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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, August 23, 1974 Little room for optimism Israel's current general mobilization will jolt those who have been taking an optimistic view of the Middle East. Although Israel has announced that the mobilization is merely a training exer- cise and not a prelude to a pre-emptive war. it is an indication that the Israelis do not feel sanguine about their situation. The fact is that Israel expects war again and has made it clear that there will be no repeat of the Yom Kippur War when the Arabs gained an advantage by attacking first. If Israeli intelligence in- dicates that war is being planned Israel will strike first. In view of this it would not be surpris- ing if neighboring states such as Syria should view the Israeli mobilization as provocative. A precipitous assault might be launched in consequence. One hopeful thing in the picture is that Egypt has been energetically trying to damp war fever before it gets much of a grip. President Anwar Sadat has tried to make other Arab nations cautious by an- nouncing that his arsenal is a shambles. A crippling shortage of spare parts for Egypt's Soviet-made weaponry is being widely publicized. Sadat may succeed in convincing the Syrians that Egypt might not be drawn into another war but there are other aggressively anti-Israel nations in the Middle East who might be willing allies should Syria jump into the fray again. Thus, confidence that the ceasefire now in effect presages permanent peace is shaky. The Cyprus mess, deplorable in itself, is all the more regrettable because it is diverting so much valuable diplomatic effort away from working for a settle- ment of the Palestinian question that has kept the Middle East in such turmoil for so long. The hockey wars Not surprisingly, Clarence Campbell, president of the National Hockey League, has rejected the charge that it is his league's outlook on violence that is the chief cause of its appearance at the amateur level The charge is made m the Ontario inquiry into violence in amateur hockey. Mr. Campbell is naturally defen- sive about the NHL. as anyone in his position would likely be. Mr. Campbell has levelled a charge of bias against William McMurtry, who conducted the Ontario inquiry. There is some ground for the charge. McMurtry disarmingly admits that he undertook the inquiry with a predisposition to view violence in hockey with grave concern. This was the result of extensive reading of behavioral studies on violence and the ways in which it is nurtured. His suspicions of the effect of NHL violence upon boys in the lower leagues aroused by such reading were confirmed by his interviews of numerous people associated with hockey. Bias is seldom absent in those con- sidering contentious issues. The best that can be expected is that an inquirer will strive for fairness in the hearing of evidence and that the supporting material tor the conclusions drawn will be substantive. McMurtry appears to have made a good case, especially for blaming the NHL for encouraging violence in young hockey players aspir- ing to be professionals. Hosts ot people, parents and coaches of young boys among them, will be grateful to Mr McMurtry for stating the case against violence in hockey. Disgust and anxiety evoked by increasing incidents of mayhem in amateur hockey games has been widely expressed. Now it can be hoped that a way can be found to induce the NHL moguls to make a further clampdown on violence. The rule calling for expulsion of a third man into a fight not only cut down on violence but vastly improved the game from a spectator point of view by ending those stupid and time consuming bench emptying in- cidents Eviction of all fighters would further enhance the game and should have good effect on boys in amateur ranks THE CASSEROLE Bees are remarkably busy little creatures. The beaver's diligence is legendary. Ants are noted for their industry, too. But for sheer energy and persistence, few living creatures can match the tiny wren when it decides to stuff a bird house it doesn.'t want occupied. And anyone who thinks he knows how to get a lot into a little space should try emptying one after a wren has filled it. again So much for "lessons learned" during the energy crisis. A UN-sponsored conference has been told there is a clear link between en- vironmental pollution and cancer. According to researchers at the International Cancer Research Agency in Lyons, France, and at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, as many as four out of five cases of human cancer may be attributable to the polluted environment. The deputy-minister of consumer affairs is if motorists just shop around next fall, they'll find anti-freeze at prices he describes as "reasonable." He expects prices to vary from to per gallon retail, perhaps as high as or when put into radiators at service stations. Last winter it was easy to find it at per gallon in department stores, and few garages charged more than installed. Depending on how you look at it, that's a price increase of anywhere from 100 to 300 per cent. The maker, Dow Chemical, insists there's no supply problem. The flood lights that illuminate the top 30 floors of the Empire State Building in New York, turned off for several months to con- serve electricity, have now been turned on It must have been just a teeny, weeny bit embarrassing for the captain of the icebreaker Camsel to admit that he could not complete an escort mission into the Beaufort sea because the passage into the sea was not navigable due to ice. ERIC NICOL On guard! Anxiety has sprouted where none grew before, among those appraising future relations between Pierre Trudeau and the new president of the United States, Gerald Ford. President Ford is a man of Middle America conservative, intellectually unspectacular, wedded to the traditional values, unlikely to take the Lord's name in vain. Pierre Trudeau is a man of Eastern Canada Liberal, dam- nably clever, flirting with various kinds of ac- commodation including the French, and apt to utter expletives that even Richard Nixon would shudder to delete. Pierre is a swinger. Gerald does not swing, by all accounts, even when pushed. In his initial address Ford said that what he wanted with Congress was "a good marriage." It is hard to imagine Trudeau desiring such a sanctified relationship with the House of Commons. Trudeau goes home to the Com- mons on occasion, but he works late at the of- fice an awful lot. Will these two men hit it off? Or will Canada live to regret that it didn't seize the chance to complement Straight Jerry with Honest Bob, two good, plain pillars of propriety to support an America gone Gomorrha? In the U.S. the pendulum is swinging back from the age of permissiveness, and Ford's dramatic arrival on the scene may be the force needed to accelerate the return of law and order. The gospel according to Hugh Hefner suddenly looks like a Dead Sea scroll. His voluptuously united States may be clapping on the stern black hat of a new puritanism. Already some states are restoring capital punishment, schools corporal punishment, fathers a very dirty look. Spouse swapping has fallen into disrepute. An American ex- pedition is seeking proof that the ark landed on Mount Ararat in Turkey, in case it has to land there again. What Canadians must ask themselves, as the moral revolution sweeps over our neighbor to the south, is: are we gathering momentum in the wrong direction? Will Ot- tawa be arguing abortion on demand at the time when 220 million Americans consider punishing fornication with a good flogging? Is Uncle Sam to loom as the regenerate champion of industriousness, self reliance, frugality, while we in this country lounge about, reeking socialism and waiting for the welfare cheques to roll in? A good many of us Canadians are hoping that Gerald Ford is a flash in the ethical pan, a fake father figure, a temporary set-back to continental co-operation in building the road to ruin. We are sustained by the belief that the moral climate that nurtured Watergate, and corrupted most of Washington's top echelon, cannot so quickly have turned frigid. But we may be clutching a delusive bubble. The Americans are a vital and energetic people, and if they decide that they want things done good and proper, with God's help and the prayers of their new president, we in Canada may find ourselves cut off from divine assistance other than that provided by a couple of fat cherubim from the gay side of Heaven. The situation calls for vigilance. Especially by Mr. Trudeau, who ought quietly to burn his racy sandals, his slouch hat and other relics of charisma. Two wars against Jerry are enough. Turkish premier urges talks with Greece By C. L. Sulzbergei, New York Times commentator ANKARA Turkish Premier Ecevit, hoping to calm the stormy political waters of the Aegean, assured me again that he is eager to hold a bilateral summit with his Greek opposite number, Constantine Caramanlis, in order to settle any and all problems and pave the way to renewed friendship. Although I had already had a lengthy conversation with Ecevit some days ago, he in- vited me for a second talk as the Greco-Turkish military confrontation subsided and stated categorically: "We don't want to exploit our military success or go beyond the precise lines of our military objectives." He also said his invitation to Caramanlis twice extended remained "open." It was up to Caramanlis to decide if and when to meet. In our earlier talk Ecevit had said he sent both written and oral messages to Athens suggesting a meeting "somewhere at sea, away from either Greek or Turkish waters, near Malta for ex- ample. We could alternate visiting each other's ships and we could discuss matters in a larger context. Caramanlis sent back word that he was waiting for conditions to be "ripe." Ecevit thinks that once Cyprus eases it may prove possible to compose bilateral problems involving the Aegean continental shelf, Aegean air space, the demilitarization of Greek islands off the coast of mainland Turkey and further matters concerning both countries, possibly including defence, now that Greece has withdrawn its forces from NATO command. All this is exceedingly dif- ficult, especially in view of Greece's strong resentment following Turkey's military intrusion onCyprus. It is possi- ble that if Ecevit moves too abruptly in bringing up ad- ditional matters or if the Turks demonstrate they are in a hard-headed mood, ready for further risks, a new confrontation would certainly develop possibly accom- "Imagine someone having the audacity to say hockey is too violent Suicidal maybe; violent Economist explains the Great Inflation By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL Economists the world over have been searching, seemingly in vain, for the causes, and the cures for the Great Inflation, as it's come to be called. At least one economist says the answers are "stunningly simple." Sidney Rolfe, an economic consultant and author of several books about money, says the cause of the present inflation is simply too much money chasing too few goods. The cure is simply to arrange that the supply of money and credit grow no faster than the increase in the new production' of goods. Rolfe says the Great Infla- tion was born in the U.S. in 1964 when the U.S. financed the Vietnam war without rais- ing taxes. Instead the treasury spent more money than it got in taxes, and the central bank- ing system created the ad- ditional money to fill the gap. How does that start inflation? Simple, says Rolfe. The money supply is essential- ly the total demand for goods and services. Both the supply of goods, and the demand for those goods that is, the money supply determine price. In the natural course of events, because of efficiency gains, the amount of goods available tends to increase, almost automatically, by about four per cent a year in the U.S. But the money supply has no "natural" rate of increase. It is arbitrarily determined by government spending decisions. If the money supply increase is about the same as the rate of increase of goods about four per cent a year then prices would remain stable. In the past 10 years, the increase in goods was about 50 per cent, but the increase in the money supply was 120 per cent. Result: INFLATION. Even if this were a correct analysis of the American inflation, it does not explain the world wide phenomenon of inflation. Rolfe says the U.S. sent its inflation abroad beginning in 1969. That was the year the Americans began buying more goods from abroad than they were selling. Billions of LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Special lane needed for cyclists I am writing in reference to an article that appeared in The Herald Tuesday, August 20 about bicycling on Mayor Magrath Drive and other prohibited arteries. For the past two summers it has been necessary for me to ride my bike up and down Mayor Magrath Drive each day. Even though I was careful I found the cycling frustrating and dangerous. I was not aware that I was breaking the law. There were no signs posted prohibiting cycling and I did not see or hear about it on the news media. I thought I had every right to ride my bike on that road. I do not own a car and my destination from home was approximately three miles. Mayor Magrath Drive was the most logical route. If I were to use the bus, it would take me four times as long, consider- ing that where I live (new housing district on the north side) is not serviced by city buses. The article also states that cycling is prohibited on 13th Street which leaves the 9th Street bridge the only way of crossing to the south side or vice versa. Could not a cycling lane be established for the many cyclists who would like to use Mayor Magrath Drive? Ignorance of the law is no excuse, but city council was certainly ignorant of the problem this bylaw creates for the cyclist. GRANT SORENSEN Lethbridge Public library not accessible As a result of the activating of bylaws 3191 and 3000, which govern the use of bicycles in the city, it should be noted that among the 18 blocks of road prohibited to cyclists are: 6th Avenue South between Scenic Drive and Mayor Magrath Drive (3000 5; 8th Street between 6th Avenue South and 2nd Avenue A north (3000 2; 9th Street be-, tween 6th Avenue South and 2nd Avenue A north. (3000) 3. This cuts off all approach to the library for cyclists unless they come from the north west through the downtown area surely the most dangerous way of all. This means that the children of the city have their access to the library on their bicycles made difficult and dangerous, especially those living on the north side, whose only practicable way is to walk their bikes across the railway bridge, cross the traf- fic at the south end, go along 2nd Avenue south to Gait Gardens, cross the traffic again to turn south along 7th Street south, crossing 3rd and 4th Streets and making yet another left hand turn across 7th Street, and along 5th Avenue across 8th Street to the library. One doubts if many north side parents will allow their children to go to the library under such con- ditions. Why does the city first build a million dollar library with a large children's section and then make it difficult to get there, by a subsequent bylaw? Perhaps the transit system could help with special tickets. American dollars were sent abroad to pay for those im- ports. Central banks all around the world held the American dollars, and were forced to increase the money supply of their own countries when they exchanged the dollars for their domestic currencies. Inflation was intensified in 1970-71 when billions of dollars were transferred out of the U.S. and into other currencies in an- ticipation of the U.S. dollar devaluation which came at the end of 1971. Once the fixed exchange rate system broke down in 1973, the international tran- smission of inflation stopped. But much of the damage had been done. Once established, the new money supply cannot be rolled back without causing an unacceptable depression. Rolfe gives little credence to the views that crop failures, grain shortages or Arab oil cartels are the primary cause of the Great Inflation. Ac- cording to him, they are very late comers, and at best are marginal contributors. That is, they have turned what was already a 10 per cent inflation rate into an 11 or 12 per cent rate. So much for the causes. What about the cure? Rolfe is convinced the worst is over. Prices will not increase as they have in the past because the rate of increase in the money supply has slowed. But a general rollback of prices will not happen. Gradually, over the next few years, wage and price increases will subside. The time is at hand, Rolfe says, for international co- operation to coordinate movements of the money supply among major nations, with a view to their orderly growth within the bounds of new production. Easily said, not so easily done. panied by a Greek internal up- heaval. Some older people, like President Fahri Koroturk, recalled the early days of the Kemalist revolution when young officers regretted that neither Salonika, Ataturk's birthplace, nor the offshore islands had been returned to Turkey in 1923, after the Greek war. The islands were seen as "a collar around Turkey's neck, choking it off from the open seas." Nevertheless, Ecevit stresses that Turkey makes no claim to the islands and simp- ly wants them demilitarized unless this is under NATO. If NATO decides they are useful to allied defence, Turkey would like to par- ticipate in their protection "without infringing on Greek sovereignty." But he appreciates why at this moment of strain Athens might feel continued militarization of the islands necessary. The sea around them and the air above them are a different matter. Ecevit believes it impossible to follow any basic law on a con- tinental shelf comprising Turkish mainland and Greek island waters. He suggests agreement instead, allowing both countries to exploit sub- aqueous mineral wealth such as petroleum. Ankara unilaterally declared last month that its aircraft "flight information line" extended over the limits and waters of certain Greek islands. This was not, Ecevit explains, considered Turkish "territorial air space." However, Athens definitely interpreted it that way. He says the previous "line" was simply unsuited to the jet age. Greek planes could appear over Turkey before the Turks were apprised of their impending arrival. This was dangerous, the premier claims, and made needless in- cidents possible. The prospect of negotiations on these- subjects lends itself to the chance of another crisis unless Ankara approaches talks far more gently, diplomatically and slowly than it did the Cyprus issue. Greece signed the 1958 Geneva Convention on sea law and claims her Aegean islands are entitled to a continental shelf down to 600 feet out- side territorial waters. This includes known oil deposits. Turkey did not sign the convention. Hasan Isik, defence minister, complains that Turkey never tried to profit from NATO by fortifying itself against Greece, whereas Greece had fortified the Dodecanese "and other" islands. High officials admit Turkey had spent 10 years studying how to "solve" the Cyprus problem, exploded last month by the now departed Athens junta. There are many hints that the Cypriote surgery is seen by Ankara as a prelude to straightening out several other questions it considers moot even if Greece does not. Trouble in these waters has not yet ended. It is therefore imperative for Washington to urge calm wisdom on Athens where its current influence is minimal and caution and forbearance on the Turks before an eventual summit. The Cyprus crisis amply demonstrates how much the lovely Aegean can endanger a nervous world. cr arjr The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and I Second Cleet Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DC-RAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager Lethbridge H. G. PECK "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;