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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LLIHBMIUOE UAILT OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER SOIL RESISTANCE IN THE USE OF TRACTORS By Fred Motor Age Editorial How the character of soil affects the draft of plows and thus has a de termining effect In the selection of tractor the farmer should have on his farm is all important When it is remembered that soil resistance var ies all the way from 2 or 3 pounds per square Inch of furrow slice in sandy to 20 pounds per square inch In it must be evident that no other one thing so profoundly affects tractor The farmer who has a farm which is predominately BO that the soil resistance not run above 5 pounds per square can pull 3 14inch bottoms with a tractor which rates at provided he plows to no greater depth than six Inches and does now plow faster than 214 miles per and has no grades to But immediately the soil changes in character to for in with a resistance of 8 pounds per square or to with a resistance of 15 pounds per square it is at once clear that if he would pull three 14Inch bottoms in the a tractor must not rate less than and In the other If the farmer Iras bought a smaller tractor he must reduce the number or the size of his bottoms to turn the more in tractable Figuring The rule for figuring the soil resist ance is as follows Multiply the width of plow cut by the depth of furrow desired multiply this product by the resistance per square inch presented by the soil of predominant character in the fie multiply the second product by lie number of bottoms in the engine The result will be the total re sistance which must be overcome by the tractor on level ground while moving at ft speed of 2 12 miles per For example Suppose ths farmer desires to plow a clay field to a depth of S inches and wants to use a three bottom 14 inch engine gang A crosssection of the furrow slice In this case would be 14 times S or 112 square The resistance of clay soil to the passage of a plow averages 8 pounds per square Thus one 14inch 8 inches deep at the rate of 2 12 miles per hour in clay soil would meet a resistance of S times 112 or a total of 896 A threebottom engine gang then would meet with three times SSUi or a total of At a plowing speed of 2 12 miles per a pull of 150 pounds on the drawbar is the equivalent of one me chanical Thus a tractor which would pull inch engine gang a throebottom to a depth of inches soil must rate on the drawbar at least as many times as 150 is contained in Dividing 6SS by the result is approximate ly As some reserve of power should be allowed the tractor should have a minimum rating of 20 if the farmers owns a twobottom 14 inch to ilow tne DRAWBAR PULL POUNDS Pull par Square Inch in Pound Plows w i m Depth 3 3 Qne 12inch ISO ISO 6lnch 216 216 7iinch 252 252 8lnch 288 288 9inch 324 324 One 14inch Rinch 210 210 6inch 252 252 7inch 294 294 8inch 336 336 9inch 378 378 One 16inch 5inch 240 240 6inch 288 288 7inch 336 336 8inch 384 384 9inch 432 432 Two 12inch 54nch 360 360 6inch 432 432 7inch 504 504 8inch 576 576 9inch 648 648 Two 14Inch Einch 420 420 6inch 504 504 7inch 588 588 8inch 672 672 9inch 756 756 1 3 32s 5 a M sac 6 240 288 336 384 432 280 336 392 448 504 320 384 448 512 576 480 576 672 768 864 560 672 784 896 1008 360 432 504 476 648 420 504 588 672 756 480 576 672 768 864 720 864 1008 1152 1296 840 1008 1176 1344 1512 360 432 504 576 648 420 504 588 672 756 480 576 672 768 864 720 864 1008 1152 1296 840 1008 1176 1344 1512 420 504 588 672 756 490 588 685 784 882 560 672 784 896 1008 840 1008 1176 1344 1512 980 1176 1372 1568 1764 S 480 576 672 768 864 560 672 784 896 1008 640 768 896 1024 1152 960 1152 1344 1536 1728 1120 1344 1568 1792 2016 15 900 1080 1260 1440 1620 1050 1260 1470 1680 1890 1200 1440 1680 1920 2160 1800 2160 2520 2880 3240 2100 2520 2940 3360 3780 ll 15 900 1080 1260 1440 1050 1260 1470 1680 1890 1200 1440 16SO 1920 2160 1800 2160 2520 2880 3240 2100 2520 2940 33GO 3780 E 3 O 20 1200 1440 16SO 1920 2150 1400 1680 1960 2240 2520 1600 1920 2240 2560 2880 2400 2880 3360 3840 4300 2800 3360 3920 4480 5040 Gray Dort Motor Cars Advance Rumely Engines Sharpies Cream Separators GIVE US A CALL ALL JACK OPPOSITE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL PHONE 1544 OP CANADA Whet will YM Save II ysa iort Save NOW Though your salary or Income vilt no doubt so will your many find that the latter more than keep With tha Now Is the time to start a Reserve Fund Savings Department of the Union Bank of Canada to the place to keep Deposit the extra you have on hand can open aa with any do wo to one draw latomtwlt LETHBRIDGE BRANCH Manager CARDSTON BRANCH Manager BARONS BRANCH Manager THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE 8ft EDMUND Pretufcm H AiiiCcnl SIR JOHN Supl of Central Wcwrn Brtnehts Consult the Manager your banking You will be met with courtesy and find our service prompt and Lethbr jdge Branch tamo field his tractor rmistfrate In addition to soil resistance ef fect of grades must be takan Into con The rule here Is that weight of tractor and plow which must bo moved by the of the increases 1 per for every foot of rise a distance of 100 Thus a field which slopes upwarl at tho rate of 10 teet in every 100 will have a ten per grade and adds 10 per to the weight tractor and plow and increases load the tractor must pnll by just so For example If the tractor weighs pounds and the plow 580 a 10 per grade the tractor must pull a total of 5550 plus G55 pounds or 6105 in addi tion to the draft of the Thus a tractor rated at which can pull a 14 Inch gang through clay offering a resistance of 8 pounds per square or 1792 could not pull the same at the same depth of furow or tho same up a ton per because tho total pull on the drawbar necessary to do so would be a total in excess of the power of the Either the size of the bottoms must be the depth of the furrow or the speed reduced to enable a 1224 tractor to meet these The dealer will find thase problems of fitting size to the tractor to the character of the soil constantly com ing He must be in a position to solve them In order that the farmer shall buy a tractor with sufficient power at the drawbar to meet any kind of soil he may have on his In solving such problems the only safe and certain rule for the dealer to follow is to insist upon a tractor the rating of which at the drawbar is sufficient to pull as many bottoms as the farmer at the greatest depth he wants to through the toughest and most Intractable piece of soil to be found on that farmers farm and up the steepest grade he will have to This looks like a complicated prob lur in reality it is It re solvas itself merely into a sum in simple The foregoing examples show how It is to ba ap proached and indicate how it io to be By exercising a little care the dealer always may be sure he is re commending a tractor of sifficieut rating to meet any given The dealer will farmer com monly underestimating tis power re In almost every instance some revision of the farmers estimate must bo In loin so emphasis should be laid upon tho advantage of possessing some reservo of for almost invariably it will la When the matter is figured out for the farmer and he can see the results in black and he readily can see just what he ought to havein place of what he thought he and the dealer will experience little difficulty In convincing To facilitate thesolving ofplow draft problems there is presented here with a table which gives the resis tance per square inch of furrow slice for one 12 inch one 14 inch one 16 inch two 12 inch bottoms and two 14 inch bottoms in soils ot all recognised at furrow depths ranging from 5 to 9 inches and at a uniform plowing speed of 2 12 miles per With this table ready at hand the dealer always can figure the drawbar requirements for given For the farmer has a soil predominantly of clay and de sires to plow 8 inches deep with a 14inch engine Re ference to the table will show a soil resistance under these conditions of 1792 Remembering the rule that 150 pounds at the drawbar i3 the equivalent of one mechanical horse it is at once evident that the farmer must have a tractor with minimum rating at the drawbar of 12 24 to meet the Any other combination may be figured the same The following la the law regarding the affixing of tags to bales of hay and straw before shipment Hvery seller of baled hay or straw in Canada shall affix to every bale of hay or straw sold or offered or a written tag and having thereon plainly his name and business nnd the weight ot the Such tage shall be securely fastened to the bale and shall be of not less than one and onehalt inches In width and three inches in Any seller of hay or straw Who falls to attach a tag to each bale of hay or as prescribed by this on summary be liable to n fine dollars for each such The Governor in Council shall have power to prescribe the fees that are to be charged for the Inspec ion of hay or 1 Any person who puts foreign matter Into any bale of lay intended for which im iroperly increases Its or which irejudlcially affects the quality of the on summary e liable to a fine not exceeding forty ollars for a first and for each ubsequent offence to a fine not ex eeding one hundred 2 Any person who puts any for ilgn matter into any bale of straw In ended for sale which improperly In reases the or which preju dicially affects the quality of the on summary be AUOtJST 6ISIASIS PON 110 NATIONAL LOSS 4 4 At least fifty per of the chick young ducks and and ten far of the artutt die etch year from many of which mn Thlsjs an an nual national loss of mil lions of should be avoid ed to a large War conditions make It imperative that farmers afid poultryment as tar as twMtble shoud stotf tula enormous should To do this every pay strict attention breeder to the general conditions of his When anything unusual is noted In a It ti adtlaabkt to place the affected In dlthtual tn separate If with in h short tnie recovery not take le to a fine five 101 w Manager River Branch Manager T FIGHT FOR TRADE FREEDOM Vitz thum minister of foreign affairs and interior in the cabinet of on opening a fibre textile ex hibitlon at Lepsic today declared that the aim of Great Britain and the Unit ed States was monopolize the world commerce in wool and The minister continued If they succeed manufacturers would be compelled to close most o their factories and from 8 to 10 per of the German population would he unable to make a They be forced to emigrate and would be disposed to exploitation by the Eng Jlah and We must continue to fight untl England is forced to admit us to free intercourse in the world market and to supply 113 with a portion of the raw material which we CLOSE TOBACCO FACTORIES German tobacco manufacturers have decided to clos their cigar factories January 1919 becauie of the lack of raw materials Six thousand workshops will be cloa ed and workers will be thrown out of according to Copenhagen dispatch to the Telegraph SEDITIOUS PROPAGANDA New men ani one woman were arrested by Federa authorities in a raid here on what i believed to be the headquarters o distributors of seditious propaganda The prisoners are held in connection with the circulation of pamphlets ei titled Hypocrisy of the Unitec States and the which wen thrown from house tops on the lowe easi side lust night and distributed a u bif SociaKt in not exceeding twerity U is to destroy the fowl without first ascertaining the of the The prevalence of dis ease Is more often cause Of fail ure than the lack of practical knowl edge and the extreme Importance of keeping the quarters clean isolation of all ailing fowls and immediate ac tion in regard to finding out the cause cannot be too strongly impressed upon the poultry When trouble forward to the Biological Central Ex perimental a live sick In the absence of a dead bird In the interval disinfect the drinking fountains and feed dishes to check the spread of any infectious Disinfect the poultry houses by spraying the interior with a limewash solution 50 stone lime slacked In a barrel of water plus one gallon of a good commercial Fill cracks and crevices to destroy If a smaller amount is re quired it may be prepared by adding two and half pounds of lime to a pail of water plus halt a teacupful of dis Keep a crop growing in some part of the yards and alternate poultry and If the runs are cover with a coating of airslaked lime and dig It the runs are too large to plough and cultivate before sow Rape is a good crop for this pur Rear all chicks on fresh Although these precautions may ap SUNK BY SUBS A Canadian Atlantic ia reported that the Glou cesterfishing And rews and Francis OHara have been aunk by a German pear unnecessary it is the only way A Prosperous City worth of Grain and other field pro ducts pass annually through the City of are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly The British Canadian Trust 31S FIFTH STREET 1 PHONE 1S43 The Young Mans Best Recommendation A Savings Account is more than a start towards financial is a mark of One of the strongest recommendations in the world of business that a young man can is a Merchants Bank showing a record of consistent A Savings Account may be opened with Which shows how highly we regard the accounts of those who desire to THC MCRCHANTS BANK Head Office OF Established LEI HBRIDGE MONARCH Acting NOBLEFORD Acting THE trr D STANDARD BANK OF CANADA HEAD OFFICE TORONTO Your surplus earnings in our Savings Department earn inter est at current 13th 4th Avenue fc BANKrOFMUJNTREAI MTAVUMWB OVU1M Victory Bonds Victory other secu rities and important papers should ba kept tafe from fire and Safety Boxtt in the pf this Bank may be rented at a small MAD t combatting many ffMtlnr which It left to wli Jwhdombtcdly eclrledly the loni HUNSlWYIN III Robert Cecil nder secretary tor foreign In li weekly Interview given re lied to the speech made before the German Society on August by Doctor the Oar man foreign secretary for the col Lord Robert said the British overnment has been collecting and rill soon publish evidence of Ger manys brutality and callousness In overruns her after which he world will agreethat the colonies annot be restored to LETHRRIDGE Manage Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Western The Canadian Pacific Railway makes It easy for you to Lands f 11 to acre irrigated land up to ISO 20 years to Loan to assist settlers on irrigated Get full particulars and free illus trated literature from ALUM OMl Sffl Uaft 9C5 1U CALOARV Whyf Your Savings Are Needed too Do not httfcfttt to open A lavings account with ui became you can iftve only Me It it the hundred of lavtngi tmall and that enable Banks to lend large sums to this Govern ment for the proiecu tkm of the Open a saving ac count here today Capital Reserve Fund Resource THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA Crinch Freshwater Sea Voyage Through the Great lakfj From Thunder Bay to Georgian six hundred mile trip from Fort William and Port through the bluegreen of Lake Sault Lake and the itlariti fairy land of the Georgian At ttaMoutodtht of land with only vim of tumblint f ami whwlinr Aj un through f raw embowered ftntgm of wonderful Luturioui CANADIAN PACIFIC Great Lakes Steamships Splendid metllmt all moderate Alternative far all TranwaotiMnta Pacific For full informttion phone or write any Canadian Pacific District For Many Reasons Trust Companies are preferred as EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES UNDER Their fees are never more than is allowed tp private Consult us about YOUR WILL FULLEST INFORMATION FREELY GIVEN WITHOUT EXPENSE OR OBLIGATION TO The Trusts and Guarantee limited CALGARY AND ALBERTA LETHBRIDGE OFFICE BANK OF COMMERCE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL AB8IGNEI FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF MEDICINE RED LUND SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Mouldings and Finishing Lumber Builders Supplies of All Kinds CONSULT US REGARDING WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAP OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SEVENTEENTH BRANCH VARPB AT CHIN AND BARN AT THESE POINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATER HARDWARE AND FARM BOX OR PHONE LETHBRIDGE ;