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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 25, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta I 'ooooooooocyDOoooooooc>6oooooooooooooooo6ociooooooooooooo IrANADA'S WEST) ITS I FHOGRESS SINCE FfiASEi b Hj W. I�. M�Url�lc. b i P o OOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCJCOOOOOO THE niOnWAVS or ((nrMFKCK (CopyrlRlit by rnhlisliors I'rnsH Ltd.) , Honourahlp .Tnspph Mown of Novn i Scotia nwny tinrk in flir oiirly fIfiiiiH I Imd a vlHlon of ilio Wnst anil tIrlUsli iCoIiimlilii iiliitwl Id the: Kiistnrii pro-I vlncPi by a lailwny ihroiiKti the iRrclUi.'s If wiiM ihiTi thf! stmrtow of 'iin utiMuU'.^tiinUn! ilvrr'in. iinil bnforr It oollld lin riMilizpil cynn .ih ii prnjcot : thn work of Conrpdorntloii lind In l,ii .lirouRhl i\hi�it. I'our yt'iirs iiflov tliiH nvont Jiott'cvpr, Iho thrnt- a l.iilf j million pooplo who flicii coiii.osod .Ciinnda wi>ro niiiU-r cnvnnnnt to build this nillway within n piTlod ot ten >y(>nrs, iih pnr' nf thi' pact hy .vliicli I OonfiHlfral.iun whk pxtnuOi>d to tiir. i I'ncflr: Ofcan. Yi't wn art; loiii at llniGK the people of CruhHla are hIow I and unprnij:ri!sslvp- Tlic r.ndi>rfil;i:iK ' wns Khni)ly collonaj,. wiilillnio iii Ks i\ffi'ontin^- of ilostlny. rimso fatliers iof o\ir� wlio united Canada dv-M;n'd iioldy and niadp tliclr dreaiiiH eoine tnir; and wlial Helots we sliall lie if I wo fail to e,omi)le(i> thi^ strnrliirn they so Rranilly planned! Mas ever a j poopln so few In niiinlierH iind(\ (alien fiich vnat pro.ieeln as Ci'.nnda, C.nada iluid for many years taken a k.'-n interest In the Hed Klver eounlry, and Ulcsivud to add it to linr torritorlCK. ; Captain I'allaslpr Jiail born S'l' 'out In 1857 by the Imperial Oovernment rontiticnt. and I^ord Selkirk's r.olony in Red Uiver failed nhnost solely for the reason that it wnH vlnnled 'niH ae-eeas to the sea's blRliway to nu'.rkets. UftlUvays were a Hocondnry nt:i;;e in the I'lUBt, but Willi th� plains i>: the i West a necessary preliminary t-.ten to! any conaldnrablu dovoloinnent ,it iheir ! riehes. The eost was ereiil. Tlip. im-derlakln?; waH one to strifrijer even a riidier eounlry, but ttnperalivi- for conimere.lal and liirner national rea-Bons. The jieople of Canada roKe nobly to the occasion. The bitterne.ss of the poUlieal !eophns tliat in iitOO witli ie-is lli�n a tenth of Its area under crop Saskatchewan aloMP produced rnor .iian one tenil) of the iar!;eBt wiiea- rrop on record in .'ill the linlted i-!tatea. /Mbeita has an area eriual to tliat of Saskatchewan and part of it Is heinR prepared by Irrigation for diver.-ilfied aKrleultiiro, while Manitoba tliniiKh smaller will always tie in thi^ r. ekon-IriR of the productivity of tlw West. The fiitili'e of tliia West which .s hj rapidly lieing l)roU);ht under  'rre. is beyond cavil one of wiicli � tnot-ti as to be diffleult of realizalinii. .'.ccrss to the sea coast on Hudson's Bny can no lonRpr l>e denierl the West, and i'vidently the Koverninent reall7.es this by nndertakinR to build a railrnd to a port nn this sea. fludson's Flay Juts down into Canada in sucli .nan-ner as almost to sluit off tlie lOnal Ironi the West, and many havr. iionest-ly fearerl that li'illiuately there would be comniorclal and social sepiriMon. Is It not more likely that It aimpiy Kupiiliea a closer and more intinale connection, nn alternate route ' nf the flcah. Such persons were p,;'. ! '/'d 'I l^'"""" P",'"'"'"'' I'"" '!"' treniely competent to evorci.si; Jolly' " '' - from the youPB especially at times whim remorse for their own Infirmity was Klronp upon them. I have often thought that the temperenci (CopyrlKhl by Vubiislirrs IVess I,td.) Forty years afio In the riiunlry districts of Canada -- aud all Canada V.JIS country then tlicre w.is no education of the people, iliat is. of the kind which I;; unw cceisid r.'d of the field, - and somelKHv iveeds seem to have become uinre coininon as their nntnes are lieiier knov.ii. in those days a weed wa^i a Wi>ed and a flower a flower. The (uie was ruthlessly rooted out mid cast into the firu or upon the public ni^lnvay to be trodden under foot. Thr ^lowpr was ehei:ishcd and the sum of beauty was as great then as ii is now. In this spectacle of wreil.; upon the tiigbway there was an Hionnuit of uior.-i.l IrainiiiK wbicli is missiil in a collection of plants niad.' up impar-liaiiy of weeds and flowers Rumined on sheets and iniirkerl witli dainty Inliels. If this ancient child licked the profound knowieilt;i- HOllAE, Wbo built tticC. V. IL ! to explore the country and ascertain if there waa an available pass throuRh tho Rockies within British territory. He reported unfavourably on the West UB a whole ;and about the pass gave this counsel ot despair "tho unfortunate choice of an astronomical boundary line has completely isol.'ited tho central American possessions of Orent Britain from Canada in the East and also almost debarroit em from any eligible access frpm tiie l^acific const on the V.'pst." In the face of such advice less Hian four million Canadians pledged their urioual faith in 1871, that a railway should ho built from ocena to ocean by 1881. Unhappy political events were respon-Bible for our being five years late in pcrformins wliat we had undertaken. The railway must pass north of Uake Superior, and it is a fart that soems unrealizable today that prior to 1871 110 white man had ever been known to traverse the country betwcvUi the Tipper Ottawa river and hake Superior. The water route up the lakes or what will some day he the Ceorpian Hay Canal had lieen followed. We knew little ot the Weal, and tho Ilocky Mountains were virtually unexplored. This pledge meant that Canada must do in two years the preparation work that had taken the rnited States fifty years. Witii the pressure of ralUlons ot people behind pushing its settled areas out in'.o the plains and up to tho Rocky Mountains, it was not till the year ISf.S that Cnngreas ordered a topograph11- 1 sur-.vey "to ascertain the most practicable and oconomical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean." In tho end public spirited men in California tool; up Iho task that was too great for the Government of tho United States, and Congress granted liberal subsidies 1o the undertaking. Kven at th:it the I'nion Pacific was not completed until Komewhtiro iiboul l.S7'J. Tiiere wns ihoncst doubt as to its feasiliility in the Tiuited States, and it tills was so with such a uXimevous, prosperous and onlorpriaing^people as (lie .Americans lis it to be wondered that there were faint, hearts Iri regard H> such a project among out few and comparatively !l)oor pcopln? It waa wise,-.says Dr,. .Ctrant, hocaviso it was necessary, and 4t was noccBsary because tho Uritlsh provinces had unifeil i'or thi; one pur-ipose of working out llieir own destiny as nn Integral part of tho greatest leinplro In the world. Her destiny ithriist mighty tasks upon Canada, and ithat hor path was not an easy one was lortunate no doubt if it lins had its effect in hardening and strengihimlng the national character. 'I'he tasl; was taken up with energy, and in .April 1S7;J reports of the first surviv fr'je. ond to end were laid on Mile falile ot the llciuse of Commons. In IS7'1 came the ruinCle sv.and;il ivi\d ivs a r.-f.-W an fifforl 10 build the road as a .gevern-inunt work, but tho progress wa.s tiiow. On the lOlh day ot lieeemiief ISSO Sir Cliarles Tuiiper introduced the contract with the ('..P. Ii. Com-ininy iiv the House, and on tho 7lli FA('.\Af;.'.'rn).v, A (>rcat Kdiicalionalt^t, 1 ' knowledgo that ri flov.cr miglit do-' generate into a' weed and a weed ba transformed Into a fiev.er. If ho i did not learn mucli about botany he acquired a philosojihy of life. I Nor did the cluld ot tho villager I fare much better. Ho rticivod no lahorioiis insi i-action in thp art of making a towel r:n-k. The family sit-, ling room was adorned by no rolling i pin suspended 1>.\ a knot ot bine ribbon. The best he knew of carpentry ; was ociiuired in the woodshed where he employed .i precious leisure in constructing a .stout sled which would bear iiim swiftly down the frozen ' hillside. If this young craftsman had : an eye for boauiy he could gratify his ^ feeling Vor di s,i;ii ui the slight cost i of a winsome lirhaviour towards the ' village cariienier or blacksmith, Thtit I was tlie price wW.Ax he paid for the : secret ot tlieir iiafts and so ho learu-I ed good iiKiiiiieis, He became a se-[ rious man at an ;ige when a modern I scholar is a iner,- play-boy unskilled In the first rudiaieuts of the lesson of life, I do not le.ean of course that love of knowledge, and not for the punmscrt ot a shopkeeper. This old seboolmnater of whim I have iippn speaking was purreetly clear in his mind that an education V, h'.rh left a boy inefficient in the call-iu;; wliKdi he W.IS to follow was no education at all. He was eiitially clear that no education was of any v.iliifi to a boy who had no mind to profit hy It. With the making ot a craftsman he had nolliing to do, he wfta cone(?n-ied merely with the making of men. la till the reports upon Kdu':atlon wlilch I have read theri- Is one feature in common, and that is a lamentation over th.' indiapoaltion of liie public to spend tiielr money uiioii It. It might be worth eniiuiring if there wan not a grave doubl in the minds of the people that they were not petting vahic for what they did spend. In the public aibiiois of the Halted S?laics there are iiearl> sevrnteeh millions of children nt a yearly charge wiileh approaches, four hundred million dollars; and this calculation makes no allov,-anie for the value of those young persons' time, which must be of Koipp vniite In communities where iitlendance upon school is considered only a part and not the whole of life. The tiieory of free education ii'K>V IIAIIJIOAI) there were no .-.chools In those days or no eduu:ili(iii. 'IMiore v,'ere plenty j hateful tasks the severest bodily la-1 of schools and much education of a ; hour on farm or on work-shop w.is kind which mu.si seem very queer to | regarded as the higliest luxury to nil ; tliose wlio h.ive li.ul no experience of 1 but the few who in some way had ; an education which was designed sole- 1 hocome iiifocted with the desire for , startling statistics of what a subsidy of 5-5.0yO,OI)n meant. He plb^l It up, laid it out flat, and I believe circled the eanalor with it in bills, .\o doubt such arguments appealed strongly to many voters, who concluded that even ' at tho price there were national reasons of unbreakable force wiiy the work must go on. Nations wlio have come to greatness bjive had to i)Our out money and blood like water in dpfenee of their aspirations and it is a iiopef'til sign for oitr fiidire lint our jioople iiavi' not flinched so f.ir at nny cost deemed necessary to carry , out natlcaal undertakings. ForM;iiiile- , iy we hiivi^ not been called uppn lo (iirliii'e the scourge of war but it may 1)0 hoped that the same spirit tluit ; faced such lii.sk.-i as we have 'aad to perform would be eiiual even to this supreme' sacrifice for national existence. Hess than twenty five ytars after his op]iositioii to the C. ['. U. contract Sir Wilfrid l.aurier iis Premier of f':iiiada submifleil to Par-lianient .-is Justified ou almost ',den-tical grounds the contract for building tlie (irtind rriiiik P.'ieiflr, a:id It la annouticed that tt will be completed from .MonclDU to llir> Ilocky Mountains by lllU' and to tlie I'ticific by llll't. The Canadian Noriiiern will coming to be approved by the spirit of tile .New West vhich is beginning to roiillno its tasks and responsl-I bilitios: - "Wo mitsf feed our sea for a thousand years, Kor that is our doom and pride, As it wns when they sailed w'.tU the Golden Hind, Or tile wreck that struck last tide- Or the wreck that lies on the spouUnK reef j Where the ghastly blue lights flaro ' If blood be the price of admiralty Lord tiod, we ha' bought it fair." This Is part of the price llritain has freely iiaid for supremacy on the �Je.is, and tlie West la begintiin.:: to realize lliat as a HrltisU iieopU: we li;ive a sluiri' in this mighty ta.-'k. If there are difficulties la opening up mil' own Inland .sea they must be overcome, :ind the price must be paid for giving such va.st opportiiiiltii-s for liainiiiiess to mankind ai; the West I'lid the .\e\ver West afford. .Vo liriibt tile full responslbilitlPH we must as-sueie :irc net fully realized, but this re;il:z'iiioji is coming .surely. Iy tor its effect upon the character of the jniiiil. ; I have in mind such a school, In-! deed this piece of clumsy dictation is I bidng mtide alnuipl iiiion its si'.,;. The I theory whicli presailcd In those days was that soineiiow the master mado learning. Upon these few the master lavlshd his ;ifl'.cctlon and learnkm. ,\'o pearls were loo precious for them, and no solicitude (oo laborious. Insiieui of being punished for such gross vici-s-, as lying and fighting, these ehn^:en few were reserved to be whii^i,':! lor I the school. We railed him master be- 1 pronouncing a f.atin word with a faliie [ cause he wa.s uuistcr, not teacher, be- j duantlly. That waaa distinction to ' cause teaclii-.it; was tho last thin he thought of doinj; Also ho was master ; oiilslile of ihe srluiol as well as with-I in and he Hoiild drag from the field ; any recalciiiani boy whom he thought j which none hut the few cnuld, asieve. Tor the value of thi.s system I am Ciuite willing to appi'al to the results as observed In those who remained In the school and In those who were likely to lie heiiefii.'d by his ministra- driven out before their n.i'ures were . tions. This luti'-iei- had no appliances damaged - aud nothing can.be more I to make sliiily .luiu.sing or iutereaiing. damaging to a stupid buy ilian l6 be ' His only piece nf appnralns was a short stick, of j'.oud grain aud sound ! heart, or a diehotomous piece 'of ' leather iiro|iei-ly lemperi'd by smoke and Cire. leiiiper this Instriiiuent was eousider.'d as necessary an ac-eoinpliahment as the mending of a i j)cn. A m:ister who could not iiianu-'faetiiie ill's tools was as ill considered Its :i blackt.in.tli who should forge an ax which would aot^iold its edge. In tliiise il;i.�s Miere were very few kept at books, by force in the old schools or by cajolery in the new, This school contained an average of sixty iiitidls. They were all conferred in one ro'(it Ti. lie Disturbed There was a five discovered in a house in New York Ihe other d:iy. and a lady's maid lele|)hoi�cd for the brigade. The fireman at thp ��".id of tho wire nearly hurst a blood vcnooI when lie heard, "There is n fin; at our itouse, and |)lease send us Just one engine, as mistress has friends dining with her and doesn't wish thciii dls-� mrbcd." �i:r/'. IlilH wol's the matter? - .inu're iookin' worried." �Work iioiliiiig but work from nioriKir till iiigbt." "(i,v lung 'ave you been at it?" "i he,i;iii to-iiiorrow." .llnon-llciiins Araminia; "What Ik It, do you suppose, that keepK tho moon in iilaeo and prevents It from falling?" Charley; "1 thiiilc it must he the beams." Mr lirown and his family were St,Hilling in front of tho lion's cage. ".Iidui." said Mrsi,. Urown, "if tiinae Hniin;il.'y have been hut they fairs when the inii\iTsltles are crowd- ' 'e.s(/f,\ in one voice to (he i;i!iic of Ihr with prniessors who liold classe.* :'"sscn , in .obedience wliicli tlii.y for two hours :i il;iy five days in the I 'earned. week for fire mivn'hs in the year and j yet 1 have soon uiion those rude the scliooi.s are hit to the I eiidern'.'s I '"''"'lies boys of thirteen w)io li.id and nicrcy of iiiiiuMturc girls and ce- ' nia:.tered the sis books of lOindid atid libato women. To he a jirofessor u:is| were not lnMonslb.l.e to 'In; wide easy. To be a gouil schoolmaster was i''>i'ii;inity of lloraop. How iV c.iii,' given lo few. 1 have seen bov;; . r ' 'ibout also that a year later they wc,-,r Koventpen who would make excellent | ''"''�iding the Gospels In Greek it Jirnfessors of siirveylng, plumli"rs ; would be difrieuit for me to e\plain who could li'acli persons more igno-; or to m;ike understood. to do with making of n miin n gootl craftaman, whether ho be professor or oarpenter, by,which he can .oarn his living ,a good father who will porf-jrrri hid duty towards hifi family,- h jood citizen who will perform his fluty fo-wn.rda the State. 'Iheae offices huve hien perror�nprt; and are bclt^g nor-formed. b.nd tind drawing wtUcr, The fact (it the matter is the pedagogues are mistaken in assuming that :> college education, or any other edu-c.itiou wliicli hart its origin in books alone is of much value uuloaa tho Individual has a mind which will absorb it and make it hia own. The system has not produced educated men, and it has produced inefficient workmen. Lot ua adopt what lo n pedagogue atrove to be useful it became u.sele.s^ for any purpose whatever. This dis-co\ery was not a new one. 'J'lip Greeks who tire iierbaps the best educated people svho evur lived pr:")cieded by that principle. The loarni.'ig of Schoolboy "Howlrrs." Some amusing schoolboy "howlors" were recounted by Mr. W. Elwyn Kisko, headmaster of tho Elm House SchoDl, Surbiton, al the Christmas prize diatrlbullon. In the general papers worked by Iho students one boy described "coup d'etat" aa a French dish played in musichalls aa a voluntary. Credit, said another boy, signifies "it porsou who gets nice things said beliinil hia bai'k." � A third boy lllua-tratcd the moaning of gender by explaining that a camel Is masculine and a dromedary feminine. Asked to quote some exceptions to the rule "Ladles first," "a boy wrote, "When you are going to be hung." "Ladies first except for votes" and "Ladles always first except when the door is too small" were, other replies. Tho boys were also risked what they would wiaii for If thoy were grunted fivo wishes. Among the replies were "To bo able to cat anything" and "To be a porcupine, because 1 coiild prick people." , , ��, , IF VOL- HAVK J(0 ICE Hero is a suggestion for the house-' 'keeper who gets nlong-irtthout ice: "Obtain a largo, common flowerpot'aiid seal tho whole In' the bottom with piaster ot Paris. Place in the pot Ih'e boitlo containing- milk, or a covered crock containing butter, and fiU' the pot with watfcr to as groat a depth as possihlo without the bottle or crook floating. Cover the pot with a board or a plate and set out in tho open air, away from the direct Bun-llght, and preferably wnere there Is a current of air. The ovapornfirn of tho water from tho surface of the porous pot will keep Iho contenls several degrees colder than the outside air, when there Is tho slightest amount of air stirring. The higher well appear the lower position, iind ! the wind, or the drier the air, the usBumo that Bdncatlon has soni.jthing 'greater will be tho cooling tfeefc.'* ;