Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
34 THE LETH8KIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 23, 1971 onlbrenlt election campaign. A total of 75 seals will be al stake in Ihs Monday election. Franco makes plans No quick move to democracy By JOHN (llir.AV MADRID i Router i Spain's all-powerful head of slate, Gen. Francisco Franco, 78. is expcdcvl lo appoint a prime minister by the end of Ihis year, Ihus completing preparations for Ihc day he dies Bui hope.; fnr the liberaliza- tion of his grn eminent have faded. a[ least for the mo- ment. Prince Juan Carlos de Bourbon. JI.T? already been designated In sumied Franco n> fuliire king nf Spain. Franco recently strength- ened the prince's position even further by issuing a per- sonal decree specifying that Ihe prince will stand in for him as Jioad nf sd'ito if the general ever becomes ill. It looks as though the Span- ish succession question is, in Franco's own words, ''all tied up.'1 What seems le.ss likely is the prospect nf any quirk cs (Guards demoLTncv ci- ther before or after he dies. This year lilt' country has been quiet. But last year the country was on the boil in De- cember with a dramatic mili- taiy trial in Burgos of Basque nationalist guerrillas. Thr trial hecamr n rallying flag for the opposition lo Ihe gen- eral's light rule and there was widespread unrest in Spain. The Basques, speaking their own unique language, live in three of Spain's noilheast provinces with a population of more than a million. They have a history of nationalism and the autonomous govern- ment they set up during the l.MMS Spanish civil war was ended by Franco's victory, REITIIKVEI) I1Y FRANCO In Ihis trial, six of the were condemned to dealh. I'nt Franco reprieved them. ihrm 30-year jail sentences inMc.-id of (he firing squad. The fhirgos (rial nmv ap- pears lo have been counter- productive for the opposition and, many observers think, it has put hack Ihc clock politi- cally. This is because.1 Ihe unrest, and the intorn.-ilinnal criticism of Ihe Franco government 11 HI-go s (rial, produced n backlash among Spain's r-xlrcme right. Fvor since then Ihey have hi-n asking for government fiv.n- This had political results. The. police were given arbi- lrar> powers of arrest, and h.'ilxM.s riirpiiK was suspended for six monlh- Whon thai ni'visum rxpiml, Hi.' 1'ouTnmml mlioduccd legislation tightening up the public order regulations. The. new law empowers it to slap fines of up to S14.400 without any court hearing on critics. The alternative to such fines is up lo three months' deten- tion. There had been latk of al- lowing political associations in Spain, with strict safeguards, but this came lo nothing. The ultra-rightists said that svch a move would probably lead to political parties and h'ber- nl Similarly, there had been lalk of converting the legisla- ture (Cortes) into a more Ihely and independent assem- bly. This, too, has come lo nothing, and the new Cortes regulations tend to impose even more restrictions. The new regulations spell out. more clearly than ever, that the Cortes can only be a body for processing govern- ment legislation. Franco may have allowed political life lo grow dead hut (ho economy and Jiving stand- ards have improved enor- mously. The average Spaniard prob- ably prefers to keep his wash- ing machine and small car rather than embark on politi- cal advenlurcs. PROBLEMS FOR CARLOS Hut (here is a growing con- sensus in Spain that the re- gime's failure (o produce some political liberalization is bound lo creale future prob- lems when Prince Juan Car- les comos to the throne. The young king will not have the authority of Franco, and if he Iries lo liberalize, he will antagonize the right. If he floes not liberalize, he will an- tagonize Ihe left and the centre, according to tliis con- sensus. Franco's flioirn for prime minister is expected to fall al- mosl ccrlainly on his faithful right-hand man, Admiral Luis Carrcro Blanco, 08. Itelinquishing some of his power by appointing a prime minister will give Franco more time lo rest. Constitu- tional reforms in allowed for separation of Franco's dual powers us head of slate anrl chief of government, but, ever cautious and slow in mating decisions, lie has not yet put them into effect. Can-cm has a reputation as profoundly conservative. But he is known above all as a faithful and loyal disciple of Franco. VYAKSAW atcuter) .Inn flerhard. Polish HTiler. rom- mrnlalor and deputy lo Ihe Pol- ish parliament, was found mur- dered in his apartment here. MORE ORANGE JUKE THAN EVER! 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