cent. Automobiles are proliferating along with people: 50 million were registered in 1950, 105 million in 1970; and prospects for over 200 million by the year 2000. Patronage of public transit systems is less than 75 per cent today of what it was 15 years ago, and only 25 per cent of what it was 25 years ago. The nub of America's transportation problem is that American workers and jobs have moved away from each other. Middle-class, white-collar jobs remain in the central cities. Low skilled, low paid workers have been left behind in the cities, but blue-collar jobs have gone fo the suburbs. The obvious answer is better rapid- transit facilities from cily to suburb. The city streets cannot bear ntore automobile traffic, the city air cannot bear more pol- lulanls, and the inner-city poor cannot af- ford automobiles lo take them lo subur- ban jobs. If all this is obvious, nothing in the pres- ent federal transportation policy would make it appear so. The federal govern- men is spending more than billion this year on highway programs (for which it supplies 90 per cent of In this tame year, the federal govern- ment is spending less than million for urban public transportation. Wliile the administration urban transit bill talks about billion in 12 years, Rep- resentative Edward Koch (D) of New York points out that it says nothing 'about authorizations of funds, much less ap- propriations. Moreover, it provides for only two-thirds federal funding of mass transit programs, compared to 90 per cent of highway cosls. With both highway and mass transporta- tion programs up for action in Congress, now is the time for urban dwellers to let congressmen know they do not: want to be buried under more concrete Reclaiming Strip-Mined Land From The Great Falls Tribune jyjONTANA legisalors on the Governor's Conference Committee on Mined Land Reclamation were impressed recent- ly with the way land, strip mined for coal, is being reclaimed in North Dakota. The 'committee, which will recommend new conservation controls on strip mining lo the 1971 Legislature, loured strip min- ing projects in North Dakota and eastern Montana. The legislators discovered how Ihe Basin Electric Power Co-operative, which oper- ates one of the largest lignite eleclric gen- crating plants in the western hemisphere, is helping to reclaim land ripped by giant machines. Basin requires the company doing the mining to restore the land to "rolling country." That exceeds the requirements of North Dakota's 1969 reclamation law. Basin pays the mining company an extra one to two cents a ton to rehabilitate the land. That amounts to about to an acre. The legislators saw how North Dakola strip mining operators are experi- menting with rcvegctation methods. The legislators received an excellent tip from Jajnes Graiil, general manager of the Basin organization. "Montana wilh its enormous resources should make he said, "that it has legislation to require new industrial plants to minimize air and water pollution and do a reasonable amount of rehabilita- tion work on coal spoil banks." Richard Hodder, Montana Slate Univer- sity faculty member who is experimenting with rcvegctating abandoned spoil banks in eastern Montana, also had a good tip for the legislators. "If the mining companies have the ma- chinery to mine with, they have the money to move the Redder said. "They should do some of this levelling work when they arc mining." North Dakota has a decided lead on Montana in laws and programs to reclaim strip mined land. If Montana legislators love their land aj much as North Dakota legislators lovs theirs, it shouldn't take Ihe 1971 Legis- lature long for Ihe Treasure Stale to catch up wilii a neighboring sla'.c that has set such a good example. ;