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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta .-Tliuudoy, 54, 1972 THE UTHBRIDGE KtRAlD _ Sue Master man. How the Dutch lost a fine reputation EVA BREW5TER rplIE HAGUE Holland's im- age jis a tolerant country without racial prejudice has been shattered in one violent week o( raco riots in llollcr- (lam. The Dutch Inhabitants of the Africander district, an area where all the street names have associations with South Africa, turned suddenly c.i Ihu Turkish owners and occupants Unresolved question Hy Oakley, NKA .Scrvico of the greal unresolved moral questions in medi- cine is whether or not a doctor has a duly, or even a right, lo employ heroic measures to keep the spark of life flickering in a hopelessly ill patient. 'Ilierc Is a companion quan- dary to this question. While not so profound as the first, it is a situation more doctors arc more likely to cncounlcr. This is whe- ther to tell cr not to tell a (lying patient that he is dying. It would seem that iL ought to depend upon the patient, his personality, his store of psycho- logical strength or spiritual re- sources. But mankind has apparently devised as many styles of dying as it has of living. After sur- veying doctors from four conti- nents, a team of researchers at the Medical College of Ohio at Toledo report that Ihc decision, more often than not is bailed on the physician's own quirks, cul- tural background and not the patient's. The shnly included doc- tors: 2-1 from Argentina, 31 from India and Ceylon, from the Far Kasl, 15 from Israel, 40 Jewish American doctors and 6G non Jewish American doc- tors. Each physician responded lo a ballery of 12 interlocking questions designed to reveal his attitudes toward telling .1 pa- tient about a disease fin this case, about order- ing aggressive treatment1' for the disease and about h i s views on deavh and immortal- ity. The investigation lurncd up significant differences in I h e handling of terminal illness. The researchers believe these differences stem from the cul- tural and religious background of Ihe physiciaas themselves. American doctors, for in- stance, strongly believe in tell- ing Ihc palicnl he has a fatal illness, Non Americans just as strongly oppose this. Argentinians believe in ag- gressive treatment never -say die, as it were even though it subjects the patient to added puin and expense without much benefit to him. Indians and Ceylonesc do not favor aggressive treatment; Americans and Far Easterners would use aggressive treatment only for :clive cases, and Is- raeli doctors were almost even- ly splil on the question. Israeli, Far Eastern and Jew- ish American doctors give little credence to immortality. The other groups believe in some form of afterlife. Alone among all the doctors, the Jewish American doclors believe that man can be hap- pily reconciled lo Ihe facl of his non existence after death. The Israeli and Jewish-Amer- ican doctors, says the study, "do not believe in preparing spiritually for death, and there- fore no poinl in telling Ihc cancer patient about his illness. It !s more important to Ihcm to prolong life and cause no ag- gravation or sadness to the pa- lienl." By conlrasl, the Indian and Ceylonese doctors believe the palicnl musl have time lo pre- pare for death, but Hint it is dif- ficult for (he patient lo cope with the knowledge that his ill- ness is fatal. The researchers conclude that it Is of Ihc "utmost importance" for each doctor lo be aware of bis own particular attitudes about death so that he can prc- venl these idiosyncrasies from interfc-ing wilh Ihe qualily of medical care, he administers lo Ihe fatally ill patient. Physician, know thyself, of boarding houses for foreign laborers in a frenzy of pil- laging, loo'.ing and rioting, Wnal social workers in Ihu oiu- cr districts of Rotterdam, every other inhabitant is a for- eigner, had Jong predicted, he- came awful reality in the past week. There are Turks legally employed in, part of the force of for- eign labor recruited by Dutch government agencies lo do Iho jobs thai the Dutch turn down. In Rotterdam foreign labor col- lects rubbish, sweeps Ihe streets, does Ihe dangerous job of cleaning oul liie in sides of tankers in the port and fills the jobs in Ihe docks which arc too dirty or too badly paid for Iho Dutch lo consider. The Turks form Ihc second largcsl group of foreign lalxirers, after Ihc Spaniards, Norlh Africans and people from poorer Mediterran- ean countries who come lo Northern Europe to earn the capital thai will enabe them to establish themselves hack home, Employers who rely on for- eign labor arc held responsi- ble hy Ihc government agencies for providing accommodation for their temporary employees who come lo Holland on a one- year renewable contract. OnSy after the first year are the for- eigners' wives and families al- lowed to join Ihem. Many large employers, such as Ihe Hoogovens steelworks in Jjmuidcn, outside Amslerdam, which employs 30 per- cent Spanish and Italian laborers, observe this obligation strictly and invest in housing for their foreign workers and facilities (o avoid their becoming isolat- ed. Experience has taught them that Ibis is no false economy, since a contented foreign em- ployee works much bctler and stays longer than one who ekes out his existence in sordid boarding-houses and spends bis nights chasing Dutch girls round the streets. In Rotterdam the situation is different. Employers in the port nave been quick to cash in on the vulnerability of the foreign laborer. If he opens his mouth to complain that the lerms of his contract guaranteeing hous- ing are not being observed, ho will find himself sacked, hand- ed over to the immigration au- thorities ami deported over- night. in Hie meantime, his boss lias contacted; a Dutch go-be- tween who will provide him with illegal foreign labor work- ing for under the price until a rev; recruit arrives from abroad. In Hulterdam, the foreign laborers, without whom the mighty port would grind to a halt, have to find a roof ovor llieir heads in a city which al- ready has an acute shortage of. working-class accommodation. The old heart of Ihc cily was blasted oul during World War II, and only new, expensive flats have taken its place. As often in other North European cities and in Brliain, enterprising foreign workers clubbed together to buy houses, often wilh the aid of loans al scandalous rates of interest, in order to set up boarding-houses for their own nationals. Here they followed the example of Ihc Dutch who saw a quick profit in running "human slor- age units" as they have been described here, in which up to foreign laborers live, snar- ing beds from shift to shift. In Ihc Paarlstraal, in Jtotter- damV. Afrikaander district, 23 houses have been by Turte and turned into boarding- houses. In doing so they ousted Ihc Dulch inhabitants of the houses they houghl, since the property companies did not bother to explain when they sold the houses thai it was not with vacant possession, and the Turks arc not familiar with the Western idea of the rights of the tenant. On August 9 a Turkish board- ing-house owner evicted a a Dutchwoman and her three children. For the Dutch people in the Paarlslraal il was the final slcaw. A gang of youths went to the woman's defence, the Turks drew knives and within minutes a full-scale riot flamed across the area. The police stood by and watched as the boarding-house was looted. All the contents were Hung from a second-floor window into the street. Then the gang and their fast-growing supporters went on Ihe ram- page, smashing the windows of think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS I am ono of ths bent-known consumer advocates In North America. Who am I? HOW DO YOU RATE? 71 Id tQ point? flood 91 ID 100 polntt _ TOP SCOUR el ro 70 polnl> Filr. In 50 pdnu Eicrftoil. or Umtart 1 1 H'mml FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION What Bhould bo done to protect the public from unscrupulous nir charter companies? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 The largest Canadian exposition ever held out- side the country opened this week in 7 a-Mlamt b-PekIng c-Moscow 2 Statistics released recently Ehowed that what nation was the major source immigrants to Canada in 1971? 3 Farmers In were expected to receive federal nnd provincial aid In the nftermath of recent flooding that causedextcnsivecropdam- age. a-Brltteh Columbia b-Alberta c-Quebeo 4 After protests were raised overhisnattonallty, American Charles Gain withdrew as the op- pointed police chief oJ 7 a-Calgary b-Winnipeg c-Monlreal 6 Premier pledged to stand with Quebeo on relations with Ottawa BO that, In his words, "French Canada IB never again isolated." a-Hlchard Hatfleld of New Brunswick b-AHen Dlakeney of Saskatchewan c-Peter Loughced of Alberts PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take A points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....antipathy a-imexpeclcd consequence u-tfolated, or narrow 2 Insular 3 osBuago 4 contingency of coming evil 6 portent c- strong dislike or oppo- Ritton agnlnst e-make easier PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Tdke 5 points for mimes thnt you can correctly mnlch with the clues. 1.....Moshe Daynn 2.....Ml Amtn a-Prlmn Minister ot Thailand b-President of Uganda 3.....General Suhnrfo o.-Emperor of Ethiopia 4.....Thanoro Kllllkachorn d-President of Indonesia 6.....Halle Selasslo e-Israell Defense Minis- ter 821-72 STUDENTS ANSWERS ON REVERSE other Turkish-owned properly and attempting to set The Turks fled from Uie area, taking what few possessions they could gather will) them. Tlie city council said that it was powerless lo intervene. The Turkish Consul in HoUcr- dani could only his fel- low-countrymen lo lay low. The Turkish amJ the Dutch an- thorilic.s both liighly cm- barra.ssed by what they regard- ed as an ordinary brawl which had tfoi out of hand. Only after five days and nights of continuous skirmishes in the area, when even Wren- lial rain and thunderstorms had failed to cool off local Dutch frenzy against everyone with a different color or a different way of lUe, and trouble threat- ened to break out in other cities where foreign labor is concen- trated, did the Dutch govern- ment slowly move into action. Ily then 44 people had been ar- rested, many were in hospital with knife wounds, and Turks from all over Holland were threatening to take revenge for the insult and injury which was being tolerated in Rotterdam. The Dutch government has promised to see if it is possible lo give local councils Ihc power to stop the foreign workers concentrating in one area. But the root of the problem, the buck-passing between employ- ers and local councils concern- ing housing for foreign labor- ers, has not been, touched. The Turkish Ambassador de- livered a poliifi official protest to the Dutch Ministry of For- eign Affairs, and went away with the assurance that every- thing possible is being done to protect the Turks and their properly, Even while he was at the ministry another Turkish hoarding house was being at- tacked with petrol-bombs in Rotterdam. The police arrived 25 minutes after the terrified inhabitants, who had been hid- ing in a back-room and living out of tins for five days, had called for help. By then they had put the fire out themselves. The Dutch reputation for ra- cial tolerance in integration is based on the successful recep- tion of more than Dutch Indonesians after Indonesian independence. The credit for this brilliant operation is by no means misplaced, but must he seen in perspective. Tina Asian group was mainly Dutch- speaking, Dutch-educated and willing to change its way of life in order to melt away into Dutch society. The foreign laborers, however, are not meant to in- tegrate nor do they want lo do so. They are in Holland to cam enough money to return suc- cessfully to their own coun- tries. Most, of them will gladly swop Dutch democracy for a less formal life in the sun. The Dutch have also failed (o ab- sorb the Ambontse, who left Indonesia because their fathers served in (he Dutch Army and who only want to liirn to an independent repub- lic of Ambon if tliis can be achieved. This group mainly re- fuses to integrate and is cre- ating a growing and urgent problem as its frustrated youth is torn between loyalty to (he ideals of their parents and the pull of Dutch society. Another problem is the Dutch nationals of Asian and African origin who have como from the Dutch Caribbean ter- ritories of Surinam and the Antilles. The Dutch have ex- ploited the mineral resources anrt geographical position of their countries, but have not pumped back enough into their economies to enable them to attain the same standard of living as the Dutch. The result is that a year nre coming to Holland in .search of work, but their lack of, education and training rcle- gales them to menial jobs or unemployment Again tho Dutch have made the mistake, because of the- acute housing .shortage in Amsterdam, of cramming them all into a new concrete jungle of a housing estate outside the city bound- aries. It is no more no less llian a ghetto; Ihc Dutch are moving out, the local bus com- panies refuse to run services at nifihi, and tho underworld has got a firm grip on this frustrat- ed group. Britain was shocked whciv Ihc Dutch tried to restrict the movement of colored British citizens who might move to Iho (Continent in search of work af- ler Britain joins Ihc Common Market. Tie truth is that Hoi- Innd is facing a color problem which it has tried to ignore and fears thai any further influx of co tored people mi ghl worse n I he situation. Holland's 1cm s with its colored popula- tion, uncounted many arc Dutch nationals but pos- sibly as high as one in 10, are not at an end. They are just beginning. (WriUon for The Herald Tho, Observer In London) It all happened before 'Ol'TTS theory is that Canada J nced.s Industrious an d enterprising people and can always moke room for them. "The fact .says fliehard J. .N'eedham of the Globe and Mail, Toronto (in an article "The people whom nobody "that most Canadians dislike the guy who works hard and gets ahead. They dislike him even if he is a while Anglo-Sax- on; and if he is Jewish or Asian or in any tit her way "different." Ihry dislike him even more." I didn't twlieve him. "If you want lo lalk about the possibil- ity of bringing Asians from Uganda to Ca- nada, don't it is an unpopular I was warned. "You might as well take the next boat home." Home? Where? As is the case with many Canadians of differ- ent ethnic origins, the country that was once home is, to me, nothing but a vast cemetery on the map of Europe, All right, I won't talk about bringing Asians to Canada. Not because I am afraid of adverse criticism but because it would do no good. People and governments will- ing to help will do so anyway. The rest must live with their conscience. However, I know what it is like lo be at the receiving end of a 90-day expulsion order from the country you were born in, the only ono you have ever known and loved. I have been there. It has all happened before, It was said of the Jews and all other victims of Nazi doctrines in Europe as it is said of Asians in Uganda that they knew for a long time what was going to happen. Why did they not prepare their exodus before there was a deadline? If somebody told you that pollution will, in Hie foreseeable future, make your part of the world uninhabitable or, as in the case of proven earthquake belts, thai your house is built on a faulty layer of the earth, would you readily believe it? II is human nature to think catastropliies only happen to the nsxt fellow, never to yourself. Yet catas- trophics happen and there you are, caught up in the brutal struggle for survival. When this happens material possessions cease to be important. The political victims of my generation lost theirs to the state for the crime of having been born into the wrong race or religion, or because they belonged to a banned party or a Masons1 In Uganda the victims have had the misfortune of being horn Asians, cMl- dren of parents loyal lo the British Crown. Their generation as did mine now beleaguer the embassies and consulates of the world in alphabetical order to try and find refuge. Day after day they swallow their pride and face the same questions, the same answers: you an appoint- "No, but I have lost my medical or law practice, my shop, my livelihood and only 90 days to leave the country or cLse (A vague but menacing threat.) "What are the chances of getting visas for America, Britain, When d i d you first apply? Your name, agej back- ground? Have you parents, brothers, sis- ters in our country to guarantee you will not take a job? No? Sorry, the consul i.i nut. at a conference, on leave, busy. Call back tomorrow, next week, next month. Sometimes they are told to wait in crowded embassy rooms and there the in- dividual can take heart in the fact thai ha is not alone in his fears and suffering. IJe can see his people, many too old, proud or tired to plead for their lives, beg- ging officials to help their children and leave them to their fate. Having wailed hours or days, they are told to go because the ambassador bad left for Ms weekend villa and would not be It is now a historical fact that many representatives of the greal nations of tho world went hunting or fishing because they bad instructions from their governments not lo issue visas to victims of the Nazi era. Such pleasant pastimes were prefer- able to facing the hunted and oppressed or to being available for comment to the out- raged press of their countries. Cynics now say that, while the press of the world re- gret the fate of Ugandan Asians, Iheir governments prevaricate in the same way. Three months have a habit of passing quickly and in my generation only a hand- ful escaped or survived concentration camps. What would the world have dona with the six million Jews who died, not to menlion the untold millions of other Euro- peans who perished? This time it is a ques- tion of only people, perhaps families. Most of Ihem are going back lo India, Iheir land of origin. If all the wealthy people in the world sponsored just one Asian family each, the problem couW be solved with the stroke of a pen. But will they? It is a lot easier to write history on genocide, erect memorials and hold commemoration services to the dead "who could have contributed so much to human- ity'' but who, in their lifetime, suffered tho ignominy of being labelled, and thus dis- liked, as "competing like crazy11 or any other inept characteristic attributed fo the .lews in Europe and the Asians in Uganda. Exaggerated comparisons? Just keep sit- ting comfortably on the fence, wait and sec what happens iu now less than 90 days. JIM FISHBOURNE Do you ever ivouder.....? XTEXT time you're really exasperated with those young people continually picking at the system (hat works so well for the rest of us, you might think about this for a while: Kor the past twenty years, just about eveiy ounce of beef you or I have eaten has come from a beast fed or treated with diethylstilbestrol, the stuff they call DES. Now the government has banned it. The reasons given are, first, it is suspected as being a hazard to human hcaSth, and second, the U.S. government has imposed a partial ban, and is unlikely to allow adian beef to cross the border if we con- tinue lo use it. Hie reason for the partial U.vS. han was a possible health hazard. For many years, millions of acres of crops of almost every sort, iu this country and throughout most of the world, were treated with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroc- thane, the chemical insecticide more com- monly known as DDT. Not long 'ago, fol- lowing tiie example of several European countries, it was decided there would hnve (o he very severe restriction, if not an out- right ban, on (he use of DDT. The reason cited was that the cumulative effects of this unusually enduring chemical threaten- ed very -ccrions disturbance of the environ- ment, a growing hazard to human health, and what many eminent scientists saw as a dislinct threat to the world's oxygen- producing mechanism and hence to all our lives. All across the prairies, a switch lo a dif- ferent variety of rapeseed is being quietly arranged by the federal government, The reason is that the variety that has been on (he prairies for Ihe past several years is no longer acceptable in many for- eign countries because it contains too high a proportion of a chemical subslance they believe io be hazardous lo human health. A new variety has developed, In which the suspect substance has been re- duced to a negligible level, and it is this the government is promoting, in the inter- ests of export trade. The old and presum- ably hazardous variety can still be grown, processed and sold for human consumption in Canada. Most diabetics, and thousands of weight watchers, can tell you about cydamates. Until a couple of years ago, these were the baste sweeteners in t h a m snuf acture of sugar-free soft drinks, canned fruits, jams, candy-suhstitutes, etc., find Ions of Ihem were marketed and consumed annu- ally. Then, again following a U.S. lead, they were banned, as a suspected carcino- gen. You "all know tiic story of thalidomido. Then we come to marijuana, cannabls, hemp, hashish or whatever you call it. This is something the youngsters have taken to using, at least partly as their subsitute for booze. Since this usage became sufficient- ly prominent to noticed, endless studies have been made as to its possible effect on users, with Ihe almost invariable finding that it is relatively harmless and nor.-ad- dictivc. Eminent pharmacologists, physiolo- gists, bio-chemists, doctors, psychologists, lawyers and other experts have urged its licensing for sale and use in Canada. But (he government says it cannot allow the use of this substance, because not enough is known of its possible long range effects. Charily case By Dong Walker I'M not a gambler but some of the guys st The Herald seem bent on making me one Uiey probably take a perverse pleasure from seeing me fall from Three or four times I have yielded. I won a botlle of pop from Pat Sullivan by calling Ihe winner of a ball game. T lost a few ccnls to Tom Adams and Bob Fcnton in a golf game when Roy Miles and I both had an off day. And I acquired Ihe huge sum of from a pool on a Stanley Cup playoff game. I felt kind of emtarrassed about taking all that money wliich is why I haven't mentioned it previously. T Icok it home I said lo Elspetb, "I'll give it to charily." "The most wovlliy case I know about is she said. "You can tako me out lo dinner.'' So that's whai happened to it dinner for her and me and the ;