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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE August Ask Andy SUNSPOTS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Andy Johnston, age 13. of Logan, West Virginia for his question: How do sunspots form? Before we even think about this topic, let's consider a word of warning. Human eyes are not strong enough to take a direct look at the glorious face of the sun. Its dazzling radiation damages the delicate retinas. People have been blinded permanently by staring directly at the sun, even on cloudy days or during eclipses. Let's not even try to rig up home-made contrap- tions to view the sun. They may or may not be safe. But the risk is too great to take a chance. Several famous obser- vatories keep the sun's com- plexion under daily observa- tion and hour by hour records of the sunspots as they come and go. During the eleven year sunspot cycle, the number of these dusky solar rashes increase and decrease. Through each cycle, they may increase from five to 500 and then decline. When first observed, a new sunspot is a rash of darkish specks on the sun's dazzling face. Since the sun rotates toward the east, it comes into view on the western side of the disk, somewhere between solar latitudes five and 40 degrees, north or south of the sun's equator. Daily it progressed toward the east, taking about two weeks to cross the sun from side to side. Meantime the specks con- geal to form two spots Both have a darker umbra, perhaps as wide as the earth, sur- rounded by a paler penumbra, which may be from 10.000 to miles in diameter. One spot leads, the other follows as the rotating sun appears to carry them toward the west. The rash may last for several weeks. After disappearing around one side of the sun, they reappear on the opposite side after about two weeks. Enormous solar flares erupt during the peak of the major sunspot. emitting particles that interfere with com- munications on the earth. Finally the following sunspot breaks apart and dis- integrates. The leader may survive as a single sunspot for another week or so. The sun's average surface temperature is around 11.000 Fahrenheit degrees. Sunspots are about 2.000 degrees cooler and appear darker by con- trast. We know that they are a pair has a posi- tive polarity, the follow- ing spot is negative. Throughout one sunspot cycle, all the leaders in the northern hemisphere will be positive and the followers negative. Meantime, in the opposite hemisphere, all the leaders wll be negative and the followers positive. This reverses during the next cycle. Then all the leaders north of the equator will be negative and all the leaders in the southern hemisphere will be positive. A new cycle begins with a couple of minor rashes, perhaps, along latitudes 40 degrees south and north. As the numbers increase, the spots form closer to the equator. At sunspot peak, ma- jor rashes form along latitudes five degrees north and south, but never directly on the sun's equator. asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Aug. 24, 1974 The Massacre of St. Bartholomew began 402 years ago today in 1572. Instigated by Catherine de Medici, mother of King Charles IX of France, and aimed against the rising influence of Huguenot leaders, it eventually resulted in the death of some French Protestants. 1795 William Wilberforce, British anti-slavery crusader, was born. 1870 Sir Garnet Wolseley's expedition reached Fort Garry, bringing to an end the Red River Rebellion. 1891 Thomas Edison filed a patent for a motion-picture camera. 1944 Paris citizens rioted against German occupation forces. 1946 Viscount Wavell, viceroy of India, formed an interim government of Hindus and Moslems leading to the independence of India and Pakistan. TEMPERATURE TEST To convert centigrade degrees to Fahrenheit degrees, multiply by 9, divide the result by 5 and add 32. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN c The Chicago Tribune Q.I Kast-West vulnerable, as South you hold: KQ76 KQ982 3 A43 The bidding has proceeded: East South West North 1 Dble. Pass 2 Pass Pass 2 Pass Pass What do you hid now? Q.2 South, vulnerable, you hold: 4AK1087 AK943 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West Pass 1 Pass Pass What do vou bid now.'' Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 4Q854 QJ10652 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East Pass IV Dble. Pass What do you bid? Q.4 South, vulnerable, you hold: Q V AKQJ1076 Q54 K2 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West Pass Pass What do you open? Q.5 Both vulnerable, as South you hold: 9 V QJ63 KJ52 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 14 Pass. INT Pass Dble. Pass What action do you take? South, vulnerable, you hold: 10762 V AQ6 AKQ1095 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 NT Pass What do you bid now? Q.7 As SoL.i.h. vulnerable-, you hold: J2 V AQJiO The bidding has proceeded: South West North East Pass Dble. 3 Pass Pass What do you bid now? Q.8 vulnerable, as South you hold: A1074 VQ1052 8762 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West IV Pass 2V Pu-s 2 NT Pass What do you bid now? for answers Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon SUNDAY, AUGUST 25 Your birthday today: Necessitates your realization that there is no easy route, as challenges develop through the coming year. You triumph in subjective, spiritual experience rather than in material affairs. Keep simple and direct your daily living and your enterprises. Today's natives have deep insight, often the ability to write or explain their experience. ARIES (March 21-April You've got nearly everything going for you. Take a normal and prompt part in community activities for favored solitary pursuits. Don't overdo anything. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) Restless but short-lived moods of impulse or temper needn't lead you into spoiling a good thing. Don't try to "keep up" with a neighbor; stay ahead by being yourself. GEMINI (May 21-June Younger people and their problems catch your attention. Reconsider what you really want to achieve and whether you can through present methods. CANCER (June21-July Be selective in choosing a few people with which to spend the day. Tackle no more than you had originally planned. The goal now is simplicity. LEO (July 23-Aug. Recognize detrous or deviations from expected routines before plunging into action. Seek a conservative amount and let others have a fair share. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. General conditions improve. Benefits may arise from intelligent compromise, sensible adjustments. Take great care and nothing for granted if you drive. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Contemplating the day's events gives you perspective. Select a moderate course, then do what is expected of you with grace and elegance. Rest early. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Don't be surprised if your ideas clash head-on with the plans of others. Sooth ruffled tempers as best you can, but proceed firmly. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Fresh opportunity abounds for the eligible as you complete traditional observances and visits, be brief, linger nowhere, keep moving. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Today is rather "iffy." Be punctual, but wait for arrangements to be made before settling on particular action. Your contribution should be modest and unassuming. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Those who know you well see you have an easier day. You encounter the unfamiliar vvith enough rough-going to detract a bit from the fun. Be reasonable in your presentations. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Keep business and commercial activity completely out of your scheme. Concentrate on making life simple and comfortable, your home and family peaceful. MONDAY, AUGUST 26 Your birthday today: Finds you making headway on a long-term project, with several months of demanding work left before major results come suddenly near year's end. Experience now gives you all the tools you need for future developments. Relationships continue normally, despite their inconvenience. Today's natives follow orthodox work methods, take pride in doing things right. ARIES (March 21 April You make many plans and deals that don't come out as expected. Set your own reservations, stay free for alternatives. Bright ideas arrive late at night. TAURUS (April 20 May Experiment, find out what's wrong with existing in- stallations, but don't confirm changes until tomorrow. Well- meaning friends become in- volved; watch what they do. GEMINI (May 21 June In general, things are on the upswing, require .no immediate action. Those who listen carefully hear subtle indications of unspoken wishes in later hours. CANCER (June 21 July Career prematurely advances. Be conservative, double-check details and avoid changes today. Expect a different story tomorrow. Home life proceeds well tonight. LEO (July 23 Aug. Today opens and closes a grand experiment. If you take it seriously, anticipate ad- justments later. Evening promises a glimpse of unlikely directions. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Any effort to improve home and surroundings yields extra results. Hold off your program of business initiatives and new contacts, at least until tomorrow. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Effect creative ideas just enough to map them out for completion later. Home and family affairs become more important. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Have patience while the establishment labors over details. Withdraw to pursue light pastimes. If you must work, do so systematically. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. Quit while you're ahead. Tidy up your personal life; pass up speculative venture. Favorable financial news arrives in later hours. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Add to your reserves to be ahead of the game. Continue research and routine while others advertise themselves and their faults. Late news is cheerful. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Keep your reserve funds intact and out of the day's complex schemes. Observe rather than participate right now. Evening hours are conducive to social progress. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Although they help social activity, public concerns aren't quite in line with personal projects. There's much to talk about, but few final answers. Oddities in the news JUPITER, Fla. (AP) -The Ovv'l and the tolltakei- sit side by side, keeping each other company night after night at a lonely turnpike exit. "I talk to him all says Charlie Wargo, 52. "I ain't got nothing better to do, you know." Wargo wprks the 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. shift at the Florida Turnpike's Jupiter exit, about 15 miles north of West Palm Beach. He says his night owl com- panion began visiting him earlier this summer and usu- ally stays for most of the shift. The owl perches on an ul- traviolet insect lamp at Wargo's toll booth or on a nearby sign, occasionally swooping down on a bug. ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) Circuit Court Judge Peter De Manio sentenced Arthur Hunt- ley, 29, to 15 years in prison for burglary, and fined him 75 cents. "It took 75 cents to stop this man and that's what I charged be Manio explained. Police, answering a silent burglar alarm at a liquor store, said they fired shotguns at Huntley when he refused to halt. He was not seriously wounded. The 75 cents was the cost of the shotgun shells. I JUST FELT VERY VEW RIDICULOUS SHORT MBS AUU 1 WAVE V 1'LU N 19 SOME I TAKE IT- ELIXIR. TAKE I LIKE TO A SATIS PI EP CUSTOMER. HI AND LOIS BUGS BUNNY POOR MY MUSIC ALWAYS HAS A VERY EMOTIONAL EFFECT ON HIM.' BLONDIE WHO is THIS STRANGE POOCH i DAISY BROUGHT HIM HOME WEU-, WHY CANT SHE MEET- DOGS THAT TAKE OUT TO DINNER? ARCHIE I'M SETTING LOOKS A LOAD YOU EDGED OF LOAM THE TO RECLAIM RIGHT OUT A THE OF THE I TOLD MR. BERRY TO DUMP A LOAD IN THE MIDDLE OF THESE NOW HE'S LEFT SOME STAKES OUT HERE FOR MR. BERRY TO RUN AROUND THE FLOWER BED, SO HE'LL SEE HAGAR THE HORRIBLE PARK ALL LEARNING BEETLE BAILEY I THINK I'LL IN MY FOR ME, WILL. YOU, ZERO? LI'L ABNER OUTSIDE NUTLEVS ESTATE ME KETCH UM ALL INFORMATION ON A. RAVEN THIS A RED- LETTER A FEATHER COUlpNT 4' IN FRONT WHATS A CHEAP I BE QUIVERIN OF A TRUCK GOING 55 MILES AN HOUR If FEATHER DOIN6 J IN THIS 51- EXPENSIVE A NEIGHBORHOOD P. TUMBLEWEEDS 'CAUGHT YOUR SITUATION WANTEPAPIN PESIREP. PARE PONESJ NEEPS FLESH INfr SOMETHING "WANTcP: POSITION OF REASONABLE PI6NITY WITH SHORT HOURS, GOOP PAX ANP AMPLE TIME OFF ID ENABLE ONE TO 6RAP FROM LIFE ALLTHE6USTOIT HAS TO ;