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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 24, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. SA'llllDAY, AUGUST 'M, 15)18 NUMBER 216 THE BRAY, THIEPVAL, FALL TO BRITISH; BAPAUME NEXT; NOYON WAVERING FocH's m m THE SOBEI0 GERMANS MAY RETIRE CLEAR TO MEUSE AW London Conjectures on Plans of Silent But^Master-ful Generalissimo. London, Auer. 2'1.-(Canailian Press BiHpaloh from Reulers Liraited) The ultiiiiatft-aim of Marshal FocU's Btratcglc plan, which is being worlted out In the present series of battles, is the subject of much speculation in Paris and I-iondon. Broadly,'the opin-' ion of the experts is divided between iliosu who believe Marshal Voch is striking a number of hammer blows with the object of weaitoning the en tjmy numerically and positively and a:s regards morale, preparatory to a decisive blow at some absolutely vital Bpot and those who thinlc tliat he Is at present oniloavoring to disorganize �^hat  is really the great Gorman retreaJt or intended retreat on largo sectors itk.prder to reap the rich fruits of tliig dlsorganizftlion in the shape of big hauls of prisoners and material iiiid'iillqw'.Jator results to guide him in tlie matter ot decisive action this year. Some French critics hold the latter view which is based on the theory that a withdrawal is gradually going on to some new ITIndenburg line which is probably of great depth. ^Thoso who jirgue that wo arc at present witness Ing the preliminary 'to a decisive stroke base their- belief on the fact that the alllos arc p?6suniabiy em ploying considerable forces in the aggregate in the battles, that they are exploiting the gains made to the utter most, that they already are threatening vital enemy positions, and that, more over. It would bo folly not to push to the last degree, this year their im roanso advuntago ot their regained in Itiative. superior morale and cuthus Jasm for the offensive, especially among the Americans. It is pointed out that other considerations, apart �from weighty political reasons, are that the Germans still have many div Islons In Russia and possibly have still more divisions booked for a sur price enterprise this year on some other front. Hence it Is not absolute ly certain that a better chance will offer In 1919 for the German front is now fairly liquid. In regard to the latest developments of the battle, one ot the most import ant is the British threat at Bapaume Jta tall would bo a disaster tor the enemy, and his desperate resistance at Achiet-Le-Grand, where the main defensive positions of Bapaume ar located, shows that ho realizes this., GERMANS PROTEST SPAIN'S ACTIONS Germans Prepare Defence Away Back oh Meuse Now; French to Enter Noyon Soon London, Aug. 24.-^The Germans evidently expect to be pre?sed back to the Meuse, says the Amsterdam correspondent of the Daily Express, as they are fortifying positions along that river in Belgium. The Germans are digging extensive trenches between Dinant and Givet. Thousands of prisoners and Belgian civilians are being used in the work. Givet is ninety miles directly east of Bapaume. NOYON to FALL SOON London, Aug. 24.-^The town of Noyon is expected to fall at any moment, according to information received here this afternoon from the battle in France. ARE ADVANCING RAPIDLY London, Aug. 24.-(1 p.m.)-The British third army is advancing rapidly. It has gone forward in -some places to a depth of four miles on a front of twelve miles. The British fourth army is on the outskirts of 3ray where heavy fighting is proceeding. MIRAUMONT SURROUNDED With the British Armies in France, Aug. 24.-(Associated Press)-The situation at Thiepval was uncertain this morning. La Boisselle and Ovillers were reported to have been wrested from the enemy. The town of Miraumont appears to have been surrounded by the British. EVERY AVAILABLE MAN The Hague, Aug. 24.-The German government has summoned every available man to the colors, says a letter received here from � newspaper correspondent in Germany. Of the two hundred thousand workmen at Krupps between 30,C00 and 40,000 have been called up fop service at the front. Elsewhere, the correspondent adds, the comb-out has been even more vigoroui. HON. C. W. CROSS. HUNS' COMMEWL Realize They Can't Sell Goods With German Name, So Cut It Off Amsterdam, Aug. 24.-Germany has energetically protested against the intention of Spain to replace sunken^ Spanish tonnage by Interned German ships, according to an official statement Issued In Berlin. London, Aug. 24.-Germans who are allowed to remaiu In iiuutral conn-tries are i/ivlted in a recent isauo' o� the Central Powers' economic gazette to practice what it calls "commercial camouflage.'" The journal adds; "After the war Gorman trade will be possible only through jioutral countries. All marks ' of German origin will therefore, have to be obliterated from all wares exported. Considerations ot international morallty^iust be brushed aside," Germans Along Rhine Are Expecting Allied Invasion HON. J. R. BOYLE. London, Aug. 34,-Thtf' Geririan population along th� Rhino ex-pe'tto an allied invasion, in the opinion of a Dutch woman of German descent who has Just returned from Amsterdam from visiting relatives In a small village near Bonn on the Rhine.- In a statement to the Amsterdam correspondent of the Dally Express she said: "The impression gathered from what I saw and heard in Germany was one of real despair. In spite of what the newspapers say or do not say, the German retirement In the west Is making the worst I^OBslblfl Imereislon espsclally �long the Rhine. The people there know that thsy wl,|l be the first to be hit if the allies come over. "The Idea that Carman loll is to remain inviolate to the last has disappeared completely and ok the Rhine everybody, 'expects a foreign invasion sooner or later. Many families are ^preparing .to leave for Central Germany! "The ravages of>tht allied aircraft are simply terrific. When you read 'there w^s 'iome material damage' It nitkni that whole streets were torn up, with a heavy casualty list to compl�t�;.the picture." Casualties WOUNDED. J. Mountain Horse, Macleod. J. C. McEwan, Coutts, Alta. A. Musfliy, Lundbreck. A. J. Grant, Macleod. - F. Staunton, PIncher Creek. Pte. Thos. Railton, enlisted Lethbrldge. Pte. John McLean, Lethbrldge, Pte. Jas. Nisbet, Coalhurst. Pte. John Anderson, enlisted Lethbrldge. Pte. Richard Jones, enlisted Lethbrldge. Corp. John McDonald, Lethbrldge. Pte. Douglfts McDonald, Lethbrldge. Man Power Bill Passes Washington, Aug. 24- The new man power bill extending the selective draft to all men between the ages of 18 and 45 was-tiassed by the house tonight as finally amended by the war department. On.the first roll call only two negative votes were cast--by Representative London of New York, the Socialist and Representative Gordon of Ohio. Democrat. . . c. w. PROVINCIAL GOVT. Hon. J. R. Boyle, Attorney-Gen craI~New Minister To Be Appointed Edmonton, Aug. 23.-Hon, J, R. Boyle Is attorney general of Alberta In the place of Hon. C. W. Cross, retired. This is the information given the Canadian Press tonight by Premier Stewart. The premier had no announcement to make as to filling the cabinet vacancy caused by the retirement of Mr. Cross but would make such statement within a few days. . ENEMY ATTACKS IN ALBANIA Rome, Aug. 24.-In Albania the forces of the Central Powers ytt-terday renewed their attacks from the lower SemenI River to the heights of Malltomorices, it was announced today by t^e Italian war office. In the center the an-,emy made fjrfi-.^u t6 the north of the head of the Buvalica. - Hon. C. W. Cross was attorney-gon eral in the first government of All^orta which was formed in 1905 by Hon, A. C. Rutherford, following the formation of.the two new western provinces ot Alberta and Saskatchewan, and tlio olebtlons consoquent. He was formerly a. meuil)or bt the law firm ot Short, Cross iinrt Biggar, of ISdraon-ton. He represented Edmonton and was elected again in 1909, together with j. A. MoDougali as the two members to represent EdmoiHon city at largo. In 1910 when the split occurred in the Liberal party over the Great Waterways railway alTair, aad Hon. Mr. Rulhorford was forced to resign wltli his government. Hon. Mr. Slfton became premier, and shortly afterwards Mr. Cross ;loiiied the � government again as attorney-general. Mr. Boyle had joined the Sittdn government as minister of education. In the provincial elections of. last yeaT Mr. Cross retired t6 the seal, of Edson which he fir'niorly represented along-svlth the seat ait Edmonton. Mi% Cross is a native of Madoc, Out. .. British Smashing Through Hun tines on Wide Front; Bray, Thiepval Captured With the British Armies in France, Aug. 24.-(Associated Press)-Bray is reported to have been captured by the British. Several thousand German prisoners have passed through the cages behind General Byng's third army today. No effort to count the guns captured has been made up to his time. SMASHING THROUGH HUN POSITIONS With the British Army in France, Aug. 24.-The British were smashing through the Gerinan positions this morning all along the battlefront. The British are reported to have captured Becordel and to have reached the high grpund southwest of Fricour.t. The British have passed well beyond Happy Valley. THIEPVAL CAPTURED London, Aug. 24.-(Canadian Press Dispatch from Reuter's Limited.)-The British have captured Bray and surrounded Thiepval. FIGHTING ON THIEPVAL SLOPES London, Aug. 24.-Field Marshal Haig's forces are fighting on the lopes of Thiepval Ridge and along the eastern bank of the Ancre River, where British patrols have entered the town of Miraumont. From the latter village the British line runs to Bihucourt, thence to Ervlllers, which is irr British hands and then to Boyelles and Boiry-Becquerelic, Joining the old line near Mercatei. " (War Summary by the Associated Press) British troops along the extreme northern sectors of the battle line in PIcardy and Artols are advancing at a rapid rate. According to unofficial reports the British have reached the village of Henin, five miles southeast of Arras. They also have advanced further south and are in the outskirts of the town of St. Leger. The British are closing In on Bapaume, the key stone to the German positions between Arras and the Somme. The Germans have been forced to give up towns just north of Bapaume while the British are operating just west of the town. 14,000 PRISONERS It is officially reported that in the fighting since Wednesday morning the British have taken more than 14,000 prisoners In this sector. Unofficial advices say that entire batteries of heavy guns have been taken from the enemy. South of the Somme and between the Oise and the Aisne artillery duels are reported. French patrols operating in Lorraine have penetrated German trenches at many points. MENACE TO GERMANS INCREASES With the allied advance between Arras and Solssons the menac* to the German positions on.the fifty mile front increases hourly. CROSS THE DIVETTE West of Noyon the French have forced a crossing of the Divette at Evricourt, three miles from Noyon, and they maintain their strong pressure from the south and east. Between the Aisne and the Allette north of Solssons, General Mangln's troops are close to tjhe heights.domlnating the Chemln Des Dames, increasing the menace to the German positions along the Vesie. General Mangin is sharpening the salient which has Its apex im-mediately nortli of Solssons. Fires are burning behind the German positions north of the Vesle and the enemy may be preparing to retire. Infantry and transports are reported moving northward from the Vesle in the,last few days. American and French pressure continues along the river. In the last week more than 20,000 prisoners, not counting Fridays captures, have been taken. More than fifty towns and villages have been regained.^ fighting is taking place in Northern Italy. In Centraii Albania the Austrians have been repulsed in an attack against the Italian line. HEAVY DEFEATS. ES MEN AND GUNS S VERY HEAVY One Thousand Germans Killed in One Engagement Alone-Many Cannon Lost British .\rmies in France, Aug. 24.->general strike of all hands was declared yeaterrfsy at the pulp mllla of ChlfQuilmii Sentiment runs high. FOLLOWING UP SUCCESS With The British Army In France, Aug. 23.-British armies this evening are vljiprously follpw-ing up t^e success which has been one of the most disastrous ever experienced by the Germans, The Germans h'ave lost w'de stretches of ground and numerous towns. The British have taken ^thousands of prisoners and large quantities of guns and materials. To the south of Malraumont, the British have crossed the Ancre River and have started back in the general direction of Courcel-lette. Already Field Marshal Haig's foroes are reported southeast of Grandcourt. "rtte British have reached Ham-ellncourt and are pushing' on towards Ervlllers. St. Leger and 'Crolsilles. The British troops seem to be progressing well up the road from Albert to Bapaume. South, of the Somirie, thirty-three officera'and,'fifteen hundrad' men-have be�n taken by the British. With the British Army In France, Aug. 24.-^(Associated Press).-(8 a.m.)-The battle continued successfully for the allied army last night; The British advanced everywhere and the enemy suffered heavy defeats. (Continued on Pag� 4). CO-ORDINATE WORK OF DOM. AND PROV. AGRICULTURAL DEPTS. Edmonton, Aug, 23.-'Hon. T. A. Crerar, Dominion nilnlttar of agriculture, was In Edmonton Friday and had a long consultation with Hon. Duncan .Marshall on the advisability of oo-ordinating the ^work of the Oominlon and Provincial departments, of which both gentlemen are the heads. Mr, Crerar left for the east by tKa evening, train. OF ALLIED FORCES With the British Army in Krance, August 24.-British alr.fighting on tho western front during "the' last week provides a striking indication of the difficulty now confronting Germany; in the air, which must increase in tbo near future as a growing air superiority of the allies makes Itself llelt. In the battle area, probably owing ti> tho recent heavy German loaaes over tho Somme battle field enemy scouts are compelled to operate in large for-niations at a much greater height than, formerly. Notwithstanding, this, the British airmen continue to take u  heavy toll of them. Severe 'fighting has occurred on the front between Albert and the Amlens-Koye Road, resulting, according to latest reports, in the destruction ot sixty-three enemy machines and tho driving do^fh ot L'l airplanes out ot control.. This superiority has .been attained without any dlmlni\tlon of the aerial activity in other sectors, a largo number ot raids having been made against enemy positions far behind tho German lines in which more�than 120 tons ot bombs were dropped, and attaciss on the Rhino pi'ovinces prosjud with the utmost vigor. Coupled with a Virtual co.s.3�tion of German air raids on bondou, the Increasing number of bombing raids into Germany, of which there were 22 during the last week, must be demoralizing, showing Germany that, iu spite of her offensive efforts, aho.ip unable to adequately protect her aerial frontier. "The result of the allied supremacy is. seen in German captured ordi^rs... one ot which directs, "withlu ttr miles ot the front smull gronpa V-Of from eight to ten men are to/ ceed together." _ / 99 ?2357655 ;