Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
42 THE ISTHBRIDGE HCRAIO Woclnoulciy, August 23, 1972---------- never happen, again Ws (lallatflirr. president nntl general manager of The Assot'ialnl I'rrss, has just completed a tour of China. Mere is a SUHI-MLI of ivlint he saw: lly WKS liALLACillEK, china The visitor who lias scon eight, cities niul some of the countryside of modern finds that certain key words slant! out among his impres- sions, Thesc are sue li wovds as "making do discussion contradictions after liberation pride." The visitor can have onn impressions, lie cannot gen- eralize, because nobody c.'iti make generalizations alwul tliis vast, complex and chung- f inj: after thrro j weeks, three months or even three years. VVinstou dun-chill in l'.'3'J ck'scribixl Soviet Russia as "a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma." China, at the top lewl of leadership, is much the sunn-. lUit other Chinese officials arc much freer the llus- in talking of their goals or showing you their country. It is here that "pride" comes in. They are proud of their neeotnplishments since Communist parly Cliuh Mao launched his victory from Yemm. This city i.s being turned into a shrino lo hitn ar.d his against his will, they say. Many incidents reflect pride and utmsittvity. "ticfure liberation we were a who were ririk'iiicd, joked Irealcxl like ilog.s, never never happen an amiable host with mm! ion. He referred to the period from the Opium Wisrs of to the iWOs foreign na- tions had concessions in China, exception, improve- ments are described as r'om- ing after liberation.'' include tremendous strides in health which have wiped out diseases; the dis- aplHNirimce of ilrug abuse, venereal disease1, prosti lutes nrxl hunger; the improving manufucturing processes of the country, the improved lot ol Iho pc-nsam, the greatly improved school system; the planting of millions of trees along highways anil streets; (lie plentiful consumer goods in depart nu'nl j triced in terms of work hours, by N'oi'th American stardards, but still within reach of Ihe worker, "After liberation" menus the years since Chiitng Kai- shek and his Nationalists driven from the mainland. A visitor may express doubts about some of the claims, be- cause they lire MI v.vcepiiig, hut many old China hands do not. There is much left to do, as (he Chinese arc first to point constantly refer to t Ik o m selves as muter- developed. They have only miles of fraction of wluil they need; a tiny airline, and only r.arrow dirt roads across the huge count ry, The t ransport a lion problem, alone will take many years to solve. Factory meth- ods arc antiquated. They solve their problems by sheer and hard work. Statistics are casual. There has not been a census in a lime and the Chinese themselves are not sure how accurate that was. The West has placed the pop- ulation at not) million. Chinese in Peking say it is more than 700 million init "closer lo 750 million than flOO million." SIMPSONS-SEARS Save 529 on our best quality portable big on all-family viewing 20" portable TV Reg. Here's a compact slim-style portable that gives even the biggest family "front seat" enjoyment; a big 184 square inches of viewing area, no (ess. A portable so complete it even includes a removable screen to end the annoyance of reflected provide sharp contrast minus haziness or shadows. Here's just a few of the top-line features: instant-start... no waiting for the set to warm special circuitry keeps picture steady and controls make tuning simple walnut woodgrain trimmed cabinet. Chrome-finished TV Stand Reg. 9.93 14 .99 Kverynix.1 works MX days a j week, -in hours, as a min- imum. There are no vaca- tions. No leaves avo given ex- cept for illness, maternity or compassionate reasons. IJeeaiise China did not re- duce? tint salaries of high-paid professors, scienlisLs, etc., after Mao'.s so-called eidlural revolution a few years there. are still some com- p a r a I i v o y highly paid most of China's million.1) from thy lowest ap- prentice to tlie, factory man- ager, newspaper editor or government official receive 100 yuan about or less a month. Komi and rent.'; arc cheap but luxuries high. WILT, CO.MK In Ctiina I hero can be no doubl of changes. The crlturiU revolulion violently chained the nature of government ;ind philosophy to what Ihey claim is truly a classless society. There are many "contradictions'1 lo this claim but these, they soy, will lx: "scientifically exam- ined and disposed of later. 71m classless revolulion will always go on." Whether individuals will be changed is a question for his- j tory. But at Hie moment j Chi'na seems motivated and moving forward. j The approach on inotiva- i tion, however, i.s much broader. Chinese propaganda aims at making the individ- ual work ceaselessly to im- prove conditions in his com- mune- or district. Thus you improve your own and at tlie same time the standard of your fellow workers or farm- ers. The average income per household of to six people i.s about 750 yuan a year-- equivalent to That i.s about one-fourth of a group or family of four work- ers in the city would make. Farmers receive work points for their labors; some make more than others. Con- tradictions'.' Tlie revolution- ary vice-chairman docs not think so. Ten per cent of a com- mune's land .set aside so the families can grow their own If the commune makes more than it needs, the ex- cess can be u.red to raise that amount paid farmers, or to build a new .school or hospi- tal. Karmers in the commune own their own small houses and occasionally band to- gether lo build co-operative apartments with their sav- ings. They own these and can pass them on to .sons or daughters. Motivation for the individ- ual is a co-operative matter. You can rai.se your own standard by improving your group's standard. Flf.TKKKf) JNTORMATJON Over-all i.s an intense gov- ernment propaganda pro- gram from cradle to grave, 100 per cent Marxist ideolo- gical but also calling on Chi- nese pride in their accom- plishments of 22 years, Chi na's new pi a ce in the world and fierce independ- ence. It is .simply and crude by Western standards but by nil judgments effective. Will those motivations suf- fice for tlie talented individ- uals, the hard workers versus lazy ones? Will the sameness i n d s, t fie sa m cnoss i n books, plays and Ibeatre bore rather than motivate even- tually? Today the motivations are patriotism, pride, raising your group and therefore yourself, and possible power. On the other side is the loss of personal choice and of Nun lo (Ussi'iil, plus ii lik'tirnn of lianl work willirjul iiiilivitlual I'cvi'ztrds. 'Chorm is no question Uic idi-as have to d.ile lint llic future stains to bo frinot. There is also the (juc.slirm nf the policy from ;n-.. ci'onumie .sense. It works we'll iiow in solving prnblom.s in ;i economy hut in runny CMSC.S is inefficient IfMiK-rnngc. When romls, railways and jiirlimjs arc developed, inj; Hit! fm-mer to tlic city, .simple motivations suf- ficr? rc- ivases millions of from tin: laml, how aixl where will they be. employed Will the small autonomous unit nf be able to .solve these mass problems? IDKOI.OGY tVIU, 1IKU' The nnsv.cr given is Uiis: thu time comes we wll scientifically cxrnniiifi (hem lo Marxist ideology and .solve lliem." 'flu; answer tomes confidently, for China IHJW is opening itself to in- erea'iiiif; contact with the in ideas and technology, In travelling thnu.samts of miles in types of commu- nities there wasn't one singlo exmnple of hostility or dis- courle.sy. Only groat curiosity and smiles. A walk through a deportment .store in Shanghai a crowd of thousands looking over I ho Americans. Some simple pieture-taking in YctKin drew a couple of hun- dred to sui'fje close, smile, and stare. There Iho propa- ganda has been most Intenso [or 20 years, hi what i.s essen- linlly a small town of simpto people. more sophisticatwl com- pany ideological arguments fjel lo.st in a mass of mis- information about the West, particularly Ihe United States. Tlie Chinese nearly al- ways support union strikes, hut surprised to know pliimtars might make to a year and airline pilots To them such people are "capitalists" and exploiters. The.se facts did Hot fit the ideology. It will take a long time and much communication to clear up many of these miscon- ceptions, but the Chinese ap- parently arc ready to take the first steps. Britain honors passports ol expelled Asians MANUIIKSTKR, England (Al'l I'rimc Minister Kd- ivarcl lie a Hi lias pledged Oritain v.ill nonor its nljli- fjatiuns to accept thousands o[ Asians will) British passports licinf! expelled from Uganda. But he called on other nations, above; all Uganda, to meet tlioir HcTilli's speech to n world youlli cunfcrcnce here was Ins "first public comment on tlio ex- pulsion orders by Uganda Pres- ident lili Amin. Included are NDP chief jiives his tax view VANCOUVER fCP) Dave Barrett, New Uemocratir: I'arty leader. Ink! an enthusias- tic all-candidates mealing in his home riding nf Coquillam Surxlay tlint corporations in British Columbia are not pay- ng their share of taxes and hat nn NDP government would demand royalties on raw re- sources leaving the province. In other campaign efforts for he Aug. 30 provincial elections, Liberal leader David Anderson attacked flic Social Credit gov- ernment for its actions and Conservative lead- er Derril Warren spent Sunday talking with a crowd of about 300 at a Conserralivc picnic in Surrey, At the Coquitlam fomm, Mr. Barrett attacked the Social Credit government's lax poli- cies. Ifc told a cheering crowd of about 500 that in 1960-70, million in mineral re- sources shipped out of B.C. brought in only million in lax revenue. He said in 1970 corporations paid ?B6 million in provincial income Inx and in they will only pay million. During Ihe same period D.C. residents' share of income lax will n'.sc to S3GO million from SIM mil- lion. "It's lime the corporalions paid (heir own way in this he said. more than Asians holding nritish passports, and more than Asians deprived or Uganda citi7.cns and now state- less. "We In Britain have a long humane tradition and we honor our obligations lo those for whom we arc Heath said. "We look to others to tlo Hie same lo Ihfi inter- national community, to other countries closely concerned and iilwve all the government of Uganda." The prime minister said Amin has assured Britain the Asians would not be harrasserl and that they would be allowed lo take money from the sale of [heir properly out of the coun- .ry. Meanwhile in London, foreign office sources disclosed that no Commonwealth nation has yet given Britain a dofinito answer .o whether they mil take somo of the expelled Asians. CANADA SYMI'ATHF.TIC Canada is Ixjlicvcd to sym- pathetic toward allowing in doctors and other professional's hut the British arc waiting for final government deciskm from Ottawa. Not all Common wealth na- tions were asked. Kenya and Tanzania have significant populations of their own and were not asked to take more. Neither were (hose Com- monwealth countries with prob- lems of racial tensions. India and Pakistan, however, were prominent among those Commonwealth consulted. Thousands of Asians in Uganda are of Indian or Pakistani ori- gin. They were granted British citizenship In 1962 when the for- mer Uganda colony reached in- dependence, but many arc said to prefer a return to India or Pakistan. No Commonwealth country asked has yet definitely refused (o accept expelled Asians, the foreign office said. The ques- tion of the stateless Uganda Asians is expected to go lo the UN. The Asians have until Nov. 5 (o leave Uganda. Amin charged they were sabotaging Hie coun- try's economy, llundrods hol> key commercial jobs which will go to Africans afler the ex- pulsions. Quality Costs No More at Sirnpsons-Sriirs STORE HOURS; Opnn Dciily 9 o.m. lo p.m. Thursday nnd Friday 9 CI.ITI. lo 9 p.m. Centre Vilioyc. Tolcphono 328-9231 COPY Of FIRST CRUISER 1941 Chevrolet It o replied of Ontario Provincial Polico car No. 1. Tho cm resurrected from a Chicago (jarcrgo wai targel of a polico (Irexjnct afloc OPP decided they wanlcd a rcplico of their first cor. OPP personnel lowed llie cor lo Toronlo wlioro worked it ovor and outfitted II.