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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta AUGUST ffffi LfctHMMDGE OATLY PAGE IN THEIR ATTITUDE the sail ing of the steamer Irlncess Charlotte for Victoria this morning coastwise so far as tho largo operating companies are censed tor the time No word has boon re ceived frontOttawa indicating the nuthorlties there any action looking towards a settlement ot differences between the Merchant Servlde Guild the ship Officials of tho guild were this morning notified that oi steamers on the Kootenny ant Okanagan Lakes would resign oi Monday morning after the nocrsssary forty eight bourn The possibility of the companies operating one or more vessel in an effort to make temporary provlsloi for passenger traffic would seem to be thwarted by the action of the Marlnr Engineers which hai passed a resolution declining to serv on vessels commanded by other thar members of the 6N11B Ml GO 10 M FOR LIFE TERMS COAST STRIKE defaulters nder the Military Service Art will je dealtwith by authorities after omorrow Is Indicated in a communlca Ion that has been received today by ocal military For some days past ftri official no Ico has appearetl lit the Issued by reading The 24th of August Is the last dliy on which on Is granted to those who are do aulters or who have failed to report o the military ex remo penalty of the law will bo vis ted upon defaulters after that Penal Servitude for Life Without a according to the information that has now been recelv defaulters under the Military Ser vice and all who refuse to obey the lawful commands of the military authorities will be sentenced to penal servitude for It is under will include conscientious ob For some time past the maximum penalty Inflicted In such caser haa been two years less one but it lias been apparent that such a sen tence has not In any sense acted as a The penalty of the as the announcement from Ottawa will be put Into effect defaulters In the tried before such a OF INTEREST TO FARMERS PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS Some Nuts to Crack by the by Ex One of the nuts that farmer has panies tho at to crack Soim1 and ey n wen as ointi i portant are the phases of the Insurance business to the farmer and the necessity of his carrying Insurance of the different is so urgent that j It becomes an important factor among his economic He has made j go usually tho spring opened the first day of April when needing wns while In this district wo had rains early In June to Rive a good On my own owing to my own seeding was delayed woll into 1 have no record at hand ns to con ditions generally over the but know of some districts whore the crop was very light owing to In the spring came in nt tho end of and the crop was frozen down several Little rain fell prime but In these com1 until early in and although the jji ujic nfnn uroo tntn houri In forced into head In of on a lower class of risks than Is neces a 3 per from Already eight east have been minister of labor has wire tho Canadian Merchant Service Gull hero to their telegram i asking the government to take ove tho coasting The ministe expresses the view that the master and mates took a regrettable step 1 resigning while the Royal Commissio sitting and he asks them to carry on until tho which he de scribes as a fair and just one has con cluded its hearings and brought down Its The Guild members today freely ack nowledge that tho commission is a fair and just one but they argue that although a majority of the commission in favor of according recogni tion to the guild the companies refus ed and hence it was useless to go on with tho KILLED IN CRASH 3 of the was In stantly killed as the result of in air plane crash near Camp Rathbun at oclock last WHEN USING WILSONS FLY PADS REAT DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY tL FOLLOW THEM 13 Far more effective than Sticky Fly Clean to bold by Druggists and Grocers court and in each case tho men have bt n sentenced to penal servitude for the sentence being latter reduced to ten The latter has only been shown In tho first cases mentioned and It is under stood will not viffply to any subse quent It has frequently been pointed ont that all men ordered to report for military service and who have failed to do are absent without and upon their apprehension will be tried by the court Todays orders mention that stand ing general courts martial have been appointed in military districts 7 and That for this district will be appointed George the here has already submitted the names of suitable officers to Ottawa for this It Is interesting to note that a gen eral court martial is convened by the adjutantgeneral of the Canadian mi litia by virture of a warrant from the crown delegating this authority to A general court martial consists of five each of whom must have held his commission for three This court can try persons of any officers but an officer is tried each ot the members of the court must be of equal or senior rank to the The powers of a general court mar tial include the death penalty or pen al servitudefor In the case of all military courts the officer composing the courts must be combatant offic ers that is to that officers such 113 heen absolutely ignored by the govern If our sockeye and cohoe sal mon were being commandeered for theuse of our soldiers and no packer on this coast would We would then be quite to make any But this recent action is not to secure foodstuffs for the army and navy but for the civil popu lation of the United They propose to take the choicest of the pack and to leave for consumption in Canada the lower little effort to solve this problem save and except In flre Tho em inent success that has been made ot different mutual Fire Insur ance Associations and he great sav ing resulting should en courage him to further effort towards solving of the Insurance problem in a more effective As regard the hail the or ganization of the Fanners Fire and Hall Insurance by the farmers of the Lethbridge with farmers alone as stock constitute a decided step towards pro For this company beginning as it did in war times and late in the sea son of its first years and encountering as it has this abnormally dry year during the second yet overcoming these drawbacks and giv ing real service to its patrons and yet making It a financial It bids fair to become firmly established and earns 6 per cent or but besides Old Line the present finds himself building up large financial institutions and in the solution ot the farmers problems have invar iably lined themselves up with other great financial institutions that are opposed to many of the solutions ot the farmers problems as the farmer sees While there have been failures In co operative or fraternal great progress has been this and in future the cooperative principle as applied to insurance is destined to occupy a much larger field than in the The experience of such an organiza tion as the Modern Woodmen of Am of which we happen to be the provincial carrying as it does 1U1L IU to grow in its scope of operation and I more than a billion and a half rtollais field of Indeed there Is no I of with a successful exper reason why this company may not ill fence lasting over a period of 3o rains that foil In helped the crop In 1914 there was also nn early and a light Following in 1911 we had abundant Following In all proba moro general The Right Time to There is no guarantee that sn early spring will give a record rather otherwise if seeding starts too which has generally been fol lowed In the There is a proper time to put the seed In the and that time Is when conditions are favorable for growth In tho early The question may well be when Is the right time Certainly not at the end of or too early in We all know that in order to es cape the fall frosts and it is ad visable to sow in order to bring the crop to maturity in good but sowing the seed eafly will not guarantee an early harvest good crop or a safe This is regulated by the growth From the office of the HAY AND GREEN Recent rains are Improving the feed situation in Southern Alberta but large quantities ot roughage will be required by the farmers in the south to put their slock over the Most of the men with large bunches of stock have either shipped their stock north or gone north themselves to make arrangements for their win ter supply of Many small far particularly those who are alone on their have been unable to do this and some complaints have reached the central office that the needs of the small farmer were being This phase of the matter was laid before the provincial Depart ment of Agriculture and the reply of the Deputy Minister Agriculture is as follows The department feels it would be a very difficult matter to purchase and ship feed for the small You will agree with me that it would be very hard to satisfy him as and the would be a gigantic It seems to me that where the farmers are organ ized that they would be acting wisely tlmately do a large share of the fire and hall insurance business in the prairie But there IBanother fieiij worthy of the attention of the organized farm ers where a farmers institution organ ized upon correct principles and con ducted according to business methods could render a very valuable und that is the life insurance Some of my readers will say that Dun ham isbecoming visionary by this We are a believer in life in We believe that the day has arrived when every insurable particularly men and the heads ot fam should carry life vary ing In amounts to the re sponsibilities and liabilities that rest upon Indeed life insurance is quite as Important as fire insurance or hall We may never be burned out or hailed but death is and It generally conies soon er than is We should carry insurance the next question what kind of insurance Insurance agents and ordinary business men unhesitat ingly The Old Line No doubt the socalled Old Line Com to sit as as medical to appoint one of their umber to are not qualified come north and make a deal for all those who were not in a position to look after the business In this way one man could be sent up at a very small provision hav ing been made for the shipping of this at a rate less than onehalf and some times onethird of the Old Line Com panies at all times meeting Its full is an object lesson in cooperation that is worthy of our As the Farmers organizations spread throughout the Dominion and realize the fact that the farmers risk is best insurance risk it will occur to its leaders that a won derful field for organization and real service is open Dominion in this particular phase of our The cooperative fea ture with its low costs the fraternal or lodge feature with its accompany ing advantages the fact that it ap of the If anything hap pens to check the growth it delays reduces the and some times the quality of the Oonsid erable ureas were seeded too early is not necessary to harrow until the grain Is beginning to show through the when this Is done the sol will so easily as If nafrowed behind the No seed ought to bn sown at the end of or earlier than April more especially In the southern districts when seeding might well fle delayed later than this Where the harvest comes sooner than liter districts considerable areas were seed ed this spring early In aiid by tho middle of April fields were show ing There 1st no as one can expect a setback by spring or drought at a time when toe crop needs Grain seeded around the or even up to the end of does not get about the omul until well Into and is not i far advanced If droughty conditions Drought checks thj nd the crop la at a standstill more less until moisture We can many crop failures not so much want of rain or special frosts as early seed providing there is ome moisture in the soil to start the eed on its way and conditions are ot aggravated by spring or drifting winds following n each When seeded too rops are sure to if theso con itions and they do prevail nore or following an early seeding two or three weeks later ban was the case this year they ould have missed the early spring drifting winds would not have ad so bad und drought would ot have had so serious an here is nothing the matter with aeed ng early in April providing abundant ain falls In good but we cannot xpect much rain until and we an expect drought up to this as veil as setback to the crop by Respecting conditions on by own they are very satisfactory with prospect ot a fine Owning to ircumstunces no grain was seeded un il May and some wheat oh fallow May Some of the last sown Is this spring where the snow left the field in Grain uown at the or early in is going to be handicapped by the big possibility a spring frosts and drought nt a time when the crops ought to be making quick and vigorous from tho middle of May to the middle of June We cannot expect or depend on much organization ana riHii precipitaUon throughout April to the farmers of the AIay although we do have light rains or and sometime snowfall in but they are the ex April and May Is a time o dry and evaporating When th crop is seeded at the end of March o peals to the all could be ap too early in it U8Ually gets propriated and made use of in the farmers Such an under taking requires business skill of the highest not only in lay ing the but in Its manage ment and Given this the success of such an undertaking would be assured and It would immensely increase the permarience and stability of the Think It as the crop when well abov round draws rapidly on the so and then drought condition Inder the necessary If th grain crop receive a check in the ea y as the heads fort vhile the plant is long befor Is seen in the shot and th leads will be If this happen 10 matter what rainfall afterward he beads will be no ARE BEWILDERED from Ottawa that the Canadian gov ernment is commandeering the salmon pack for 1918 has caused bewilder ment among British Columbia pack This has come upon said president of the British Columbia Packers with out any notice AVe have 10 BE LEARNED nub fay fur Eitabliihed over ftfty All KlndcrtMtten U Unlvmitr For Calendar apply to the Residential Church School tor Boys A Junior School feed free of I am of the opin ion that the small farmer can easily have his looked after in this The suggestion of the Deputy Min ister of Agriculture could no doubt be carried out by many of our In unorganized territory it will be more difficult to but in the local as sociations of the there already exists the machinery by which far mers can cooperate and secure all the advantages which can be secured by the larger The central office is also prepared to act as a medium of be tween the farmers of the north and those of the south and vice If locals in the north will send to the central oflice at Calgary particulars regarding the quality price of feed hay or green the central office will pass tho information along to locals in the south who would like to get in directly with locals in the Southern locals requiring roughage should also therefore write the central Tho central office cannot of course accept any responsibility for tho resulting We The By Seager Wheeler season of 1918 will long be Fall Term September 12 Entrance 1st 8 Toronto Conservatory of Music Sir Edmund Musical The Most Splendidly Equipped School of Music In the Dominion Reopens September 1918 A WellAppointed Residence for Young Women Students Send for Year Local Centre Syllabus and Womens Residence Conservatory School Expression Special Kirk Public Physical and Vocal Dramatic Art wmi Studio Closed DURING AUGUST Except for limited cNtss of Duplicate Jfce Allison Studio BALMORAL BLOCK remembered as one of the most dis especially as an extra ef fort was made to crop a large The season opened up and ex pectation ran high for a big Every season brings its and the lessons of 1918 may well be taken and to some extent we may very ma terially provided the lessons are well learned and future opera tions regulated so as to avoid errors of the Errors have been made this season and I shall try to point out where this was the A Combination of In many instances the summerfallow and fall plowing crops have made a poor showing in comparison with the springplowing and stubble sown crops This season may ue called an abnormal We often apeak of normal seasons but they are the ex coption rather than the Abnor mal seasons arc the rule rather than frost when the crop quickly recovers by rain falling soon In sorac seasons drought is a Ir other seasons the soil but UK crops quickly even when tlu soil exposes the and the crop Is But I cannot recall an season that can be likened to 191S I ind that some lay ihe blame to drag barrows in using it on the fal low previous to and too fro quent use of the fallow the previour I agree with loe bu not with the former 1 sm no advo breast a good and headed out Owing to the late he crop missed the several spring rosts and was not so far advanced at the time drought As the grain wns not frozen the winds did not have any Regarding there are prospects of a bumper There are consid erable areas broken fields that did not produce any and there is a possibility of more abundant which follows any season where the fields did not produce a This season It would be good practice to keep the cultivator going shallow to keep down any in stead of and without any de sire to pose as a prophet I am confi dent that be a record season for the biggest crop we have yet duced in any SUCCESSFUL BOMBING suc cessful bombing ot railroad yards at Conflans by American with ask the locals In the nvth to see that any feed shipped is exactly according to while locaia in the soutli should be prepared to pay a fair price for feedtof good qual remembering that farmers 1n the north have not enjoyed the same ad vantages in regard to wheat prices that southern farmers have of and that roughage and coarse grains are the principal crops in the We presume that all our locals have been made familiar through the press withthe arrangements that have heen made by federal and provincial gov ernments acting in cooperation with tho railways for free transportation ot stoVk north and hay and haying outfits north at half tho usual TO FORM A NEW RUSSIAN PARTY former Russian forelfln resigned from the constitutional democratic according to a Moscow dispatch to the Voislche Zeltung of quoting the newspaper It added that ho to form a new political faction in Russia to be called the constitutional monarchist STRIKE will be no strike of the empoyes of tho Ottawa Street both the comjmny und tbe men having accept ed the findir5 board of the and 1918 will stand out as an abnormal or freak The outstanding features were spring frost high drifting of the soil and drought a bad comblnatibn of forces seldom met Sometimes we have one or the but seldom all to The spring opened up early with little or no precipitation ot mois ture Throughout May and June and in many districts frosts cut down the early grain and were follow ed by drought and continued The frost damage was insignificant in the stage of the crops if rain had or if the damage had not been aggravated by high The high winds would not have affected the situation so badly if the frost had not out down the at the The grain that was cut down did not recover in and the ground being bare allowed tho wind to play havoc with the Had rains fallen Im mediately after the crop was cut down by frost the effect of the winds would not have been BO but this combination of forces kept the crop in check and hindered recovery until too late in the Many fields never and aro bare or plowed up or sown to other Where the grain did recover the continued drought hindered and the crop was kept in check and forced to head while in some i cases too short to properly Where rains some fields were beiwfitted as this lengthened stem but in some cases this not occur as tin crop was too far Dominion labor What Caused the Most Oamaae n some seasons we have spring cate of its free use throughout th Aftre the first harrowing after the fallow is a light cu tivaition by the spring tooth cultivator leaving the field Is more advis Some men have told me tha they have stacked away their drag harrow and do not intend to use them this The drag harrow is not to Many are apt to jump to false conclu sions too quickly by only looking on tho surface of and not getting nearer to the root of the Fall plowing also is not responsible for a poor showing than the spring Fall plowing never ought to bo seeded and may well be left until the fallow and spring plowing is Neither the drag fall spring drifting or aro so responsible as too early spring Drought is more responsible for re duced crop yields than either spring frosts or high but drought could have been largely overcome by delaying the seeding ot tho crop uuti the middle or third week in April Tho spring frosts and drifting winci and drought would not havo had so much Some Previous Lean I am firmly convinced that the main cause of so much crop failure this season is duo to too early seeding This conviction is backed by my ex and close observations in tin past in the Unless It woro so I would pen this and am now doing so with the sole object o pointing out the unwise practice o seeding too early when the spring opens up so that one may take a lesson that may be profitable in the PRICE OF A i TIMEW1E Lois Webers Price of a Good Time comes to the Empress tonight or the last Mildred Harris and Kenneth Harlan head the which ncludes Annie Helene Ros Alfred Adele Farrington and Gertrude The story is The by Marion appeared In Breezy and is presented by Jewel If drought continues throughout out the loss of a is announc then the grain is forced early l by m h8 into as was the case this munication when only a few inches high according to the condition of the making not only a considerable loss in but also making it difficult to larvest with the prospect of consid erable waste in The Farmers Many We have many problems to consider when the seed in the spring fall It is a noticeable fact that rust does not affect a crop In dry years such as and there Is little probability of its doing sjJ in These were all seasons where the spring opened up Only in late with abundant espe cially throughout und heavy crops may we expect rust to from when the spring opens ear Orth ly the seeding should be delayed until storles ana the proper On the other hand in a late spring seeding should be done as soon as There is no authority who can lay down any exact course to follow as none can foretell the kind of season we may The best we can do is to use our best as no two reasons are Drought may come early in the season and break up a the or it may come late in the The effect on the crop is dif ferent in each Preferably would have it come at the end of the season rather than as when 1 comes early it affects the crop more sy checking the growth of the plant in the early by drying out th stools in the formation of small heads and by reducing the plant to a sjngle When conditions are favorabl in the early part of the a heal thier stronger plant is establishei more stems and longer beadb Even light showers and th crop carries If drought comes af ter it is headed out it will stand con siderable and a light rain wil be sufficient to bring the crop ti at least with one advantage that the straw is sufficiently long ti harvest Tho big thing is to get the plant1 well established in tho early stages up totho time of heading and this can seldom bo done if sown too early and droughty conditions The Course to Adopt in Vhen the spring opens up at the end of March or early in seed ing should bo delayed until the 15th or of Tho time may be well spent in any prepared I such as tho breaking or fall AT STARLAND George the beloved Italian French character actor ot the is coming to the Starland theatre on Monday in his newest Paramount pic ture One More This was written and directed toy William the noted writer and director of who has directed such pictures as Geraldine Farrars Car The Warrens ot and The cast includes Helen Ed Bebatis leading lady in so many of his former Camilla Raymond Jack Ernest Joy and others as well Referring back to at intervals of four we have had reduced crop yields ow ing to spring frosts and drought when tUe spring opened up In a stroke of tho harrows to prevent any crust forming after the snow has gone and to maintain a When this is done there is little or no evaporation of moisture from the Spring plowing may be carried on and worked down up to the time whenIt istime to seed the prepared About April 20 this should be done the surface packer following the seeder as closely as it LAST TIME TONIGHT FOR FATTY ARBUCKLE IN OUT ALSO CLARAKIMBALL YOUNG AND HER OWN COMPANY IN THE MARIONETTES MONDAY AND TUESDAY GEORGE BEBAN IN V ONE MORE AMERICAN MILDRED HARRIS IN THE PRICE OF A GOOD TIME Next A Modern Tht of Ella Hall in WMeh Woman Cortf ;