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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta City hopes to have everyone pay fair share for sewage treatment By ANDY OGLE Herald Staff Writer Third of a series Everyone will pay more for sewage treatment if the recommendations of the city engineering department, outlined in a report to city council, are approved. The report, tabled by council June 17, and now the subject of negotiation between council and industry committees recommends these increases: of single family dwellings or two-suite apartment buildings would have their monthly sewage treatment bill jumped from to in the commercial category, including all apartment buildings over two-suites, wholesale and retail outlets, light industry and the like, would pay 16 cents per 100 cubic feet of water consumed, up from 13 cents per 100 cubic feet; nine "wet" industries in the industrial classification would pay their quarterly service charge not on the basis of volume of sewage only but on the strength of their sewage too. The new formula for industry charges would boost their quarterly payments from to It's important to realize that industry, in addition to paying the quarterly service charge, is also surcharged if its effluent exceeds limits in the city bylaw. The surcharge is intended, the city engineering department has always maintained, to economically induce industries to restrict their wastes to a level that will allow efficient operation of the city facility. The service charge is simply intended along with revenue from domestic and commercial users to meet the operating, maintenance and capital debt costs of sewage treatment by the city. "It's a utility says Randy Holfeld, city engineering director. "Each person in the city pays a fair share." The total cost of treating the city's liquid wastes is estimated in the 1974 city operating budget at The mathematics of sewage treatment rather quickly becomes a complicated business, but this briefly is how it works: Forty per cent of treatment costs are incurred dealing with the volume of sewage, 30 per cent in dealing with its biochemical oxygen demand a measure of the amount of oxygen required to break down organic compounds in the effluent, and 30 per cent in ridding the effluent of suspended solids. Breaking it down to unit costs, here's how it comes out: it costs .0163 cents to treat a gallon of wastewater, 2.02 cents to treat one pound of oxygen consuming organics (BOD) and 1.993 cents to treat a pound of suspended solids. If you carry this through, and the engineering department did, you will find that using an average per capita "pollution contribution" figure and assuming four persons per The Lethbridge Herald Lethbridge, Alberta, Saturday, August 24, 1974 SECOND SECTION- PAGES 19-36 Henderson campsite may be phased out Alfalfa plant outlined FOREMOST Roy Gilbert of Calgary said here Friday Island Alfalfa will build a million alfalfa and corn dehydrating, pelleting and cubing plant at Bow Island as soon as an expected federal department of regional economic expansion grant is announced. Mr. Gilbert, president of Island Alfalfa, said the an- nouncement by Regional Economic Expansion Minister Don Jamieson is expected soon. "We have been waiting for the government for about six Mr. Gilbert told the County of Forty-Mile coun- cil. "It appears the federal government will announce our project very shortly. We hope to have it ready for production this coming spring. We would like to start construction as quickly as possible. Mr. Gilbert told council the final decision on the site has not yet been made. It hinges on natural gas supply. The plant will employ 22 people during the operating season. There will be about six full-time employees, Mr. Gilbert said. In answer to a question by Coun. Russell Scratch, Mr. Gilbert said Island Alfalfa is incorporated as a public com- pany but the shares will not be issued publicly. Growers who have signed contracts with the company will be given the op- portunity to participate. Mr. Gilbert said from 40 to 50 per cent of the products will be for the domestic market. Poultry growers are the largest consumers, hog and pork producers are next, and beef growers are third, he said. A proposal to develop a 50- stall river-bottom trailer park campground, while gradually phasing out the Henderson Lake campground goes before city council Monday. The recommendation is one of two alternatives for campground development in the city suggested by Dennis O'Connell, director of business development and public relations for the city. The other alternative he suggests is leasing eight acres of river bottom land at per year plus taxes to a private operator who would share the development cost of the campground. A policy decision on campground development is needed now, Mr. O'Connell says, because the city has received two applications from private operators who want to develop campgrounds in Lethbridge. Meanwhile, the city has already submitted an application under the winter works program to put in ser- vices to a river bottom campground. The campground under dis- cussion is just off Highway 3 West, north of the Oldman River crossing and on the west side of the river. The 18-acre site was given to the city by the province in 1971 on the condition it be used for recreational purposes, a wayside campsite, or public park. Another condition was that it could not be transferred to anyone for private use and the city is now asking the province if the land could be leased to a private developer. The city engineering depart- ment estimates water and sewer services could be put into the campground at a cost of while other installa- tion costs are estimated at 500 per stall. One of the private developers told the city 100 stalls could be put on eight acrs of the site. Development by the city of 50 stalls would cost but if a private developer is in- volved, he should pay half the servicing cost and pay all trailer stall installation costs, Mr. O'Connell says. He suggests that if council decides the city should build and operate the river bottom campground, the Henderson Lake campground should be phased out over five years. It could be used as an expan- sion of the fairgrounds, or a picnic recreation area like those already around the lake, he said. If a private developer is offered the river campground, he should also be offered the Henderson Lake campground on a lease he adds. "Otherwise the city would be in competition with one of its own taxpayes." Library becomes classroom Coalhurst school children will wait in the library for the portable classroom the Coun- ty of Lethbridge has requested from the provincial government. County school superinten- dent Chick Burge said Friday that the county has heard "nothing definite" from the school buildings board. The county has received recognition from the buildings board of the need for two ad- ditional classrooms at Coalhurst elementary. Mr. Burge said books in the elementary library have been moved into the gym, enabling classes to sit in the library. The high school library is also being pressed into ser- vice. All teachers and most students will be back at school Aug. 26. Students at schools in Pic- ture Butte and Nobleford return Aug. 27. Council urged to hold Marshall Auto to deadline A recommendation that Marshall Auto Wreckers Ltd. not be given an extension on its Oct. 20 deadline for vacating its 2nd Avenue S. wrecking yard, will go to city counc.il Mon- day. Marshall's asked for the extension this month, claiming a delay in getting a develop: merit permit for its new site near Sunnyside in the County of Lethbridge, a delay in getting a water line to its new property and the local labor shortage made it impossible for it to finish its move this summer. But Dennis O'Connell, director of business development and public relations, is recommending against any extension because it could jeopardize removal of auto hulks from the property by the department of the environment until the fall of 1975. This in turn would make it difficult for the city to meet its commitment to Woodward Stores Ltd. to have the Marshall property cleared of all vehicles and buildings by the time Lethbridge Centre opens that fall. The environment department program was used by the city last fall to get several hundred hulks removed from part of the Marshall yards. It wants to use the same program this year to have at least 400 more wrecks squashed and trucked away. Mr. O'Connell also points out that Marshall's was given a one-year's extension last August from the original sale agreement between the firm and the City in 1972. Marshall's meanwhile says it hasn't yet received the water line promised by the city. household, you can work out the amount of pollution your family of four generates in one month. It comes to gallons, 20.4 pounds of BOD and 25.2 pounds of suspended solids in the engineering report. Apply the cost figures to these totals and add them up and you arrive at the monthly cost of providing sewage treatment for one household hence the suggested charge. Similar cost figures can be applied to the commercial category, resulting in the proposal to boost charges by three cents per 100 cubic feet of water used. No assumptions are needed to assess industry on this basis however, since each industry's effluent is metered and tested quarterly for BOD, suspended solids and grease amounts. The increase for some industries is dramatic one vegetable processor for instance would pay every three months instead of the it now pays. Yet this is simply charging the users of the service in proportion to their degree uf ose, cays the engineering department report. It adds: "The present sewage service charge does not accurately reflect the cost of treatment as the charges are based solely on volume, when treatment plant capital and operating costs are designated at 40 per cent for flow, 30 per cent for BOD, and 30 per cent for suspended solids treatment. "An example of the adds the report, "is that a vegetable processor pays the same amount... as does a slaughter house because they both use the same amount of water. "Yet, the vegetable producers contribute 25 per cent of treatment loadings in BOD and suspended solids while the slaughter houses contribute approximately one per cent of each." The proposed bylaw would, at first actually ease the sewage quality limits now imposed on industry. Under the present bylaw, an industry pays a surcharge to the city if its sewage exceeds 500 milligrams per liter of BOD, 600 of suspended solids, or 150 of grease. The new bylaw would raise these limits to 800, 800 and 300 for one year after enactment, then lower them over four years to and 100 Council has already adopted the final limit for new industry coming into the city, enacting one major recommendation of the engineering department. Industry exceeding any of the limits would be surcharged .5 times its service charge for the present quarter for the first violation, one times the service charge for the second violation, 1.5 times for the third, and so on. A provision in both the existing and proposed bylaws make it possible for industry to apply to have up to 50 per cent of the surcharges it has paid to the city returned to it to go towards expenditures it has paid to the city returned to it to go towards expenditures it has made on pre-treatment facilities. GEORGE BERG BELIEVES HE'S PUT 450 MILES ON HIS BIKE RIDING TO WORK THIS SUMMER RICK ERVIN photos Bike bylaw 'creates raft of bottlenecks9 By ANDY OGLE Herald Staff Writer Bicycles and the arterial road rule in the city's bicycle bylaw just don't mix. NO HANDS. That's the opinion of many cyclists and even non-cyclists surveyed Friday. Some praised the safety aspect of the bylaw but were dismayed by the crimp it puts into getting places by bike. "It's disconcerting certainly if children were to follow the word of the bylaw to the letter they would have trouble finding our said Duncan Rand, the city's chief librarian. "We're surrounded on three sides by arterial roads that theoretically at least they can't ride he said. "Yet when you put the library, the Bowman Centre and the YMCA together, there's a lot of children coming down here. "If you had enough children cycling on the sidewalk because they couldn't ride on the road, that would inhibit pedestrian traffic." George Berg, a co- ordinator of media distribution at the University of Lethbridge, who rides his bike to the U of L nearly every day during the summer, says he's not going to worry about getting a ticket because he saves so much money on gasoline by not driving his car to work. "I can see the point of the bylaw. There are a lot of bad drivers on the road, both in cars and on he said. "But when they talk about ecology and saving fuel and so on, people are just going to have to know that bikes are there and watch for them." "Yet I can see their point I've seen guys riding side by side down 13th Street taking up a whole lane, and there are children out all over the place at night with no lights. "I think they should bear down on lights, and people doing stupid things. That would be much more valuable than charging people riding on their own side of the street and going to work." Fin McPherson, head of the technology and trades department at Lethbridge Community College, rides his bike to work too and doesn't think much of the bylaw. "Personally I think they've just about ruled bikes out as an effective means of he said. "In theory it sounds good, and they probably had good intentions, but it's not so good in practice." "I think they should take another look at the practicality of he said. "It seems to me it creates a whole raft of bottlenecks that aren't too easy to get around." Gordon Colledge, information officer at LCC, said the bylaw, if enforced, could create a "real schmozzle" for college students since two of the most direct routes to the college on Scenic Drive and Mayor Magrath Drive are ruled out for cyclists. Bikes are a popular mode of transportation, not only for students but faculty and administration personnel too, he said. "I guess it's either ignore the situation and full speed ahead, or deke down the back alleys." Most people, though, see the need for enforcement of safety rules. "I wish they would crack down on the children riding side by said a school teacher who drives to work. One ardent cyclist on the other hand, wondered aloud if streets with traffic signals and stop signs aren't safer for biking than side streets with uncontrolled intersections. SIDE BY SIDE GIVES MOTORISTS SLOW BURN DOUBLING CAN MEAN TROUBLE ;