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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE GIRLS MAKE GOOD ON MANY JOBS THAT MEN HELD And Many of Them Earn lual Pay With the Men, Eqi: EMPLOYERS PLEASED Sioria* o: 3Bti�f�ction Given by Women Workers-A Re-h �ourcetul Condiictorel. / � � By 31NC;-VLR LEWIS IN .in* of tht largMt railro.vl ifrmlnaii In th� 3En�l th?r� Is a luaoli room ootdi;cl�l i-y a pi;-r�f� .viiP^rx- In M�y ol fnlr year. �r?iMi I h�r( inly i i'.-r.- n-.om-.o'.s before -M^lac R. tru'.c. I went :n ti-.ere, .red wMlt 1 �:��:'.td .'.r iny scranili'.cd *tt* '.h* ipirtt of C'itiren I-';x-U r.iosc 1.1 !��. m� ccu'-rer tilencuint. a balv��;, quit* ilirty ma", care-Mllj M(l hilfully ir.su'tcd one after �a�th�r eC people irr.o ne;e com-nintlMT i'.'.mt o; ti>';r.g to pay fhelv tootf mon�y for the limch. �'^�:!. Khy .llrtr.'t :�r te!! me yuh r."M-.i^d bu!t-roA tcamT" :-,c l.awled at oat x-orms. Thtn Cltir.en Fix-U an-tcrwl tbs arifiimer.'.-�r.d fot t!ic \rovft. �r 1'.- Tiie aitendAnt Ii?;en-:d iicceric|t:y to I ^lad lo say and, With irnis a'Kimho, relorlcd, "Say, If yuli don't lite this dump, jiiU CdQ bcit 1 .-omp!�;aed t-> tl.c nianaser. He rhrusECl and ilg'ne"- "I'ou'rs prob-ubiy rljlit. but nhat can I do? 1 can't r�t i-tJp. My assistant Is back heipins wash diiiies. If I spoke to this raaa, 'fir.'.' iiuit." I vc.-.t o:it Tvith an earnest Intcn-tioT> of ncvr returning-but again I had to catch a train and again, In mid-June, I TeUictantly went Into the piact. It -Lva* utterly changed. Behind .*h� eountar. � instead of sloppy auHy men, w�r� tlx cheerful brisk woman-eiaan, courteous, efficient- nnd Humec 'buses nrere collecting the dirty diahif. The manager remembered me and crlnned. "Got It solved," he iUuckled. "I hope I never see � man waltar It the place again. The wometi ara aiower, and need more lnstru';tlon, l>ul Ihew are a lot nicer to the patrons." Th� Great Chanse THE tiny ineideni la Illustrative of the graflteat change In American industry that has been seen for many years-the firat fruits of the war-the employment of women not for mereiy � few occupations, but in every line, at every Job which does not reaulrc irreat strength, and at wage* absolutely equal to those of men. The employer of labor who has cot carefully gone Into the question of eniplo.vment of women has neglect- td his own salvation for to-day. Woman labor is & success! That Is the primary cncclusion after Inter-Tiewg with m large number of employer*. Superintendent after superintendent expressed himself In practically tha lanns TTianner: "I have been ualn� women f'jr Jobs which a, year ngo I would have aworn only men cou;c fU:, and I have been astonished by Iho success at the'women.' TU� Slate lafluatrial Commission of New rork, 'ajcrts thai more than half of the \o r�� has ii7er .loi-.o h-;fore, �lt!:c:' mat: or -.Tenian-auci'. 'AsVr as tha making Niece of U. S. President Weds at White House O'S ^Veil^esJay of (his week the ^' White IIousP had its third wcd-dir.R of the Wilson Administration. :iiat of Jliss Alice Wilson. Miss Wilson, the President's niece, became the bride of the Hev. Isaac Stuart McKlroy, Jr. The ceremony w^as performed by the Kcv. 1. S. McElroy, D.D., th ef.ither of the bridejn'oom. The brido is the d.nuRliter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph I!. Wilson, of Baltimore. The Kev. Mr. McKlroy is pas-:.:r of liie rrcsbyteri.m Church at W'.;ite Sulphur Springs, West Vt., wiiere he will remain for another : ear iietore saiHnp to .Japan as a missionary. A AUGUST, 1918 A Pen-Picture of the South Coast of England in the Fiftli Year of War. efficiency. And these Bush tests were not more playing: at work- tiiey were a careful and revealing exposition ci that very important principle, "Most of She things that everybody know couldn't be done, �have been donel" Women on Railroads NEW field of occupation which has attracted much comment is lio use ;^Ize, 5 inches by 3�i, and contains coupons for ail the rationed foods-sugar; meat, bacon, butter and margarine-and lard, of which the Food Controller hopes to have sufficient to allow tv;o ounces per head per week from July 14. Printed in colors by a special process of photogravure and special Ink, the delicate design of the book should prove a great deterrent to would-be forgers. CHILDREN'S D!ET MUSTBE No Substitute for Milk or Green / Vegetables Can B^' Found. rOO MUCH POTATOES Once a Day Is Enough for Young Children - Queries Ansv^rercd. The book for the general public contains nine pages, orange color for sugar, blue for fats, red for meat and bacon, brown and blue for other foods which may be rationed, and green for reference purposes. A special book has been prepared for children, and with supplementary ration books for workers engaged in heavy work It will be possible for a household to have eight different kinds of ration books- With tho coming Into force of the new books the coupons collected by retailers will have to be forwarded to the local food office, where tests will be taken by^ means of weighing the coupons, and it they do not reasonably corao'up to the weight corresponding with tho rationed food supplied prosecution will follow- Every book will be numbered nnd bear a code or reference number so that it can be traced without difficulty. Books w'ill have to be surrendered before leaving the country, or In event of the death of the holder of the book, must bo returned to either the local food office or handed to the registrar of deaths at tho time of registration. chanism, so impossible :1s it to associate his' etiolated ' limbs with any spark, however remote; of the fiery flush of ryouth arid sILrength. He stares straight beiore .liim, but his quenched-, eyes, are not focusscd on the Jewelled hills of Surrey. They hold the arr?stedlook of horror that those who, have died violently carry to their graves. , ', Suddenly'a gust of -ivlnd shatters a full blown rose, and flings a trail of petals "across his breast. Their light touch recalls him. He looks down, stares blankly at his breast, with a shudder of unspeakable abhorrence frantically . beats away the petals with his weak hands. Then, dragging himself to his feet, he limp.^ slowly into the house. The petals were blood-rcd- Boom! Boom! Boom! Do you hear the guns in.France? I wounded soldier is lying in a chaise largue. Ho Is in hospital blue, and a pair of crutches are on tho floor beside him. There is something terrible in. his utter immobility-he might bo a figure carved of stono-, ho migllt he-dead. Ills hands rest inertly on tho chair-arms. They are very thin, and look extraordinarily helples.s. .CHis'body, supine arjd relaxed,'has the appearance of some broken aad uii�l�sa ylece of me- from four to six -weeks, depending upon the condition of tho fruit when received. When the olives are first brought into tho factory, they are graded and taken to tho appropriate vats. They arc first covered for two or three days with a light salt brine, before any lye Is used. Slow Pickling Process � ^ FTER remaining in tho OLIVES RIPENED BYUSE_OFLYE The Pickling Process Requires From Four to Six Weeks' T" HE olive,US md.de by nature Is endowed with a bitter disposition and a hard, acrid char acler. 11 Is only after It has passed througii tho harrowlnp: experiences, designed for it by man, that it is changed into a soft, pleasant taste. Thii;i the history of the development of a ripe olive may bo called an exemplification of tho old adage that "trlal.f and tribulations maketh one sweet." When you eat a ripe peach, a pear or an apple, you got tho fruit Just as nature made it, and IC you pick It off a tree, It will tasto all tho bettor. But wlicn yo\i eat a ripe olive, you tasto a product that has passed through many a process since it loft tho tree. The interesting process of prcpar-olives destined to reach tho family table in tho guise of ripe fruit is qxplafhed as follows in the Scientific American by Arthur L. D'ahl. , "Tho plckliiti; of olives requires vats for several days, a light solution of lyo (about 2 per cent.) is added, and the olives are kept in this solution for about nine hours. The lye water is then drawn oft and tho fruit allowed to stand for 24 hours, after which clear water is added and the olives aro stirred by means of compressed air Introduced Into tho tanks. This Is continued for six or seven days. "Tlien a second application of a lye solution, not quite so strong. Is made to the fruit, and allowed to remain tor from six to nino hours. This Is then drained off, and clear water is again added, In which tho olives remain for another; period: of six pr seven days. It tho olives have not attained a aufflclently i dark color after tho secbnd application of the lye, they are subjected toa third bath, after whibh they go into a .salt brino and are allowed to stand for about 10 days. ^ .' ; "After the olives are taken from tho pickling room they go' over sorting belts where women pick out the various sizes and: quality,,of tho fruit. These aro placed In enamelled buckets . and. aro taken to ' the canning tables where they are jplaced in the cans, weighed, aijd placed on endless-belt cnrrlor.s -which take* theni' to the machines where the tops are put on. EMBERS of tho newly orgnn-ieod Women's Police Reserve of New York aro being placed on a war tooting, and are now undergoing courses of training to fit them to all mannei,' of war cniorgcncy work. Tho organization, although but n little more thnn two months old, already has a membership of about 4,400, nnd is constantly getting new recruits. They come from all walks and stations in life. Among them are trained nurses, milliners, dressmakers, storekeepers, housewives, and wives of prominent and wealthy men. "There Is a certain kind of police woric," Inspector J. F- Dwyor said. In commenting on.the work of the reserves, "that women can do ns well as, If not better than, men. Every housewife knows all about-Ice, coal and wood, and groceries and markets-Ouf women nro going to look after food nnd fuel violations in their nelghboflioods, and when, they find them they will lose no time In reporting them. "Wo aro a present training these women tor the kind of war emergency work they nro best able to do. 1 cannot praise them tot) highly. They aro enthusiastic, and cannot got enough of drilling and other things. Wo shall have a woman on duty on almost every block In tho city. It is not our plan to have them do patrol work, (that will bo Ictt to tho men,) but there are plenty of other things they can do." An Ambitious Program THE organization has planned to do auxiliary Red Cross work in tho different precincts; to- discover and report Irregular and inilawtul conditions; to teach patriotism nnd civic duty and ai^ In tho Americanization of the alien elements of tho population; to detect and report on cases of disloyalty and sedition; to relievo distress nnd destitution; to advise and direct tho weak, foolish, and Idle, and to set an example of unselfish and patriotic devotion. Units of tho reserve have been started in every residential precinct of the five boroughs. Classes arc held seven nights a wceic in the different station houses, where tho women receive instruction in elementary anatomy and in first aid principles and in laws and ordinances. Once a week they aro Instructed In police and Infantry drill, nnd In calisthenics In public sohoolhouses, armories, and' at the Headquarters gymnasium. There Is a class In firearms. The wpmen are at first, taught the care and-handllng. of a revolver. Wficn they have learned how to break, clean, load and handle a weapon, they arc taken In squads to tho Headquarters' shooting gallery, whoro they aro taught to shoot at stationary, and moving targets- Several have shown themselves to be adepts with a ro-vdlvcr, rolling up good scores. They enjoy this target practice Irnmonsely, and It some of them are at first: Inclined *io be a llttlo gun-shy they soon get over It. Motor Corps Joins THE 300 members of tho Motor Corps of America, which wa.s organized to carry despatches and do work tor tho medical department of the army, have become atfillated with the Women's Pollco Reserve, nnd tho members have all Joined tho reserve. Many of the women own automobiles. They aro graduates of recognized automoblio schools and aro licensed operators. Thoy hnvo a practical working knowledge and arc able, to make rcpalr-s. Thero Is another motor corps which has become attlilatod with tho reserve, which Is in charge of Captain EllsoM. Rol-nlgcr. The organization has two mouncd squads, one composed of sixty horsewomen and tho other of twenty. Tho women of tho two squads aro all experienced cquestrieTincs,. Many of them own their own mounts. They meet and drill frequently. Although ^he reserve has not as yet adopted a uniform, certain units have a dress of their own. Tho unit of tho West Forty-SeVenth Street station Is made up largely of women from the theatrical profession. They wear blue sergo with brass buttons and carry police whistles. THE necessity ot guarding the food supply of young clilldren, and assuring to them an abundant diet ot properly selected foods, is nsRuming every day a moro critical phase us the war stringency Increases and demands tor the conservation ot toodstuffs become moro urgent. A most wiibicsomo educational move-, ment is going forward among our 'citizens in tho use ot different foods. Nature is exceedingly adaptable, and tho healthy human being can be ted with a fair degree of success on widely varying diets. But while the adult may thvlyo very well on substitute foods of Various kinds and even be better off with some of these dietary changes. It Is not always true that young children will profit by tho same course. Tho clilld's dietary requirements are less flexible than aro those of grown persons, mid insufficient or unsuitablo food is likely to have serious consequences for the growing child. Authorities on tho subject state that there Is practically no subslltuto either for mill< or green vegetables In tho food ot tho growing child. Milk should bo given In many forms. Splna'crf is ono of the best ot green vegetables. It can be prepared In a number of ways and should bo used freely In tho dally diet. Fish and chicken aro better for children in many cases than beet or other meats, nnd where these foods can be obtained ono or tho other may be given to clilldrcii. Need Sloiir Cooking IN tho fncQ of tho groat need for conserving wlieat, tlic use of new cereals has become a matter ot necessity. Thero seems to bo no reason why suc'.i food may not bo as -n-holo-somo as wheat, if properly cooked. Jlothers may need to be warned that all cereals, and particularly tho coarser ones, like oatmeal and corn, need very long cooking to bo suitabio for children. Therefore It stands to reason that tho "quick" breads and griddle cakes, which have been exposed lo cooking lieat perhaps only a few minutes, will hot bo well digested and that all preparations of cereals should bo subjected to long, slow cooking if they aro to entor into the diet ot young children. At this moment, also, people aro being urged to cat ail the potatoes possible as another substitute for wheat. The request Is made that families shall cat potatoes three times a day, but this la not Intended to apply literally to the youngest children, who would not get a sufficient variety of food in the day's meals if given potatoes at each one. Tho manner of cooking potatoes must be constantly varied or tho taiiiliy will tiro of them. The methods will include frying and scalloping, delicious, to the adult palate, if well done, but not suitable to young children. It Is wise, . there tore, for mothers to remember that children under five will hardly bo able to cat potatoes moro than once a day, and that for them this vegetable is better when baked, mashed or freshly boiled and served simply with the addition ot a little salt and milk or cream. Thus prepared thoy are so completely cooked and so finely divided that children do not swallow them in chunks. Frying, on the other hand, makes foods generally less Hultable to tiio digestion ot children. A BAD HABIT. JfEW women make succeaaful lawyers, Thoy aro unablo to break thomaolvcs ot tho habit o{ giving froo advloo, \oiiE AND LESS. rjAHE more you think about aomo men the leas you think of tliotn. GENTLEMAN. alwuys shuta his oyos wlieu bO'looks at alady'a A Generous Reward "^ND so you aro the noble follow who rescued my wife at tho risk ot your lite?" said Mr. Tighttist-"Take this quarter my brave fellow as an expression of my thankfulness." "All right, guv'ner, thank ye," said tho hero, and then ho added softly: "Ypu know botter'n I do what your-old girl's worth," faults.'-',-"' f V SOZ7J7D LOOW. MAN sGldom geta it In tho noclt lor keeping Uls moutU shut i; "The Legion of Death" (The Women Soldiers of Russia), By MARION COUTHOUV SMITH ^ ^iiElR breasts are free to tha 1 sword, �*- They have challenged the dark undoer; A-nd Pain is their liege lord, i And Death their chosen wooer. -.- ] Mis fearful pledge thoy keep, j By Ills grim shield defended; ^t--Hc guards their labor and their sleep I Till tho high quest Is ended. | Thoy have smiled In the eyes of Fear, ^  Thoy have scorned tho idler's dreaming; | No hope have thoy held dear, | Save for their land's redeeming. Under the Iron rain, 1 jWhoro bloom and fruit aro scat-terod, Thoy Ho llko flowers on the torit plain. By a wild harvest shattered- i ] The.so are the mothers who fall, | Tho racojthat here lies bleeding;': | Theirs was a bitter call, j Tholi's was a deadly breeding. ,| Thai; freedom may hove birth. That souls may rise from sleopini?, Thoy have slain ,tho love nnd tho drsuf-ns ot earth, Tho laid and the. long yct^rs' reap^ ;