Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, August LETHBRIDQE Airline short of cash WASHINGTON (AP) -Pan American World Airways said Friday it soon might run out of cash to meet its financial obli- gations unless the United States government grants it a subsidy. Pan Am's announcement came as it asked the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) to establish as quickly as possi- ble a temporary subsidy to tide over the largest U.S. international airline while the board is considering Pan Am's request for what the board calls a "final" subsidy. Pan Am said its current pro- jections show it will have to borrow money by October and added that its credit agree- ment with 36 banks allowing it to borrow up to million might be endangered unless the board sets a temporary subsidy. That agreement, the carrier said, requires Pan Am to maintain a net worth of more than million. DECADES OF YEARS Pheasant facts and fables Population has its ups and downs Try Before You UP TO 30-DAY TRIAL ON YOUR DOCTOR'S RECOMMENDATION MAI CO SMITH-JONES (HEARING AID SERVICE RIPLEY OPTICAL 6183rd Ave. S. Phone 328-5447 By DENNIS McDONALD Alberta Fish and Wildlife Fourth in a series Pheasant populations have their ups and downs! Pheasant numbers fluctuate from month to month, year to year and decade to decade. This article reviews the trend in pheasant populations in North America since they became established Specialists in all types of Engines ENGINE REBUILDING CYLINDER BORING AND RESLEEVING CRANKSHAFT REGRINDING WISCONSIN ENGINE Sales and Service Centre CUSTOM ENGINE PARTS LTD. 160S 3rd Avenue South Phone 328-8181 throughout most of their range. Experience has shown that, commonly, when exotic animals are introduced into new areas and conditions favor their survival, their numbers explode! Such was the case with the English sparrow, starlings and pheasants in North America. Following these initial popula- tion however, the populations declined. They have remained at lower levels ever since. Prior to 1905, less than 500 pairs of pheasants had been stocked in the northern Great Plains region. By 1930, phea- sant numbers in South Dakota alone had skyrocketed to over 30 million birds. More than 82 million pheasants were harvested by hunters in the period 1940-1950 in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota. Conditions in the early 1900's were prime for pheasants in Southern Alber- ta. Competition from other birds was lacking as the prairie chicken, sharp-tailed grouse and ruffed grouse yielded territory to the plow. Dryland farming and irriga- tion created vast acreages of habitat ideally suited for this foreign invader. Shelter was abundant along weedy fencerows and grassy canals, in brush filled coulees and creek bottoms and around marshlands and farmsteads. Food was plentiful in nearby crops. Nesting cover was ex- tensive in roadside ditches, along railway right-of-ways and on neighboring haylands. Though the depression in the dirty thirties meant hardship to farmers, it meant hap- piness to pheasants. Large acreages of farmland reverted to brush and weeds while on others, unharvested crops provided an inexhausti- ble food supply. Pheasants flourished. In many areas of the Great Plains, pheasants became pests and spring hunting seasons were held to try to reduce their numbers. Programs of assistance to farmers were offered to help compensate them for crop damage by the birds. Then, in the mid-forties, came the This time pheasants, not farmers, went bankrupt! In South Dakota, pop- ulations plummeted from 30- 50 million birds in the early forties to 7 million in 1947. In Nebraska, the fall harvest of birds dropped from over 2 million birds in 1946 to only birds in 1947. From Maine to Oregon and from the Dakotas to Alberta, the situa- tion was the same. The cause of this crash has never been fully determined. The most plausible explana- tion is poor hatching success during several successive years, 1945-47, when spring conditions were unusually cold. Pheasant populations have since rebounded in all areas but they have never reached the phenomenal numbers that were present in the mid- forties; an era affectionately referred to by many long-time pheasant hunters as "the good old Such pheasant numbers will probably never be seen again! Since the Second World War, improved farming technology and more intensive utilization of land for crop and livestock production have made serious inroads on phea- sant populations. Urban sprawl, new irrigation technology, highway and road construction and other factors have greatly diminished the amount of habitat available to pheasants since "the good old However, climatic conditions and human influences have duplicated the "boom and bust" cycle in pheasant numbers since the forties, though on a much smaller scale. Beginning in the mid-fifties, United States farmers were paid to take 40-60 million acres out of crop production to reduce crop surpluses. Much of this land was diverted to Call FALL CLEANING! AIR VAC 328-O286 Here's what we do: Entire duct system is sanitized, leaving a pleasant aroma Fan and motor are removed, cleaned and oiled Chimneys are inspected and cleaned, flues and heat exchanger are cleaned and checked, burners are cleaned and adjusted A PROPER CLEANING DOESN'T COST, IT PAYS! CALL AIR VAC A DIVISION OF NEUKO Sheet Metal Ltd. Complete Furnace Service Work and Repair 1811 2nd Avenue South Phone 328-0236 grasses and legumes while other areas reverted to natural cover. This "soil- bank" program re-created habitat conditions like those during the depression. At this time, climatic conditions were favorable for hatching. Pheasants flourished once again. The hunting harvest doubled from less than 4 million birds in 1947 to over 8 million birds in 1958 in the north central U.S. plains. Beginning in the early six- ties, most of the land retired under the "soil-bank" program was again put into crop production. Pheasant populations began to decline. In 1964 a disastrous drought occurred throughout most of the plains region. This, coupl- ed with the end of the soil- bank, caused pheasant pop- ulations to decline drastically. In South Dakota for example, numbers dropped from over 11 million birds to about 5 million birds. While long term pheasant population trends in Alberta have not been recorded, they likely bear a remarkable resemblance to those in other pheasant areas. Over the long haul, pheasant numbers are determined by changing, habitat conditions and the weather. In the short run, however, other factors may also account for the "ups and downs" in local populations such as that experienced in Alberta since 1970. "How" the alert reader may ask "did the drought of the dirty thirties benefit pheasants while that in 1964 did the This ques- tion will be answered in the next article in this series. Next week: Short term phea- sant population trends. Passengers won't be stranded BIRMINGHAM, England (CP) The head of a British travel company which has su- pended trading says all the tourists whose trips to Canada were organized by the com- pany will return to Britain un- der newlymade arrange- ments. John Tabberer, who has run the now-suspended Tabberer travel agency of suburban Solihull, said Friday that Air Canada and British Airways, along with some charter com- panies, will join to bring home the 800 holidaying Britons listed by his company. Tabberer operated an enter- prise called Solair Holidays, which arranged for trips to and from Toronto and Van- couver. The 800 figures does not in- clude 164 who were flown back to Britain by Monarch Airlines on Thursday night. Tabberer said in a telephone interview that some 200 Solair passengers will return from Canada by four Air Canada and British Airways flights today. Tabberer reiterated that his firm has "suspended trading pending investigation into the company's affairs." Asked whether it will resume operations, he said: "We sincerely hope so." Payment for returning the passengers will come from a bond. BEST BUYS! From Canada's Largest Coast to Coast Realtor REALTOR Roval Trust Royal Trust REALTOR 1123 28th St. S. This 3 bedroom bungalow has been renovated inside and out. Features new broad- loom in living and dining room, sliding glass doors to raised sun deck, fully developed basement, and much, much more. For only down payment P.I. Monthly. Get all the details by calling Lou Ouellette 328-7656. Exclusive. 1304 Huron Place 1120 square feet of living enjoyment. This 3 bedroom home is located on a safe quiet crescent. Features L-shape living room-dining room, IV? baths, nicely fenced and landscaped, very desirable south location. Vacant, immediate possession. Asking Peter Carroll has the keys. Call him at 327-4859, M.L.S. 3506 Forestry Avenue Only a transfer would make this immaculate 4 level split available for sale. Located on a large corner lot in Woolco area, this home features a family room and full bath on third level, fourth level partially finished, attached garage. It won't last long at Please contact Stella Grismer at 327-5656, M.L.S. 1413-5 Avenue South Ideally located in the Collegiate area, this charming colonial home has much to offer the discriminating purchaser. The very tastefully decorated interior includes a large living room, formal dining room, and a kitchen overlooking the garden. A main floor family room and two bedrooms complete the main floor. The basement contains 2 bedrooms and a full bath. Transferred owners wish a quick sale, listed at Call Phyl Kristiansen 327-4943, M.L.S. 1302 Stafford Drive This custom built split entry is vacant and the price has been reduced to Sliding glass doors off kitchen lead to a large sun deck. Lower level is fully developed and includes a family room, bedroom and 2 pee. bath. It's worth having a look at. Call Rene Masse at 328-5269 or Ray Lavalley 329-4634. 1113 Lakemount Blvd. Custom built 4 level split is nearing completion. 2Vz baths, open hearth fireplace in family room. 4 bedrooms. There's still time to choose your own colors. Asking existing mortgage at To view call Jack Wyati 328-2432, M.L.S. WE WILL TAKE YOUR PRESENT HOME IN TRADE ON ANY OF THE ABOVE PROPERTIES. Royal Trust REAL ESTATE 323 7th STREET S. LETHBRIDGE Phone 328-7761 "Decide what you want we can help you."