Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
SUNNY TUESDAY 80-85 FORECAST HIGH VOL. LX1I1 No. 213 The Lcthbridge Herald LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 16 PAGES Girls Bought To Be Nuns In Convents By DAVID MAZZARELLA VATICAN CITY (AP) The Vatican admitted Sunday night that "problems" have resulted from the recruiting of Indian girls to be nuns in European con- vents and said the practice has been suspended while it is being investigated. "It is the Vatican said in'a statement, "that for some years young Indian girls, feeling themselves called to the religious life but without the necessary means, had turned to priests and ecclesiastical agen- cies to be helped in following that which was or which they felt to be their vocation." The Vatican said "a certain number" were taken in by "various religious institutes, especially in Eu- rope." The statement said that not all the girls had a true religious calling, some returned to India, while others remained in Europe. The statement was issued after the London Sunday Times reported that European convents short of re- cruits had bought more than Indian peasant girls for prices ranging from ?GOO to each. The British paper's report said 26 Italian convents had bought girls from eight priests or religious com- munities in India's Kerala state. One Florentine con- vent bought 20 girls from one priest, the paper said, w'nile another paid to the same priest for 11 girls. Graw Homesick Some of the girls suffered nervous breakdowns in Italy because of homesickness, the paper said. The Vatican said many parts of the newspaper story were untrue, or "unduly but it did not specify which parts. It said ccdesiatical authori- ties took "opportune remedies" as soon as the "prob- lems" came to light and an investigation was begun in July. One high-ranking Vatican source said Indian girls from "poor families who could not, afford to marry them off were given glowing prospects of be- coming technicians or nurses in Western Europe." In many cases, the source said, "the educational capa- city of the girls did not allow this or their superiors did not allow it, and they became housemaids." An exception was in West Germany, the source said, where a number of girls were trained and given "worthwhile positions." The informant said lie was not sure how many In- dian girls had been recruited for European convents. But he said he visited one Italian convent recently and found so many Indian faces "that I thought I was in Bombay." Neiv Phenomenon In Bombay today, qualified social workers said young girls from the Indian state of Kerala were going to Eoman Catholic convents in Europe as nuns be- cause of poverty, the difficulty of getting married be- cause of the dowry system, and the prospect of a glamorous life in the West. They said that families disposing of female children by allowing them to become nuns is a new phenomenon, but it has precedents. Until recently about 100 circuses in India, 90 per cent of them from Kerala, used to recruit their female artists By paying peasant families a lump sum for their daughters barely sis or seven years old. The girls were then trained as anything front bone- less wonders to trapeze artiste and lion tamers. Many of the performers were discarded by the circuses when they became old or disabled. This recruiting practice now has been stopped. U.S. Students Feeling Pinch NEW YORK (AP) Thousands of United States college students, unable to find jobs in this summer of the highest youth unemployment in six years, are call- ing on their campus financial aid offices and finding tile cupboards bare. College financial aid counsellors say most of the students will get by somehow with parsimony, school- year jobs or bank loans, but a small percentage will find themselves squeezed out of college by record costs and dwindling incomes. An Associated Press survey of colleges and uni- versities indicates that freshmen and married students who depend on the earnings of one or both spouses will be affected most. Students from families with upper-middle-class in- comes will feel the pinch as never before because often they are ineligible for special aid. And in some areas disadvuntaged and minority group students will suffer. The state of the economy and the stock market have affected university income from endowments and alum- ni. Some alumni have decreased then: gifts because of campus turmoil. Many schools are trying to increase enrolment of disodvaniagcd students who require more aid than the average. Meanwhile, many schools say their federal grant and loan funds have been cut and that corporations and foundations are giving less for grants and scholar- ships. More schools are applying for available funds and there will be more students this fall 7.6 million, tip from last fall, says the U.S. office of educa- tion to draw on tnem. Sharply increased costs and salaries have forced the dozen schools queried in the survey to raise their charges to students, an average of about seven per cent over last year. That means more aid applicants. "I would say that probably 25 to 30 per cent are going to have to have more aid because tlwy couldn't find summer says Charles J. Sheehan, director of Student Aid at the University of New Mexico, Marrow Surgery Success EDMONTON (CP) The University Alberta today re- ported completion of third bone-marrow transplant operation, the first in Western Canada. Mary Sims of Edmonton received don- ations of bone marrow from her two brothel's and was given a m a r r o w preparation intrave- nously in an operation at Uni- versity Hospital June 23, the university announced. She has since returned to nor- mal food and has been allowed to get up from bed. Mrs. Sims had suffered from seizures of unknown cause since childhood and had been on con- tinuous medication to control them. Toward the end of May the, university said, she developed fever and became pale with anemia due to cessation of the production of red blood cells. "Most significantly, the bone marrow also stopped making and releasing white blood the university said. "Death is inevitable if the marrow does not sponta- neously recover and only a bone-marrow transplant held out any hope of survival tat more than a few days." BROTHERS DONATED Mrs .Sims' brothers, Donald and Martin, were found to have a similar type of bone marrow and agreed to be donors. The marrow was taken from the donors using multiple probes through a short needle along the crest of the pelvic bones. The bone marrow prepa- ration was then strained through fine filters and then given to Mrs. Sims intrave- nously. The university said the cost of the transplant and care of the patient since then is about It had not been deter- mined where the money would come from. Most of the bone-marrow op- erations performed prior to 1968 were failures. In the last two years, compatibility technology had advanced to a point where 21 of 70 recipients were able to survive the procedure and in 16 of the cases ther'e is evidence that the graft took. In Canada, two attempts at bone-marrow transplantation have been carried out at the On- tario Cancer Institute this year using a special technique devel- oped there. The first of these patinets died of hemorrhage within three weeks. The out- come of the second was not known. Agnew Offers Help SEOUL (AP) Vice-Presi- dent Spiro T. Agnew told South Korea today that the United States is transferring a wing of F-4 Phantom jet fighters from Japan to South Korea and will supply additional military as- sistance, including planes with special radar equipment to de- tect infiltrating North Korean boats. Arriving in Seoul for a two- day visit to reaffirm U.S. inten- tions of helping South Korea, Agnew announced the new mili- tary aid in a speech at City Hall Plaza before paying a courtesy call on President Chung Hee Park. The new aid is intended to ease South Korean objections to the U.S. decision to withdraw by next June 30 some of the U.S. troops in South Korea. Israel Clears Way For Mideast Tal Postal MOTHER WEEPS OVER SOLDIER'S.COFFIN No Room In White Cemetery For Dead Negro Soldier FORT PIERCE, Fla (AP) A dead soldier rejected by a cemetery because he is black was given military and religious honors at an armory Sunday, then carried to a mortuary "be- cause he doesn't have six feet of U.S. ground on which to lay his head." Willis Edwards, a bearded black student from Los Angeles who delivered the eulogy, also compared the dead soldier, Spec. Pendexteur Eugene Wil- liams, 20, to "a man without a country." White army officers helping conduct services for Williams expressed anger at the refusal of Hillcrest Memorial Gardens to allow the burial in a grave donated to the soldier's family by a 72-year-old white woman. Lawyer Ralph Flowers was to ask United States District Court in Miami today to order the burial in the all-white cemetery. Dennis Summerlin, mayor of this Atlantic coast citrus belt city of said he and oilier citizens have attempted to per- suade the cemetery's manager, James Livesay, to change his mind. Livesay, contacted at his home, refused comment. He had said earlier contracts for the sale of plots at the cemetery specify it would be for Cauca- sians only Williams was kilbd Aug. 8 in a Vietnam mortar barrage. Government Asked To Reinstate Day Bill Hunter's Wife Killed WETASKIWIN (CP) Mrs. William D. Hunter, 31, wife of the general manager of Ed- monton Oil Kings of the West- ern Canada Hockey League, was killed early today when her car went out of control east of Wotaskiwin, 40 miles south of Edmonton. Police said she was alone in the car at the lime. CALGARY (CP) The Cal- gary Film Society has asked Premier Harry s'irom to im- mediately reinstate Jack Day, who was suspended from his position as Alberta film censor last December when two morals charges were laid against him. In a prepared statement re- leased Sunday the society said Mr. Day was acquitted of the charges July 23 but has not been reinstated nor has he re- ceived any back pay. The society said it is against censorship but "Mr. Day car- ried out his functions as censor in a reasonable and enlighten- ed manner, despite the most restrictive amusements act in all of Canada The statement said Mr. Day has been treated unfairly by Provincial Secretary Ambrose Holowacli, whose department is responsible for censorship. "All his financial reserves have long since been exhausted and it could well happen that, after surviving the most vi- cious character assassination, the simple method of. slow fi- nancial strangulation will force him to finally give up his fight for justice." Premier Strom said last week that discussions were tak- ing place between Mr. Day and the government but no final de- cision had been reached. Mediterranian Vacation For Trudeau, OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudeau left the capital Sunday night for the Mediter- ranian where he will spend the second week of his summer va- cation. Mr. Trudeau was a passenger aboard the regular Canadian forces flight bound for Lahr, West Germany. External Affair Minister Mitchell Sharp will be acting prime minister in Mr. Tru- dcau's absence. 'Hold the line please, the Prime Minister just walked in.' i A 1'PlTfS JERUSALEM (AP) Israel filed its fifth cease- fire violation against Egypt Sunday but at the same time cleared the way for the Middle East peace talks to start by naming Foreign Minister Abba Eban as its delegate. "From Israel's point of view there is now nothing to prevent the talks'from a foreign ministry spokesman said. TALKS THIS WEEK? Eban's appointment was an- nounced after a six-hour cabinet meeting, but he ivill not enter the negotiations in New York with Jordan and Israel until later because the two Arab na- tions named their United Na- tions ambassadors as their dele- gates. Accordingly, Cabinet Secre- tary Michael Arnon of Israel said Yosef Tekoah, Israel's am- bassador to the United Nations, would attend the first session as Eban's deputy and after the first meeting would return to Jerusalem to report to the cabi- net. Gunnar V. Jarring, the spe- cial UN envoy for the Middle East who is to be the go-be- tween in the indirect talks, is expected to announce the date for the first session soon. SOME HOPE SEEN Israel wants the foreign min- isters to do the talking because she thinks they are more likely to make progress, and there were indications the cabinet of- ficials might be brought in dur- ing the UN General Assembly opening in New York Sept. 15. Reuters news agency quoted diplomatic sources at the UN as saying the talks should begin by the end of the week. "Dr. Jarring should make his announcement today or tomor- row and there is nothing to pre- vent talks from starting, as early as one diplo- mat told Reuters. Israel's new ceasefire com- plaint filed with UN observers said that Egypt is continuing construction of missile bases within 30 miles of the canal. No details were announced. The ceasefire specifies that no new military installations will b e built in a 30-mile zone on either side of the Suez canal. HAS DOUBTS ON U.S. _ Premier Golda Meir told an international fund-raising meet- ing in Tel Aviv Sunday, "1 don't deny that we are worried about our friends being with an apparent slap at Ameri- can inaction on the earlier Is- raeli charges. President Gamal Abdel Nas- ser of Egypt and King Hussein of Jordan completed three days of talks in Egypt, and Premier Abdel Moneim Rifai of Jordan said they are "in complete agreement" on issues that may develop in the negotiations with Israel. A! Ahram said Nasser and Hussein also agreed to "pres- erve the Palestinian guerrilla movement by all possible an indication that Hus- sein is trying to head off a showdown in his country be- tween lu's army and the guerril- las, who have vowed to sabo- tage tire ceasefire. FORCE IF NECESSARY In Washington, Senator J. W. Fulbright says the United Na- tions, using force if necessary, should settle the Mideast con- flict by restoring pre war bor- ders and patrolling neutralized zones on both sides. For Are To Travel The Bow River and Crows- nest forests have, been closed to all public travel, The Herald has learned. A ministerial order provided for the closing, effective 10 a.m: Monday. The fire hazard, in the forests is extreme and, according to the Blairmore for- estry offices, it is climbing. The'forest fire north of Cole- man Friday destroyed 10 to 12 acres of trees. Monday morn- ing there were no fires in the area and it was hoped that by restricting travel, the number of fires could be kept to a min- imum. Haze over parts of south- western Alberta may be at- tributed to a forest fire raging northwest of Sparwood, B.C. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN J7ARLY RISER John Jacobson arriving at the office with unmatched shoes after dressing in the dark Golfer Bud Williams teeing off from a paper cup after he ran out of tees and get- ting by far the best drive' of the d a y Perfectionist nobbiest Len Wright con- founded by a faulty measure when the beautiful cupboard he made for the. handicapped childrens' school wouldn't go through the door and had to be rebuilt. Sold Children KARACHI, Pakistan (Reu- special military court in Lahore Saturday sentenced to death Syed Nisar, who kid- napped and sold 110 children in various parts of west Pakistan. OTTAWA (CP) Postal me- diator Thomas O'Connor said today no statements will be made during negotiations be- tween postal union officials and government representatives, as the first strains of bitterness ap- peared to surface in the latest four-day round of talks. Mr. O'Connor, a Toronto labor relations specialist, made the statement to reporters minutes after a union spokesman said he was disturbed by comments made by the mediator during the weekend. The spokesman said any im- pression of progress created by Mr. O'Connor was an "illusion." The talks cere going "no- where the union spokes- man said. Me. O'Connor said in an inter- view Sunday one "contentious issue" had already been settled and a second was near settle- ment. He said he was hopeful a settlement could be reached be- fore the end of the week. Some observers say leaders of the Council of Postal Unions fear that indica- tions of progress in the media- tion effort will take the steam out of the membership desire to continue staging rotating strikes. RAPS MEDIATOR The union spokesman said today he feels Mr. O'Connor's weekend statements indicate one of two things: Either the mediator wished to create an atmosphere of progress to stim- ulate agreement or he was "a government stooge." "I favor the the spokesman said. Mr. O'Connor said during the weekend he has set Sunday as his personal deadline in the me- diation attempt. Previous com- mitments would make it ex- tremely difficult for him to con- tinue beyond that date, he said. Prime" Minister Trudeau told reporters Friday he will allow Mr. O'Connor a week to 10 days to settle the dispute. The rotating strikes have been increasing in intensity during the last week, with more than half the postal workers off the job at times and over a million family allowance cheques unde- livered. Old age pension cheques go in the mail the end of this week and unless a settlement is reached, some of these may pile up as well. Lost Plane Search Pressed RED DEER search was to be intensified today for a wheel-equipped Cessna 182 with four persons aboard over- due on a flight from this south- central Alberta community. The four were identified only as M. Anderson of Red Deer, Christine Bailes of Calgary, Mrs. J. Enghoj cf Red Deer and pilot Vance E. Molsberry of Calgary. SMOLDERING HULK The Philippine freighter Don Jose Figueras burns as it slow- ly sinks in the Pacific Ocean some 900 miles northwes! of San Francisco Sunday. Thfl ship was abandoned after futile efforts to bring the blaze under control and its 42 crewman and passengers transferred to safety aboard a rescue ship. The fire erupt- ed in a cargo hold in the freighter early Saturday.