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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, August 25, 1970---------------- Maurice Wesleni What Is Poison? Forty-five ago the Geneva Protocol outlawing war time use of poison gas was signed. This pact, proposed by the United States itself, lias been ratified by all the major military powers, except the United States. Protests by the American chemical industry and the U.S. army succeeded in putting the treaty on ice. Now President Nixon is asking the Senate for ratification of the protocol but with reservations which could drastically water down its intent. Secretary of State William P. Rogers has stated in a letter that it is "the United States' understanding of the protocol that-it does not prohibit the use in war of riot-control agents and chemical herbicides. Smoke, flame and napalm are also not covered by the protocol." Mr. Rogers would allow the use of these chemicals in areas other than Vietnam only on presidential order. The administration also asks for a reservation which, it says, puts the U.S. in the same position as France, Britain and the U.S.S.R., allowing retaliation if an enemy should employ gas first. There may be some reason for this attitude, but there is little sympathy for the administration's insistence that the protocol does not apply to Vietnam. The extent of the immediate results of the use of na- palm and other chemical agents have horrified the world. The long term results will set the country back for generations to come. And there is growing suspicion that those genera- tions themselves may suffer birth de- fects to body and brain of yet un- known character. Last December the UN General Assembly adopted by a landslide vote, a resolution holding that the protocol does include a ban on the nse of tear gas and defoliants. The vote was 80- to-3 in favor with Australia, Portugal and the U.S. opposing. There were 30 absententions. The Rogers letter is a clear indica- tion that the U.S. is waffling on this vital issue. The attitude will not win friends or influence people at. a time when American motives are being called into serious question at horns and abroad. There is bound to be a bitter wrangle in the Senate resulting in wide publicity. Some sources be- lieve that it could end in the refusal of the Senate to ratify the treaty. The New York Times says that "it is un- fortunate that the President has been persuaded to cling to a reservation that will downgrade his decision around the world." "Unfortunate" is hardly a strong enough term. School Zones The sound of autumn's first school bell is the signal for our annual editorial condemning the lazy, ignor- ant, arrogant Lethbridge policy on school zone signs. How the blame should be shared by the school boards, City Hall and the police department need not be gone into now. If it is agreed there is a fault, the guilty parties can soon enough be exposed. The purpose surely is to give fullest possible protection to the pupil pedes- trian, with no more aggravation to the motorist than is necessary. By and large, all that Lethbridge does is repaint the pavement signs and dust off the signs on posts, ticket some of the early offenders and the occasional one thereafter, and that's all. This is the arrogant way, the ignorant way, the lazy way. That many other communities do no more does not excuse Lethbridge. The faults with this as the only control measure: 1. The signs are in effect for cer- tain hours, not in effect for others, so whether the motorist should follow them depends on the time of day. Yet they are always there, night and day, Sunday and Monday. Their alterna- ting relevance and irrelevance is an aggravation to the motorist. 2. Their purpose is to reduce the hazard to the children, yet for at least three-quarters of their legal effective time there are no children in sight. The motorist is expected to obey the signs, however, not the traffic of children. 3. Just as the signs are soon taken for granted by the constant motorist, however much he may wish other- wise, many of them are not seen at all by the new or visiting motorist. He is so carefully picking his way, so careful about other traffic and so alert for pedestrians including school children, that he may and sometimes does miss the school-zone signs, and even if he sees them he doesn't know what time they are operative and what the school-zone limit may be. 4. The children become too care- less and casual about them. They de- pend on the law, not on their own caution and their own good sense. 5. The children contribute nothing to their own safety. They learn noth- ing about responsibility, about being a part of society. The school patrol system, used very satisfactorily in many places (includ- ing, on occasion, tiny corners of Lethbridge) is the best protection for the children and the most rewarding to the motorist. Without exception he will respect the children on patrol duty and give them his fullest co- operation. He sees them easily. He knows they are on duty only when needed. They brighten his day. And the children fortunate enough to be given patrol duty get excellent ex- perience in participating in society and in discharging responsibility. The pupils as a group are trained in re- sponsibility for their own safety and welfare. The same adults who deny them this training are the first to con- demn the alleged social irresponsi- bility of youth. The next best system calls for des- ignated pupils to place portable markers on the traffic mid-stripe in the school zones at the latest proper times, and remove them at the earli- est proper times. These would get and hold the attention of the motorist much better than the present pave- ment or street-side signs, and there- fore be more effective. They would also involve some lucky children in the business of participating in a functioning community. Excepting the smart-alec or stunt driver, who seems to carry on any- way without undue discouragement, the motorist to whom the speed-limit signs are directed must be assumed to be considerate. He wants to do the right thing, but he wants some consideration in return. The present system gives him none. W. M. Debutantes In White Debutante balls have gone out of fashion in North America in recenl years. But there was one held in South Africa recently, an event that would ordinarily be reported in the social page, a section of the newspaper seldom devoted to discussion of signif- icant political events. The debutantes wore the traditional long white dresses, carried bouquets, and made their formal curtsies to a selected committee. The unique part of the show was that the twenty socially prominent girls were black, the party took place in a hall in a Johannes- burg ghetto, and included among the guests were several white people who had organized the whole thing. A Miss Hannah Bloom, presumably a white lady whose views on apartheid do not coincide with those of the Prime Minister, gave the girls their training in the niceties of social behavior re- quired by protocol at these func- tions. Ironically, the white guests had to leave before the real fun began. No dinner, no dancing, no mingling with the crowd for them. The reason they had received permits to attend the presentation of the debutantes only. The Non-European Affairs De- partment which had issued the neces- sary permits for the group to enter an all-black township, told them they could go as long as they left by p.m. The modern Cinderellas depart- ed only slightly behind schedule, when the social gathering threatened to turn into an anti-apartheid demon- stration. Word has it that there won't be another debutante ball in Jo'burg for years lo come. Comment is scarcely necessary. A Horticultural Monstrosity By Uoug Walker WERE the beneficiaries in the spring of a couple of trees that had become superfluous in another yard. Some- what to my surprise, both the trees sur- vived the shock of transplant and leafed out. When the first heat hit, the leaves on one tree withered and completely disappeared. Then some weeks later leaver reappeared and I promised myself a review of the idea of miracles. What ir.yslifies me even more is that the other tree bas produced two kinds of leaves small ones and larger ones. I re- cently showed this phenomenon to another non gardener friend who said he thought we had a cross Iwtwecn an ash and a potato! I don't know very much about trees hut if he were to be right it would not be so much a miracle as a horticultural mon- strosity. What Price Foreign Ownership In Canada? Tno agreement between the federal gov- ernment and Control Data Corporation appears at first glance to contrast rather oddly with the government's profess- ed concern about foreign own- ership. What is the external affairs committee, with its 51 per cent Canadian dream, to make of this latest development? While some ministers spirit-wrestle in committee, other minis- ters notably Jean-Luc Pepin and Jean at U.S. capital allied with tech- nology and calculate the em- ployment benefits expected of it in Toronto and Quebec City. It is perhaps the more re- markable that the case of hos- pitality to outside enterprise is supported by what used to be the standard arguments of eco- nomic nationalism. Mr. Pepin points to our trade imbalance in computer products and warns that, unless- we develop indus- trial capacity, this may as- sume serious dimensions. This, it may be recalled, was one of the principal justifications of the automobile agreement. Why do We require a bal- ance category by category when, at last report, we had an over-all merchandise sur- plus of record size? Ought we to be importing wheat since, in Ihis category, there is an obvious imbalance of the re- verse type? Or again: "Our examina- tion of the industry's situation showed that while Canada was rapidly becoming one of the world's best customers for computing systems and s o f t- warc, it was not gaining a com- mensurate share of the world market for computer products and services." Why is this an alarming situation? Many ad- vanced industrial nations buy ships from foreigners although they certainly do not have a "commensurate share of the world market" for ships. The shares argument sounds very much like the percentage story customarily recounted in Ottawa by representatives of the textile, electronics and oth- er protected industries. Even when their sales go up, they suffer nightmares about pro- jections suggesting that -their share of the Canadian market (to which they apparently be- lieve they have some god- given right) is on the decline. What may interest the tax- payer in the control data case is that he is expected by his government to pay more than 40 per cent of the cost of es- tablishing this firm in Toronto and Quebec City. This is an outright gift worth upwards of S23 million. Is the government buying a 40 per cent interest in (he corporation? Not at all. It. is playing the kindly Santa Clans. Naturally the govern- ment hopes to obtain a yield in taxation from a profitable en- terprise. But the company will be taxed at the same rate as other companies which pay their own way. No doubt the computer busi- "See Pops if only YOUR bag was pot an' rock festivals ness is important lecluiol- ogically. No doubt it is good to have industrial development and research in Canada and to develop indigenous Canadian skills. There is always some- thing special about any enter- prise on which the department of industry turns a kindly eye. But how can it be shown that all this generosity was really necessary? It is. a fact, agreeable to the government, that the Control Data Corpora- tion has graciously consented to come to Canada and to es- tablish its facilities where the government wishes them to go. But is there not a fair chance that, as a multi-national com- pany, it might not have had an interest in Canada comparable to that of other multi-national concerns, even if there had been no huge subsidy from the taxpayers? Some of the background is known and suggestive. Control Data entered this country through an agency in 1063. Two years later it established Con- trol Data Canada Ltd., which took over the agency as a sub- sidiary. Later it made other acquisitions. Such take-overs (to use a term in ill repute) surely indicate an interest in Canada presumably not unre- lated to a perfectly legitimate quest for profit. According to Mr. Beaugonin, vice-president of international operations, "Control Data oper- ates in 27 countries around the world." Evidentlly, therefore, it is a company of wide perspec- tives and not one which would willingly overlook the oppor- tunities in Canada; a nation ranking rather high in the in- dustrial scale. Any taxpayer will believe (hat it comes the more willing- ly because of the million welcome mat. But if the long- term opportunities are so fa- vorable, would it not have come anyway from sober profit considerations? It may be, however, that Canada is attractive for other reasons. Governments in Can- ada tend to stand by indus- tries that fall on hard times. Mr. Pepin says: "The most difficult task, that of meeting competition in this most com- petitive of industries, is still ahead." Indeed, it is. Any company will weigh the risks, and it may be reassuring to know that in the business of granting subsidies our govern- ment over the years bas shown an ingenuity and fortitude that must inspire business respect. Computers have many uses. One of these days a minister may employ one to find out how many subsidies the gov- ernment is paying to how may groups in our subsidy so- ciety and for what reasons (probably long forgotten in some cases1) they were paid in the first place. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Tim Traynor Important Modification In U.S. Oil Imports WASHINGTON The Nixon administration has in- troduced a new and potential- ly-important modification into its policy of restricting im- ports of Canadian crude oil by mandatory quota. There is now the possibility that, under cer- tain conditions, Canadian oil will flow into the U.S. at levels well in excess of what is per- mitted by quota. At the same time, the ad- ministration has put aside a far-reaching blueprint for oil imports under which Canada would have been assured vir- tually fee access to the U.S. market: A system of tariffs, from which Canadian oil would have been exempted, would have supplanted the quotas which currently limit the U.S. intake of oil from over- seas, as well as from Canada. Both moves were revealed by the administration in connec- tion with an oil policy review which laid heavy stress on the mounting problems arising from disruption of Middle East- ern oil supplies and from new internal pressures affecting the demand for oil. In the face of power shortages, there is an urgent need for more fuels, but this is complicated by revul- sion against the pollution caused by oil and other energy sources. In a letter to Mr. Nixon made public last week, Gen. George Lincoln, the president's chief adviser on oil policy, re- vealed alterations in the pro- cedure for importing foreign oil under the quota system. To signify authorization to import, refiners are allotted tickets, which have previously applied only to overseas oil, but which can now be used to import oil from Canada. Normally, the refiners would be able to get oil from other continents more cheaply, and would have no interest in applying the tickets to Canada. But the net effect of the tur- moil in th- Middle East has been to boost the price of ship- borne oil well above both the Canadian and domestic U.S. prices. Why Ladies Walk From Free I OVE goddess R a q u e 1 Welch wouldn't stand a chance of thumbing a ride on Canadian highways. Because male drivers here steer clear of girl hitchhikers no matter whether they be young and sexy or a plain Jane wilh the mind of an angel. A survey by the Public Ser- vice Division of British Ley- land Motors Canada Limited shows that a hitchhiker with the best chance of getting a lift is a serviceman in uniform or a clcancut male student type. Next to the lone girl as a hitching NO-NO is the hippie unless of course the driver is also a hippie. The survey, by the makers of Austins, MGs, Triumphs. Hov- ers and Jaguars, after a cross- country check, reveals these :way Magazine figures and the reasons why the male driver gives the girl hitchhiker a pass: Sixty-two per cent of all mo- torists for a start say they won't slop for any type of hitchhiker. Forty per cent of the remain- ing 38 per cent of drivers said: "It could lead lo trouble." Twenty-one per cent: "Too risky. People could get the wrong idea." Eight per cent: ".She could demand money under the the threat that I attacked her." Four per cent: "S'ne may have accomplices hiding and waiting to pounce on me." Other reasons were: "What would my wife say I don't like making polite conversa- tion You can't trust them I don't like girls." If this situalion conlinues, import tickets may increas- ingly be used to import Cana- dian oil into the U.S. Mid- west, where fuel hunger is becoming mor'e and more pronounced. Officials here said they could not give defin- ite estimates of the scope for converting tickets, but said a sizable swing toward Canadian oil by refiners could result in imports "substantially" above what is permitted by the quota. (395.000 barrels a day east of the The final say on such a swing rests with the Oil Im- port Appeals Board, which must rule that increased im- ports from Canada are n.eces- sary to allay hardship among refiners. V'der a separate provision and in accordance with the hardship criteri. n, the board has in recent weeks authorized imports something short of barrels a day. The board could grant further concessions of this type up to a total of somewhat over barrels a day. The modifications lo the quota on Canadian oil reflect U.S. awareness of the depen- dability and convenience of Canadian oil as compared with Middle-Eastern and other over- seas oils. This considerably re- duces the impact of the deri- sion not lo proceed with the tariff scheme, with its great o p p o r I u n i lies for Canada. Though the import system will remain, there will be continu- ing consideration of liberalized Canadian imporls, in the view of qualified observers here. As outlined in the report of a presidential task force on oil, headed by former Labor Secretary George Scliullz, the tariff scheme presupposed a broad agreement on energy policy between the U.S. and Canada. It was this that first prompted Canadian suspicions of U.S. intentions on questions generally. The im- probability of an easy energy agreement, as indicated by the hostile Canadian attitude, may have contributed to the deci- sion to abandon the tariff scheme. The official reasons for the decision were different, how- In his letter which the president endorsed Gen. Lin- coln cited uncertainties as to the availability of Alaskan oil, on environmental complica- tions, and on misgivings about tlie stability of overseas oil sup- plies. "New estimates indicate we have a more severe problem than we estimated six months ago in preventing an unwise dependence on relatively inse- cure sources of Gen. Lincoln wrole. The c o n s o 1 i d a tion of the quota system Is in accordance with much congressional think- ing, as reflected in the actions of the powerful ways and m.eans committee of the House of Representatives. The com- mittee incorporated into its controversial protectionist trade bill a provision to freeze the oil import quota system. Under the new circum- stances of supply and demand, there is great emphasis on stimulation of domestic produc- tion to prevent reliance on in- secure foreign sources. There was more than a hint of this in Gen. Lincoln's letter to the president. "We face the growing danger of not hav- ing adequate supplies from reasonably secure'sources a vast problem which cannot be separated fr'om our over-all en- ergy policy. National security must be the central considera- tion in working out that over- all policy." (Herald Washington Bureau 1 LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD wzo-Officials of the N o r t h American Collieries are trying to bring 80 or more miners from Nova Scotia to work in the mines at Kipp in an effort to solve the labor shortage. initial payment on wheat this year will be 60 cents, tlie lowest payment in the sev- en-year history of the wheat pool. increases in the number of slore cattle moving from stockyards back to coun- try points is noted in the latest report of the Dominion Market- ing Service. it is unusual lo find scorpions in the city, it is even more unusual lo find them in a sewage disposal plant. Scorpions are found in the Cypress Hills, but none has ever been found in the cily be- fore. How they got into the sys- tem is a mystery to entomolog- ists at the Research station here. The Lethteidge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CUii Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press amfltie Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and (he Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edrlor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K W4LKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THH SOUTH" ;