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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta I 1^1 m PAGE EIGHT ' THE LlilHUHIUUIS UAILT Ilisn/Ujy SATURDAY, AUGUST 21. OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER SOIL RESISTANCE IN THE USE OF TRACTORS l- � / -.- (By rrea M. Loomis, Motor Age Editorial Staft.) How the character of soil affects the dra:ft ot plows and thus has a de-termloiDK effect In the eeloction of a tractor Avhlch the farmer should liave on his farm Is all important. When it Js remembered that soil resistance varies all the way from 2 or o pounds per square inch ot furrow slice in sandy soli to 20 pounds per sauaro Inrli In gumbo, it must be evidpnt that no] other one thing so profoundly affectsi tractor size. The farmer who Iiiis a farm which is predominately sandy. | 60 that the soil resistance will not run above 5 pounds per square inch, can pull 3 14-inch bottoms witli ai tractor which rates at S-ltj. provided lie plows to no greater depth than six Inches and does now plow faster iliau "M miles per hour, and has no gnides to climb. But immediately the ^oil changes in character to day. for instance, with a resistance of S pounds per square inch, or to sod. with a resistance of l'> pounds per square inch, it is at once clear that it lie would puH three 14-inch bottoms in tho one. a tractor must not rate less than J2-2;, and in the otlier 20-30. If the farmer hTia bought a smaller tractor ho I must reduce the number or tho size ; of his bottoms to turn llie more in-j tractable soil. j Figuring Resistance. The rule for figuring the soil resistance is as follows: Multiply the width of plow cut by Ihe depth of furrow desired; multiply' this product by the resistfince per .square incli presented by the soil of predominant cliaracter in the (i^dd. multiply Die second produc; l)y 'lie nnmhei- of hottotiis in (!ie eupiiio pang. The result will he Ihe totil resistance wliich must be overcome by Ihe tractor on level i;roim I while moving at a speed of 2 1-2 miles per hour. I'^or example; Suppose th'i f.irmer desires to plow a clay Held to a depth of S incites and wants to use a three botiuni 14 incli engine gang plow. A eross-seitinn of tlie furrow slice in tills case would be 14 times S inches, or 112 square inches. The resist.mce of dnj- soil to the passage of a plow averages S pounds per square inch. Tlius one 14inch bottom. S inches deep at Ihe rate of 2 1-2 miles per hour In clay soil would meet a rosistanco of S times 112 pounds, or a total of SOB pounds. .-V three-bottom engine gang then would meet with three times S:Ui pounds, or a total of 2,CSS pounds. At a plowing speSd of 2 1-2 miles per hour, a pull ot 150 pounds on the dniwbiir is the equivalent of one mechanical horsepower. Thus a tractor which would pull a throe-bott.mi 14 inch engine gang to a depth of S inches through.clay soil must rate on the drawbar at least as many times as 15(1 is contained in 2SSS. Dividing 2,-CSS by 150. the result is approximate-l.v IS. As some reserve of power should be allowed ^or. the tractor should have a minimum rating of 20-40. Similarly, if the farmers owns a two-bottom 14 inch gang, to ;ilow ti'e DRAWBAR PULL REQUIRED-IN POUNDS Pull per Square Incli in Pounds Piows 1- 3 c 3 r. c ^-IJl �j: III 2 - s .^�^ c 5 O Depth �:, 3 4 6 6 7 S 15 20 Qne 12 inch Bottom. fi-inch ---- .:.. ISO ISO 240 360 360 420 480 900 900 1200 ti-tnch ____ .... 216 216 2SS 432 432 504 ii76 1080 1080 1440 7-iinch .... ____ 252 252 _33B 504 504 5SS 672 1260 1260 16S0 S-inch ---- .... 2SS 2S8 3S4 476 576 672 70S 1440 1440 1920 9-inch ---- .... :!24 324 432 64S 64S 756 S64 1620 162(J, 2150 One 14-inch Bottom. R-inch ____ ____ 210 210 2S0 420 420 490 560 1050 1050 1400 6-inch ____ ____ 252 252 336 504 504 5SS 672 1260 1260 1680 7-inch ____ .... 294 2.'�4 3.12 5SS 588 685 7S4 1470 1470 1960 .S-inch ____ .... 336 336 448 672 672 7S4 S96 16S0 16S0 2240 '.-Inch ____ ---- 378 37S 504 756 756 882 lUOS 1S90 1S90 2520 One 16-inch Bottom. 5-inch ____ ____ 240 240 320 480 4S0 560 640 1200 1200 1600 6-inch ---- .... 2SS 2S8 384 576 576 672 768 1440 1440 1920 7-inch ---- .... :)36 336 44S 673 673 784 896 1680 16S0 2240 S-inch ____ ____ 3S4 3S4 512 76S 768 896 1024 1920 1920 2560 9-inch ____ ____ 432 432 576 864 864 lOOS 1152 2160 2160 2SS0 Two 12-inch Bottom s. 5-inch ____ .... 360 360 480 720 720 840 960 ISOO ISOO 2400 6-lnch ____ ^... 432 432 576 864 864 1008 1152 2160 2160 2880 7-inch ____ ____ 504 504 673 lOOS 1008 1176 1344 2520 2520 3360 8-inch ---- ---- 576 576 768 1152 1152 1344 1536 2880 2880 3840 3-inch ____ ____ 64S 648 864 1296 1296 1512 1728 3240 3240 4300 Two 14-inch Bottom B-inch .... ____ 420 420 560 840 840 980 1120 2100 2100 2800 6-inch ____ .... 504 504 672 1008 1008 1176 1344 3520 2520 3360 7-inch ____. ...... 5SS 5SS 7S4 1175 1176 1372 1568 2940 2940 3920 8-inch ____ ____ 672 672 896 1344 1344 156S 1792 3360 3300 4480 9-inch .... ____ 756 756 IOCS 1512 1512 1764 2016 37S0 3780 5040 r Gray Dort Motor Cars Advance Rumely Engines Sharpies Cream Separators GIVE US A CALL ALLEN JACK OPPOSITE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL PHONE 1544 Whea will Ton Save U yoa don't Save NOW? Though your s alary or 1 ncom  vtll no doubt increase, so will yourexpenses-and many find that the latter more than koisp wJth th� former. Nov is the time to start a Reserve Fund -'iKi th* Savings Departmant of tha Uoion Bank of CuMda Is the place to keep it. Deposit the extra you have on hand nov-you can open aa ewuot vttb any aum. dova to one dollar-and drav latereatwii LETHBRIDGE BRANCH ......... F. W. Nicholson, Manager CARDSTON BRANCH ...............F. V. Caveri, Manager BARONS BRANCH................ 8. D. Griffiths, Manager samo field hin tractor tnuatxrato at 12-24. In addition to soil resistance (he effect of grades must bo' takon Into consideration. Tho rule here is that the weight ot tractor and plow which must bo moved by tho uow.ir of tho tractor, increases I per cent, for ovor.v foot ot rise in a rtlBtance of 100 feet. Thus a field which slopes upwa.l at the rate of 10 feet In every 100 feel will have n ten per cent, grade ai\U adds 10 per cent, to the weight of tractor and plow and increases the load Ihe tractor must pull by just ao much. For example; If the tractor weighs 5,000 pounds and the plow 550 pounds, on a 10 per cent, grade tho tractor must pull a total of 5550 pomids, phis 565 pounds or 6105 pounds, in addition to the draft of tliu plow. Thus a tractor rated at 12-24. which can pull a two-bottom. 14 inch gang through clay soil, offering a resistance of S pounds per square inch, or 1792 pounds, could not pull tho same g'lng. at tho same depth of furow or tho same speed, up a ton per cent, grade, because tho total pull on tho ifrawbar necessary to do so would bo 2347 pounds, a total In excess of the r-ower ot the tractor. Either the size of the bottoms must be reduced, the depth of the furrow reduced, or the speed reduced to enable a 12-24 Ir-ictor to meet these conditions. Tho dealer will find those problems of titting size to the tractor to tho character ot the soil const.intly coming hp. He must be in a position to solve them in order that the farmer shall buy a tractor with sutllcient power at the drawbar to meet any kind of soil he may have on his farm. In solving such problems the only safe and certain rule for the dealer to follow is to insist upon a tractor the rating ot which at the drawbar is sufficient to pull as many bottoms as the farmer desires, at tho greatest depth he wants to plow, through the toughest and most intractable piece of soil to be found on that farmer'3 farm and up the steepest grade he will have to plow. This looks like a complicated problem. In:, in reality it is .simple. It re-solvjs itself merely into a sum in simple arithmetic. ^ The foregoing examples show how it is to be approached and indicate how it i.s to bo solved. By exercising a lit'.le care the dealer always may be sure he is recommending a tractor of siflicient rating to meet any given conditions. The dealer will find,the farmer commonly underestimating his power re-QUirements. In almost every instance some revision ot the farmer's estimate must bo made. In doing so emphasis should be laid upon th.i advantage of possessing some reservo ot power, fo.-almost invariably it will bo> needed. When the matter is figured out for the farmer and he can see the results in black and white, he readily can see just what he ought to have in place of what he thought he wanted, and the dealer will experience little difficulty in convincing him. To facilitate the solving of- plow draft problems there Is presented herewith a table which gives the resistance per square inch of furrow slice for one 12 inch bottom, one 14 Inch bottom, one 16 inch bottom, two 12 inch bottoms and two ii inch bottoms in soils of all recognized character, at furrow depths ranging from 5 to 9 inches and at a uniform plowing speed ot 2 1-2 miles per hour. "With this table ready at hand the dealer always can figure the drawbar requirements for given conditions. For instance;'Suppose the farmer has' a soil predominantly ot clay and desires to plow 8 inches deep with a two-bottom, 14-inch engine gang. Reference to the table will show a soil resistance under these conditions of 1792 pounds. Remembering the .-ule that 150 pounds at the drawbar is the equivalent ot one mechanical horsepower, it is at once evident that the farmer must have a tractor with a minimum rating at the drawbar of 12-24 to meet the situation. .�Vny other combination may be figured the sarao way. TAGS ttST GO ON STRAW BEFORE THE CANADIAN OF CO SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L, PrejicJent H V, F. JONES, Am'i Ocn'L Mtniger BANK ERCE . SIR JOHN AlRD.Gener�lMinu� 'V.C. BROWN, Sup'l of Centr�l Weitern Branches CapITALPaidUp.$I5.000.000XreserVEFuN0. . $13,500,000 Consult the Manager re^ardin^ your banking requirements. You will be met with courtesy and find oiir service prompt 101 and efficient. UthbridgeBjranch - - - - - R. T.BRYMNER, Manager Milk River Branch - - - - - - j. V. STEEL, Manager 1ST FIGHT FOR TRADE FREEDOM .Vmstordam, Aug. 1!4.-Count Vitz-thum D'Eckstadt. minister of foreign affairs and Interior in the cabinet of Saxony, on opening a fibre textile exhibition at Lepslc today declared that the aim of Great Britain and the United .States was to monopolize tho world commerce in wool and cotton. The minister continued; "If they succeed manufacturers would be compelled to clo9c most of their factories and from 8 to 10 per cent, of the German population would be unable to make a living. They would be forced to emigrate and would be disposed to exploitation by the Eng-,lish and Americans. "We must continue to fight until England is forced to admit us to free Intercourse in the world market and to supply U8 with a portion ot the raw material which we need." CLOSE TOBACCO FACTORIES , Xiondon, Aug. 24.-German tobacco manufacturers have decided to close tholr cigar factories January 1, 1919, because ot the lack ot raw materials. Six thousand workshops will be clos. ed and 220,000 workers will be thrown out of employment, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company. SEDITIOUS PROPAGANDA New York, Aug. 34.-^SIx men and one woman were arrested by Federal authorities* In a raid here on what la believed to be the headquarters of distributors of seditious propaganda. The prisoners are held In connection with tho circulation of pamphlets en titled; "Hypocrisy of the United Stales and the Allies," which were thrown from house tops on tho lower east side last night and distributed at a big SouIal>:t Sa'M'^fi.'je 'n Harlem, Tho following Is tho law regarding tho nitlxiut ot tags to bales of hay and straw before shipment: "340F. Hvery seller of baled hay or straw In Canada shivU affix to every bale of hay or straw sold or offered for sale, a tag having thereon plainly written and legible, his name and business address, and the weight ot the bale. Such tnge shall bo securely fastened to the bale and shall be ot not less than one and one-half inches In width nnd three Inches In length. "3400. Any seller of hay or straw V.ho falls to attach a tag to each bale of hay or straw, as prescribed by this .\ct, shall, on summary conviction, bo liable to a fine ortlve dollars for each such violation. "S41. Tho Governor In Council shall have power to prescribe tho tecs that are to be charged for the inspection of hay or siraw. "342. (I) Any person who puts any foreign matter into any bale of hay intended for sale, which improperly increases Its weight, or .which prejudicially affects the quality ot the bale, shall.. on summary conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding forty dollars for a first offence, and for each subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars. (2) Any person who puts any foreign matter Into any bale ot straw Intended for sale which improperly Increases the weight, or which prejudicially affects the qnallty of the bale, shall, on summary conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty-five dollars." SUNK BY SUBS A Canadian Atlantic Port, Aug. 24.-It Is reported that the Gloucester-fishing vessels, A. P. Andrews and Francis O'Hara have been sunk by a German submarine. � � NATIONAL LOSS v � . C. At loftst fifty per cent, ot the chickens, young ducks and turkeys, and ten per cent, of tho adult birds, dio each year from diseases, many of which are preventable. Tihls.ls an an-nudt national loss of probtibly millions ot dollnis that should be avoided to a largo extent. War conditions make It imperative that farmers and poultryment as far us possible slioud stop this ononnous leak. To do this every breeder should pay strict attention to the general conditions ot his flock. When anything unusual Is noted In a fowl. It Is advlsabld to place the affected in dividual in separate quarters. If with In n short tnVo recovery does not take place. It Is unwise to destroy tho fowl without first ascertaining the causQ of the disorder. The prevalence of dis oaso is more often the cause of fall ure than the lack of practical Knowl edge and the extreme importance ot keeping the quarters clean; Isolation of all ailing fowls and Immediate ac tlon In regard to finding out the cause cannot be too strongly impressed upon the poultryman. When trouble occurs, forward to the Biological laboratory. Central Ex perinientui FVirni, Ottawa, Ont, a Uvo but. sick fowl, or. In the absence ot such, a dead blrd| In the Interval disinfect the quarters, runs, drinking fountains and feed dishes to check tho spread of any Infectious disease. Disinfect the poultry houses by spraying tho Interior with a llme-wash solution (50 lbs. stone lime slacked in a barrel of water plus one gallon of a good commercial disinfectant). Fill cracks and crevices to destroy mites, lice, etc. If a smaller amount is required It may be prepared by adding t.wo and half pounds of lime to a pail of water plus halt a tc-acupful of dia infectant. Keep a crop growing in some part of the yards and alternate poultry and crops. If the runs are sn^all cover with a coating of alr-slaked lime and dig up. It the runs are too large to dig, plough and cultivate before sowing. Rape is a good crop for this pur pose. Rear all chicks op fresh soil. Although these precautions may appear unnecessary it ts tho only way A Prosperous City $50,000,000 worth of Grain and other Held products pass annually through the City of Lethbridpe. Mr. Fanner, are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come? Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, ETC. -.HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH STREET S. LETHBRlOdC,' ALBERTA PHONE 1843 The Young Man's Best Recommendation A Savings Account is more than a start towards financial independence-it is a mark of character. One of the strongest recommendations in the world of business that a young man can present, i."? a Merchants Bank Pa!ss-Eook, showing a record of consistent savings. A Savings Account may be opened with $1.00, \s1iich shows how highly we regard the accounts of those who desire to save. TH? M?RCHANTS BANK Head Office: Montreal. of canada, Established 1864. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH, , . . R. j, DINNING M.&'ii.r MONARCH BRANCH. ' . V. A. EBERLY ActinM EJlr NOBLEFORD BRANCH. . M. A KtLPATRlCK: iTi uZilr. THE TO i�7a STAHDARb BANK OF CANADA HEAD OFFICE  TORONTO , Your surplus earnings in our Savings Department earn interest at current rate. J. C. SCOTT, Maiwgar, . C. F. BLETCHER, Maiwcer. . D. A. CURRIE, AecounlMt-in-Charge. 3i6 13th St. NoHh. 4th Avenue South.  �> Coalhurtt. BANKOFMONTRE CSTAaUSBEO OVER IM YBARS Victory Bonds Victory Bonds, other securities and important papers should b3 kept safe from fire and burglai^y. Safety Deposit BoxM in the vault^^ of this Bank may be rented at a small charge. MCAO OrriCC.MONTRCALi LETHnRIDGE BRANCH - - - - G. H. HAIJMAN, Managei of combatting many dlgeaso conditions affectlnir potiltry.. which If left to thomselves wil lundonbtedly prove decidedly costly In the long run. Loudon, Ang. 23.-I-ord Hobevt Cecil under Hocretary for foreign affalra, In his weekly Interview given today, replied to tlio speech made before tUo Oermaii Soclefy on Augnst 21, by Doctor W. S. Wolf, tho Qer-nian foreign nocrelary tor the colonies. Lord Robert said (ho British governmont has been collecting nnd will soon publish evidence ot Qer-many's brutality nnd callousnesB In governing her colonies, after which the world will agree that tho colonies cannot be restored to Germany. Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Western Canada. Tlie Canadian Pacllic Railway inakes It easy for you to begin. Lands til to S30 an acre; irrigated land up to #50; 20 jcars to pay. Loan toassistsettlers on Irrigated lands. Get full particulars and free iUus* trated literature from MUN eHMERON, Cm'IS^L tt*. Imk 9C5 1(t St. East, CAtaARV Why Your Savings Are Heeded Too Do not hesitate to open & savings account with ui because you can save only a Kttle money. It is tlie hundreds of savings accounts, tmall and large, tinat enable Banks to lend large sums to the Government for the prosecution of the war. Open a savings account here to-day. Paid-up Capital ^ 6,500,000 Reserve Fund . 12.000,000 Resources . . 1JO,090,000 THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA lllllfll!llillIli1lll(l(flfl!!ffi1!II(f!lflfflll,Wi(.m'(l Freshwater Sea Voyage (Throufh the Great Lat^ef) From Thunder Bay to Geargian Bay-a six huitdreJ mile trip Irotn Fort William and Port Arthur--i through the blue-green waters of Lake Superior. Sault St^. Marie. Lake Huron, and the islanti fairy- i land of the Georgian Bay. At tifiMt out-o'-nght oi land with only � viaui of tumblin� f rc�n' wstert and whwiinr Maiulla. Again thioiith grceti tmbowered pasiagti of wonderful lovclinaaa. Luxuriout CANADIAN PACIFIC Great Lakes Steamships Splendid ervioe, mcelleni food, all at moderate coir. Altamative for all Tranacontinentat Paaiengara. Canadian Pacifte Sundard-Nona Batter. For full informition call, phone or writ* any Canadian Pacific Agent. J. E. PROCTOR, District Passenger, Agent, Calgary. > V For Many Reasons Trust Companies are preferred as EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES UNDER WILLS. Their fees arc never more than is allowed to private individuals. Consult us about YOUR WILL today. FULLEST INFORMATION FREEI.Y GIVEN WITHOUT EXPENSE OR OBLIGATION TO YOU. Till! Trusts and Guarantee Company, llmiteil CALGARY AND LETHBRiaOE. ALBERTA LETHBRIOQE OPFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDINO, J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. ^ PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFPICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOD, MEDICINE HAT, CALGARY. RED DEER. RTETTLER. P. LUND & SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Lath, Shingles, Mouldbgs and Fmishing Lumber Builders' Supplies of All Kinds CONSULT US REGARDING PRICES,^LANS, ETC. WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING YARD, CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SF.VENTEENTH STREET, LETHBRIOQE. BRANCH YARDS: AT MACLEOD, COALDALE, CHIN AND BARNWELL. AT THESE POINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATERIAL, HARDWARE AND FARM IMPLEMENTS. BOX 189, OR PHONE 516, LETHBRIDGE ;