Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IFIHBRIDOE HERAID Friday, Auoui! 75, 11T2 S. Mdlonu The relentless march to disaster Lewis' welfare bums NDP leader David Lewis has been sions lisid not been extended none attractinga lot what he's after- these things would have been WINNIPEG about public attention with his attacks on private Canadian corporations the "welfare bums" in our midst. He starts out with a false premise, the belief that if private corporations are permitted to exist at all their main purpose should be to finance the state. He accuses, for instance, the Al- berta Gas Trunk Line Co., of paying almost no income tax for a consider- able period, conveniently forgetting that the company has used deferred income tax concessions to pay for gas transmission services. Canadian Superior Oil, another target of Mr. Lewis' venom, paid only S7.2 million in income tax from 1965-1971 on net earnings of SC3 million. What Mr. Lewis doesn't report is that during that same period the company spent S233 million in operating costs, ac- quisition of leases and permits, and last but by no means least, drilling and exploration costs. If tax conces- Mr. Lewis wants to tax all cor- poration revenue. He wants no pro- visions for corporate tax abatement. Thus he would cut off for de- velopment, exploration and expan- sion almost entirely. Business growth would grind to a halt. Unemploy- ment is at a high level now. If Mr. Lewis had his way it would sky rock- et. The NDP leader should be re- minded that Canada has natural re- sources, but in order to develop them, risk capital is needed, and lots of il. Oil and minerals lying in the ground don't create jobs; but corpor- ations using risk capital do. Cana- dian tax laws recognize this simple fact. Mr. Lewis doesn't. If he had his way there would be a lot more jobless walking the streets of Can- ada than there are today. They would be welfare bums of his own creation. Consulting the people Expressions of concern, heard in- creasingly from many sources, about public assistance have prompted the provincial government to seek the help of the citizens in setting new directions. The department of health and social development as a conse- quence has prepared a pre-position able to individuals interested enough to record their views even if not among the sample selected. This seems like a wise decision since without the hack-ground material in the paper the reaction received by the government might not amount to much more than a pooling of ignor- In his book "The Malcolm Muggcridge relates how the western world watched with fascination, eyes glazed and unseeing the relentless march towards war. Like an audience at a thrilling play the "theme inescapable, not to ue is watched with horror; each character, each in- cident contributing to disaster until the lights go out and tho performance ends. There were bursts of fear, sighs of relief, crisis and uneasy lulls. Some- tiling should bo done, but noth- ing was done to halt the march to tragedy. A future Mr. Muggeride may well review the present seven- ties with its relentless march towards inflation in a simitar vein, as ho reflects on the cur- rent economies of Canada, Uni- ted States, England and the countries of Western Eurojje. As central banks manufac- ture more money and expand credit, while we accept round after round of wage increases, endless hikes in the cost of liv- ing, reductions in the real value of money and ever-increasing hudget deficits, grim warnings are Issued by prime ministers, leading economists and bank- ers. All the actors, as well as the audience, know that it can't go on forever without paying a penalty. Something should ho done, everyone agrees, hut nothing is done. Strikers close the docks in paper to help generate the kind of ance and prejudice. ...UlnV, That tVio (Trtvprnn public discussion which will assist in the drafting policy; and pro- gram for the future. Aside from one page of the paper, dealing with the concept of an 'in- come it is quite clear that That the government wants to be responsive to the public is commen- dable. Yet the sampling may be in- conclusive, as in the classic case of a congregation consulted on the tem- po of the hymns: one third thought questions are being asked rather than the music too fast; one third thought t. -_________: -1 _ -1 T_ if olniir- fVin tViirrl answers being provided. In the one exception, the language employed seems to suggest that a definite proposal is being made. But taken in the context of the rest of the paper this undoubtedly needs to be seen as merely a slip in composition. The idea of the income test is open for consideration by the public as well as by the government. The pre-position paper wili he dis- trituted to the households in a sampling of opinion to he taken by the department. It will also be avail- it too slow; and the remaining third thought it was just right. There really is no escape from the responsibility of making decisions and pointing di- rections which belongs to elected rep- resentatives in consultation with the experts resident in the civil service. This does not mean that inviting reactions from the people is utterly futile. Tf nothing else, there is an educative value to the exercise which could result in the people being far more accepting of change and sym- pathetic to the unaltered. Being nice, to Democrats TVrtAMI BEACH I must say the Re- Republican wife said, "and you won't find nf ftViait. trt ho a mnn in thp U'hnlp iriwn. Hft's not publicans went out of their way to be nice to the many "Democrats for Nixon" that showed up for the Republican Nation- al Convention in Miami Beach. I was In a restaurant the other night. There were two Republican couples at one table, and the headwaiter seated a "Dem- ocrats for Nixon" couple right next to them. One of the RcpuMcan men said to his friends, "They seem terribly well dressed for Democrats." "Oh some of them have good the other Republican man replied. "Of course they spend all their money on Cadillacs and clothes. You should see the houses they live in." "I'll said one of the Republican la- dies, "they saved up all week to come to this restaurant." rather attractive for a the other Republican woman observed. "I'll say her Republican hushand said. "When you sec an attractive Dem- ocratic woman she's really attractive.'1 "I think it's something they do with their his wife said. "Its funny how times the other Republican man said. "A few years ago if the headwaiter had seated a Democratic couple next to me I would have left the restaurant. Now it hardly bothers me at all." "Let's talk to the Republican man said. "Hi, where you folks The "Democrats for Nixon" man smiled showing all his white teeth. "Garden City, Long he said. "We k n o w a Democratic couple from Garden the Republican wife said. "They're fine people. They've never been In trouble with the law or anything.'' "Our butcher is a the other England and food becomes scarce, yet thousands of tons ot tomatoes and other foodstuffs are left to rot. Thousands of families in Canada urgently need low-cost housing hut high interest rales and astronomical costs of conslniction wages make building impossible. So goes the play, episode after epi- sode toward some sensed but unknown final curtain to the drama, "Tlio government has led the nation to inflation and unem- Robert Stanficld had his Prices and Incomes Board establish guidelines and ho called upon all right-think- ing industries and unions to es- tablish voluntary controls with- in these limits. Industry re- sponded on a Irial basis but ta- bor as anticipated rejected his appeal. Wages continued up- wards, eight to ten per cent; costs were passed along to con- sumer; inflation continued its relentless march. Industry gave up Iho strug- gle like a swimmer battling loo strong a current. The govern- protests. Last year he advo- ment protests they cannot take cated guaranteed incomes as a cure for ttie problem but failed to explain how this was to financed without pumping up any real action until the puhlic is preparel lo back them, hut despite all warnings, the public, like n child playing with match- the money supply and increas- es, will not tear the flames un It IP Tim fnn Let nothing interfere ing inflation still further. We must "tear away ttie veil of complacency" and "mako some decisions" lie .storms to- day, without saying just wliiit decisions tie luis in mind. But lie tins a "development strategy to involve federal "get tliR public involved in eco- nomic and social what- ever that means. The details of tliis vital strategy he will only reveal when lie becomes prime minister. David Lewis of the NDP tries to hold his actors to- gether and makes strange off- stage noises but is effectively ignored. And so the play un- folds. Something should bo done. In one of (he early scenes, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau til It is burnt. The drama con- tinues with its "theme inescap- able." Something should be done. But our sickness of inflation is no worse, in fact better than some other countries, (he gov- ernment explains. In tlte public service, wages have been con- trolled better than in private in- dustry, it is argued, even ceed the guidelines. While this would not halt inflation or in- creased costs of living of course it would at icasl give the gov- ernment more lax money for more spending. More speeches nre made, more polls conducted, moro statistics obtained from bigger c o m pulers, moro commissions appointed, more conferences arc held. Something should bo done. The puhlic watches with helpless absorption tho tragedy continues to its climax. Quebec tries arresting labor leaders who defy the law Inil has to quickly release the martyrs, backed up by union power. Not be be outdone, Prime Minister Edward Heath in England repeats this in- teresting experiment with sim- ilar results. Premier Bennett of British Columbia has enforced an an- nual limit of (J.5 per cent on wage increases in his civil ser- vice and has urged the federal government to a p p 1 y controls on all wages and prices. But nothing is done. Labor continues to break the though Bryce Mackasey when law. illegal strikes are called, labor minister kept dashing court injunctions are ignored, police fail to act. Indeed, some police forces organize their own private strikes. Tire picket lines continue to march de- manding even higher wages. Governments sadly recognize their error in granting civic about tlte country forcing pri- vate industries to accept ridicu- lous wage settlements. The cabinet debates ttie ad- vantages of a wage and price freeze as against tougher labor disciplines. Consideration is given to taxing wage in- creases and profits which ex- and civil services the right to strike. But that cannot be cor- a nicer man in the whole town. He's not pushy or anything. His son became a den- tist and we're all proud of him." "Let me ask a one of the Re- publican husbands said. "Do your peopla really think PauJ Newman is good look- The "Democrats for Nixon" wife chuck- led, "I wouldn't kick him out of bed." The Republicans blanched. One of the Republican men said, "What kind of music do your people "Jazz, rock, blues, show tunes." me "Democrats for Nixon" husband replied. "Your people have given our country great the Republican wife said. "It has had a tremendous effect on our cul- ture." "Don't forget the Democratic her husband said. "I imagine the Dem- ocrats are as good at sports as anyone in the country, f love to sec them run. They have such grace." "Do you people read the other Republican wife asked. The "Democrats for Nixon" husband grinned again, "We belong to the Book of the Month Ctub." "Well what do you know the Republican husband said. "I guess you'll be catching up us pretty "It's a question of the other Republican wife said. "President Nixon says if you give a Democrat a char.ce to pull himself up by his bootstraps, he can be as good a citizen a.s the next person." "Can we buy you people a the Republican husband asked. "No, we're going to have wine with our dinner." the other Republican said, "f didn't know your people liked (Toronto Sun News ,Servicc) By Doug Walker XWHEN I got to church one Sunday rnor- I ning this summer I was greeted by usher Jim Rae thusly, "how shout a game of golf this afternoon, If I can pel a tw Having given my full attention to tba aorvice and having forgotten about (hi goll. surprised when Jim Rae sidled up to me rtt tho conclusion and sotto voce an- nouncwJ, "our time is 2'.47.'J Whrit part of the hymn, prayer or sermon -V..-IH cut that the phone cjill to the pro shop coulrl be mado wris not "Hello, President Amin? I need some advice on how to go about expelling some Asians from Vietnam." reeled just now with clcellonJ due. Special labor courts ars found (o be ineffective. England declares a slate of emergency hut realizes that "parliamenlj make laws In vain" when they no longer have the power to en- force them. In 192G Britain was able to control a general strike through the use of army reserves and the voluntary help of patriotic- minded youth. Like Ctnaila however Britain has allowed her territorial or militia forces to run down; youth in the new permissive society would doubt- less join the picket lines any- way rather than support tha govern m c n t. British regular forces are tied up in frcland attempting to restore order against organized revolution- aries. In their unthinking pursuit of the popular vote governments have armed the unions with ever-increasing power. Welfare and unemployment payments from the taxpayers' pocket be- come accepted as limitless strike funds to impose further hardships and inflation on tho same taxpayers. Certainly Mr. Tnidcau should not bo expected to discipline or control the power of labor when a genera] election is pending. But will he, the audience won- ders, enforce some control over ttie situation after the election is over? Well certainly ha couldn't lie expected to unless he is returned with a strong ma- jority. The audience speculates about this next act. Private studies arc held as to the practical effects of de- certifying unions which break the law and defy the courts, or impounding union funds so that illegal strikes cannot be fi- nanced. This might avoid arresting union leaders for acts of violence and sabolage. May- be Louis Kasminsky of tho Bank of Canada could he told to simply stop expanding cred- it. The American dollar con- tinues under pressure, hut France and Germany will have to wait. President Richard Nixon also has an election com- ing up. Afterwards perhaps ho can arrange some further drawing rights or Euro-dollars, perhaps rebuild protective tar- iffs or bring Canada into line on the auto deal. But now comes another un- easy lull, an intermission until the elections are over. Time to wander down the aisle, have a drink or a puff of pot as ap- pro ved by Health Minister John Munro before tho curtain rises again. Yes, in the interval wages will continue upwards, the stock market will rise, moro money will he printed, food prices will increase, the econ- omy will be heated up, with greater spending and handouts, hut will the next exciting episode reveal anarchy, a general strike, galloping infla- tion, a major depression, mass unemployment, a controlled So- cialist state, a government of the people until a strong man appears to lead us in a dictator- ship or police state? Exciting, isn't It? Something should ba done. Canada Is considered such a sensible country or is that simply a ghost of the past? (Herald special service) Paul Whitelmv Progress in regional co-operation in Maritimes TfALIFAX Political union of the Maritime provinces, a topic of heated though large- ly academic discussion since the earliest days of Confedera- tion, may be a practical politi- cal option within the decade. During the last year and a half, co-operation among Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and prince FMward Island has been developing at a pace which could lead to some form of re- gional government. None of the Maritime pre- miers is sold on the idea of outright political union, the major recommendation of a rc- joint comcil of legislators would meet regularly to work out agreement on certain joint regional activities. "We will have to make a de- cision one way or the other on a type of regional government before the decade is the official added, Tor the lime being, the Marl- time premiers arc refusing to speculate publicly about re- gional administration, while ac- tively co-operating on regional programs. When Premier Gerald Regan of Nova Scotia, Premier Rich- ard Hatfield of Mew Brunswick- port commissioned by tho three and Premier Alex Campbell provinces and released in N'o- 1970. However, they have enthusiastically endorsed the development of a of regional services, ranging f r o m a Maritime police train- ing academy to a single system for distributing educational grants. "Within six or seven years, the stage will have been reach- ed where we will cither have to set up some form of regional government or else remain con- lent with a limited amount of Inter provincial co-operation." says a senior civil servant co- ordinating the integrated plan- ning. .Such a regional government, according lo the official who asKed during our interview that his name not tin used would be a type of "mini Common Market." Each province wmiltl retain Its autonomy, wliilo x met in Charlottctown last June, they agreed that discussion of political union or regional gov- ernment would ho premature. "Integration, yes. Unification, said Mr. Itegan In a re- cently published interview. Hi.s view is similar to the public po- sitions of the other Maritime premiers. To promote integration, I h e three provinces lust yoar set up a Council of Maritime Pre- miers, ft has an annual hudget of and a permanent secretariat headed by Ed Gal- lant, who is on [cave of absence from the federal Privy Council office. A progress report prepared by the council last month lisl- ed a d07.nn fields in which the groundwork for co-op- cr.'ition hern laid. "In terms of substance anil political importance, fho sion lo move forward with the elaboration of detailed plans for a Maritime provinces post- secondary education commis- sion is the most significant de- says Mr. Gallant. "It will make recommenda- tions for the planning and de- velopment of post secondary education In the throe prov- inces, and will administer the actual payment of grants." Mr. Gallant notes that the commission is scheduled to start functioning by the end of Another area where growth of regional co-operation i.s evident is transportaion. "An agreement has just been signed by the three provinces under which motor vehicle li- cences are portable in tho throe provinces, If a person moves from one province to another, he will he able to apply for miw licence plates, which will be is- sued free of notes Mr. Gallant. "No firm plan has yet hren agreed lo, but progress is being made toward inter-provincial trucking he adds. Centralized police training is already taking place at Charlottclown's Holland Col- lege, although an accord has yet lo signed. Tho council of Maritime pre- miers is also co-ordinating studies on tourism, agriculture and economic development pol- icy. Apart from the brnofito nf co- ordinating on services were excessively costly for tho three Maritime provinces to maintain separately, the region has been able to take com- mon stands when dealing with the federal government. Similar legislation on succes- sion duties and gift taxes has been passed in all three legisla- tures. Of the three premiers, Gerald Regan of Nova Scotia is tho most hesitant. This is likely be- cause of dissent within his own Literal administration, and his belief that Nova Scotia for a so-called "have not" province is relatively better off than the rest. Mindful of recent oil dis- coveries off Iho Nova Scolia coast, Mr. Regan noted recent- ly that we have a good chance of breaking through and becoming a 'have' province." New Brunswick's French- speaking Acadians arc also sus- picious of the growing co- operation among the three Maritime provinces. Many fear that the Maritime premiers are laying tho groundwork for re- gional government. Acadians numlwr about "lu per cent of New Hrtmswick's population of while in tho unified Maritime provinces with a total population of more than million they would make up less than 20 per cent of the res- idents. However, Premier TIalficlil remains enthusiastic alwul the benefits of co-operation. On Prince PZdward Island, Premier Campbell also admits readily that provincial status for a province with only residents has advantages no! lo be easily abandoned but bc'3 also for more co-operation. Although practical considera- tion of regional government may be as much as n dccado away, the three Maritime pre- miers have set in motion n course- of integration which is not likely to be reversed. (Herald Quebec hurcniO The Uthkidge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lclhbridgc, Alberta LETHTmiDGE HERALD LTD.. Proprietors and Publisher! Published J005 -195-1, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second Class Man Rcglslrarinn No OOU The Canadian And ih-> AinxlaHon and lha Audi CLEO W. MOWERS, Edlfcr and THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genernl Manner DON PILI.MIG WILI 1AM "AY Wflnaotng Edllor AvnciM" ErtiJor ROY F, MILES OOUfil.A'j K, WAI KFft Mamgir ffrtilem! Editor "THE MRVE8 THE SOUTH"