Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBRIDGE August West Germany watching Ford closely Can Ford afford old policy? Nothing would help U.S. President Gerald Ford more in his avowed inten- tion to do battle with inflation than to reduce the massive spending on the nuclear arms race. The savings envisag- ed by cutting government spending in other areas would be miniscule com- pared to what might be possible if a change in arms policy were to be an- nounced. Such a change may seem highly unlike- ly given Mr. Ford's past hawkish stance and the emphasis he placed on maintain- ing a strong military position in his first speech to Congress as president. But he has indicated great respect for Secretary of State Henry Kissinger who favors a policy of restraint in the arms race. Mr. Ford might be persuaded to follow Mr. Kissinger's line of thought, especially if he senses that Congress is tending in that direction. Despite the noise being made by the likes of Senator Henry Jackson in opposi- tion to the Kissinger position, it is not at all certain that Congress can again be fired up to oppose communism at any cost. Disillusion with the results of intervention in Korea and Vietnam is rife. It is an embarrassment to the United States after its costly investments a major factor in fueling today's worldwide inflation to have the repressive regimes of Park and Thieu. The recent debacle in Cyprus is another disillusioning thing for Americans who have trusted in the military approach instituted by Presi- dent Harry Truman and assiduously pur- sued by Secretai y of State John Foster Dulles. Arming the old antagonists Greece and Turkey to create a buffer against the U.S.S.R. is now a strategy in shambles. There could conceivably be a far greater receptivity in Congress, therefore, to the policy of detente which President Richard Nixon had been work- ing out. And if Congress opts for detente and the lowering of the military profile that requires, can President Ford be far behind? The goldbug gospel An uneasiness approaching anxiety has become characteristic of a large seg- ment of Canadian and U.S. societies. The doomsday pundits, considered a joke only a few months ago. are now being taken seriously. If it is not yet believed that the end of the world is imminent, it is at least expected that a depression is coming which could end civilization. In answer to this there is being offered what is known as the goldbug gospel: get into gold and Swiss banks, store enough food for at least a year, find a hideaway. There is a good deal of interest in this gospel. Gold seminars for doctors, lawyers, stockbrokers and others in the upper economic echelons have burgeoned into Hilton sized conventions. Swiss banks have hired extra help to meet a rush of small investors. All sorts of people have been placing orders for gold coins. Recently a Bank of America vice- president took note of these responses to prophecies of the collapse of the economic system. He warned that people could create the very monster they are being taught to fear. "If the public is made to lose faith in the whole system then the thing comes unglued. Alarmist prophecies can be self fulfilling if they take he said. The same bank vice president admitted that the future doesn't look rosy but that it would be far better to place some hope in the new U.S. president's determination to fight inflation through restraint on spending, wages and prices. While there are doubts in some circles about the effectiveness of President Ford's approach there cannot be much doubt about the stupidity of the goldbug gospel. It can only make certain what is at present only a possibility. What good would money in a Swiss bank be if an economic collapse came? The economies of the world are now so interlocked that a North American breakdown would very likely mean an international depression. Real hopefulness would be generated if nations would start to tackle inflation collectively instead of individually. Too many national approaches involve competition when co operation is what is needed. The goldbug mentality is no more commendable on a national basis than it is on an individual basis. THE CASSEROLE Texaco has launched a massive advertis- ing campaign to persuade the public that their profits are reasonable, scarcely ade- quate to keep them going, in fact. Their spokesman explains that Texaco "on the average makes not much more than one cent a gallon on all the petroleum products we and goes on to insist, "It's a fact that profits have to be made or a company can't stay in business." He does not explain how Texaco managed to stay in business when its oil and gasoline were selling at 10? a gallon less than today. available for an enrolment of 8000 students. The amount may seem low, until it is remembered that scholarships were never intended for everyone; they were devised to help the poor but able scholar to get an education. Nowadays, such help is rarely if ever needed. The Alberta Students' Finance Board guarantees that no qualified student in this province must forego a university educa- tion because of lack of funds. Calgary university students and ad- ministrators are bewailing a lack of scholarship funds, claiming only is WEEKEND MEDITATION The New Law Journal (London) has rather firmly ticked off an English judge who barred a girl from his court because she wore slacks. "Slacks and trouser (sic) suits are perfectly normal wear for women said the Journal, "and any judge who doubts this is an ass." Those seven deadly sins By tradition stemming from the early Church and especially confirmed in the Mid- dle Ages there were seven "deadly" sins. They were pride, envy or jealousy, anger, de- jection or acedie, avarice, lust or gluttony, and anxiety or worry. Since there has been such general agreement among the saints, it is rash for ordinary mortals to change or challenge the list. Pride is rebellion against God, a deliberate rejection of the Beatitudes in the fifth chapter of the Gospel according to St. Matthew, the refusal of divine salvation, a concentration of life in self and a desire for supremacy and power. Chaucer in Canter- bury Tales says, "The roote of these Sinnes is Pride, the general roote of all harmes for of this roote spring certain branches, as Wrath, Envy, Sloth, Covetousness, Gluttony, and Lechery." Far more harm is done by envy than is recognized. Dante in Purgatory hears the poor wretch Guido of Duca cry, "Envy so parch'd my blood, that had I seen a fellow man made joyous, then hadst mark'd a livid paleness overspead my cheek." You find jealousy in every organization destroying good work. Anger is a cancer of hostility which grows until it consumes all waking hours. It may be the result of a slight, a word, a wrong done years ago. It has been described as burning down your house to kill a rat. Much has been written about acedie which sociologists contend is the greatest affliction of this age, a boredom and dejection of spirit which leads to the use of drugs, suicide, and sexual abnormality. Avarice was a sin detested by St. Paul. He equated it with idolatry. No matter how much covetous peo- ple acquire, they always want more. They are never satisfied. They seek life's satisfaction in the possession of things rather than in possessing God. Solomon spoke for the human race when he listed his possessions and cried in despair, "Vanity of vanities, all is There has never been an age when lust was so popular. It fills the magazines, the theatre, and the literature of the time. Sensuality destroys sensibility. Hamlet sought his friendship in a man who was "not passion's slave." How rare and wonderful a spirit! Dante in Purgatory hears the angel, "Joy was in his mien." "Blessed are the pure in he sang. On the other hand, while lust has only to be exposed to be acknowledged as a sin, worry seems a decided virtue. Should you not take precautions against tomorrow? Should you not have a concern for those you love? Worry, however, is a refusal to acknowledge creaturehood, mortality, finiteness, and the limitations of humanity. It is an effort to play the part of God. So it is said that man has the whole world on his shoulders because he has forgotten that God has the whole world in His heart. If you were writing your list of deadly sins, would they be these seven? Which would you omit? What others would you put in? Would you put in cruelty? Is there any greater sin than lying? Think of the sins Jesus mentions as deserving hell the man who did not use his talents, the rich man who did not help the beggar, the unfaithful steward, and that sad lot of whom Jesus said, "Inasmuch as you did it not unto one of the least of these, you did it not to me." PRAYER: Grant, O God, that in hungering and thirsting after righteousness I may es- cape the hopeless quest and the dreadful fate of evil and selfish men. F. S. M. By James Res ton, New York Times commentator BONN This capital of West Germany is outwardly as calm these days as an American university town in vacation time, but inwardly it is acutely worried about the world economy. For while West Germany has the lowest inflation rate of any of the advanced industrial countries about seven per cent it depends for its prosperity and relatively full employment on selling its goods abroad. Compared to other Euro- pean countries, it is in ex- cellent shape. Though it still feels amputated with the loss of East Germany, its gross national product per capita is now almost double that of Britain. As things now stand, West Germany exports as much to the western world as the United States and imports almost as much from the western world, but this trade accounts for about 23 per cent of West Germany's GNP, as compared to only about five per cent in the United States, which is therefore far more independent of the movements of the world markets. Accordingly officials here are watching the new Ford ad- ministration in Washington with the greatest care. For as they see it, a strong anti- inflation policy in the United States would mean lower prices for American goods, higher unemployment and therefore less U.S. demand for goods from Germany and other countries. Since West Germany has led the world in combatting inflation, it is aware of the dif- ficulty of arguing that other countries should do the same, but the point emphasized here is that the U.S. economy is five or six times as large as Germany's and that whatever the United States does greatly influences the world economy on which all industrial countries depend more than the U.S. It is noted here that Presi- dent Ford's main emphasis in his inaugural address to the HE WONT BE 1 7 Two women in the U.S. power struggle By William Safire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON In what was laughingly referred to as the election campaign of 1972, President Nixon made a token foray into New York State's Westchester County by motor- cade and wound up at the Pocantico Hills estate of Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. The reception was held in the palatial indoor sports house, a tennis court with two huge fireplaces at either end. The Rockefeller and Nixon staffs mingled, their old rivalries stifled by circum- stance, with the Rockefeller people envious of the hauteur of presidential power and the Nixon staff envious of the hauteur of Rockefeller wealth. Framed in a mezzanine archway overlooking the entrance hall, amidst giant portraits of the Rockefeller brothers in Second World War uniforms, two women sat apart from the staffs. They were old friends with memories to share and secrets to keep. One was Rose Mary Woods, longtime secretary to Richard Nixon; the other Ann Whit- man, former secretary to President Eisenhower and, after he left office, secretary to Rockefeller. When they first met, in the early 1950s, the relationship of the two women was secretary of the president to secretary of the vice-president. Ann Whitman was much closer to the centre of power, but she soon reached an under- standing with Rose Mary Woods, and would provide a quiet channel into the Oval Of- fice for Rose's boss whenever the gate was barred by Eisenhower Chief of Staff Sherman Adams. Both ladies left Washington in 1961: Rose to follow the defeated Nixon to California, Ann the retired Eisenhower to Gettysburg. Both came to New York a few years later, Ann to work for Nelson Rockefeller's presidential bid, Rose as secretary to lawyer Nixon. Although most Rockefeller people treated Nixon as a pariah, Ann would help her swamped friend with answering fan mail late at night, until a time came when it appeared their bosses might once again be rivals, and they discreetly parted. Miss Woods watched Mrs. Whitman and her boss make a bid for the presidency in 1964, bravely taking the wave of hatred from the Goldwater forces at the San Francisco convention; Rose made sure Ann knew that when the galleries went wild after the Goldwater acceptance remark defending extremism, her boss. Nixon, sat in his front row box in stony silence. The two ladies were not in communication while their bosses competed for the nomination in 1968, but their life experience crossed in a curious way after Nixon's election victory. Chief of Staff H. R. Haldernan, studying the Eisenhower staff structure, was struck by what he termed "the Ann Whitman end run." He became determined to limit access to the president to one door controlled by the chief of staff and not to permit Rose Mary Woods to control an alternative entry, as Ann Whitman had. After a fierce battle, presi- dent elect Nixon decided that Rose Mary Woods would not have direct access to the Oval Office. The desk that Ann Whitman had occupied with Eisenhower, and that both women had hoped would be occupied by one of them again, went to an assistant to the chief of staff. Rose was humiliated; in silent fury, she and her boss rode down in New York's Pierre Hotel elevator in what an associate later described as "the longest elevator ride ever taken by a man who had been recently elected president of the United States." During Nixon's term, despite the slight down- grading of her job to help Haldernan avoid the "Whitman end the relationship of Rose and Ann was that of president's secretary to governor's LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Fairness in reporting Regarding the news item in The Herald church page, Aug. 17, written by Mr. Noel Buchanan, entitled Mormon Letter Sparks Debate I would like to commend Mr. Buchanan for his well-written article. He quoted me correct- ly and properly represented some of our views. As Mr. Buchanan wrote, the family home evening issue was what prompted our challenge to debate the L.D.S., but the main issue we desire to discuss is: The Bible versus the Book of Mormon, Can Both be True? Naturally, we are disap- pointed that the L.D.S. will not publicly discuss this issue. We feel that anyone zealous in privately spreading their views, ought to be willing to publicly defend them. We believe strongly in the freedom of religion, and furthermore, in practicing freedom of religion and the right of dissent. We thank The Herald for contributing to an atmosphere of fairness and equality in reporting religious news items. DONALD R. GIVENS Minister, Church of Christ Lethbridge Appreciates gesture secretary: Rose was closer to the power, and after Haldeman's fall, as close as one could get. The other day, as Rose was clearing out the files of her boss's shattered presidency, she watched Ann's boss being nominated for vice president. She put in a call to her old friend and the two ladies wished each other well as their ships once again pass- ed in the night. Perhaps in that archway at Pocantico, or after the latest flip-flop of fate, the two ladies may have reflected on the vicissitudes of politics. Rose's roller coaster had gone from the bottom (the 1952 fund to the top (the 1960 to the bottom again (political disaster in back up to the top (elec- tion in and finally crashing through the bottom a couple of weeks ago. Ann's had started at the top (the Eisenhower years) gone to the bottom (the 1964 Rockefeller humiliation) to a lingering limbo that seemed to have no future in the early 1970's, to the top, or at least close enough to the top, today. What could these two stalwart, Ohio-born women tell us, if they were not the intensely tightlipped repositories of all the con- fidences of the Republican party of the past generation? They could tell us there is no security atop power's greasy pole. More important, they could tell us that there is no permanent defeat certain for the man who keeps trying. Most important, they could tell us that loyal partisans can maintain contact, in friendship and in civility, through all the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune and billion-dollar fortunes, and come out in the end with mutual respect. Congress was on the need to fight inflation, and that he also spoke of the importance of world peace and order. But how far will he go, officials here ask, not only verbally but actually, on a deflationary policy? Will he look at it main- ly from a U.S. point of view, or try to find the delicate balance between just enough anti-inflation to help the United States and not so much as to produce world wide deflation? The answer to this, of course, is that Ford has been in office for only a few days, with a new secretary of the treasury, a new chairman of the council of economic ad- v'sers, and a new world- minded vice-presidential nominee, but both the cast of characters and the mood ot Washington are changing and nobody can be sure how far the anti-inflation policy will go- Conversations with officials in Bonn and in other European capitals, however, demonstrate how difficult it is to generalize about America's relations with Europe, es- pecially in the field of economics. Each country is still looking primarily at its own problems. Thus Germany, Holland and Belgium have had stronger anti-inflation policies than others on this continent France, before the death of president Pompidou, was more concerned with the growth of her economy than with inflation, but under Giscard is now taking a more deflationary line, while Bri- tain is now in an alarming state, with grievous labor- management problems and an annual inflation rate of 20 per cent. The members of the Euro- pean Economic Community are talking more frankly to one another now about their common problems, and the relations of Chancellor Schmidt here and President Giscard in Paris are par- ticularly good, but all leaders are still having trouble in reaching common policies to fit their quite different traditions and economic and political problems. As the testimony of German officials here shows, however, Europe, no matter how much she may worry about the power of the United States, cannot insulate herself from that power economically or financially any more than she can militarily. Europe's papers are now full of biographies of the new men in Washington and speculation on what line they will take toward wages and prices in the United States. For while the United States now has 5.3 per cent un- employment and West Ger- many only 2.3 per cent, un- employment here is seen as a greater menace to the stabili- ty of the West German government than it is to the Ford administration. "The only trouble with U.S.- European the late ambassador Charles E. Bohlen once said, "is that America is just too damn big and strong. We can absorb troubles others cannot stand. We are more independent of Europe than Europe is of us, and it's hard for people on both sides of the Atlantic to understand the differences." It works, Joe--we've stopped losing height! While visiting in Lethbridge this summer I had occasion to shop downtown and when I returned to my car found a note Your right rear tire is low! Have a happy I suspect my Manitoba licence plate prompted the note from a very kind citizen. This gesture made me feel very welcome in spite of being surrounded by strangers; those few words of thought- fulness lifted that cloak of strangeness in a strange city. It is most gratifying to realize that kind, thoughtful people exist in this mixed-up world. This kind of action is syn- onomous with beautiful sunshine, soft eternal winds, rolling coulees all such a part of lovely Lethbridge. If the person had signed the note I'd have been a friend richer. MRS. MARIE KOTYK Brandon, Manitoba The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON emulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"