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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta >r PAGE EIGJrf THK 1IIHUIUUK UAIbl HEKAtO> SATUHDAY, AUGUST 21, OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER IMS SOIL RESISTANCE IN THE USE OF TRACTORS mo field his tractor must) rate at 12-24. In addition to soil the fl- eet of grades must be taken Inlo con- sideration. The rule here Is thai the. weight of tractor and pto'-v which must bo moved by the WOK-T ot the rector, increases 1 per cent, lor ctery {By Fred M. Lo1 mis. Motor Age Editorial Staff.) How the character o! soil affects th8 draft of plows and thus has a de- termining offset In the selection of a tractor -which the firmer should nave on his farm Is all important? When it is remembered that soil resistance var- ies all the way from 2 or 3 pounds per square inch of furrow-slice in sandy toll' to 20 pounds per square Inch iu guinbo, it must be evident that no other one thing so profoundly affects tractor The farmer who has farm which is predominately sandy, ro that the soil. resistance will not run above o pounds per square inch, can pull 3 H-inch bottoms with a tractor which rates at S-16. provided be plows to 'no greater depth than Inches and does now plow faster than miles per hour, and has no grades to" climb. But immediately the soil changes in character to clay, for in- stance, with a resistance or S pounds jier square inch, or to sot ivita resistance of 15 pounds per square inch, it Is at once clear lhat If lie would pull three 14-inch bottoms In the- one, a tractor must not rate less than 12-25, and in the oilier 20-30. If the farmer has bought a smaller tractor be. must reduce the number or the size of his bottoms to turn the more in- tractable soil. Figuring Resistance. The rule for figuring the soil resist- ance Is as follows: Multiply the width ol plow cut by ihe depth of furrow desired; niuWply Ibis product Ir the V" square inch presented by the soil ol predominant character in tlie fwM. cuullipK tbe second produi'i "he number ot bollonjs In tbe engine gang Tho result will 'he total re- sistance which must be overcome by the tractor ou level grouul while moving at a speed of 2 1-2 miles yes bour. For eiample: Suppose :h9 farmer desires (o plow a clay Held to a depth of S inches and wants to use a thiee bottom 14 inch engine gang plow. A cross-section of th'e furrow slice In this case would be 14 times S inches, or 112 square Inches. The ot clay soil to the passage of a plow averages S pounds per square inch Thus one 14-lach bottom. S inches deep at the rele ol 2 1-2 tulles per hour in day soil would meet a resistance ol S limes 112 pounds, or a lota! ot S96 pounds. A' three-bottom engine gane Ihen would meet with three times pounds, or a total of 2.CSS pounds. At a plowing spSd of 2 1-3 miles per tour, a pull ot i5G pounds on the drawbar is the equivalent of one me- chanical horsepower. Thus a tracto: which would pull a three-bolUm 1- Inch engine gang to a depth of S inches through .clay soil must rate on tbe drawbar at least as many times a 150 is contained in 26SS. Dividing 2, SSS by 150, the result Is approximate- ly IS. As some reserve of should be allowed (or, the should have a minimum rating of 20- 40. Similarly, if the farmers owns a two-bottoin 14 inch gang, to iilow powei tractor t rise in a distance ot 150 feet. a field which, slopes upwar I at loot ol Thus _ .he rale of 10 feet lu every feel will have a len per cent, grade and adds 10 per cent, to Iba weight SIHAfBEFORE DRAWBAR PULL POUNDS Pull Square Inch in" Pounds' Plows if, 3- Depth Qne 12-inch Bottom. Mnch" ISO :1SO- Clnch 216 216 7-snch........ 252 252 S-inch 2SS 2SS 9-incb ___ 321 32i One 14-inch Bottom. S-inch 210 210 6-inch 252 252. 7-inch 294 234 S-lncn 336 336 Wnch 378 One 16-inch Bottom. '5-inch 210 6-inch 2S8 2S8 7-inch 336 336 S-inch 3S4 3S4 3-incb '___ ___ 432 4ii2 Two 12-inch Bottoms.1 5-inch 360 360 6-inch ___ 432 432 7-Inch 504 j04 S-inch 570 57C 9 Inch 64S Two 14-inch Bottoms. 5-inch 6-Inch ,7-incn S-inch 420 504.' 5SS 756 420' 538 572 240' 2SS 336 432 2SO 336 392 320 3S4 44S 4 SO 576 672 76S SSI 565 672 784 S96 100S :360 432 504 476 64S 420 504 5SS 756 4SO 576 672 720 864 100S 1152 129 C S40 IOCS 1176 1344 1512 360 432 504 57 G 64S 420 504 5SS 672 756 576 672 763 S64 720 S64 100S 1153 1296 4SO :'4SO 504 576 SSS 672 672 755 430 5SS 6S5 784 SSI. 560 072 7S4 536 1COS S40 10 OS 1176 1344 1512 S40 9SO 1008- 1176 1176 '1372 1344 156S 1512 176! 560 672 7S4 S86 1003 610 76S S96 1024 1152 S63 1152 13il 1535 172S 1120 1344 156S 1792 2016 15 SOO 1CSO 1260 1440 1620 10SO 1260 1170 16SO 1S91) 1200 1440 16SO 1920 2160 1SOO 2160 2520 2SSO 3240 2100 2520 2S40 3360 37SO 15 900 10SO 1260 1440 1050 1260 1470 16SO 1890 1200 1440 16SO 1920 2160 1SOD 2160 2520 2SSO 3210 2100 2520 2940 3360 37SO much. Kor eiamplo: If the tractor weighs pounds and the plow 550 pounds, on a 10 per cent, grade the tractor must pull a total of 5550 plus i55 pounds or C105'pounds, in addi- llou Io the draft of the- plow. Thus a tractor rated at 12-24, which can pull a Iwc-botlonj. 14 inch gang through clay soil, offering a resistance of S pounds per square loch, or pounds, could not pull the same at tho 'samo deplh ot furow or tho same speed, up a ten per cent.- grade, because the total pull on Ihe drnr.'bur necessary to do so would be 2347 pounds, a total in eiceas of tho power of the tractor. Either tbe size of the bottoms must be reduced, the depth 61 the farrow reduced, or tbe speed reduced to enable, a 12-24 Ir-JClor to meet.these conditions. i The dealer will find thsse problems of fltting size to the tractor to the character ot the soil constantly com- ing up. He must be in a position to solve them in order that the former shall buy a Iractor with sufficient power at the drawbar to meet any kind of soil he may have on his farm. In solving such problems the only ;afe and certain rule for lie dealer n follow is to insist.spoil a tractor he rating of which at the drawbar is sufficient to pull as many bottoms as the farmer the', greatest depth he wants to plow, through the toughest and most Intractable piece of I to be found on that farmer's farm and up tbe steepest grade he will have to plow. This looks like a complicate.! prob- lem, lu; in reality it is sini'.ite- It re- solves ilseli a sum in simple arithmetic. The foregoing examples show bow: it is io. be ap- proached and indicate bow it is to ba solved. By eiercising a lit'te care the dcaier always may be sure he is re- commending a tractor 'of sufficient rating to meet any given conditions. The farmer coat monly underestimating Us power re- quirements, in almost every instanro some revision of tbe farmer's estimate must bo made. In so emphasis should be laid upon advantage of ssing some reserve of power, for almost Invariably-it will l-a needed Wheci (he inatler' is :figured out for the farmer and he can see the results in black and he readily can see just what he ought io'. have-in piace.of what he thought he wanted, 2400 and the dealer will .experience little straw before shipment: POULTRY DISEASES RESPONSIBLE FOR BIG NATIONAL LOSS of corabatllng many disease.conditions ttfectine poultry, which It left to themselves Iwidonhtediy decidedly costly In (he lout ritu. 20 1200 UIO 16SO 1920 2150 16SO 2520 1600 1920 2240 2560 2880 "SW. Kvery seller, ol baled or straw In Canada shall affix to every bale of hay or slraw sold or offered for sate, tag baring luereon plainly written and legible, bis name and business address, and the weight ol tho bale. Such tagc shall be sccurcl) fastened to the'bale and shall be ol not than one and one-half inches lu width awl three inches In length "340G. Any seller of bay or straw who falls to attach a tag to each bale of hay or straw, as prescribed by this Act. shall, on summary conviction, be liable to n fine dollars, for each "341. Tho Governor in Counci shall have power to prescribe the fees that aro to be charged for the Inspec- lon of hay or r '342. Any person who 'puts any foreign matter into anybale of hay intended.- for sale, which im- properly increases its weight, or .which irejudlcially affects the qnality of the jale. on summary conviction', be liable to a'Tlne.not.exceeding forty dollars for a first offence, and for each subsequent offence Io a fine not ex- ceeding one hundred dollars. (2) Any person who puts any for- eign matter inlo any bale of slrnw in- tended for sale which improperly In- creases the weight, or which preju- dicially affects the Quality of the bale, shall, on summary conviction, be blo to a' fine not exceeding-twenty- five dollars." At least fifty per ceut. of lae chick- ens, young ducks and lu.rkcys. and :en 'per cent, of the adult birds, die ;ach year from diseases, many of which are preventable. an an- nual national loss of -probably mil ions of should be avoid- ed Ui a Urge eitent.' .War. ll imperative that 'farmers aid poultryment as' fir aa' poMlble shoud stop this enormous leak.; To- do .this every breeder should pay strict' attention''Io the general conditions of his flock. inythinf unusual Is uoled lu a 'owl. It Is advisable1 to place the affected In- dividual ID separate quarters. If with- in a'short true' recovery not tako place, It la.iinwUc.ty destrov the fowl without .first ascertaining .the cause, the disorder.. The prevalence .of dis- ease is more often (bo.cause Of fail- ure than "tho'lack of jirKjlIcal knowl- edge" and .ihe' eiireiua'Importance' ot keeping tho quarters isolation of all ailing fowls and Immediate ac- tion' iii regard Io finding out the cause cannot be too strongly impressed upon the poultry man. _Wheu trouble .occurs, forward to he Biological laboratory. Central Ex- perimental Farm. Ottawa.'Ont., a live ml. sick fowl, or, lu the-absence ot such, a dead bird] In the Interval disinfect the quarters, runs, drinking fountains .and feed dishes lo check spread of any Infectious, disease. Disinfect.- the poultry houses by spraying Uio interior with a lime-wash solution (SO Ibs. stone lime slacked In a barrel of water, plus one gallon ot n good commercial Fill cracks and crevices to destroy mites, lice, etc. It a smaller amount is re- it may be prepared'by adding tondo'n, Aug. lloberi Cecil under secretary for foreign affaire, in his weekly Interview given today, re- plied to tte ipeeeh made before the Germau Society ou Auguit Doctor W.' .S.: Wolf, the man foreign secretary for the col- onies. Lord Hobert said the British government has. been collecting and will soon publish evidence ot liiany's brutality and callousness lu governing her colonies, after which the world will agree that the colonies cannot be restored to Germany. SUNK BY SUBS A Canadian Atlantic Port, Aug. is'renorfed that the Glou- cester.-fijhmg vessels, A. P. And- rews and Francis O'Kara have t-wo and half pounds of lime to a pail of water plus halt a teacupful ol die- infeclant. Keep a .crop growing in some part of the yards and alternate poultry and crops. It the runs are cover with a of air-slaked lime anil dig up. If the runs are too large to dig, plough and cultivate before sow- ing. Rape is a good crop for'this pur- pose. Rear all chicks on-fresli soil. Although these precautions may an- sunk by a German lubmarme. unnecessary It Is the only way 2S80 3360 3S10 4300 2SOO 3360 3920 44SO 5040 Gray Dort Motor Cars Advance Rumery Engines Sharpies Cream Separators GIVE US A CALL ALLEN JACK OPPOSITE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL PHONE 1544 difficulty In convinc.Dg him. To lacilitate- tne> solving ot- plow raft problems there is presented herc- Ith a table which gives the resis- ance per square Inch slice or one 12 inch bottom, one II inch otlora, one 16 12 uch bottoms and inch bottoms D soils ol all recogniied character, at arrow depths ranging. from 5 to 3 nchea and at a uniform plowing speeu 2 1-2 miles per Hour. With this tabTe ready at hand th'e ealer always can figure the drawbar eq.uirem.enU Cor given conditions. Fur us lance: 'Suppose the farmer has' a oil and de- ires to plow's Inches deep with a wo-bottomT-14-inch engine gang. Ilc- ereace to the table will show a soil esistance under, these cohditions or 792 pounds. Remembering theV hat 150 pounds at, the drawbar tbe etit of one mechanical ho.rsa- it is at once evident -tJiat' tho arraer .must have a; tractor with a minimum'rating at the.drawbar of'12- 24 to meet the sllualion. Any olher cornhination may be figured tbe same way. OF CANADA, Wba wffi TM Save II jotirsalaryorlncomt vill no doubt Increase, so will and many find Iriatthelalter more th an kwp Tttti At farmer. Nov Is the time Io start 3 Runve Fund UN DejBrtrntBt of the Union Bulk to place (o keep It Dtpesft UM extra you have on hand you can open a vtlk any turn, ion to and dnv LETHBRIDOE BRANCH F. W. -NIcKo'laon, Manager CARMTON BRANCH ,F. V. Caytrt, Manager BARONS BRANCH Orrffithl, Minjgcr A Prosperous City worth of Grain and other'field pro- ducts pass annually through the City of Lelhbridne. Mr. Farmer, are you putting aside a little for the lean come? Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will ii properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECVTOR, ADMINISTRATOR. ASSIGNEE, ETC. Ji-'.iKEAO OFFICE, 31S FIFTH STREET 8. 'PHONE Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Wcste fn Canada. The Canadian Pacific Railway makes it easy for you to begin. Lands acre; irrigated land upto'JoOj 20 years to pay. Loan Co nsist settlers onirrigatedlands. Get full particulars and free illus- trated literature from ULLUI CMEMM, tal StA tML Ml KMM St. EM, CALGARY -V-' Why Your Savings Are Heeded Too Do to optn savings account with ui you can save only a. We money. It a (he of account imaJJ larie, that enable Banks to lend Urge sums to the Govern- ment for the prosecu- tion of the war. Open a savingi ac- count here to-day. THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA The Youiig Man's Best Recommendation A Savings Account is more than a start towards financial independences-it" is a mark of character. One of the strongest recommendations in the world of Irusmess that a young man can presen t, is a MercnantjBank showing a record of consistent savings. A Savings Account may be opened with vfliich shows highly we regafd .the accounts of :those who desire to save. THC MERCHANTS BANK Freshwater Sea Voyage (TkroafhOu Great From Thunder Bay to Gorgtia six hundrei mile trip from Fort William and Port Arthur through die vatcr> of Like Superior. Siult Mine, Lake Huron, and the island fairy- i land of Georgian Bay. of w excellent food, dl kt modente coit. all el Uad with oftly vilbt of tumblinc Afktn thtouch embowered Luxurious PACIFIC Great Lakes Steamships For foil inforniition call, plione or any Cmiudiu Ptctbc Agent. j'.'E. PROCTOR; District Passe ng er, -4 'Pal Head Office: Montreat OF LEIHBRIDOE BRANCH, MONARCH BRANCH, NOBLEFORD BRANCH. CANADA. Established 18B4. n. J. DINNING, V. BBERLY, M. A. KILPATRICK, Acliol M.n.Jfr. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE V Amsterdam, Aug. Vltz- thum D'Kcksladt. rnlnlater of foreign affairs and Interior In the Cabinet of Saiony, on opening a. fibre textile hlbltlon at Lepglc today declared that (he aim of dreat Britain arid the Unit- ed Slates waa to monopolize the world commerce In wool and-cotton. The minister continued: "If thoy succeed manufacturerfi would be compelled to close moat of their factories and from 8 to 10 per cent, of the German -population" would je unable to make'! a They would he forced to emigrate and would IB disposed to exploitation by the Hsli and Americani. "We must continue to'flgbt'until England Is forced to admit us to free in the world market and us with a oorllon of the material which" we' need." THE SK EOMUNO WAUER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L, H V. F. Asi't 4SIR JOHN AfRD. ?V.C. BROWN, FUND, Consult the Manager your banking icqulrements. You will be met jS with courtesy and find oiir service prompt and efficient. IOIV' Ldhbridge Manager Milk River j. V. STEEL, Manager .11T B J. .CfSCOTT, C.'F. BLETCKER, D. STANDARD BANK OF CANADA HEAD ornce TORONTO I Your surplus earnings in our Savings Department earn inter- est at current rate. ,'6 4tk ATOM Swuk. fc Cnflnirat. For Many Reasons Trust Companies are preferred as EXECUTORS AMD'TRUSTEES UNDER WILLS. Their fees arc 'never more, than is. allowed-lo private individuals. Consult us YOUR WILL today.'- V FULtEST INFORMATION' FREELY OIVEN WITHOUT EXPENSE OR OBLIOATION TO YOU. The Trusts mil Giarantcc Company, .-'-CALGARY AND LETHBR1WE, ALBERTA _ LETHBRIDOE OH-FICE; .BANK OF COMMERCE BUiLpiNO, j. w. MeNlCOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND. AMIONEE FOB.THE; JUDICIAL OlSTRlCTS OF LETHBRIDOE, MEDICINE RED DEER. STETTLER. CLOSE TOBACCO FACTORIES Ixinilon, Aus, 2j.-rOe.rman tobacco nsnufacfurerB have, decided to close :hfilr January 1. 1919, bicauie o( the lack of materials. Six tbomand will ho clos- ed AnA bVthrown out of ernployirient, according to a Copenhagen dispatch'to the Exchange Telegraprj SEDITIOUS PROPAGANDA New York, Aug. t4.-t-Slx: men and tine wiman were atreitM by Federal tiorltfeg' In a raid here on Is leTed Lo be the headquarters Of illstributora of seditious propaganda. The prisoners are held In connection with tho circulation vof pamphleU en tilled: "Hypocrisy of the IJnlted SUIes and the which, were thrown from laps on Iho fower east tide last night and distributed at a Socials! ifi Harlem. BANRQF-MQNTREAL Victory Bonds Victory other and important should Iceptuie from fire and burglary.' Safety Deposit in the Bank may be rented at a wnafl charge. LETHRRIDGE BRANCH -1'0. H. Manager LUND Wholesale Retod Dealers n Lath, SUncies, Lumber Builders' Supplies ot All Kinds UB REOAtlOINa PRIOEV'tANS, ETC. WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAO OFFICE AND YARD, CORNER THIRD AVINUE AND NTEENTH STREET, BRANCH AT MACLEOD, COALEALE, CHIN AND BARN- WELL. AT WE HANDLE FENCINO MATER. IAL, HARDWARE AND FARM IMPLEMENTS. BOX 189, OR PHONE 516, .LETHBRIDGE ;