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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD WednpsHuy, August 25, 1971 Anlltonv Where is everybody? Last spring, all major cities in Canada prepared themselves for a possible onslaught of transient young people once university and school closed. The invasion, lor some mys- terious reason did not measure up to expectations, and according to figures available from hostels and other rest-stops, the youthful travellers this 3rear total only about half last year's invasion force. This, after almost all hostels across the country had tloulj- Jed their accommodation facilities. Some hostel spokesmen claim that cool, weather in some provinces may have had something to do with the decline, but the young people would not have known in advance that this would not he a year favor- able for hitch-hiking. Anyway, anyone who travels the main highways regu- larly will have noticed a definite de- cline in the number of young people looking for lifts. What are the reasons? Part of it could be the sovernmenl's Opportun- ities for Yonlh program and other projects which h a v e coaxed the young people to stay sta- tionary. Or it could be that many young people are (ravelling in a more formal manner through aids such as the Augur plan or at their own expense, by trains and buses. Whatever the reason, it seems cer- tain that there is a shift away from the rootlessness, that was a major concern for towns, cities, parents and motorists alike. One hostel spokesman hail indi- cated that the reason could be a swing towards conservatism and away from the left which was notice- able on college campuses during last semester. Or it may be due to the unsettled economic situation, for many young people are feeling for the first time the ramifications of unem- ployment, not just as it concerns them, but as it affects their parents as well. Change is in Hie wind, and what the next trend in the youth culture will be is anyone's guess. But according to some hostel supervisors, hitch-hik- ing, rock festivals, and even long hair are less likely to be part of the scene from now on. Maybe we'll just have lo wait and see. Faith vindicated The federal government exercised great faith in the young people of Canada when it launched its Oppor- tunities for Youth program earlier this yea r. It was a f a i i li which some critics did not share, a fact which they were not reticent in making known. According lo Anthony Westell, col- umnist for the Toronto Daily Star, the government's faith lias been vin- dicated. The youth of this country have given an exciting accounting of themselves in the projects which they devised and carried out. The Star sent Mr Westell across Canada lo make an assessment of the OFY program, lie examined 50 pro- jecls and returned from his assign- ment obviously enthused about what has been accomplished. The Herald does not have space to reproduce all of his five-part report. Presented on pages four and five today arc pails of Ibe first, second and fifth of the series. Eliminated are the descriptions of various pro- jects which Mr. Westell investigated. Banzer's Bolivia The leader of the latest Latin American coup and now acknow- ledged president of Bolivia, is Col. Hugo Banzer. He says he is going lo forswear the terms "right wing" and "left wing" and will henceforth speak only of nationalism. To what extent Col. Banzer has been guided or influenced by Soviet policy is not known, but it is interesting that re- cent comment on Russian views about Latin America, particularly as they apply to the Andean group of countries, suggests that the Russians are encouraging coalitions of (he left and the right. They are quietly advis- ing local Communists to play it cool. Bolivia's new cabinet is made up of representatives of left and right wing parties, both of which backed the ouster of former President Tor- res. This is in line with Russian strategy which supports the belief that the socialist tendencies in gov- ernment will eventually win out over conservative influence. The Kremlin plainly does not want to establish a presence of its own in Latin America for some time to come. It merely wants lo gain influential foothold, move in when the U.S. moves, or is pushed out, and diminish Chinese at- tempts to establish a power base. Marx wouldn't approve, nor will Dr. Castro be encouraged by this kind of slow-down strategy, but from the Russian point of view il is the one most likely to work. However, no one is taking any bets on the length of survival of Col. Banker's regime. It is the third take- over in less than a year in a tragical- ly impoverished country, whose low standard of living is second only to that of Haiti, in all of Latin America. ANDY RUSSELL Bear and Cubs rpHIS morning dawned clear and wann after several unseasonable days of mixed rain and wel snow IL was the kind of day lo take a ride on a Rood horse, and so my daughler and 1 saddled up lo head up onlo the lower slopes of Lhe mountains back of our ranch. I; was interesting from the beginning for we asw a pair of Canada geese grazing on a green meadow just a few minutes from the house. The aspen groves were alive with songbirds in every direction. Then we found a coyote den. As v o reined our horses past it, one of Ihe coyotes probably the male yapped an.1 barked at us from Ihe thick irillons bordering a swamp not far away. We saw a moose, half a dozen elk cows, a couple of sleek young mule deer does and a fine buck. We had almost completed our big circle and were beaded for home and lunch, when we saw the bear. It was on the edge of a meadow away across a liltle valley hy a grove of aspen too far for positive identification, hut from Ihe color looked like a grizzly. We rode down into a strip of I hick collomvocids and willows by the creek, lied our mounls and proceeded on foot. When we came up to the edge of Ihe limber on the far side, the bear had moved and was ir.uch cui.scr than cxpecied. We were in full view when we spotted her feeding up out of a little hollow, for it vas a female hlack bear with two liny cubs. We. slood very still watch- ing her as she grazed beneath some h'g aspens. She wore a rich coat of gold nxndly like a Toklat grizzly from crnlr.il Alaska. The color phases of black bears, irrongniously enough, run from pale c.-cam lo olxsydian black and Ihis was one of Ihe rather rare and very beautiful gold- en ones. .Mm was an unusually large hear and we could walcb every move she made. Behind her. partially screened by some down logs, HIR cubs were busily investigating every- thing they could find. At various intervals Ihcy rolled and tumbled in rough play. Twice we saw them climb a few feel up a tree. Then one came lo a small springy aspen bent into an arch about three feel high by Ihe weight of winter snow. The little bear climbed up on this and then swung free hanging by its paws. It doubled up putting its hind feet above iLs head "skinning the cat." be.'ir fashion. When it straightened out lo hang straight down, the other cub marie a leap, clasped it around the middle and both fell in a squirming heap. Then one climbed back onto the tree again and hung swinging by one paw. Although no bigger than a small terrier, Ihcy were maivelonsly quick and strong, real acrobals of the wilds. Meanwhile, Ihe mother graced, some- times standing and then lying down on her belly. She seemed to pay the cubs small attention. But when one. of her offspring ran up lo clasp her big nose in its fore- paws and mouth the end of it, she shook him off and tumbled the brash one on its back. We slood motionless for better than half ati hour watching (bis wild and wonderfully free scene We were intruders, but stood rewarded for our interest by something very intimate and beautiful. Then wo saw Ihe culls run In her and .she responded by rollinc; over on Imr hack In allow them In suckle. Her head was away from us, anrl we took Ihe opportunity lo slip quietly back down Iho slope through Ihe standing Irons lo our horsc.s. We had viewed n picture of much happiness, and were in turn happy lo IK a parl of a big country where a mother hear can still roam and raise a family at Ilic tat nt the .shining moun- tains. Opportunities for Youth program success OTTAWA I have seen the future, awl il u'orks. I forgcl who first said that about another revolution, iiml was wrong, but the optimistic words still express exactly what I want to say about the experimental Opportunities for Youth Program. Maybe you'ye heard that this is just another federal boon- doggle, with millions of lax- payers' dollars going to waste on lazy, long-haired hippies who (ion't to work. Forget it. After crossing Canada from Vancouver to Halifax, examin- ing more than 50 projects and talking lo scores of kids most of them with long hair and torn convrnceti lhat this controversial pro- gram is blossoming into an ex- traordinary success. The government lias spent S25 million million to be precise. And it's been well spent. It has touched off an explo- sion of creative energy among the kids and is, as one said to mo in Montreal, "the greatest thing since Expo." The critics who have focused on a few doubtful schemes, such as the Wachcea tent city for transients in Toronto, miss the fact that there arc relatively n o n controversial projects enlisting the minds, muscles and bubbling enthusi- asm of some young Ca- nadians in socially construc- tive work. The complaincrs who sec no further than the initial admin- istrative confusion in Ottawa, overlook that Ihu kids have jumped over bureaucratic bungling to prove that public funds can be harnessed to pri- vate zeal for reform in a new and flexible formula adapted to our changing limes. Jn fact only a few of us who have had the chance lo travel this summer slid explore all the exciting local initiatives which fuse into the national program of Opportunities for Youth, have any sense of what is going on out there in the country. And what's going on, in my "Now, darn it! judgment, is that young Cana- dians arc proving that they have the ideas, the energy and the commitment to build a new and belter society. I'm nol, of course, suggest- ing that all Opportunities for Youth projects are roaring successes, or that all the student workers are achieving great things. The best estimate I can make is lliat about 10 per cent of Hie projects, 200 to 250, are controversial the type which involve, or seem lo involve, hippies and drop-outs ;mr] the kids who openly reject major- ity values. These are the ones which upset politicians, at- tract media criticism and ir- ritate the hard-p r e s s e d citi- zen who finds it lough Lo pay his taxes and keep a job. Federal government auditors are already checking the books of all the major projects and a sampling of the small ones, and a special force of more than 100 program officers and assessors, wilb advice from management consultants, is keeping an eye on the progress of all projects. The secretary of stale's de- partment, in addition, has elab- orate plans for an independent evaluation of the whole experi- menl program at Lhe end of Ihe summer. But nobody has yet com- pleted an adequate nalional survey or even begun lo piece together the hundreds of local experiences. Most of (he young people I talked to have been loo en- grossed in their own projects to know much about what was happening next door, and they have been upset and angered by the general criticism of Ihe OFY program based on a feiv controversial projects. But now the local publicity in most cities is good, the word is spreading that the program is succeeding better than any- body had the right to expect, and (here is a rising sense of excitement among the young- ster's that they are participat- ing in an important national experience. At headquarters in Ottawa, the administrators can hardly believe lhat things are run- ning so smoothly after Ihe ini- tial confusion and doubls and criticisms. They are beginning to won- der w h a t sort of creative chemistry has enabled 27.000 young people all across Can- ada to take hold of Ihis experi- ment, overcome all difficulties and turn it into a vast success. The planners originally esti- mated that they would have se- rious problems with perhaps 10 per ccnl of the projects. After a few weeks experience, they revised the. expectation down lo 5 per ccnl. Now Ihcy say they have identified, through the auditors and the force of assessors, only 17 major prob- lem projects less than 1 per ccnl of the total. I believe thorn because in my lour of inspection from Van- couver lo Halifax I looked for failures as well as successes. A reporter, after all, is sup- posed lo be a skeptic, and I knew (hat my official contacts were likely lo steer me toward the best projects. So in every town. I asked contacts in the local newspa- pers, politicians or personal friends, for word of any pro- jects ivMcb had caused a local scandal or just gone belly-up. Where were the kids who were ripping-oil Hie taxpayers by collecting cash and staying home? What about the projects which had simply proved to be ineffective or impractical? I'm sure there are some of these. W h c n members come back lo Parliament next month, Ihcy will have their horror stories lo hurl at the government, and the auditor- general, in Lime, will probably unearth irregularities. Bui I'm equally sure tlie proportion of failures will ac- tually be very small. Jn my survey of about 30 projects, I found no outright flops and cnly a couple of dotiblful pro- jects. The 17 sciious problems known lo Ottawa range from a situation in Frcdcricfon. N.B., in which the RCMP and Ihe police have been investigating allegations of misuse of funds, lo a quite different sort of crisis in Edmonton where a major project lo provide dental and other social seivices to needy children was disrupted by in- ternal leadership difficulties. In about 25 cases, grants have been cut back because Ihe project was not running ac- cording lo contract. In about 10 cases, granls have been in- creased. Bui failures or allegations of fraud arc not the slory of OFV. The slory is of projects which arc successful and seem to me lo be making a usefid contribution lo society, (Toronto Star Syndicate) Carl Rowan South Vietnamese developments shame Americans N The word thai describes the presidential election fiasco in South Vietnam is For it is a blight upon Lhe memory of the Afri- cans who died fighting lo pre- serve for the South Vietnamese. President Nguyen Van Thieu forced new election laws through so as b prevent his vice-president, Nguyen Cao Ky, from opposing him. Much of the w o r 1 d must e shared (he revulsion of Gen. Duong Van (Big) Minn, who said- "If the vice-president of a country cannot run in an elec- tion, whal kind of democracy is Now Minh himself has pull- ed out of (he race will) charges lhat Thieu has so slacked the deck as to make the election "a shabby farce." These arc sad developments for the Vietnamese people, of course, for they have suffered Letter to the editor deaths in a war lhat cannot possibly end if Thieu re- turns lo power under dicta- torial circumslancis. The fight- ing will go on and the threat of coups will rise as powerful factions agitate for "reconcilia- tion" with the North Viet- namese. But the breakdown of dem- ocratic procedures is even more dismaying for Ameri- cans, especially those who en- leicd the conflict out of a pro- found belief that the U.S. had a moral duty lo make it pos- sible for the Soulh Vietnamese to determine their own destiny. Our dead cannot know how this idealism has turned to ashes, but how galling it must be lo the Americans who were wounded to observe that "self-determination" is be- ing denied Ihe South Viet- namese people, not by north- ern Communists, but by Iheir own power-hungry leaders. The irony grows double-hit- ter when one observes that Uncle Sam continues to pay Ihe pipei- lo the tune of several billion dollars a year, but he couldn't call the lime to Ihe ex- tent of insuring that the Soulh Vietnamese election at least had the appearance of a dem- ocratic choice. The Nixon administration has done very well at collect- ing credit for the way it has lowered U.S. casualties in vS o n t h Vietnam. Americans have been impressed when told that "only 13 Americans died in Vietnam last week, "and that it was the fifth week in a row that fewer than 20 GIs were killed." But the T h i o u regime's shamolc.ss perversion of "dem- ocracy" is bound Lo sour Am- ericans lo the extent that there will be a clamor of cry- ing lhat the Saigon government is not worth 13 lives a week. And pressure will be renewed Daylight saving time bad for Alberta for a speeder U.S. withdrawal and a sharp reduction in eco- nomic and military aid. The incredible thing about U.S. governments is that they seem never to learn of the dan- gers, the potential emban-ass- menl, of becoming bedfellows of dictators and oppres s o r s. seem to find some over- riding reason of "nalional in- terest'1 lo go on aiding generals who destroy liberty in Greece, or oppress and kill thousands in East Pakistan, or become corript tolalitarians in [ndo- chinn even after we sec them clearly for what they are. That is one reason why the Senate foreign relations com- millee must win its fight to force the Pentagon lo let il sec the five-year plan for spread- ing military aid around Ihe world. The general accounting office (GAO) has ruled that unless Defence Secretary Mel- vin Laird gives Ihe report lo the Senators (or President Nixon invokes executive priv- ilege and explains why the Senators cannot see the re- in this loiter I am p'ing lo slate as briefly as possible, the reasons why fanners are al- inn com opposed to the so-called daylight saving time, and why we feel it should be defeated in the vole on Aug- ust Some city people arc inclined to consider the farmers' al- titude as mere obslinacy. bill as will shoiv, we have good rea- sons for OI.T objections lo jug- gling with the clock. These ob- jections may be summarized as follows: llccausc of our position in the lime Alberta is already nearly one hour ,-jhead of Mm I'imo. So we arc already on day- light .--aviiif; Ihe year round. Thai is enough. To ad- vance (he clock an hour would give us double daylight saving time. Daylight saving time is detri- mental lo agriculture. The farmers work i.s ge.'uwl lo the sun. In haying and harvest, work .slart earlier, merely because- the chick is Hay and grain dry by the sun, nol by the clock. Where hired help is involved daylight saving lime can mean the loss of an hour in the best part of the day. Then, if a farmer has In attend an eve- ning function in town, an hour is lost. Daylight saving time in Al- berta would be bad for chil- dren, both rural and urban. In the long days of summer, chil- dren would lose an hour's sleep in Hie cool of the early morn- ing. They could nol make il up in Hie beat of Ihe long summer ovenings. Then too, consider the sclmol angle, especially as il country people. Under daylight having time, by mid-September many farm children will be forced to leave home before daylight lo catch the school bus. This is necessary in win- Icr hut why add one and one half months of dark mornings lo Ihe coming winter? II will be loiif! enough. These are some ot the solid reasons Alberta farmers are opposed lo the so-called daylight saving lime. Some prnple argue that Al- berta should adopt daylight saving lime merely because other provinces have il. As I have shown. Alberta already has fast lime. Saskatchewan tried daylight saving lime -sev- eral years ago and has aban- doned il. May 1 point out lo our urban friends lhat our farm lion. Unifarin is opposed to daylight saving lime. I a.sk you Ihc'rcforo lo vole down I ho so- c.nllcd da.vliphl saving lime on Aligns! AlhiTl.i is bettor off without il. HENRY Millet, Alberta So They Say Skeptics do nol liuild .socie- lies; idealists arc tin1 huildors. William liofjfi'.s, U.S. secretary o[ slutc. Looking the Herald The Canadian govern- ment merchant marine steam- er Canadian Importer sank to- day off Ihe coast of California. Cause of (he disaster was nol available. 1931 Following the an- nouncement of the increase in the price of crude oil in (he Oklahoma and Texas fields, Toronto oil companies announ- ced an advance of one ccnl per gallon in Ihe price of gasoline. Hill The Duke of Kent, foreign military aid will be hailed on Sept. 1. A Senate victory on this is- sue is imporlanl to restoring Congress lo a meaningful role in the conduct of foreign pol- icy. This will nol make Ihe U.S. "embarrassment but it will diminish Ihe likeli- hood of new Viclnanis popping up. The Vielnam debacle occur- red in part because Congress was for years a patsy, a gul- lible rubber stamp. So tlie Senators arc right in saying now lhal when the Pe.ntagon asks Congress lo allocate a bil- lion dollars lo foreign military aid, it oughL to be prepared to tell the lawmakers where it plans lo pump arms over the next five years. The executive branch oughl lo be embarrassed enough over the cr.iTcnl Saigon mess Lo want In share the blame for any such fulure messes. So per- haps an era of the executive's cavalier dealings with Ihe Con- gress is coming lo an end. (J-'k'llI Inc.) backward youngest brother of the King of England arrived today at (lie United Slalcs naval air station at Norfolk. Virginia for a one- day inspection tour of defence activities in Ihe Hampton Roads area. Plans lo quarantine Ihe Aloimmile sections of three rural municipalities, lo halt the spread of a dysentery epidemic, have been laid aside. ItHil Mayor A. W. Shackle- ford announced lhat he would seek reelection lo city council in civi elections Ihis fall. The LetMmdge Herald 504 7Ih St. S., Lclhbrulgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published ID54, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Secona Class Mill Rcnlstrfillon Nr> 0017 Member of The Canadian Press .inrf thf Ciinfifilan DnHv Neivspflfw Publishers' Association find Tho A mill Bureau of ClrculMloni CLEO W. MOWERS, ,inri Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Goncrnl .IOE RAI.LA Wll.l lAM HAY Mnmiinnfi Fdllor A Crlitor ROY F- MM-Ei K WALKTfR AdvcrJIsilp LiJitrriAl Edllnr "THE HERALD SLRVES THE SOUTH" ;